A Quick Walk with Nate, 12-14-19

I got up around 7:30 this morning and by 8:15 was out the door headed to the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve.  My former co-worker Nate Lillge was leading a hike there for Tuleyome.  It was 46ºF when I arrived, and Nate was already there, in the parking lot, waiting for his hikers: Alice and Amy.  It was a perfect day for walking, though, mostly sunny skies and temperatures that got up to about 57ºF before we left.

Nate Lillge showing the ladies a video of a Horsehair Worm he’d found a while back on another hike.

Start Time: 8:30 am
Start Temperature: 46ºF
End Temperature: 57º F
Weather: Mostly sunny
Total Hours in the field (includes travel time): 3.5 hours
Kilometers Walked: 3.75
Number of Individual Species Noted Today: 54

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

Nate walks a lot faster than I do, so I was lagging behind a lot, and there were several times when he just stopped and waited for me to catch up.  Each time, I brought up something with me, like a twig with lichen on it, or different kinds of fungi, or an example of Sudden Oak Death on a tree we passed.  Because we were moving so quickly, I didn’t get anywhere near as many photos as I normally would on a walk there but the exercise was good.

Mazegill Fungus, Daedalea quercina, with other Mazegills growing throughout its surface

We got to see several deer, including one of the big bucks (a four-pointer), but mostly we saw and heard a variety of birds: Spotted Towhees, Golden-Crowned Sparrows, Black Phoebes, Turkey Vultures, Wild Turkeys, Northern Flickers, Canada Geese (flying overhead), Lesser Goldfinches, a Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Nutthall’s Woodpeckers, Acorn Woodpeckers, Red-Shouldered Hawks… the usual suspects.           

Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus, 4-point buck.

We walked for about 2 ½ hours and then headed back to our respective homes.  It was really nice to see Nate again; I’ve been missing him and Bill. 

Species List:

  • Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  • Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  • Barometer Earthstar fungus, Astraeus hygrometricus
  • Black Jelly Roll fungus, Exidia glandulosa
  • Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  • Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  • Brown Jelly Fungus, Jelly Leaf, Tremella foliacea
  • Bryum Moss, Bryum capillare
  • California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  • California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  • Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  • Chinese Pistache Tree, Pistacia chinensis
  • Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  • Common Duckweed, Lemna minor
  • Common Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus
  • Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  • Coyote, Canis latrans [dashed by]
  • Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  • European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  • False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum hirsutum
  • False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum ostrea
  • Flax-Leaf Horseweed, Erigeron canadensis
  • Golden Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  • Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  • Horsehair Mushroom, Gymnopus androsaceus
  • Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  • Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  • Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  • Mallard duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  • Mazegill Fungus, Daedalea quercina
  • Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  • Mower’s Mushroom, Haymaker Mushroom, Panaeolus foenisecii
  • Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  • Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  • Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  • Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  • Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri
  • Pleated Ink Cap, Parasol Ink Cap, Parasola plicatilis
  • Puffball Fungus, Bovista californica 
  • Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  • Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  • Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  • Russet Toughshank, the “Weed Mushroom”, Gymnopus dryophilus
  • Saw-Whet Owl, Sophia, Aegolius acadicus
  • Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  • Sudden Oak Death pathogen, Phytophthora ramorum
  • Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
  • Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  • Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  • Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  • Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  • Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  • White Finger Slime Mold, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa
  • White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare

Trail Walkers Walk, 12-10-19

Today I spearheaded the first “guided trail walk” for the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve. Rachael, the volunteer coordinator, is hoping to have a different guide each month, and use the walks to train the trail walkers while also sharing their knowledge and expertise with others in the group. 

Start Time: 7:30 am
Start Temperature: 44ºF
End Temperature: 49º F
Weather: Overcast, foggy
Total Hours in the field (includes travel time): 3
Miles Walked: 2
Number of Individual Species Noted Today: 46

Today’s group was small but therefore also easily manageable.  It was volunteers Pattie and Mike, Rachael, Mary M. (“The Other Mary”) and me.  The Other Mary brought me a bag of dried persimmon rounds which she’d picked form her own trees and dehydrated herself.  How nice!

Patti said she recognized my name and my photos from my posts to the Sacramento Region California Naturalists Facebook group page.  Both she and Mike are also “Star Trek” fans! And they both liked the new limited CBS series “Star Trek: Discovery” – especially the mycelial network and the Tardigrade (both of which have counterparts right now on Earth). 

            “…In real life, mycelium of belowground fungi connect plants and trees together, and have even been shown to communicate with each other. Mycelium can transport nutrients between different plants or trees, and real-life Paul Stamets has the called the real-life mycelial network ‘Earth’s natural internet’…” 

And the Tardigrade exists as microscopic creatures called “water bears” on the planet.  

Mike also expressed an appreciation for the book “The Hidden Life of Trees”, by Peter Wohlleben, which is one of my all-time favorites as well. So, needless to say, I took to Mike and Patti right away.  Hah!

As usually happens when I’m leading a walk (rather than walking on my own), I’m looking for specific things and talking a lot, so I didn’t get as many photos as I normally might on a walk like this one.  I was kind of disappointed in the fact that I’d forgotten to bring my cell phone with me, so I couldn’t get super-macro shots of the slime molds with my phone attachment.  That’ll teach me.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos from today.

We did see quite a few species of birds including California Quail, Northern Flickers, and a Ruby-Crowned Kinglet among others.  And I was able to point out a few of the more obvious fungi like the Turkey Tail, False Turkey Tail, Mazegill, Splitgill, Horsehair Mushrooms and jelly fungi.  For me, the best finds, though, were the slime molds.  We found White Honeycomb, Wolf’s Milk and White-Gray Button Slime Molds, most of them on the underside of fallen logs and branches.

Pleated Ink Cap, Parasol Ink Cap, Parasola plicatilis. The “dust” that you see on the cap is actually the remnants of a universal veil that covered the whole mushroom when it was in the ground.

Along the trails we found little disks made of wood with sayings written on them like: “Be gentle with yourself”, “You’re beautiful”, and “Be-leaf in yourself”. We wondered if they were part of a group effort or done by an individual. 

Rachael had to leave after about 2 hours because she had a meeting to get to, and The Other Mary left around the same time because she was starting to ache from the walk, so Patti, Mike and I were left to our own exploring selves for the last hour. 

Everyone thanked me for leading the walk.  Rachael said she didn’t know that the wild turkeys we see weren’t natives.  As part of the initial portion of the walk I asked everyone what they could tell us about the turkeys, and the information shared wasn’t very detailed so I told them about the native species being hunted to extinction and the introduction of the Rio Grande and Merriam’s Wild Turkeys in the late 1890’s and early 1920’s.

Horsehair Mushroom, Gymnopus androsaceus
Russet Toughshank, the “Weed Mushroom”, Gymnopus dryophilus

Rachael asked if I would do a fungus walk in January, and Mike said the biggest take-away from the walk today was to “change your perspective”. He usually looks “up” seeking out birds and larger fauna; it had never occurred to him, he said, to look “down” at all of the tiny life right under his feet. Patti said that what I’m doing in my retirement and with my naturalist class graduates is a “great legacy” that may impact the world for years to come.  What a kind and generous thought.

As I said, we walked for about 3 hours and then I headed home. 

Species List:

  • Barometer Earthstar fungus, Astraeus hygrometricus
  • Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  • Black Jelly Roll fungus, Exidia glandulosa
  • Brown Jelly Fungus, Jelly Leaf, Tremella foliacea
  • California Quail, Callipepla californica
  • Chinese Pistache Tree, Pistacia chinensis
  • Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  • Coral Slime Mold, White Honeycomb, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa
  • European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  • False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum hirsutum
  • False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum ostrea
  • False Turkey Tail, Ocre Stereum, stereum ochraceoflavum
  • Golden Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  • Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  • Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  • Horsehair Mushroom, Gymnopus androsaceus
  • House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  • Mallard duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  • Mazegill Fungus, Daedalea quercina
  • Meadow Mushroom, Agaricus campestris
  • Mine Fungus, Fibroporia vaillantii
  • Mower’s Mushroom, Haymaker Mushroom, Panaeolus foenisecii
  • Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  • Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  • Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  • Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri
  • Ocre Spreading Tooth Fungus, Steccherinum ochraceum
  • Orb-Weaver spider, [web]
  • Pleated Ink Cap, Parasol Ink Cap, Parasola plicatilis
  • Puffball Fungus, Bovista californica [leaves tiny pallid to buff-colored scales over a dull-brown, papery endoperidium; spores released via a small, raised apical pore; gleba brown in age, elastic; subgleba and sterile base absent]
  • Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  • Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  • Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  • Russet Toughshank, the “Weed Mushroom”, Gymnopus dryophilus
  • Sheet-web spider, Family: Linyphiidae [web]
  • Split Gill Fungus, Schizophyllum sp.
  • Split Porecrust, Schizopora paradoxa
  • Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  • Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Western Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Laetiporus gilbertsonii
  • Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  • Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  • White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  • White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  • White-Gray Button Slime Mold, Physarum leucopus [Spores pale violet-brown, distinctly warted, 8-10 µm diam. Plasmodium white, often tinted with blue, green, or yellow.]
  • Witches Butter Jelly Fungus, Tremella mesenterica
  • Wolf’s Milk Slime Mold, Lycogala epidendrum

Waiting for a Meeting, 12-09-19

I was about 20 minutes early for a meeting a the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve, and I got a few photos while I was waiting. I take my camera and cell phone with me everywhere I go.

Start Time: 9:00 am
Start Temperature: 45ºF
End Temperature: 48º F
Weather: Overcast, foggy, sprinkling rain
Total Hours in the field (includes travel time): 2
Miles Walked: 0.25
Number of Individual Species Noted Today: 8

CLICK HERE for the full album pf photos.

Species List:

  • Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  • Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  • Hoary Lichen, Hoary Rosette, Physcia aipolia
  • Mower’s Mushroom, Haymaker Mushroom, Panaeolus foenisecii
  • Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri
  • Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  • Split Porecrust, Schizopora paradoxa 
  • Sunburst Lichen, Xanthoria elegans

A Perfect Day for Termite Flights, 12-05-19

Start Time: 8:00 am
Start Temperature: 49ºF
End Temperature: 61º F
Weather: Bright, sunny, clear
Total Hours in the field (includes travel time): 4.5
Miles Walked: 3

I got up around 7:30 this morning, and after giving Esteban his breakfast and letting him outside for potty, I headed over to the American River Bend Park.  It was about 49º when I got there, and the skies were mostly sunny. We’re in between rainstorms, so I was hoping to be able to get some decent photos before the heavy rains came in tomorrow.

I stopped first at the first turnout after the main gate because I saw a Red-Shouldered Hawk sitting out in one of the trees there.  I got a few photos of him before he flew off and kept walking for a short distance to see if I could find any indications of beavers along the riverbank.  (The beavers come up to get to the cottonwood trees when the river swells.)  I didn’t see any beaver sign, but I dd get to see lots of spider webs decorated with clinging rain drops and a fat fawn sitting in the grass with his mom.  I also heard a Great Horned Owl but couldn’t catch sight of it.

Orb-weaver spider’s web

The Coyote Brush was in bloom (mostly the female plants), and I even found some wild grapes still hanging from the vines there. I stopped exploring, though, when I came across the tent of a homeless person. I didn’t want to intrude on “his” space, so I went back to the car and then drove further into the park. 

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

As I was going along the main road (which wasn’t as full of puddles as I expected it to be considering all the rain we’ve had lately) I caught sight of some deer and a Black-Tailed Jackrabbit. The rabbit took off before I could get photos of him, but the deer were somewhat obliging.  It was a small herd of mostly females, one or two fawns, a spike buck and the big 5-pointer buck I normally see over at the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve.  I hadn’t seen him at Effie Yeaw the last time I was there and wondered if he’d crossed the river to get into the River Bend Park, and apparently he had! I was glad to see him.  He’s such a handsome thing.  Later, I saw him and his harem a few more times as I was walking.

Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus, 5-point buck

 I also caught sight of what looked like a big stand of Honey Fungus under one of the trees. I couldn’t park where I was on the road, so I continued up to the area where the restroom facility and camping area is, and then slowly made my way back on foot to where I’d seen the mushrooms. 

In several places steam was rising off the trunks of the trees as the morning sun hit them. It was like seeing the forest breathe. So neat.

Trees steaming in the morning sun.

Not a great many species of mushrooms are awake yet, but the mosses and lichen were all “fluffed out” from the rains and there was lots of crust fungi and Turkey Tail fungus out showing off.  I saw some great specimens of Black Jelly Roll fungus, Brown Jelly Fungus and Lace Lichen as well. And I also found some Barometer Earthstars.

When I got back to the Honey Fungus, I found large stands of them on both sides of the road, one species, Armillaria mellea, on one side of the road and another, Armarilla tabescens, on the other side of the road. I thought that was interesting.  [A. mellea has an annulus Armillaria mellea around the neck of the stipe (a felty ring around the stem), and A. tabescens doesn’t.]

The individual mushrooms themselves were large, 4- and 5-inches across the cap, and the groups covered 2 or 3 feet of ground, so they were impressive.  On one of the patches of the Armillaria mellea, I also saw tiny white larvae crawling around them, so I got out the macro attachment for my cellphone and took some close-up photos and video of them.  When I got home, I was able to identify them as the larvae of Flat-footed Flies, Melanderomyia sp. I don’t remember ever seeing those before, so I was excited to have gotten the images.

Across the road, some of the ringless Armarilla tabescens mushrooms had Dark-Winged Fungus Gnat, Bradysia sp., larvae on them – and that’s what I normally see infesting old mushrooms.  They’re easily differentiated from the all-white fly larvae by their shiny black heads.

I knew that today’s weather was perfect for termite migrations, so I kept an eye out for them, and was eventually rewarded by finding three separate colonies sending their winged agents off to form new colonies.  The winged termites aren’t very strong fliers, so it’s relatively easy to see them and to follow their flight paths back to the colonies. 

Western Drywood Termite, Incisitermes minor

All of the colonies were emerging from the wooden fence posts along the road. Because they usually emerge en masse from their mounds and don’t fly very well, they’re easy pickings for the birds.  I saw one Oak Titmouse just sitting on top of one of the fence posts gobbling up the termites as they came up into the sunlight. The bird flew off when I approached, so the insects got a little bit of a reprieve from predation while I was there.  [[When I posted photos of the termites on my Facebook page, some of my fellow naturalists said they’d also spotted them today, so… it WAS a perfect day for termites, I guess.]]

I walked for about 3½ hours and then headed home.

Species List:

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. Barometer Earthstar fungus, Astraeus hygrometricus
  3. Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  4. Black Jelly Roll fungus, Exidia glandulosa
  5. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  6. Brown Jelly Fungus, Jelly Leaf, Tremella foliacea
  7. California Buckeye Chestnut, Aesculus californica
  8. California Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, Battus philenor hirsuta [chrysalis]
  9. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  10. California Wild Rose, Rosa californica
  11. Chinese Praying Mantis, Tenodera sinensis [ootheca]
  12. Chinese Tallow tree, Triadica sebifera
  13. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  14. Cottonwood, Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  15. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  16. Coyote, Canis latrans [scat]
  17. Dark-Eyed Junco (Oregon morph), Junco hyemalis
  18. Dark-Winged Fungus Gnat, Bradysia sp. [larvae]
  19. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  20. False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum hirsutum
  21. False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum ostrea
  22. Flat-footed Fly, Melanderomyia sp. [larvae]
  23. Golden Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  24. Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus [heard]
  25. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  26. Himalayan Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus
  27. Honey Fungus, Armillaria mellea
  28. Honey Fungus, Ringless Honey Fungus, Armarilla tabescens
  29. Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  30. Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  31. Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  32. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  33. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  34. Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  35. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri
  36. Pipevine, California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  37. Pleated Ink Cap, Parasol Ink Cap, Parasola plicatilis
  38. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  39. Rusty Tussock Moth, Orgyia antiqua [cocoons]
  40. Split Gill Fungus, Schizophyllum sp.
  41. Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Western Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Laetiporus gilbertsonii
  42. Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  43. Western Drywood Termite, Incisitermes minor
  44. Western Spotted Orbweaver Spider, Neoscona oaxacensis [webs]
  45. White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare
  46. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis [heard]
  47. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  48. Winter Vetch, Hairy Vetch, Vicia villosa
  49. Yellow Curtain Crust Fungus, Stereum subtomentosum

First Slime Mold of the Season, 12-03-19

Start Time: 7:30 am
Start Temperature: 54ºF
End Temperature: 61º F
Weather: Overcast, no rain
Total Hours in the field (includes travel time): 4 hours
Miles Walked: 3.5
Number of Individual Species Noted Today: 47

I got up around 7:30 am and headed out to the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve. I REALLY needed to get outside and walk.  My car, Vincenzo, is still in the shop today, so Melissa let me borrow her car. It was 54º at the river and overcast.  The cloud cover all day but we didn’t get any rain.

I only got periodic glimpses of the deer at the preserve, but there were a lot of different bird species around, the lichens were all fluffed up from the rains, and the fungi are starting to make an appearance like the crust fungi, jelly fungi and some spent Barometer Earthstars,

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

 I get excited about weird things… like the first slime mold sighting of the season! Woo-hoo!  I found a small specimen of Red Tube Slime Mold (Stemonitis fusca), also called Brown Tube Slime Mold or “Birthday Cake”. It starts out pure white, then the tubes lengthen and stand up on threads and the whole group turns red or pink or burgundy. Then as the mass goes to spore, it all turns brown and disintegrates into “dust”. ((The “Birthday Cake” variation of this slime mold retains light-colored tops of each of the stems, so it looks like frosting on top of a Red Velvet cake.)) You can see a video of how this slime mold forms at: https://youtu.be/A0__v5nMGaI

Red Tube Slime Mold, Stemonitis fusca

I saw a lot of evidence of mole activity on and around the trails, and one spot where it looked like a coyote had dug into the ground trying to get one of them.

I also found a Jerusalem Cricket in one of the puddles on the trail. It was dead, drowned, and I wondered if it had been driven there by Horsehair Worm parasites. I took photos of the cricket but didn’t cut it open to see if there were any worms in its brain or body.

Jerusalem Cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus

In the river I tracked a huge, well-traveled, worn out Chinook Salmon in the shallows along the bank. There were gulls and Turkey Vultures sitting along the river waiting for the fish to die.

Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, swimming in the shallows

I ended up walking for about 3 hours and then headed back home.

Species List:

  1. Barometer Earthstar fungus, Astraeus hygrometricus
  2. Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  3. Black Fan Fungus, Thelephora cuticularis
  4. Black Jelly Roll fungus, Exidia glandulosa
  5. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  6. Brown Jelly Fungus, Jelly Leaf, Tremella foliacea
  7. Bryum Moss, Bryum capillare
  8. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  9. California Quail, Callipepla californica [heard]
  10. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  11. California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  12. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  13. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  14. Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
  15. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  16. Common Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  17. Common Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus
  18. Cottonwood, Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  19. Coyote, Canis latrans [scat]
  20. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  21. False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum hirsutum
  22. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  23. Golden Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  24. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  25. Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina
  26. Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  27. Jelly Spot Fungus, Dacrymyces stillatus
  28. Jerusalem Cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus
  29. Mallard duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  30. Mazegill Fungus, Daedalea quercina
  31. Mole, Broad-Footed Mole, Scapanus latimanus [holes and piles]   
  32. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  33. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  34. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri
  35. Ocre Spreading Tooth Fungus, Steccherinum ochraceum
  36. Pipevine, California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  37. Red Tube Slime Mold, Stemonitis fusca
  38. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  39. Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  40. Stereum Crust Fungus, Golden Curtain Crust, Stereum complicatum
  41. Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Western Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Laetiporus gilbertsonii
  42. Sunburst Lichen, Xanthoria elegans
  43. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima
  44. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  45. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  46. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus
  47. Western Gull, Larus occidentalis

Travels of a Certified California Naturalist