The Galls at Sailor Bar, 07-28-22

I got up around 6:00 AM and headed over to the Sailor Bar County Park to check out the oak trees there for galls. I also wanted to see the pond there. My insides had been acting up this morning. I had to go to the bathroom around 5:00 AM, then again at 6:00 when I got up, and as soon as I got to the park, I had to go again. It was a rush to the porta-potty, but I made it. After that, things seemed to settle down a lot. I don’t know what that was about, but I was glad when it was over. [TMI, I know. Hah! Sorry about that.]  It was partly cloudy and about 60º when I got to the park and started inspecting the trees.

The park has a mix of blue oaks, valley oaks, and both interior and coast live oak trees. I was happy to see all of the young blue oak saplings around, many of them protected by fencing.

I spent all of my time at the park looking for galls and walking partway around the pond. I couldn’t do the whole route around the water because I didn’t have my cane with me, and the trail was really narrow and slanted toward the water in parts.

I found a few galls on the blue oaks here that I didn’t find on Old Blue including: Clustered galls, a Gray Midrib gall, Striped Volcano galls, and a single Disc Gall which was sitting underneath a Urchin gall.

On the live oak trees had some Live Oak Apple galls, a few Two-Horned galls, and a few Kernel Flower galls. So, I was happy with my excursion.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

Oh, and as I was poking through the branches of one of the trees, a tan praying mantis jumped down onto my hand! So, I was able to get some photos of it, including some facial close-ups. Yay!

I walked for about 3 hours and then headed back home. This was hike #45 of my #52HikeChallenge for the year; and for the Summer Series, this was 3 more hours of a required 20 hours for the challenge.  So I made it to 23½ hours. Woot!

Species List:

  1. Acorn Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysobalani [stunted growth, acorn may look pushed in or sideways]
  2. American Frogbit, Limnobium spongia [floating water plant]
  3. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  4. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  5. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis [sign on trees, den]
  6. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon [flyover]
  7. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  8. Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [red canes]
  9. California Jumping Spider, Phidippus californicus [light rust, white and black on abdomen]
  10. Cattail, Broad-Leaved Cattail, Typha latifolia
  11. Club Gall Wasp, Atrusca clavuloides
  12. Clustered Gall Wasp, Andricus brunneus
  13. Common Madia, Madia elegans elegans
  14. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  15. Crystalline Gall Wasp, Andricus crystallinus
  16. Disc Gall Wasp, Andricus parmula [round flat, “spangle gall”]
  17. Dotted Knotweed, Persicaria punctata [white flowers]
  18. Downy Thornapple, Jimsonweed, Datura innoxia
  19. Duckweed, Common Duckweed, Lemna minor
  20. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  21. Grasses, Dallis Grass, Paspalum dilatatum
  22. Gray Midrib Gall Wasp, Cynips multipunctata
  23. Green Lacewing, Chrysopa coloradensis
  24. Hair Stalk Gall Wasp, Andricus pedicellatus [thread gall on blue oak]
  25. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  26. Iris, Yellow Iris, Iris pseudacorus
  27. Irregular Spindle Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysolepidicola [on white oaks, Blue, Valley, etc.]
  28. Kernel Flower Gall Wasp, Callirhytis serricornis
  29. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Summer Generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  30. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  31. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  32. Mantis, Arizona Mantis, Stagmomantis limbata [large ootheca]
  33. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  34. Oak, Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  35. Oak, California Scrub Oak, Quercus berberidifolia
  36. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  37. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  38. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  39. Pacific Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  40. Plate Gall Wasp, Andricus pattersonae
  41. Pokeweed, American Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana
  42. Purpletop Vervain, Verbena incompta
  43. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  44. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens [on live oaks]
  45. Saucer Gall Wasp, Andricus gigas
  46. Spanish Clover, Acmispon americanus [looks like baby lotus]
  47. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii [summer gall, pink, spikey top]
  48. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, Andricus atrimentus, Summer generation [looks like a tiny volcano]
  49. Towhee, California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  50. Towhee, Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus [heard]
  51. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, unisexual gall, summer generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [small, green or mottled, on back of leaf along the midvein]
  52. Urchin Gall Wasp, Cynips quercusechinus
  53. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  54. Yellow Star-Thistle, Centaurea solstitialis

Buy Me a Coffee!

Donate $5 to buy me a coffee so I have the fuel I need to keep exploring and bring more of nature to you. Thanks!

$5.00

Click here to purchase.

So Many Crystalline Galls, 07-25-22

I got up around 6:00 this morning, and got the dogs fed and pottied before heading out to the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve. I was hoping to see some of bucks in their velvet and/or the does with their fawns, but I didn’t see a single deer. That is so weird.  I also wanted to check out “Old Blue” the blue oak that sits along a trail by the river. It usually sports a lot of different galls.

Part of the main trail at the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve

First, though, I stopped near the nature center to see if there were any Monarch caterpillars or eggs on the milkweed plants there. No Monarchs, but I did get to see another critter I’d kept an eye out for: a Mealy Bug Destroyer larva. It’s the larva of a beetle that is related to ladybeetles, and despite its name, it also eat aphids and drinks honeydew. I got some photos of it, and of ladybeetle eggs laid nearby.

“…This beetle was imported into the United States in 1891 from Australia by one of the early biological control pioneers, Albert Koebele, to control citrus mealybug in California… here’s no need for reintroduction here, though, with our (usually) temperate winters. Mealybug Destroyers are effective predators of aphids and various soft scales... The adult stage is small, 3-4 mm long (3 mm is slightly less than ⅛ inch.). Adults tend to quickly move away when disturbed. An additional reason for the adult stage of the Mealybug Destroyer not being well-known is that they don’t have the flashy patterning or coloring that occur in many species. Adults are dark brown with a tan-to-orange head and posterior. The resemblance of the larval stage of this predator to its prey is another reason Mealybug Destroyers may be overlooked or misidentified. With their wooly appendages and cigar-shaped body that looks as if it has been rolled in flour, Mealybug Destroyer larvae look very much like the larval and adult stages of the citrus mealybug (a serious insect pest). The important difference is size: full grown Mealybug Destroyer larvae are at least twice as large as adult mealybugs.

Mealybug Destroyers are not content to attack their prey at just one stage of development. The adult female lays her eggs in the cottony egg sack of the mealybug. As soon as they hatch, the destroyers start snacking. Adults and young larvae prefer eggs, while older larvae will consume mealybugs at all stages... One Mealybug Destroyer larva devours up to 250 mealybug larvae. They will even feed on honeydew, the sticky sugary substance secreted by mealybugs. When honeydew is excreted (mealybugs typically reside on the undersides of leaves), it lands on lower leaves or on the ground, becomes colonized by sooty mold and making infested plants look even worse…” (Galveston County Master Gardeners)

I checked out all of the Valley and Interior Live Oak trees on my way to Old Blue, looking for wasp galls on them, too. There was nothing on the Valley Oaks, beyond the big Oak Apples, but it seems that wasp galls on them are always “late” in the preserve. There wasn’t much on the Live Oaks either, but I was surprised to find a lot of emerging Pumpkin Galls. They normally don’t show up until September or October, but here they were.  I only found one Live Oak Apple gall on one of the Interior Live Oaks, which was kind of disappointing.

I also found a cute, tiny baby Jumping Spider. I’m not sure of the species because it was so young and not fully colored up yet.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

The wasp galls visible on the blue oaks are different from the ones on the valley oaks, so I knew Old Blue would have different galls on it than the Reverend Mother tree, and that was exciting – as it always is – because it means I can increase the numbers on my species list for the year. The leaves were covered with Saucer Galls which is pretty common for this tree in the summer.

But I was shocked by how many Crystalline Galls I found. Usually, on this tree, they’re few and far between, but this time they seemed to be everywhere, from the top of the tree to the bottom. Some leaves have a handful of galls, others were encrusted with them. On one leaf I counted over 40 galls! And the color variations were cool: strawberry blonde to deep rose. So pretty. I was so excited and happy to see them.

I didn’t find any Hair Stalk galls or Urchin galls, but I did find a solitary Plate Gall. The others may show up later in the summer. I’ll keep an eye out for them. [There are also blue oaks at Sailor Bar that I want to check out.]

I got to do my “naturalist” thing, helping different people identify what they were seeing on the trail. I talked to one gentleman about the live oak galls, and helped a woman from Utah identify a black walnut tree and an Ash-Throated Flycatcher.  She asked if I could identify a black bird she saw with red on its wings, and I chuckled a little and said, “It was probably a Red-Winged Blackbird… Yeah, some of the names aren’t terribly imaginative.” She laughed. I like being able to do my naturalist thing, and really miss being able to teach the coursework. Stupid cancer.            

I came across the “second bee hive” in the preserve, and the bees were all clustered around the entryway. I think they might have been having a confab about where to go for the day. I wasn’t able to check out the other bee tree on the other end of the preserve, so I don’t know if there is still a queen ensconced there.

Wild Western Honeybees, Apis mellifera, at the mouth of their hive along the trail.

Elsewhere on the trail, I came across a female Wild Turkey with her six nearly fully fledged poults. And there were also spots where I could see the “scratch spots” along the side of the trail in areas where the turkeys scratch for insects and seeds, and also use the dirt they bring up to take “dust baths” (to help get the mites and other parasites off their skin and feathers).

I found quite a few Ground Squirrels, and the Fox Squirrels were out, chopping on the black walnuts. I was watching one Fox Squirrel that looked like he kept dozing off while he was working on his nut. His head kept dropping and his eyes would close, then he’d straighten up again and open his eyes a bit more…

As I was leaving, I could hear a Bullfrog croaking in the little pond, but couldn’t catch sight of it. I hope they’re not killing the bulls this year…

I was out for about 4 hours. This was hike #44 of my #52HikeChallenge for the year; and for the Summer Series, this was 4 more hours of a required 20 hours for the challenge [so, 19½ hours toward that total so far. Golly! Only half an hour short!]

Species List:

  1. Acorn Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysobalani [stunted growth, acorn may look pushed in or sideways]
  2. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  3. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  4. Ant, Andre’s Harvester Ant, Veromessor andrei [black]
  5. Aphid, Oleander Aphid, Aphis nerii
  6. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  7. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  8. Bee, European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  9. Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Juglans nigra
  10. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  11. California Black Walnut Pouch Gall Mite, Aceria brachytarsa
  12. California Brickellbush, Brickellia californica
  13. California Fuchsia, Epilobium canum
  14. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  15. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  16. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  17. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  18. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus [tracks and scat]
  19. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  20. Crystalline Gall Wasp, Andricus crystallinus
  21. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger [rusty belly]
  22. Goldenrod, Velvety Goldenrod, Solidago velutina
  23. Grape Erineum Mite, Colomerus vitis
  24. Gumweed, Curlycup Gumweed, Grindelia squarrosa
  25. Jumping Spider, Subfamily: Salticinae
  26. Ladybeetle, Spotless Lady Beetle, Cycloneda sanguinea [no spots; more red than orange]
  27. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Summer Generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  28. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  29. Mealybug Destroyer, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri
  30. Meshweaver Spider, Family: Dictynidae
  31. Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Asclepias fascicularis
  32. Milkweed, Showy Milkweed, Asclepias speciosa
  33. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  34. Mule Fat, Baccharis salicifolia
  35. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  36. Oak Ribbed Casemaker Moth, Bucculatrix albertiella
  37. Oak, Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  38. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  39. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  40. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  41. Pacific Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  42. Pearly Everlasting, Anaphalis margaritacea
  43. Plant Bug, Parthenicus sp.
  44. Plate Gall Wasp, Andricus pattersonae
  45. Primrose, Tall Evening Primrose, Oenothera elata
  46. Pumpkin Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus minusculus
  47. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  48. Saucer Gall Wasp, Andricus gigas
  49. Small Milkweed Bug, Lygaeus kalmii
  50. Snowberry, Common Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus
  51. Spittlebug, Meadow Spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius
  52. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura [flying overhead]

Buy Me a Coffee!

Donate $5 to buy me a coffee so I have the fuel I need to keep exploring and bring more of nature to you. Thanks!

$5.00

Click here to purchase.

Wanted Galls and a Young Coyote, 07-21-22

I got up around 5:30 this morning and got myself ready to head over to Mather Lake Regional Park again. This time, I walked along the “manicured” side where there are picnic tables and benches set up. I don’t usually go on that side because it’s too “picnicky” and not very interesting as far as wildlife goes. But I knew there was a trail that walked around a series of oak trees: valley oaks, interior live oaks and coast live oaks.

Mute Swan and fisherman on the lake

I was looking especially for the spiny galls of the Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp [Summer Generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis]. We haven’t seen any of those around the area for almost two years and I was worried that we might have lost the species to Climate Change. Well, you can imagine how overjoyed I was when I found a multitude of the galls on a couple of interior live oak trees. Woot!  Some were green, some tan, some bicolored; some were singles, some were in pairs. I was sooooo happy to see them!  Way to go, little dudette wasps!

On the valley oaks I found a few Spined Turban galls, and just-starting-to-emerge Red Cones and Yellow Wigs. Nothing spectacular yet. This is going to be a “late” year for galls it seems. And, of course, there were lots of galls on the cottonwood trees created by the action of aphid mothers. and their broods.

There seemed to be a lot of California Ground Squirrels out and about today. Some of them were busy patrolling and squeaking out alarms to their buddies.

I also saw a few dragonflies. They seem to coming out late this year, too.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

On the way home, a encountered a skinny, long-legged young coyote that was loping down the road straight at me. It paused for a moment to spray on a fence post, then crossed the road and took off behind me.

“…Coyote packs have a “home range”—the entire area in which they live—and a “territory” that they will defend against other coyotes and whose boundaries are marked with urine (like dogs). Coyotes also use scat to mark the most heavily defended core areas (unlike dogs)…”

I was outside for about 3 hours and then headed back home. This was hike #43 of my #52HikeChallenge for the year; and for the Summer Series, this was 3 more hours of a required 20 hours for the challenge [so, 15½ hours toward that total so far.]

Species List:

  1. Bee, Leafcutter Bee, Megachile sp.
  2. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans 
  3. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  4. California Sycamore, Western Sycamore, Platanus racemose
  5. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  6. Cobweb Spider, Family: Theridiidae
  7. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange, on wood/trees]
  8. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  9. Coyote, Canis latrans
  10. Damselfly, Pacific Forktail, Ischnura cervula
  11. Damselfly, Tule Bluet Damselfly, Enallagma carunculatum
  12. Dragonfly, Blue Dasher Dragonfly, Pachydiplax longipennis
  13. Dragonfly, Variegated Meadowhawk Dragonfly, Sympetrum corruptum
  14. Dragonfly, Western Pondhawk Dragonfly, Erythemis collocata [females are green, males are blue]
  15. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  16. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  17. Floating Primrose-Willow, Ludwigia peploides
  18. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  19. Grebe, Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  20. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia [hoary, black or brown apothecia]
  21. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  22. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  23. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  24. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  25. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  26. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  27. Oak, Cork Oak, Quercus suber
  28. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  29. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  30. Orb-Weaver Spider, Family: Araneidae
  31. Pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium
  32. Poplar Petiole Gall Aphid, Pemphigus obesinymphae [new American species, “slit mouth”]
  33. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  34. Red-Eared Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans
  35. Robber Fly, Machimus notatus
  36. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  37. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii [summer gall, pink, spikey top]
  38. Swallow, Barn Swallow, American Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica erythrogaster
  39. Tall Flatsedge, Cyperus eragrostis
  40. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  41. Western Mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis

Buy Me a Coffee!

Donate $5 to buy me a coffee so I have the fuel I need to keep exploring and bring more of nature to you. Thanks!

$5.00

Click here to purchase.

Visiting the Reverend Mother Tree, 07-19-22

I got up around 5:30 this morning, fed and pottied the dogs, and then headed out for a walk at William Pond Park. I knew the walk was going to be a short one. When I got to the park it was already 68º… and by the time I left it was 80º.  I can’t walk in the heat. Anything over 70º is too warm for me. The high today was 102º. Gross. When I drove into the park, it was partly cloudy so a tiny but humid on top of everything else.

I wanted to check out what I call the Reverend Mother tree at the park. She’s a huge Valley Oak that stands by herself at the intersection of several trails. Every year she gets a wide variety of wasp galls on her.

Near the parking lot, I could see Yellow-Billed Magpies all over the place. As abundant as they are sometimes, they can also be difficult to photograph because they move quickly, turn their back to you a lot, and then fly away just as you get them into focus. Hah! In the same area there were groups of House Finches. Some of the males were sooooo colorful. Everyone was looking for seeds among the Doveweed.

As I started out on the trail I could hear quail vocalizing from under the mounds of blackberry vines. When I was taking photos of some Lesser Goldfinches eating the seedy tufts on the top of the star-thistle plants, a cottontail rabbit came wandering down the trail and stopped right in front of me as though, for a second, it didn’t know what I was.  Then it scurried off.

Desert Cottontail, Sylvilagus audubonii

The Reverend Mother tree was just starting to show off some galls. Many of them were tiny, just starting to bud out. Spined Turbans, Red Cones, Flat-Topped Honeydew galls, Round Galls, some Club Galls, and Yellow Wigs. There were also some Oak Apple galls and some Rosette galls. A nice variety. In another week or two she should really be showing off what she has.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

I stopped down by the permanent pond at the end of the boardwalk. I seldom rarely see anything of interest down there, but the site is pretty, so I took a few photos. I could hear Belted Kingfishers chattering to each other, and saw them swoop over my head as they chased each other through the trees and into the lawn area.  I also saw an Ash-Throated Flycatcher feeding its fledgling. Then the adult flew off, leaving the baby behind so I could get some photos of it.

As I left, there were some Black Phoebes flitting around under a sycamore tree. One or two of them stopping long enough for me to get some fast photos.

I was out for about 2½ hours. This was hike #42 of my #52HikeChallenge for the year; and for the Summer Series, this was 2½ more hours of a required 20 hours for the challenge [so, 12½ hours toward that total thus far. The summer challenge ends on August 28th].

Species List:

  1. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  2. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  3. Bindweed, Convolvulus sp.
  4. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  5. Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [red canes]
  6. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  7. California Quail, Callipepla californica [heard]
  8. California Sycamore, Western Sycamore, Platanus racemose
  9. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  10. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  11. Club Gall Wasp, Atrusca clavuloides
  12. Desert Cottontail, Sylvilagus audubonii
  13. Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
  14. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  15. Goldwire, Hypericum concinnum
  16. Gouty Stem Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercussuttoni
  17. Graylag Goose, Domestic Graylag Goose, Anser anser domesticus
  18. Grebe, Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  19. Greylag × Canada Goose, Anser anser × Branta canadensis
  20. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  21. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  22. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  23. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  24. Mullein, Turkey Mullein, Doveweed, Croton setiger
  25. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  26. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  27. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  28. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  29. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  30. Prickly Lettuce, Lactuca serriola
  31. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  32. Red-Eared Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans
  33. Rosette Gall Wasp, Andricus wiltzae [on Valley Oak]
  34. Round Gall Wasp, Burnettweldia washingtonensis [on valley oak]
  35. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii [summer gall, pink, spikey top]
  36. Sycamore Powdery Mildew, Erysiphe platani
  37. Telegraphweed, Heterotheca grandiflora
  38. Towhee, California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  39. Tree-of-Heaven, Ailanthus altissima
  40. Western Fence Lizard, Blue Belly, Sceloporus occidentalis
  41. Yellow Star-Thistle, Centaurea solstitialis
  42. Yellow Wig Gall Wasp, Druon fullawayi
  43. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli

Buy Me a Coffee!

Donate $5 to buy me a coffee so I have the fuel I need to keep exploring and bring more of nature to you. Thanks!

$5.00

Click here to purchase.