Species List 2020

Here is my running species list for 2020. I’m including those I’ve taken photos of, heard, saw without getting a photo of, or found tracks/scat that I could identify. You can see last year’s species list HERE.

Total Species Identified in 2020: 1502

JANFEBMARAPRMAYJUN
316196132317122135
JULYAUGSEPTOCTNOVDEC
127435041105
Number of species observed/recorded per month (no duplicates)

Arachnids

  1. Black Cobweb Spider, Steatoda capensis
  2. Bold Jumping Spider, Phidippus audax
  3. Bronze Jumping Spider, Eris militaris
  4. Bull-headed Sac Spider, Trachelas pacificus [flat, smooth, domed egg sac]
  5. California Turret Spider, Antrodiaetus riversi
  6. Goldenrod Crab Spider, Misumena vatia
  7. Hairy Jumping Spider, Habronattus hirsutus [on fennel]
  8. Hammock Spider, Pityohyphantes sp. [a kind of sheet weaver]
  9. Harvestman, Protolophus singularis
  10. House Pseudoscorpion, Chelifer cancroides
  11. Labyrinth Orb-Weaver Spider, Metepeira labyrinthea [hides in leaves; not all web is orb-shaped]
  12. Oak Jumping Spider, Metaphidippus manni
  13. Orb-Weaver Spider, Aculepeira sp.
  14. Pale Jumping Spider, Colonus hesperus
  15. Sheet Weaver Spiders, Family: Linyphiidae
  16. Swift Crab Spider, Mecaphesa celer
  17. Trashline Orb Weaver Spider, Conical Trashline Spider,  Cyclosa conica
  18. Western Black Widow Spider, Latrodectus hesperus
  19. Western Spotted Orbweaver Spider, Neoscona oaxacensis
  20. White Crab Spider, Thomisus spectabilis

Birds

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana
  3. American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
  4. American Coot, Fulica americana
  5. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
  6. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  7. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  8. American Wigeon, Anas Americana
  9. American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
  10. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  11. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  12. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  13. Azure-winged Magpie, Cyanopica cyanus
  14. Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  15. Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
  16. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  17. Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  18. Black Crowned Crane, Balearica pavonina
  19. Black-Crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
  20. Black-Headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus
  21. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  22. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  23. Blue-Winged Teal, Anas discors
  24. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  25. Brown-Headed Cowbird, Molothrus ater
  26. Buff Orpington Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var Orpington
  27. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  28. Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii
  29. Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia
  30. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  31. Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
  32. California Gull, Larus californicus
  33. California Quail, Callipepla californica
  34. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  35. California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  36. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  37. Canvasback Duck, Aythya valisineria
  38. Caribbean Flamingo, Phoenicopterus ruber
  39. Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
  40. Cayuga Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Cayuga
  41. Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum
  42. Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera
  43. Clark’s Grebe, Aechmophorus clarkii [black above eye]
  44. Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  45. Comb Duck, Sarkidiornis melanotos
  46. Common Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  47. Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  48. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  49. Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
  50. Common Raven, Corvus corax
  51. Common Tern, Sterna hirundo
  52. Common Yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas
  53. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  54. Crested Coua, Coua cristata
  55. Crested Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Crested
  56. Crested Screamer, Chauna torquata
  57. Dark-Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  58. Domestic Chicken, Gallus gallus var. domesticus
  59. Domestic Swan Goose, Chinese Goose, Anser cygnoides domesticus [white or gray, knob on forehead]
  60. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  61. Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens
  62. Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  63. Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
  64. Emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae
  65. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  66. Eurasian Wigeon, Mareca penelope
  67. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  68. Ferruginous Hawk, Buteo regalis
  69. Gadwall duck, Mareca Strepera
  70. Golden Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  71. Graylag Goose, Anser anser
  72. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  73. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  74. Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
  75. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  76. Greater Roadrunner, Geococcyx californianus
  77. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  78. Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  79. Green Heron, Butorides virescens
  80. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  81. Hairy Woodpecker, Leuconotopicus villosus [long bill]
  82. Hawk-headed Parrot, Deroptyus accipitrinus
  83. Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
  84. Herring Gull, Larus argentatus [spot on bill, gray legs, pale eye]
  85. Himalayan Monal, Lophophorus impejanus
  86. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  87. House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  88. House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
  89. Hutton’s Vireo, Vireo huttoni [nest]
  90. Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus
  91. Intergrade Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Myrtle x Audubon intergrade
  92. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  93. Laughing Kookaburra, Dacelo novaeguineae
  94. Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
  95. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  96. Lincoln’s Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
  97. Long-Billed Curlew, Numenius americanus
  98. Long-Billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
  99. Mallard duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  100. Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
  101. Merlin, Falco columbarius
  102. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  103. Muscovy Duck, Cairina moschata domestica
  104. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  105. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  106. Northern Harrier, Marsh Hawk, Circus hudsonius
  107. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  108. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  109. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  110. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  111. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  112. Ostrich, Common Ostrich, Struthio camelus
  113. Pacific-Slope Flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis
  114. Pekin Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Pekin
  115. Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus
  116. Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens
  117. Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  118. Pigeon, Domestic Pigeon, Columba livia domestica
  119. Purple Finch, Haemorhous purpureus
  120. Red Billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus
  121. Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
  122. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  123. Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
  124. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  125. Ring-Billed Gull, Larus delawarensis [ black ring, light eye, yellow legs]
  126. Ring-Necked Duck, Aythya collaris
  127. Ring-Necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
  128. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  129. Rock Pigeon, Columba livia
  130. Ross’s Goose, Chen rossii
  131. Rough-Legged Hawk, Buteo lagopus [ID not certain]
  132. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  133. Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  134. Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
  135. Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  136. Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya
  137. Sharp-Shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus
  138. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  139. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  140. Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  141. Sora, Porzana carolina
  142. Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
  143. Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  144. Spur-winged Lapwing, Vanellus spinosus
  145. Steller’s Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri
  146. Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
  147. Swedish Blue Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Swedish Blue
  148. Tawny Frogmouth, Podargus strigoides
  149. Thick-billed Parrot, Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
  150. Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  151. Tricolored Blackbird, Agelaius tricolor
  152. Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
  153. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  154. Western Bluebird, Sialia Mexicana
  155. Western Gull, Larus occidentalis [spot on bill, pink legs, orange circle around eye]
  156. Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis [black through eye]
  157. Western Kingbird, Tyrant Flycatcher, Tyrannus verticalis
  158. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  159. Western Screech Owl, Megascops kennicottii
  160. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  161. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  162. White-Faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
  163. White-faced Whistling Duck, Dendrocygna viduata
  164. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  165. Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata
  166. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  167. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli
  168. Yellow-Headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Fish

  1. Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
  2. Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch
  3. Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio
  4. Goldfish, Carassius auratus
  5. Koi Fish, Cyprinus rubrofuscus
  6. Largemouth Bass, Micropterus salmoides
  7. Minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus
  8. Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
  9. Steelhead, anadromous form of Oncorhynchus mykiss

Fungi, Molds, Slime Molds

  1. Acuminate Ink Cap, Coprinopsis atramentaria var. acuminate [scant veil, bell-shaped cap]
  2. Amber Jelly Fungus, Exidia recisa
  3. Aniseed Funnel Mushroom, Clitocybe odora [smells like licorice]
  4. Apricot Jelly Fungus, Guepinia helvelloides
  5. Artist’s Conk, Ganoderma brownie
  6. Barometer Earthstar fungus, Astraeus hygrometricus
  7. Bicolored Bracket Fungus, Gloeoporus dichrous [white with gray center]
  8. Birds Nest Fungus, Common Bird’s Nest Fungus, Crucibulum laeve
  9. Bird’s Nest Fungus, Woolly Bird’s Nest Fungus, Nidula niveotomentosa
  10. Bishop’s Cap, Coprinellus micaceus
  11. Black-Footed Polypore, Polyporus badius [The Bad-Ass Polypore]
  12. Black Hair Mold, Phycomyces blakesleeanus
  13. Black Jelly Roll fungus, Exidia glandulosa
  14. Blackberry Rust, Rubus Rust Fungus, Phragmidium violaceum
  15. Bleach-Scented Mycena, Mycena leptocephali  [dark, very small mushroom]
  16. Bleeding Mycena, Mycena haematopus
  17. Brown Jelly Fungus, Jelly Leaf, Tremella foliacea
  18. Candlesnuff Fungus, Carbon Antlers, Xylaria hypoxylon [upright, branched, white with a layer of spores; spores release at a touch]
  19. Cavalier Mushroom, Melanoleuca melaleuca
  20. Ceramic Parchment Crust Fungus, Xylobolus frustulatus [brown with gold edges]
  21. Common Funnel, Infundibulicybe gibba
  22. Common Gray Disk Fungus, Mollisia olivascens
  23. Common Ink Cap Mushroom, Coprinopsis atramentaria
  24. Common Jelly Spot fungus, Dacrymyces stillatus
  25. Common Pin Mold, Mucor mucedo
  26. Conical Brittlestem Mushroom, Mower’s Mushroom, Parasola conopilea
  27. Conifer Mazegill, Gloeophyllum sepiarium
  28. Cowboys Handkerchief, Waxy Cap Mushroom, Hygrophorus eburneus
  29. Cracked Cap Polypore, Phellinus robiniae
  30. Crampball Fungus, Daldinia concentrica
  31. Crust fungus, Byssomerulius corium
  32. Crystal Brain Fungus, Granular Jelly Roll, Myxarium nucleatum
  33. Dead Man’s Foot Fungus, Pisolithus arhizus
  34. Deadly Galerina, Galerina autumnalis
  35. Deer Shield Mushroom, Pluteus cervinus
  36. Destroying Angel Mushroom, Amanita ocreata
  37. Dryad’s Saddle, Hawk’s Wing, Polyporus squamosus
  38. Earth Tongues, Gelatinodiscus flavidus
  39. Elfin Saddle, Compressed Saddle, Helvella compressa
  40. Fairy Inkcap, Trooping Crumble Cap, Coprinellus disseminates [pale, almost white inkcap mushroom]
  41. Fairy Ring Mushroom, Scotch Bonnet, Marasmius oreades
  42. False Coral Mushroom, Tremellodendron sp.
  43. False Turkey Tail fungus, Crowded Parchment Fungus, Stereum complicatum
  44. False Turkey Tail fungus, Hairy Curtain Crust, Stereum hirsutum
  45. False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum ostrea
  46. Fool’s Funnel, Clitocybe rivulosa [white mushroom with funnel shaped stipe]
  47. Funeral Bell Galerina, Galerina marginata
  48. Garlic Mushroom, Mycetinis scorodonius [pale, very small mushroom], before 2005 was listed as Marasmius scorodonius
  49. Gem-Studded Puffball, Common Puffball, Lycoperdon perlatum
  50. Gilled Polypore, Trametes betulina [yellow tinge]
  51. Giraffe’s Spots Fungus, Peniophora albobadia
  52. Golden Haired Inkcap, Parasol Inkcap, Parasola auricoma
  53. Golden Mushroom, Floccularia luteovirens 
  54. Golden Floccularia, Floccularia albolanaripes
  55. Gray Veiled Amanita, Amanita porphyria [large gray/brown mushroom with white gills]
  56. Green Trichoderma Mold, Trichoderma viride 
  57. Hair Ice Fungus, Exidiopsis effuse [not sure of this ID]
  58. Hair Mold, Phycomyces nitens   [has yellow tips]
  59. Hare’s Foot Inkcap Mushroom, Coprinopsis lagopus
  60. Honey Fungus, Ringless Honey Fungus, Armarilla tabescens
  61. Honey Fungus, Armillaria mellea
  62. Honey Fungus, Shaggy Cap Honey Fungus, Armillaria sinapina
  63. Horsehair Mushroom, Gymnopus androsaceus
  64. Horsehair Mushroom, Oak-leaf Pinwheel, Gymnopus quercophilus
  65. Jack-o-Lantern, Western Jack-o-Lantern, Omphalotus olivascens
  66. Jelly Spot Jelly Fungus, Dacrymyces chrysospermus
  67. Magpie Inkcap Mushroom, Coprinopsis picacea [like common ink cap but more rare]
  68. Mazegill Fungus, Daedalea quercina
  69. Mica Cap, Coprinellus micaceus [a kind of ink cap, pale tan cap]
  70. Milky Cap, Hemimycena hirsute [tiny white mushrooms with distant gills]
  71. Mower’s Mushroom, Haymaker Mushroom, Panaeolus foenisecii
  72. Mushroom with gills connecting to stipe; dimple in cap, Arrhenia epichysium
  73. Netted Crust Fungus, Byssomerulius corium, a kind of resupinate fungus, lays flat on the substrate
  74. Oak-Loving Bolete Mushroom, Xerocomellus dryophilus [red cap, yellow pores, like Russian Reds]
  75. Oak-loving Gymnopus, Gymnopus dryophilus
  76. Ocre Spreading Tooth Fungus, Steccherinum ochraceum
  77. Orange Bonnet Mushroom, Mycena acicula
  78. Pale Brittlestem, Psathyrella candolleana [looks kind of like an inkcap, pale tan cap with dark gills]
  79. Paltry Puffball, Puffball Fungus, Bovista californica
  80. Peeling Oysterling Mushroom, Crepidotus mollis [fan-shaped, white/white gills]
  81. Pin Mold, Order: Mucorales
  82. Pocket-Stalked Russula, Russula cerolens [white stipe and yellow-tan gills]
  83. Poor Man’s Slippery Jack, Suillus fuscotomentosus [sort of looks like a bolete]
  84. Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus
  85. Palomino Cup Fungus, Peziza repanda
  86. Poison Pie Mushroom, Hebeloma crustuliniforme 
  87. Pleated Ink Cap, Parasol Ink Cap, Parasola plicatilis
  88. Pleated Marasmius, Red-Thread Mushroom, Marasmius plicatulus
  89. Purple Core, Bluet, Blewit, Clitocybe nuda (Lepista nuda)
  90. Red-Cracking Bolete, Russian Red, Xerocomellus chrysenteron
  91. Robust Bracket Fungus, Fomitiporia robusta
  92. Scaly Rustgill Mushroom, Gymnopilus sapineus
  93. Shellfish-scented Russula, Russula xerampelina
  94. Silky Piggyback Mushrooms,  Asterophora parasitica
  95. Silky Pink Gill Mushroom, Nolanea sericea (Entoloma sericeum ssp. sericeum) [very dark brown cap with a nipple on top]
  96. Slime Mold, Blue Slime Mold, Badhamia utricularis
  97. Slime Mold, Carnival Candy Slime Mold, Arcyria denudata
  98. Slime Mold, Dog Vomit Slime Mold, Fuligo septica
  99. Slime Mold, Honeycomb Coral Slime Mold, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa
  100. Slime Mold, Insect Egg Slime Mold, Badhamia sp.
  101. Slime Mold, Lilac Physarum Slime Mold, Physarum globuliferum
  102. Slime Mold, Many-Headed Slime Mold, Physarum leucopus
  103. Slime Mold, Tan Bullet Slime Mold, Arcyria cinereal
  104. Slime Mold, Trichia sp. [early white stage; each head on a stalk]
  105. Slime Mold, Spotted Trichia Slime Mold, Trichia botrytis
  106. Slime Mold, White Spheroid Slime Mold, Physarum cinereum
  107. Smokey Bracket Fungus, Bjerkandera adusta
  108. Snowy Oysterlings, Cheimonophyllum candidissimum
  109. Split Porecrust, Schizopora paradoxa
  110. Splitgill Fungus, Schizophyllum sp.
  111. Split Gill Fungus, Schizophyllum commune
  112. Stem Rust Fungus, Puccinia evadens [attacks Coyote Brush]
  113. Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Western Hardwood Sulphur Shelf, Laetiporus gilbertsonii
  114. Sulphur Tuft Fungus, Hypholoma fasciculare 
  115. Tall Brittlestem, Tall Psathyrella, Psathyrella longipes
  116. Toothed Crust Fungus, Basidioradulum sp.
  117. Trembling Crust Fungus, Merulius tremellosus [white or orange-tinted, forms brackets, a little bit of a tooth on the underside]
  118. Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  119. Twiglets Mushrooms, Tubaria sp.
  120. Umbilicated cap mushroom, Arrhenia obscurata
  121. Willow Rust Fungus, Melampsora epitea
  122. White Parachute Marasmius, Marasmiellus candidus
  123. White Cup Fungus, Calyptella capula [no gills]
  124. White Jelly Fungus, Ductifera pululahuana
  125. White Russula, Russula brevipes
  126. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  127. Witches Butter, Tremella mesenterica
  128. Yellow Fieldcap, Bolbitius titubans
  129. Yellow Knight, Man on Horseback, Tricholoma equestre [large, heavy, yellow mushroom]
  130. Yellow Orb Sac Fungus, Orbilia sp.
  131. Yellow-Staining Milk Cap, Lactarius xanthogalactus [a kind of Russula with a thick reddish cap with a dimple in the center]
  132. ?? Fluffy fungus with gutation, Trichoderma sp.

Galls

  1. Alder Tongue, Western American Alder Tongue Gall Fungus, Taphrina occidentalis
  2. Ash Flower Gall Mite, Eriophyes fraxinivorus
  3. Australian Eucalyptus Gall Wasp, Ophelimus maskelli
  4. Ball Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perfoveata [on live oak leaves]
  5. Beaked Twig Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis plumbella
  6. Bladder Plum Gall fungus, Taphrina pruni
  7. Black Oak Stem Gall Wasp, Zapatella davisae
  8. Black Walnut Erineum Mite galls, Aceria erinea
  9. Black Walnut Pouch Gall Mite Aceria brachytarsa
  10. Club Gall Wasp, Atrusca clavuloides
  11. Clustered Gall Wasp, Andricus brunneus
  12. Crystalline Gall Wasp, Andricus crystallinus
  13. Convoluted Gall Wasp, Andricus confertus
  14. Cottonwood Leaf Gall Aphid, Pemphigus populivenae
  15. Cottonwood Petiole Gall, Poplar Petiole Gall Aphid, Pemphigus populitransversus
  16. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  17. Coyote Brush Rust Gall, Puccinia evadens
  18. Coyote Brush Stem Gall moth, Gnorimoschema baccharisella
  19. Disc Gall Wasp, Andricus parmula [round flat, “spangle gall”]
  20. Fimbriate Gall Wasp, Andricus opertus [on Valley Oak leaf]
  21. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  22. French Broom Gall Mite, Aceria genistae
  23. Fuzzy Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis washingtonensi [round faintly fuzzy galls on stems]
  24. Goldenrod Bunch Gall, Goldenrod Floret Gall Midge, Solidago canadensis
  25. Gouty Stem Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercussuttoni
  26. Grape Erineum Mite, Colomerus vitis
  27. Grape Phylloxera, Daktulosphaira vitifoliae [aphid-like insect]
  28. Gray Mid-Rib Gall Wasp, Besbicus multipunctatus
  29. Hair Stalk Gall Wasp, Dros pedicellatum
  30. Irregular Spindle Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysolepidicola [on white oaks, Blue, Valley, etc.]
  31. Jumping Oak Gall Wasp, Neuroterus saltatorius
  32. Kernel Flower Gall Wasp, Callirhytis serricornis
  33. Leaf Gall Wasp/ Unidentified per Russo, Tribe: Cynipidi [on Valley Oak]
  34. Live Oak Bud Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercusagrifoliae [round gall at bud position]
  35. Live Oak Erineum Mite gall, Aceria mackiei [kind of looks like rust on the backside of the leaf]
  36. Live Oak Gall Wasp, 1st Generation, Callirhytis quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  37. Live Oak Gall Wasp, 2nd Generation, Callirhytis quercuspomiformis [looks like a soft funnel, green to brown]
  38. Major Willow Gall Midge, Iteomyia major
  39. Manzanita Leaf Gall Aphid, Tamalia coweni
  40. Marginal Leaf Fold Gall Midge, Macrodiplosis erubescens [on margins of leaves of red oaks]
  41. Mistletoe Gall, caused by Mistletoe haustorium growing on a tree
  42. Oak Aphid Leaf-Curl Gall, Tuberculatus annulatus [on Coast Live Oak]
  43. Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  44. Oak Leaf Blister Fungus, Taphrina caerulescens
  45. Peach Gall, Dried Peach Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis simulata
  46. Peach Leaf Curl Fungus, Taphrina deformans
  47. Pine-Pine Gall Rust, Endocronartium harknessii
  48. Plate Gall Wasp, Andricus pattersonae
  49. Pumpkin Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus minusculus
  50. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  51. Rosette Oak Gall Wasp, Andricus wiltzae
  52. Round Gall Wasp, Cynpis conspicuus [round gall near base of leaf on Valley Oaks, formerly Besbicus conspicuus]
  53. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens
  54. Saucer Gall Wasp, Andricus gigas
  55. Silverpuff Stem Gall Wasp, Antistrophus microseris
  56. Spiny Leaf Gall Wasp, Diplolepis polita [on rose leaves]
  57. Spiny Turban Gall Wasp, asexual, fall generation, Antron douglasii
  58. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, summer generation, Andricus atrimentus [looks like a tiny volcano]
  59. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, spring generation, Andricus atrimentus [looks like a tan ball on the edge of the leaf]
  60. Sunburst Gall Wasp, Andricus stellaris [?? unsure about this sighting]
  61. Thorn Gall Wasp gall, Cynips heldae
  62. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, unisexual gall, 1st generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [small gall with a horn on either end]
  63. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, bisexual gall, 2nd generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [looks like a hard, shiny, brown “beak” on the edge of the leaf]
  64. Urchin Gall Wasp, Antron quercusechinus
  65. Willow Apple Gall Sawfly, Pontania californica
  66. Willow Bead Gall Mite, Aculus tetanothrix
  67. Willow Pinecone Gall midge, Rabdophaga strobiloides
  68. Willow Rose Gall Midge, Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides
  69. Willow Stem Sawfly Gall, Euura exiguae
  70. Willow Tube Gall Midge, Iteomyia sp.
  71. Woollybear Gall Wasp, Atrusca trimaculosa
  72. Woolly Oak Aphid Gall, Stegophylla querci [in folded leaves, live oak]
  73. Woolly Oak Aphid, Stegophylla brevirostris (lots of white fluff & honeydew)
  74. Yellow Wig Gall Wasp, Andricus fullawayi 

Insects/Arthropods/Hexapods

  1. Acmon Blue Butterfly, Icaricia acmon
  2. Alfalfa Looper Moth, Autographa californica
  3. American Dog Tick, Dermacentor variabilis
  4. Anise Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio zelicaon
  5. Argentine Ant, Linepithema humile
  6. Arizona Mantis, Stagmomantis limbata
  7. Armored Scale Insects, Family: Diaspididae
  8. Arroyo Bluet Damselfly, Enallagma praevarum
  9. Ashy Gray Lady Beetle, Olla v-nigrum [lymph, lion]
  10. Ashy Mining Bee, Andrena cineraria [small, black and white]
  11. Asian Ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis
  12. Asian Tiger Mosquito, Aedes albopictus
  13. Assassin Bug, Zelus luridus
  14. Assassin Bug, Four-spurred Assassin Bug, Zelus tetracanthus [ash white color]
  15. Bagrada Bug, Bagrada hilaris
  16. Baileya Moth, Bailey sp. [caterpillar] Maybe Baileya dormitans, the Sleeping Baileya [green caterpillar with bold white stripe down the sides]
  17. Big-headed Ground Beetle, Scarites subterraneus [black, shiny, large mandibles] [?? Not sure about this ID]
  18. Black Bean Aphid, Aphis fabae
  19. Black Dancer Caddisfly, Mystacides sepulchralis
  20. Black Garden Ant, Common Black Ant, Lasius niger
  21. Black Saddlebags Dragonfly, Tramea lacerata
  22. Blue Dasher Dragonfly, Pachydiplax longipennis [white face, males blue, females are diluted yellow-tan]
  23. Blue-Eyed Darner Dragonfly, Aeshna multicolor
  24. Bordered Plant Bug, Largus californicus
  25. Bordered Straw Moth, Heliothis peltigera
  26. Braconid wasp, Family: Braconidae
  27. Brown Grass Bug, Irbisia californica
  28. Brown Leafhopper, Family: Cicadellidae
  29. Brown Leather Wing Beetle, Pacificanthia consors
  30. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha halys
  31. Buffalo Treehopper, Stictocephala alta
  32. Bush Katydid, Fork-Tailed Bush Katydid, Scudderia furcata
  33. Cabbage White butterfly, Pieris rapae
  34. California Angelwing Katydid, Microcentrum californicum
  35. California Bumblebee, Bombus californicus [black face, yellow ruff]
  36. California Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa californica
  37. California Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, Battus philenor hirsuta
  38. California Praying Mantis, Stagmomantis californica (smallest 2-2.5 inches)
  39. California Pyrausta Moth, Pyrausta californicalis
  40. California Ringlet Butterfly, Coenonympha tullia california
  41. Camel Cricket, Superfamily: Rhaphidophoroidea [small, found on trail]
  42. Case-Bearing Leaf Beetle, Cryptocephalus castaneus [tiny, thick bodied]
  43. Chinese Praying Mantis, Tenodera sinensis [largest]
  44. Cicada, Typical Cicadas, Subfamily: Tibicininae
  45. Citron Bug, Leptoglossus gonagra [a kind of leaf-footed bug, red nymphs]
  46. Click Beetle,  Limonius canus [brown]
  47. Clouded Sulphur Butterfly, Colias philodice
  48. Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly, Phoebis sennae
  49. Common Bluet Damselfly, Enallagma cyathigerum
  50. Common Buckeye Butterfly, Junonia coenia
  51. Common Checkered-Skipper, Burnsius communis
  52. Common Green Lacewing, Chrysopa coloradensis
  53. Common Greenbottle Fly, Lucilia sericata
  54. Common Pillbug, Woodlouse, Armadillidium vulgare
  55. Common Tree Cricket, Oecanthus sp.
  56. Common Water Strider, Aquarius remigis
  57. Conchuela Stink Bug, Chlorochroa ligata
  58. Confusing Petrophila Moth, Petrophila confusalis 
  59. Convergent Lady Beetle, Hippodamia convergens
  60. Cottonwood Twig Borer Beetle, Oberea quadricallosa
  61. Cowpea Aphid, Macrosiphum gaurae [adults dark, babies pink]
  62. Cranefly, Mosquito Hawk, Tipula dietziana
  63. Crazy Ants, Nylanderia sp.
  64. Cricket, Arboreal Camel Cricket, Gammarotettix bilobatus
  65. Cryptopid Centipede, Theatops californiensis
  66. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  67. Dagger Moth, Acronicta sp.
  68. Dancer Damselfly, Unidentified, Argia sp.
  69. Dark-Winged Fungus Gnat, Bradysia sp.
  70. Darker-spotted Straw Moth, Heliothis phloxiphaga
  71. Darkling Beetle, Eleodes scabrosus [pitted pronotum and elytra]
  72. Deer Fly, Chrysops vittatus
  73. Digger Bee, Anthophora bomboides stanfordiana [mostly turrets]
  74. Dot-lined Angle Moth, Psamatodes abydata
  75. Downy Leather-Winged Beetle Podabrus pruinosus [kind of looks like a Soldier Beetle]
  76. Dun Skipper, Euphyes vestris [dark, dusky brown]
  77. Echo Azure butterfly, Celastrina echo [“typical blues”]
  78. Elder Moth, Achatodes zeae
  79. European Earwig, Common Earwig, Forficula auricularia
  80. European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  81. European Mantis, Mantis religiosa
  82. European Tube Wasp, Ancistrocerus gazella
  83. Fairy Longhorn Moth, Adela flammeusella
  84. False Blister Beetle, Oedemera podagrariae [brown and tan, kind of looks like a Soldier Beetle]
  85. Familiar Bluet Damselfly, Enallagma civile
  86. Feral European Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  87. Fiery Skipper, Hylephila phyleus
  88. Flame Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula saturata
  89. Foothill Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa tabaniformis ssp. orpifex
  90. Fruit-Tree Leafroller Moth, Archips argyrospila
  91. Gall-Like Scale, Allokermes rattani [striped ball]
  92. Gall-Like Scale Allokermes sp.
  93. Geometer Moth, Family: Geometridae
  94. Globular Springtail, Ptenothrix marmorata [Technically it’s not an insect, it’s a hexapod. It has internal mouth parts instead of external mouth parts.]
  95. Grass Sharpshooter, Draeculacephala Minerva
  96. Great Black Wasp, Sphex pensylvanicus [large, all black, a kind of digger wasp]
  97. Green Darner Dragonfly, Anax junius
  98. Green Leafhopper, Nephotettix virescensvalley
  99. Green Stink Bug, Chinavia hilaris
  100. Harlequin Bug, Murgantia histrionica
  101. Harvester Ant, Pogonomyrmex sp. [black]
  102. Honeysuckle Sawfly, Club-Headed Sawfly, Abia americana [whitish caterpillar with pale grey head]
  103. Horsefly-Like Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa tabaniformis [dark bee with pale eyes]
  104. House Centipede, Scutigera coleoptrata
  105. Hoverfly, Bird Hoverfly, Eupeodes volucris
  106. Hoverfly, Black-margined Flower Fly, Syrphus opinator
  107. Hoverfly, Common Flower Fly, Syrphus ribesii
  108. Hoverfly, Long-tailed Aphideater, Western Aphid-eater, Eupeodes fumipennis
  109. Hoverfly, Margined Calligrapher Fly, Toxomerus marginatus [very tiny]
  110. Iceplant Scale, Pulvinariella mesembryanthem
  111. Jalisco Petrophila Moth, Crambid Snout Moth, Petrophila jaliscalis
  112. Lauxaniid Fly, Homoneura occidentalis [yellow fly with reddish eyes, black hairs]
  113. Leaf-Cutter Bee, Megachile sp. 
  114. Leaf-Cutter Bee, Megachile chichimeca
  115. Leaf-Footed Bug, Leptoglossus zonatus
  116. Leaf-Hopper, Typical Leafhoppers, Family: Cicadellidae
  117. Leafhopper, Gyponana procera
  118. Leafhopper Assassin Bug, Zelus renardii
  119. Lesser Golden Knapweed Fly, Chaetorellia jaceae [tiny pale yellow fly, green eyes, gold lines on wings]
  120. Ligated Furrow Bee, Halictus ligatus [tiny bee, b/w striped abdomen, yellow legs]
  121. Little Black Ant, Monomorium minimum
  122. Long-Jawed Orb Weaver, Tetragnatha sp .
  123. Long-tailed Silverfish, Ctenolepisma longicaudata
  124. Lupin Aphid, Macrosiphum albifrons
  125. Mason Bee, Osmia sp.
  126. Meadow Plant Bug, Lopidea instabilis [red and black]
  127. Meadow Spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius
  128. Mealybug Destroyer, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri
  129. Mediterranean Katydid, Phaneroptera nana
  130. Mediterranean Praying Mantis, Iris Mantis, Iris oratoria [very narrow ootheca]
  131. Metallic Sweat Bees, Subgenus: Dialictus
  132. Milkweed Assassin Bug, Zelus longipes
  133. Millipede, possibly Gosodesmus claremontus [pinkish, flat back]
  134. Millipede, Ptyoiulus impressus  [dark, rounded back]
  135. Millipede, Rosy Short-Head Millipede, Brachycybe rosea
  136. Mirid Bug, Thick Sensor Soft Bug, Heterotoma planicornis [small black bug with weird antennae and green legs]
  137. Morrill Lace Bug, Corythucha morrilli
  138. Mosquito, Common House Mosquito, Culex pipiens
  139. Mournful Duskywing Butterfly, Erynnis tristis
  140. Mourning Cloak Butterfly, Nymphalis antiopa
  141. Mud-Dauber Wasps and Allies, Subfamily: Sceliphrinae
  142. Mugwort Aphid, Macrosiphoniella artemisiae [pale green, black legs, red eyes]
  143. Mugwort Weevil, Scaphomorphus longinasus
  144. Nodding Thistle Receptacle Weevil, Rhinocyllus conicus [on thistle]
  145. Non-Biting Midge, Chironomus sp.
  146. Oak Leafroller Moth, Archips semiferana
  147. Obscure Darkling Beetle, Eleodes obscura [striped grooves on elytra]
  148. Oleander Aphid, Aphis nerii
  149. Orange Sulphur Butterfly, Colias eurytheme 
  150. Orbweavers, Family: Araneidae
  151. Ornate Checkered Beetle, Trichodes ornatus [black and yellow]
  152. Pacific Forktail Damselfly, Ischnura cervula [males blue, 4 dots on thorax]
  153. Pacific Orange Tip, Sara’s Orange Tip Butterfly, Anthocharis sara
  154. Painted Lady Butterfly, Vanessa cardui
  155. Pale-lined Angle Moth, Digrammia irrorata
  156. Pallid-winged Grasshopper, Trimerotropis pallidipennis
  157. Paper Wasp, European Paper Wasp, Polistes dominula [black & yellow]
  158. Peridot Sweat Bee, Augochlorella pomoniella
  159. Pink Elongated Springtail, Podura sp.
  160. Plant Bugs, Family: Miridae
  161. Potato Mirid, Closterotomus norwegicus [green]
  162. Potter Wasp, California Potter Wasp, Eumenes sp. 
  163. Privet Leafhopper, Fieberiella florii
  164. Prodocarpus Aphid, Neophyllaphis podocarpi [pink]
  165. Pug Moth, Common Eupithecia Moth, Eupithecia miserulata [lays with its wings open]
  166. Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths, Superfamily: Pyraloidea
  167. Red Admiral Butterfly, Vanessa atalanta [caterpillar]
  168. Red Gum Lerp Psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei
  169. Red-humped Caterpillar Moth, Schizura concinna
  170. Red-Margin Lopidea Bug, Lopidea instabilis
  171. Red-Shouldered Stink Bug, Thyanta custator
  172. Redwhisker Clammyweed, Polanisia dodecandra
  173. Ribbed Cocoon-Maker Moth, Oak Ribbed Skeletonizer,  Bucculatrix albertiella
  174. Rove Beetle, Quedius sp. [red-orange][?? Not sure about this ID]
  175. Rusty Tussock Moth, Orgyia antiqua
  176. Saint John’s Wort Beetle, Chrysolina hypericin [metallic gold, blue or copper]
  177. Salt Marsh Moth, Estigmene acrea
  178. Sandhill Skipper, Polites sabuleti
  179. Semaphore Fly, Subfamily: Dolichopodinae
  180. Scale Insect, Superfamily: Coccoidea
  181. Scriptured Leaf Beetle, Pachybrachis sp.
  182. Seven-Spotted Ladybeetle, Coccinella septempunctata [Introduced Species]
  183. Sinuous Snaketail Dragonfly, Ophiogomphus occidentis [club tail, yellow with gray eyes]
  184. Six-spotted Zigzag Lady Beetle, Cheilomenes sexmaculata
  185. Small Honey Ant, Prenolepis imparis
  186. Small Milkweed Bug, Western Small Milkweed Bug, Lygaeus kalmii ssp. kalmii
  187. Smoky-winged Poplar Aphid, Chaitophorus populicola
  188. Snakefly, Agulla adnixa
  189. Snowberry Sawfly, Blennogeneris spissipes
  190. Soft-Winged Flower Beetle, Idgia sp. [kind of look like soldier beetles]
  191. Solitary Oak Leaf Miner Moth, Cameraria hamadryadella
  192. Soldier Fly, Microchrysa sp.
  193. Sooty Dancer Damselfly, Argia lugens
  194. Speckled Dun Mayfly, Callibaetis californicus
  195. Spined Stilt Bug, Jalysus wickhami [look like tiny Craneflies]
  196. Spotless Lady Beetle, Cycloneda sanguinea
  197. Spotted Bird Grasshopper, Schistocerca lineata [large, dark green with red hind legs and a yellow stripe on the back]
  198. Spotted Cucumber Beetle, Diabrotica undecimpunctata
  199. Spotted Spreadwing Damselfly, Lestes congener
  200. Steel-blue Cricket-hunter Wasp, Chlorion aerarium
  201. Stream Mayflies, Family: Heptageniidae [exuvia]
  202. Sulphur Tubic Moth, Esperia sulphurella [tiny dark moth with yellow lines]
  203. Tarnished Plant Bug, Lygus lineolaris
  204. Termite, Reticulitermes sp.
  205. Tobacco Budworm Moth, Chloridea virescens
  206. Three-lined Potato Beetle, Lema daturaphila
  207. Three-striped Longhorn Fairy Moth, Adela trigrapha
  208. Tripartite Sweat Bee, Halictus tripartitus [tiny, striped abdomen]
  209. Tube-Tailed Trip, Family: Phlaeothripidae [tiny red larvae,black on either end]
  210. Tule Bluet Damselfly, Enallagma carunculatum
  211. Twelve-Spotted Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula pulchella
  212. Urbane Digger Bee, Anthophora urbana  [looks like a pale blond and white bumblebee]
  213. Valley Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa varipuncta
  214. Variable Checkerspot Butterfly, Euphydryas chalcedona
  215. Varied Carpet Beetle, Anthrenus verbasci
  216. Variegated Meadowhawk Dragonfly, Sympetrum corruptum
  217. Velvety Tree Ant, Liometopum occidentale
  218. Vivid Dancer Damselfly, Argia vivida [bands and arrowheads]
  219. Western Carpenter Ant, Camponotus modoc
  220. Western Leaf-Footed Bug, Leptoglossus clypealis [zig-zag across the back]
  221. Western Leaf-Footed Bug, Leptoglossus zonatus [zig zag on adults, spots on older nymphs]
  222. Western Polished Lady Beetle, Cycloneda polita [no spots]
  223. Western Pondhawk Dragonfly, Erythemis collocata [males are blue; females are green]
  224. Western Pygmy-Blue Butterfly, Brephidium exilis exilis 
  225. Western Spotted Orbweaver Spider, Neoscona oaxacensis
  226. Western Sunflower Longhorn Bee, Svastra obliqua ssp. expurgata
  227. Western Tailed-Blue Butterfly, Cupido amyntula
  228. Western Tarnished Plant Bug, Lygus sp.
  229. Western Tiger Swallowtail, Papilio rutulus
  230. Western Tussock Moth, Orgyia vetusta
  231. White Checkered-Skipper, Burnsius albescens
  232. White-faced Meadowhawk Dragonfly, Sympetrum obtrusum
  233. Whiteflies, Family: Aleyrodidae
  234. White-winged March Fly, Bibio albipennis [thin black fly with tranluscent white wings]
  235. Widow Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula luctuosa
  236. Winter Moth, Operophtera brumata [larvae, green inchworm with orange head]
  237. Woodland Skipper, Ochlodes sylvanoides
  238. Woolly Oak Aphid, Stegophylla brevirostris (lots of white fluff & honeydew)
  239. Yellowjacket, Western Yellowjacket, Vespula pensylvanica
  240. Yellow Dung Fly, Scathophaga stercoraria
  241. Yellow-faced Bumblebee, Bombus vosnesenskii
  242. Yellow-legged Mud-dauber Wasp, Sceliphron caementarium
  243. Yellow-Winged Grasshopper, California Sulphur-Winged Grasshopper, Arphia behrensi
  244. Zebra-Striped Hoverfly, Scaeva pyrastri  

Other Invertebrates (Worms, Snails, Mollusks, etc.)

  1. Asian Clam, Corbicula fluminea [small white/brown freshwater clam]
  2. Common Earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris
  3. Fresh Water Snail, Fluminicola sp.
  4. Garden Snail, Cornu aspersum
  5. Meadow Slug, Badhamia utricularis  [short, fat, stubby slug]
  6. Nematode, unidentified
  7. Red Swamp Crayfish, Crawfish, Crawdad, Procambarus clarkia

Lichen on Trees

  1. Bark Rim Lichen, Lecanora chlarotera [looks like Whitewash Lichen but has apothecia]
  2. Beaded Tube Lichen, Hypogymnia apinnata
  3. Beard Lichen, Usnea sp.
  4. Boreal Button Lichen, Buellia disciformis [pale gray to bluish with black apothecia on wood]
  5. Brown-Eyed Shingle Lichen, Pannaria rubiginosa [on trees]
  6. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [hoary with black or brown apothecia]
  7. California Camouflage Lichen, Melanelixia californica [dark green with brown apothecia, on trees]
  8. California Pore Lichen, Pertusaria californic
  9. Candleflame Lichen, Candelaria concolor [bright yellow, crumbly-looking]
  10. Ceramic Parchment Lichen, Xylobolus frustulatus [hoary or pale brown, flat like parchment]
  11. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange,on wood/trees]
  12. Cottonthread Lichen, Leprocaulon americanum [thin, short threads on wood/trees]
  13. Crabseye Lichen, Ochrolechia subpallescens [creamy colored lichen with white-rimmed pale orange/pink apothecia]
  14. Crescent Frost Lichen, Physconia perisidiosa [green or gray green on trees/wood]
  15. Dimpled Camouflage Lichen, Montanelia tominii [ink black on wood]
  16. Elegant Camouflage Lichen, Melanohalea elegantula [leafy like hoary lichen but much darker gray/black]
  17. Farinose Cartilage Lichen,  Ramalina farinacea [like Oakmoss but very thin branches]
  18. Fishbone Beard Lichen, Usnea filipendula [“boned skeleton”, hairy eyeballs]
  19. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria finkii [gray-tan dust lichen]
  20. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Pacific Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria pacifica [blue-green dust lichen]
  21. Fringed Wrinkle Lichen, Tuckermanopsis Americana [pale green, brown fringes, on trees]
  22. Frosted Rim Lichen, Lecanora caesiorrubella [light gray with light gray apothecia on wood]
  23. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  24. Golden Hair-Lichen, Teloschistes flavicans
  25. Gray Lungwort, Lobaria hallii  [gray to green, with soredia on surface]
  26. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  27. Green Shield, Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  28. Herre’s Ragged Lichen, Platismatia herrei
  29. Hoary Lichen, Hoary Rosette, Physcia aipolia
  30. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  31. Hooded Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza fallax [leafy, yellow-orange, on trees]
  32. Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  33. Lung Lichen, Lobaria anthraspis
  34. Mealy Pixie Cup, Cladonia chlorophaea
  35. Mealy Rim Lichen, Lecanora strobilina
  36. Netted Crust Fungus, Byssomerulius corium
  37. Nipple Lichen, Pseudothelomma occidentale [hoary-colored nipples with black apothecia]
  38. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri [with soredia]
  39. Oregon Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza oregana [yellow/orange thallus bearing granular soredia on the tips and/or underside; looks like leaves with grainy edges]
  40. Pastel Comma Lichen, Arthonia pruinata [white pruination on surface of lichen, on trees]
  41. Pin-cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa
  42. Powderhorn Lichen, Common Powderhorn, Cladonia coniocraea
  43. Powdered Ruffle Lichen, Parmotrema arnoldi [gray, has soredia or eyelashes/hairs on the thallus, on trees]
  44. Powdery Sunburst Lichen, Xanthoria ulophyllodes [yellow, leafy, rare on rocks but does sometimes appear on them]
  45. Rosy Saucer Lichen, Ochrolechia trochophora
  46. Shield Lichen, Parmelia sulcata [gray foliose, on trees]
  47. Shield Lichen, Parmelia squarrosa [gray, foliose, on trees, soredia and very branched eyelashes on the tips]
  48. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  49. Smooth Shadow Lichen, Phaeophyscia ciliate [hoary gray with brown apothecia on trees]
  50. Star Rosette Lichen, Physcia stellaris [on wood, hoary colored, black apothecia]
  51. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  52. Sunburst Lichen, Xanthoria elegans
  53. Toy Soldiers, Cladonia bellidiflora  [stalks are crusty, heads are split with red faces]
  54. Western Shield Lichen, Parmelia hygrophila [blue-gray, foliose, dull insidia on leaves]
  55. Whitewash Lichen, Phlyctis argena
  56. Wooly Foam Lichen, Stereocaulon ramulosum [like Oakmoss but very crusty with small brown apothecia at the end of the branches
  57. ?? Lichen, Family: Tephromelataceae

Lichen on Rocks

  1. Black Grain-Spored Lichen, Sarcogyne hypophaea [black, grainy, on rocks]
  2. California Pore Lichen, Pertusaria californica [white/pale gray nubbly surface]
  3. Ceramic Parchment Lichen, Xylobolus frustulatus [brown, looks like dried clay]
  4. Cinder Lichen, Aspicilia cinerea [gray to light gray/white on rocks with or without small black dots]
  5. Cloudy Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora obnubila [dull brown on rocks, lumpy]
  6. Common Gold Cobblestone Lichen, Pleopsidium flavum [bright yellow]
  7. Common Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella vitellina [bright yellow with rimmed apothecia on rocks]
  8. Concentric Boulder Lichen, Porpidia crustulata [circles of black spots on rock]
  9. Copper Patch Lichen, Sporastatia testuinea [light brown thallus rimmed in black on rock, black apothecia]
  10. Cowpie Lichen, Diploschistes muscorum [light gray on rocks, similar to Crater Lichen but more pruinose]
  11. Crater Lichen, Diploschistes scruposus [gray/dark grey on rocks with dark apothecia]
  12. Cumberland Rock-Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia
  13. Dry Rock Pimple, Staurothele areolata [brown pimples on rocks]
  14. Dusky Tile Lichen, Lecidea Lichen, Lecidea fuscoatra  [black rimmed apothecia on rocks]
  15. Ear-leaf Lichen, Normandina pulchella [green leaf-like on rocks]
  16. Flame Firedot Lichen, Caloplaca ignea [orange on rock, elongated lobes and orange apothecia]
  17. Hidden Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella aurella [small, scattered, yellow, on rocks]
  18. Hoary Cobblestone Lichen, Acaraspora strigata
  19. Ink Lichen, Placynthium nigrum [pitch black, fine grained]
  20. Rock Greenshield Lichen, Flavoparmelia baltimorensis
  21. Rock Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia conspersa
  22. Rock Tripe, Emery Rock Tripe, Umbilicaria phaea
  23. Sagebrush Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella rosulans [yellow, on rocks]
  24. Scattered Button Lichen, Buellia dispersa [gray/off white on rocks with black spots]
  25. Sidewalk Firedot Lichen, Xanthocarpia feracissima  [bright orange, on rocks]
  26. Smokey Eye Boulder Lichen, Porpidia albocaerulescens
  27. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Lecona muralis [pale green/gray thallus with rose/tan apothecia gathered in the center; color can be quite variable]
  28. Tan Nipple Lichen, Thelomma santessonii [gray/tan, deep holes in the structures]
  29. Tile Lichen, Lecidea sp.
  30. Toy Soldiers, Cladonia bellidiflora  [stalks are crusty, heads are split with red faces]
  31. White Rock Posey, Rhizoplaca marginalis [light grey on rocks, some ruffle, with dark gray apothecia]
  32. Yellow Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora socialis
  33. Yellow Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon geographicum [bright yellow-green with dark spots]

Mammals

  1. Aardvark, Orycteropus afer
  2. African Lion, Panthera leo
  3. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis
  4. Black Angus Cattle, Bos Taurus var. Black Angus
  5. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  6. Brown Rat, Rattus norvegicus
  7. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  8. Charolais Cattle, Bos Taurus var. Charolais
  9. Chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes
  10. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  11. Coquerel’s Sifaka, Propithecus coquereli
  12. Coyote, Canis latrans
  13. Desert Cottontail Rabbit, Sylvilagus audubonii
  14. Dog, Canis lupus familiaris
  15. Douglas Squirrel, Tamiasciurus douglasii [small brown squirrel, white belly]
  16. Eastern Bongo, Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci
  17. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  18. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis
  19. Grevy’s Zebra, Equus grevyi
  20. Holstein Cattle, Bos taurus var. Holstein
  21. Jaguar, Panthera onca
  22. Masai Giraffe, Giraffa tippelskirchi
  23. Meerkat, Suricata suricatta
  24. Mongoose Lemur, Eulemur mongoz
  25. Muskrat, Ondatra zibethicus
  26. Okapi, Okapia johnstoni
  27. Raccoon, Procyon lotor
  28. Red Kangaroo, Macropus rufus
  29. Red Panda, Ailurus fulgens
  30. Red River Hog, Potamochoerus porcus
  31. Reticulated Giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata
  32. River Otter, North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis
  33. Snow Leopard, Panthera uncia
  34. Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri sciureus
  35. Striped Skunk, Mephitis mephitis
  36. Sumatran Orangutan, Pongo abelii
  37. Virginia Opossum, Didelphis virginiana
  38. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus
  39. Western Harvest Mouse, Reithrodontomys megalotis [ID not confirmed]
  40. White-faced Saki, Pithecia pithecia
  41. Wolf’s Guenon, Wolf’s Mona Monkey, Cercopithecus wolfi
  42. Yellow-footed Rock Wallaby, Petrogale xanthopus

Plants, Flowers, Mosses, Ferns, Trees

  1. African Blue Sage, Salvia africana
  2. African Lily, Lily of the Nile, Agapanthus africanus [white or blue]
  3. Agave, Century Plant, Agave vivipara
  4. Agave, Variegated Agave, American Century Plant, Agave americana
  5. Alder-leaved Mountain-Mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus
  6. Alfalfa, Medicago sativa
  7. Alkali Heliotrope, Chinese Parsley, Heliotropium curassavicum
  8. Almond Tree, Prunus dulcis
  9. Aloe, Soap Aloe, Aloe maculata
  10. Aloe Vera, Aloe vera
  11. American Plantain, Plantago rugelii [large plantain with rounded leaves]
  12. Acanthus, Acanthus sp. [like bear’s breeches]
  13. American Bugleweed, Water Horehound, Lycopus americanus
  14. Angel’s Trumpet, Brugmansia arborea
  15. Annual Honesty, Lunaria annua  [“Money Plant”, “Silver Dollar”]
  16. Anomodon Moss, Anomodon attenuates [low lying, soft, bushy moss]
  17. Apple, Malus pumila
  18. Apple Mint, Mentha suaveolens
  19. Amaranth, Redroot Pigweed, Amaranthus retroflexus
  20. Argentine Pear, Iochroma austral [purple bell/horn shaped flowers]
  21. Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [pink flowers]
  22. Arundo, Giant Reed, Arundo donax
  23. Ashe Juniper, Juniperus ashei [white berries]
  24. Aster, European Michaelmas-Daisy, “Purple Dome”, Aster amellus
  25. Aster, Pacific Aster, Symphyotrichum chilense [small purple-blue flowers with yellow center]
  26. Autumn Sage, Salvia greggii [deep red]
  27. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  28. Baby Sage, Salvia microphylla [red and white]
  29. Balloon Flower, Platycodon grandifloras [deep purple]
  30. Barren Brome, Bromus sterilis
  31. Basswood Tree, Tilia americana [a kind of linden tree]
  32. Bay Laurel Tree, Laurus nobilis
  33. Bearded Iris, Iris x Germanica
  34. Bear’s Breeches, Acanthus mollis
  35. Beauty Bush, Linnaea amabilis [pink flowers, look similar to Catalpa]
  36. Bedstraw, Graceful Bedstraw, Galium porrigens
  37. Bedstraw, Velcro Grass, Cleavers, Galium aparine
  38. Begonia, Begonia sp.
  39. Belladonna Lily, Amaryllis belladonna
  40. Bigfruit Evening Primrose, Oenothera macrocarpa
  41. Bird of Paradise, Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae
  42. Bird’s-eye Gilia, Gilia tricolor
  43. Bird’s-eye Speedwell, Veronica persica
  44. Bird’s Foot Cliffbrake, Pellaea mucronata [ferny]
  45. Bird’s-foot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus
  46. Bishop Pine, Pinus muricata [fascicles of TWO needles]
  47. Bittercress, Hairy Bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta
  48. Black Locust Tree, Robinia pseudoacacia
  49. Black Sage, Salvia mellifera [kind of looks like horehound]
  50. Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Juglans nigra
  51. Blanket Flowers, Gaillardia sp.
  52. Blessed Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum
  53. Blow Wives, Soft Blow Wives, Achyrachaena mollis
  54. Blue Agave, Tequila Agave, Agave tequilana
  55. Blue Ceanothus, Blueblossom, Ceanothus thyrsiflorus
  56. Blue Dicks, Dichelostemma capitatum
  57. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  58. Blue Lily, Lily of the Nile, Agapanthus praecox
  59. Blue Magic Hyacinth, Muscari armeniacum
  60. Blue Penstemon, Penstemon azureus
  61. Blue Statice, Limonium sinuatum [can be blue, purple, pink or white]
  62. Blue Witch Nighshade, Solanum umbelliferum
  63. Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  64. Bolander’s Lily, Lilium bolanderi [large, fragrant, orange and yellow]
  65. Borage, Borago officinalis
  66. Border Forsythia, Forsythia × intermedia
  67. Bottlebrush, Bottlebrush, Crimson Bottlebrush, Melaleuca citrina
  68. Bottlebrush, Red Cluster Bottlebrush Tree,  Callistemon sp.
  69. Boxelder, Box Elder Tree, Acer negundo
  70. Branching Phacelia, Phacelia ramosissima
  71. Brass Buttons, Cotula coronopifolia
  72. Brazil Raintree, Brunfelsia pauciflora
  73. Brazilian Vervain, Verbena brasiliensis
  74. Brewer’s Jewelflower, Streptanthus breweri
  75. Bristly Dogtail Grass, Cynosurus echinatus
  76. Bristly Oxtongue, Helminthotheca echioides
  77. Broadleaf Cattail, Bullrush, Typha latifolia
  78. Broad-leaved Dock, Rumex obtusifolius
  79. Broad-leaved Pepperweed, Lepidium latifolium
  80. Broad-leaved Sweet Pea, Lathyrus latifolius
  81. Bronze Fennel, Florence Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare dulce
  82. Bryum Moss, Bryum capillare
  83. Buckbrush, Ceanothus cuneatus
  84. Buckwheat, Arrowleaf Buckwheat, Eriogonum compositum var. compositum
  85. Buckwheat, California Buckwheat, Eriogonum fasciculatum
  86. Buckwheat, Naked Buckwheat, Eriogonum nudum
  87. Buckwheat, Red-Flowered Buckwheat, Eriogonum grande var. rubescens [pink to deep red flowering heads]
  88. Buckwheat, Saint Catherine’s Lace, Eriogonum giganteum
  89. Buffelgrass, Fountain Grass, Cenchrus ciliaris
  90. Bulbous Meadow-Grass, Poa bulbosa
  91. Bull Mallow, Malva nicaeensis
  92. Bull Thistle, Cirsium vulgare
  93. Bur Chervil, Anthriscus caucalis
  94. Bur Clover, Medicago polymorpha
  95. Bur Oak, Quercus macrocarpa
  96. Bur Parsley, Caucalis platycarpos
  97. Bush Lupine, Lupinus albifrons
  98. Bush Monkeyflower, Diplacus aurantiacus
  99. Butterfly Bush, Buddleja davidii
  100. Butterfly Rose, Rosa x odoratus Mutabilis [hybrid]
  101. Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis 
  102. Cabbage, Ornamental Cabbage, Brassica oleracea
  103. California Barberry, California Holly-Grape, Berberis pinnata
  104. California Black Oak, Quercus kelloggii
  105. California Black Walnut, Juglans californica
  106. California Blackberry, Trailing Blackberry, Rubus ursinus
  107. California Brome, Bromus carinatus
  108. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  109. California Bulrush, Schoenoplectus californicus
  110. California Buttercup, Ranunculus californicus
  111. California Brickellbush, Brickellia californica
  112. California Centaury, Zeltnera venusta [small pink flowers, white throat, yellow pollen]
  113. California Dock, Rumex californicus
  114. California Fescue, Festuca californica
  115. California Flannelbush, Fremontodendron californicum
  116. California Fuchsia, Epilobium canum
  117. California Juniper, Juniperus californica
  118. California Lomatium, Lomatium californicum
  119. California Manroot, Bigroot, Marah fabaceus
  120. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  121. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  122. California Polypody Fern, Polypodium californicum [like a small sword fern]
  123. California Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys collinus var. californicus
  124. California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica
  125. California Scrub Oak, Quercus berberidifolia
  126. California Sycamore, Platanus racemose
  127. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  128. California Wild Rose, Rosa californica
  129. Calla Lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica
  130. Calla Lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica var. Green Goddess
  131. Callery Pear, Pyrus calleryana
  132. Camelia, Camellia japonica
  133. Chamomile, Chamaemelum nobile
  134. Canary Grass, Reed Canary Grass, Phalaris arundinacea
  135. Canyon Live-Forever, Stonecrop, Dudleya cymosa
  136. Canyon Live Oak, Quercus chrysolepis
  137. Cape Honey Flower, Melianthus major
  138. Capillary Thread-Moss, Rosulabryum capillare
  139. Cardinal Catchfly, Silene laciniata
  140. Cardoon, Artichoke Thistle, Cynara cardunculus
  141. Carob Tree, Ceratonia siliqua
  142. Carrot, American Wild Carrot, Daucus pusillus
  143. Carrot, Daucus sp.
  144. Century Plant, Agave sp.
  145. Cerulean Flax-Lily, Dianella ensifolia [tiny flowers, blue seeds]
  146. Chamise, Adenostoma fasciculatum
  147. Chamomile, Chamaemelum nobile
  148. Cheatgrass, Bromus tectorum [reddish heads, split open when dry]
  149. Cheeseweed Mallow, Malva parviflora
  150. Cherry-Plum, Prunus cerasifera
  151. Chia, Salvia columbariae
  152. Chickweed, Stellaria media
  153. Chicory, Cichorium intybus
  154. Chile Trefoil, Chile Lotus, Acmispon wrangelianus
  155. Chilean Lily-of-the-Valley Tree, Crinodendron patagua
  156. Chinese Arborvitae, Platycladus orientalis [a kind of ornamental cypress]
  157. Chinese Fringe Flower, Loropetalum chinense
  158. Chinese Houses, Purple Chinese Houses, Collinsia heterophylla var. heterophylla
  159. Chinese Juniper, Juniperus chinensis
  160. Chinese Pistache, Pistacia chinensis
  161. Chinese Tallow tree, Triadica sebifera
  162. Chinese Willow, Curly Willow, Salix matsudana
  163. Chinkapin Oak, Quercus muehlenbergii
  164. Clasping Pepperweed, Lepidium perfoliatum [yellow flowers, rounded leaves]
  165. Cleveland Sage, Salvia clevelandii [purple, circles]
  166. Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  167. Coast Redwood, Sequoia sempervirens
  168. Coastal Woodfern, Dryopteris arguta [pointed leaves, two rows of spore sites]
  169. Cobwebby Thistle, Cirsium occidentale
  170. Coffeeberry, California Buckthorn, Frangula californica
  171. Common Asparagus Fern, Asparagus setaceus
  172. Common Blue Hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis
  173. Common Buckthorn, Rhamnus cathartica
  174. Common Buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum
  175. Common Cat’s-Ear, Hypochaeris radicata
  176. Common Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris
  177. Common Daffoldil, Narcissus pseudonarcissus
  178. Common Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale
  179. Common Duckweed, Lemna minor
  180. Common Fiddleneck, Amsinckia menziesii
  181. Common Field Daisy, Common Daisy, Bellis perennis
  182. Common Fringepod, Thysanocarpus curvipes
  183. Common Grape Hyacinth, Muscari botryoides
  184. Common Groundsel , Senecio vulgaris
  185. Common Hedge Parsley, Torilis arvensis
  186. Common Hibiscus, Hibiscus syriacus
  187. Common Hoptree, Ptelea trifoliata
  188. Common Ivy, Hedera helixs
  189. Common Juniper, Juniperus communis
  190. Common Lamb’s-Quarters, Chenopodium album
  191. Common Lavender, Lavandula angustifolia
  192. Common Lomatium, Spring Gold, Lomatium utriculatum
  193. Common Madia, Madia elegans [yellow flowers, some with red staining near center, smells like lemon]
  194. Common Morning-Glory, Ipomoea purpurea
  195. Common Pea, Pisum sativum
  196. Common Poppy, Red Poppy of Flanders, Papaver rhoeas
  197. Common Rock-Rose, Helianthemum nummularium [yellow]
  198. Common St. John’s-Wort, Hypericum perforatum
  199. Common Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus
  200. Common Soapwort, Saponaria officinalis [“balls” of pink flowers, look like phlox]
  201. Common Soft Brome, Bromus hordeaceus
  202. Common Sow-Thistle, Sonchus oleraceus
  203. Common Spikeweed, Centromadia pungens
  204. Common Spike-Rush, Eleocharis palustris [has a head somewhat like SB Sedge]
  205. Common Stork’s-Bill, Red Stemmed Filaree, Erodium cicutarium
  206. Common Sunflower, Helianthus annuus
  207. Common Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum
  208. Common Toadflax, Linaria vulgaris [kind of looks like snapdragon]
  209. Common Vetch, Vicia sativa
  210. Coral Tree, Indian Coral Tree, Erythrina variegata
  211. Cork Oak, Quercus suber
  212. Corn, Zea mays ssp. mays
  213. Cornelian Cherry, Cornus mas
  214. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  215. Coyote Mint, Monardella villosa
  216. Cream Cups, Platystemon californicus
  217. Cream Narcissus, Narcissus tazetta
  218. Creeping Moss, Conardia compacta
  219. Creeping Myoporum, Myoporum parvifolium [ground cover, small white flowers]
  220. Creeping Woodsorrel, Oxalis corniculata [yellow flowers, clover-like leaves]
  221. Crevice Alumroot, Heuchera micrantha
  222. Crimson Clover, Trifolium incarnatum
  223. Crimson Fountain Grass, Cenchrus setaceus
  224. Crisped Pincushion Moss, Ulota crispa
  225. Cudweed, California Cudweed, Pseudognaphalium californicum
  226. Cudweed, Jersey Cudweed, Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum
  227. Cultivated Apple, Malus domestica ssp.
  228. Cultivated Watermelon, Citrullus lanatus
  229. Curling Moss, Bonfire Moss, Funaria hygrometrica
  230. Curly Dock, Rumex crispus
  231. Cushion Moss, Leucobryum sp.
  232. Cutleaf Teasel, Dipsacus laciniatus
  233. Cut-Leaved Crane’s Bill, Geranium dissectum
  234. Cypress Oak f. fasigiata, Quercus robur
  235. Dallis Grass, Dallisgrass, Paspalum dilatatum
  236. Dame’s Rocket, Hesperis matronalis
  237. Day Lily, Orange Day-Lily, Hemerocallis fulva
  238. Deer Grass, Muhlenbergia rigens
  239. Deerweed, Acmispon glaber
  240. Dendroalsia Moss, Dendroalsia abietina [long curling moss on trees]
  241. Denseflower Willowherb, Epilobium densiflorum
  242. Dense-flowered Mullein, Verbascum densiflorum
  243. Deodar Cedar, Cedrus deodara
  244. Desert Willow, Chilopsis linearis
  245. Dense-Flowered Boisduvalia, Epilobium densiflorum [looks kind of like of like a giant owl’s clover, pink flowers]
  246. Devil’s Beggarticks, Bidens frondosa
  247. Dock, Willow Dock, Rumex salicifolius
  248. Dog-Rose, Rosa canina [similar to wild rose]
  249. Dot-Seed Plantain, Plantago erecta
  250. Double Daffodil, Narcissus sp.
  251. Douglas Fir Tree, Pseudotsuga menziesii
  252. Douglas Iris, Iris douglasiana
  253. Doveweed, Turkey Mullein, Croton setiger
  254. Downingia, Doublehorn Calicoflower, Downingia bicornuta
  255. Dragon Bones Cactus, Subgenus: Euphorbia
  256. Drumstick Onion, Round-Headed Leek, Allium sphaerocephalon
  257. Dutch Iris, Flag Iris, Iris × hollandica
  258. Dwarf Checkermallow, Sidalcea malviflora [pale pink]
  259. Dwarf Brodiaea, Brodiaea terrestris
  260. Eggleaf Spurge, Euphorbia oblongata
  261. Elegant Clarkia, Clarkia unguiculata
  262. English Walnut, Juglans regia
  263. European Dog Violet, (Viola riviniana)
  264. Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
  265. Fern, Japanese Netvein Hollyfern, Cyrtomium falcatum
  266. Fiddle Dock, Rumex pulcher [very small flowering heads/ seeds]
  267. Field Bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
  268. Field Madder, Sherardia arvensis [kind of looks like bedstraw, pink “pointed” flowers]
  269. Field Mustard, Brassica rapa
  270. Field Owl’s-Clover, Castilleja campestris [looks like Johnnytuck but has green brackets not red]
  271. Field Penny-Cress, Thlaspi arvense
  272. Fig, Common Fig, Ficus carica
  273. Filamentous Green Algae, Spirogyra sp.
  274. Fishpole Bamboo, Phyllostachys aurea
  275. Flatsedges, Cyperus sp.
  276. Flixweed, Descurainia Sophia [a kind of mustard, looks like big bittercress]
  277. Fragrant Flatsedge, Cyperus odoratus
  278. Fragrant Sumac, Rhus aromatica
  279. Floating Water Primrose, Ludwigia peploides ssp. Peploides
  280. Foothill Deervetch, Acmispon brachycarpus [small yellow “lotus”]
  281. Fortnight Lily, Dietes grandiflora
  282. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  283. Fremont’s Tidy Tips, Layia fremontii
  284. French Broom, Genista monspessulana
  285. Frying Pan Poppy, Eschscholzia lobbii
  286. Garden Sage, Salvia officinalis
  287. Garden Tulip, Tulipa gesneriana
  288. Garnet Geranium, Pelargonium sidoides
  289. Giant Fennel, Ferula communis
  290. Giant Chain Fern, Woodwardia fimbriata
  291. Giant Deathcamas, Fremont’s Deathcamas, Toxicoscordion fremontii
  292. Giant Herb-Robert Geranium, Geranium maderense
  293. Giant Horsetail, Equisetum telmateia ssp. braunii
  294. Giant Mullein, Broussa Mullein, Verbascum bombyciferum
  295. Ginkgo Tree, Ginkgo biloba
  296. Giraffe’s Head Henbit, Henbit Deadnettle, Lamium amplexicaule
  297. Glossy Privet Ligustrum lucidum
  298. Goldback Fern, Pentagramma triangularis
  299. Golden Columbine, Aquilegia chrysantha
  300. Golden Dwarf Mistletoe, Western Dwarf Mistletoe, Arceuthobium campylopodum
  301. Golden Fairy Lantern, Diogenes’ Lantern, Calochortus amabilis
  302. Golden-eyed Grass, Sisyrinchium californicum
  303. Goldenrain Tree, Koelreuteria paniculata
  304. Goldenrod, California Goldenrod, Solidago velutina californica
  305. Goldenrod, Velvety Goldenrod, Solidago velutina
  306. Goldenrod, Western Goldenrod, Solidago lepida [gets the bunch galls]
  307. Goldfields, Lasthenia sp.
  308. Goldfields, Alkali Goldfields, Lasthenia platycarpha  [6-8 petals, “daffodil” center]
  309. Goldfields, California Goldfields, Lasthenia californica [6-8 petals, rounded mound-like center]
  310. Goldfields, Vernal Pool Goldfields, Lasthenia fremontii [8 petals, circle-in-circle center]
  311. Goldwire, Hypericum concinnum
  312. Goodding’s Black Willow, Salix gooddingii
  313. Grape Soda Lupine, Lupinus excubitus
  314. Gray Pine, Pinus sabiniana
  315. Great Desert Spoon, Century Plant, Dasylirion acrotrichum
  316. Great Mullein, Verbascum thapsus
  317. Green Alga (freshwater), Chlorophyta ssp.
  318. Gumweed, Curlycup Gumweed, Grindelia squarrosa
  319. Gumweed, Great Valley Gumweed, Grindelia camporum
  320. Hairy Matilija Poppy, Romneya trichocalyx
  321. Hairy Vetch, Winter Vetch, Vicia villosa ssp. villosa 
  322. Harsh Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja hispida [red-orange]
  323. Harvest Brodiaea, Brodiaea elegans
  324. Hawksbeard, Smooth Hawksbeard, Crepis capillaris
  325. Hedgehog Holly, European Holly, Ilex aquifolium
  326. Hedgenettle, Blephilia sp.
  327. Hellebore, Stinking Hellebore, Helleborus foetidus
  328. Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Echeveria secunda
  329. Hillside Woodland Star, Lithophragma heterophyllum
  330. Himalayan Blackberry, Rubus bifrons [white flowers]
  331. Hoary Rock-Rose, Cistus criticus [bright pink, crinkly petals]
  332. Hollyhock, Alcea rosea
  333. Hollyleaf Cherry, Prunus ilicifolia
  334. Honeywort, Blue Shrimp Plant, Cerinthe major ssp. purpurascens [purple]
  335. Honeywort, Cerinthe major [yellow]
  336. Hopley’s Oregano, Origanum laevigatum [small pink flowers]
  337. Horseweed, Flax-leaved Horseweed, Erigeron bonariensis
  338. Horse Mint, Mentha longifolia
  339. House Holly-Fern, Cyrtomium falcatum
  340. Hummingbird Sage, Salvia spathacea
  341. Hydrangea, Mophead Hydrangea, Hydrangea macrophylla
  342. Iceplant, Pigface Iceplant, Highway Iceplant, Carpobrotus edulis
  343. Incense Cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
  344. Indian Blanket Flower, Gaillardia pulchella
  345. Indian Strawberry, Potentilla indica [a kind of cinquefoil]
  346. Indian Warrior, Warrior’s Plume, Pedicularis densiflora
  347. Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  348. Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  349. Intermediate Periwinkle, Vinca difformis
  350. Intermediate Wheatgrass, Thinopyrum intermedium [shell-shaped segments]
  351. Italian Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  352. Italian Thistle, Carduus pycnocephalus
  353. Ithuriel’s Spear, Triteleia laxa
  354. Ivy-leaved Speedwell, Veronica hederifolia [has tiny white flowers]
  355. Jacaranda, Blue Jacaranda Tree, Jacaranda mimosifolia
  356. Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Arisaema sp.
  357. Japanese Aralia, Paperplant, Fatsia japonica [kind of looks like a cross between a coffee plant and a fig tree]
  358. Japanese Camellia, Camellia japonica
  359. Japanese Honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica [white flowers]
  360. Japanese Yellow Woodland Sage, Salvia koyamae [yellow]
  361. Jeffrey Pine, Pinus jeffreyi
  362. Jerusalem Artichoke, Helianthus tuberosus [looks like a sunflower]
  363. Jerusalem Sage, Genus Phlomis
  364. Jepson’s Milkvetch, Astragalus rattanii var. jepsonianus
  365. Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn-Apple, Datura wrightii
  366. Jointed Charlock, Wild Radish, Raphanus raphanistrum
  367. Jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla
  368. Johnny Jump-Up, Wild Pansy, Tricolored Violet, Viola tricolor
  369. Johnnytuck, Butter ‘n’ Eggs, Triphysaria eriantha
  370. Juniper Leaved Grevillea, Grevillea juniperina ssp. sulphurea [spidery,orange]
  371. Kale, Brassica oleracea ssp. sabellica
  372. Lacy Phacelia, Phacelia tanacetifolia
  373. Lady’s Thumb Knotweed, Persicaria maculosa [pink]
  374. Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Sagittaria lancifolia
  375. Large-flowered Evening-Primrose, Oenothera glazioviana
  376. Larkspur, Rocket Larkspur, Consolida ajacis [white or blue]
  377. Larkspur, Royal Larkspur, Delphinium variegatum
  378. Laurustinus Viburnum, Viburnum tinus [white flowers, purple-blue berries]
  379. Lavender-Cotton, Santolina chamaecyparissus [yellow, whorls]
  380. Leadwort, Plumbego, Ceratostigma plumbaginoides [blue flowers]
  381. Leatherleaf Mahonia, Leatherleaf Barberry, Berberis bealei [like the Oregon grape]
  382. Lemmon’s Poppy, Field Poppy, Eschscholzia lemmonii
  383. Lilac, Common Lilac, Syringa vulgaris
  384. Lilac Chaste Tree, Vitex agnus-castus [looks like butterfly bush]
  385. Lion’s Ear, Leonotis nepetifolia [like Jerusalem sage but with bright orange flowers]
  386. Liquid Ambar, American Sweetgum, Liquidambar styraciflua
  387. Liquid Ambar, Chinese Sweetgum Liquidambar formosana
  388. Little Rattlesnake Grass, Little Quaking Grass, Briza minor
  389. Lodgepole Pine, Pinus contorta
  390. London Plane Tree, Platanus × acerifolia
  391. Lords and Ladies, Wild Arum, Arum maculatum
  392. Love-in-a-Mist, Nigella damascena
  393. Low Woolly Marbles, Psilocarphus brevissimus
  394. Lupine, Arroyo Lupine, Lupinus succulentus
  395. Lupine, Chick Lupine, Lupinus microcarpus
  396. Lyell’s Bristle-Moss, Orthotrichum lyellii [semi long panicles, dark with green ends]
  397. Madeiran Germander, Teucrium betonicum [pink flowers, like a sage]
  398. Magnolia, Cucumber Magnolia, Cucumber Tree, Magnolia acuminata [knobby, gnarly seeds]
  399. Magnolia, Sargent’s Magnolia, Magnolia sargentiana var. robusta [knobby, gnarly seeds]
  400. Magnolia, Southern Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora [typical one we normally see]
  401. Maidenhair, California Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum jordanii
  402. Manyflower Marshpennywort, Hydrocotyle umbellate [round leaves like nasturtium]
  403. Meadow Barley, Hordeum brachyantherum
  404. Meadow Salsify, Tragopogon pratensis
  405. Mediterranean Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  406. Mexican Bush Sage, Salvia leucantha [purple with white socks]
  407. Mexican Honeysuckle, Justicia spicigera [orange flowers]
  408. Mexican Sage, Salvia mexicana [deep purple]
  409. Mimosa Tree, Persian Silk Tree, Albizia julibrissin
  410. Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata [large]
  411. Miner’s Lettuce, Narrowleaf Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora [reddish buds]
  412. Miner’s Lettuce, Serpentine Springbeauty, Claytonia exigua
  413. Miniature Lupine, Lupinus bicolor
  414. Mission Prickly-Pear Cactus, Opuntia ficus-indica
  415. Mistletoe, American Mistletoe, Big Leaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron leucarpum
  416. Mock Orange, Japanese Pittosporum, Pittosporum tobira
  417. Mock Orange, Sweet Mock Orange, Philadelphus coronarius
  418. Modesty Flower, Yerba de Salva, Whipplea modesta [small white flowers]
  419. Moss Verbena, Verbena pulchella
  420. Moth Mullein, Verbascum blattaria
  421. Mountain Phacelia, Phacelia imbricata
  422. Mountain Fringepod, Thysanocarpus laciniatus
  423. Mountain Misery, Chamaebatia foliolosa [fern-like leaves]
  424. Mountain Phacelia, Phacelia imbricata
  425. Mule Fat, Baccharis salicifolia
  426. Mule’s Ears, Smooth Mule-Ears, Wyethia glabra
  427. Multiflora Rose, Rosa multiflora
  428. Musky Stork’s Bill, Whitestem Filaree, Erodium moschatum
  429. Naked Buckwheat, Eriogonum nudum
  430. Naples Garlic, Allium neapolitanum [white with green seed center]
  431. Narrowleaf Cattail, Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  432. Narrowleaf Milkweed, Asclepias fascicularis
  433. Narrowleaf Willow, Salix exigua
  434. Nettle-leaved Bellflower, Campanula trachelium [pale purple flowers]
  435. Nightshade, Solanum sp.
  436. Nightshade, Kangaroo-Apple Nightshade, Solanum laciniatum
  437. Northern Catalpa, Indian Bean Tree, Catalpa speciosa
  438. Oceanblue Morning Glory, Ipomoea indica
  439. Oleander, Nerium oleander
  440. Olive Tree, Olea europaea
  441. Oracle Oak, Quercus × moreha
  442. Orange, Sweet Orange, Cultivated Orange, Citrus X sinensis
  443. Oregon Ash, Fraxinus latifolia
  444. Oregon Grape, Berberis aquifolium
  445. Ornamental Freesia, Freesia alba × leichtlinii
  446. Orpine, Hylotelephium telephium
  447. Osage-Orange, Maclura pomifera
  448. Ostrich Fern, Matteuccia struthiopteris
  449. Pacific Bleeding Heart, Dicentra formosa
  450. Pacific Madrone Tree, Arbutus menziesii
  451. Pacific Pea, Lathyrus vestitus
  452. Panicled Willowherb, Epilobium brachycarpum
  453. Parrot’s Feather, Myriophyllum aquaticum [water plant]
  454. Parry’s Agave, Agave parryi
  455. Peach Tree, Prunus persica
  456. Pecan Tree, Carya illinoinensis
  457. Pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium
  458. Perennial Sow Thistle, Sonchus arvensis
  459. Periwinkle, Vinca major
  460. Persian Oak, Quercus castanelfolia
  461. Peruvian Lily, Alstroemeria aurea
  462. Peruvian Lily, White Peruvian Lily, Alstroemeria inticancha var. “Magic White”
  463. Peruvian Lily, Alstroemeria psittacina [small]
  464. Petty Spurge, Euphorbia peplus
  465. Pig’s Ear, Round-Leaf Navel-Wort, Cotyledon orbiculata
  466. Pincushion Flower, Cream Scabious, Scabiosa ochroleuca [white/cream colored]
  467. Pincushion Flower, Mourningbride, Scabiosa atropurpurea
  468. Pincushion Flower, Small Scabious, Scabiosa columbaria [little, purple]
  469. Pincushion Flower, Sweet Scabious, Sixalix atropurpurea [dark maroon]
  470. Pineapple Guava, Feijoa, Acca sellowiana 
  471. Pineappleweed, Matricaria discoidea
  472. Pink Grass, Windmill Pink, Petrorhagia dubia
  473. Pink Honeysuckle, California Honeysuckle, Lonicera hispidula
  474. Pink Ladies, Pinkladies, Oenothera speciosa
  475. Pink Sedum, Iceplant Sedum, Hylotelephium spectabile
  476. Pink Squirrel Grass, Hordeum jubatum [barley]
  477. Pink Squirrel-Tail Rye, Sitanion elymoides [formerly Elymus elymoides, CA native]
  478. Pistache, Mount Atlas Mastic Tree, Pistacia atlantica [In California it is imported to use as rootstock for cultivated pistachio trees (Pistacia vera)]
  479. Plum, Prunus cerasifera
  480. Podocarpus Tree, Podocarpus macrophyllus
  481. Pointleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos pungens
  482. Poison Hemlock, Conium maculatum
  483. Poison Oak, Pacific Poison Oak, Western Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  484. Pokeweed, American Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana
  485. Pomegranate Tree, Punica granatum
  486. Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa
  487. Popcorn Flowers, Plagiobothrys sp.
  488. Portuguese Squill, Scilla peruviana [purple “porcupine” flower]
  489. Potato, Russet Potato, Solanum tuberosum
  490. Prickly Lettuce, Lactuca serriola
  491. Prickly Pear, Opuntia sp.
  492. Prickly Sow Thistle, Sonchus asper
  493. Primrose Jasmine, Jasminum mesnyi
  494. Puncture Vine, Tribulus terrestris
  495. Purple Deadnettle, Lamium purpureum [a kind of henbit but with a purple tinge to some of the leaves]
  496. Purple Milk-Vetch, Astragalus danicus 
  497. Purple Owl’s-Clover, Castilleja exserta 
  498. Purple Passionflower, Passiflora incarnata
  499. Purple Sage, Silverleaf, Cenzio, Leucophyllum frutescens
  500. Purple Sanicle, Sanicula bipinnatifida
  501. Purple Wood Sage, Salvia nemorosa
  502. Purpletop Vervain, Verbena bonariensis
  503. Pyracantha, Firethorn, Pyracantha coccinea
  504. Pyracantha, Narrowleaf Firethorn, Pyracantha angustifolia
  505. Quail Bush, Big Saltbrush, Atriplex lentiformis
  506. Queen Anne’s Lace, Wild Carrot, Daucus carota
  507. Quince, Cydonia oblonga
  508. Rabbitfoot Grass, Polypogon monspeliensis
  509. Ragweed, Western Ragweed, Ambrosia psilostachya
  510. Ram’s Horn, Proboscidea louisianica
  511. Ranunculus, Ranunculus sp.
  512. Rattan’s Milkvetch, Astragalus rattanii
  513. Rattlesnake Grass, Greater Quaking Grass, Briza maxima
  514. Red Amaranth, Cock’s Comb, Amaranthus cruentus
  515. Red Coral Fountain, “St. Elmo’s Fire”, Russelia equisetiformis
  516. Red Gum Eucalyptus, River Redgum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  517. Red Hot Poker, Kniphofia uvaria
  518. Red Kangaroo Paw, Anigozanthos rufus
  519. Red Maids, Fringed Red-Maids, Calandrinia ciliata
  520. Red Maple, Acer rubrum
  521. Red Sesbania, Scarlet Sesban, Sesbania punicea
  522. Red Tip Photinia, Photinia × fraseri
  523. Red Valerian, Centranthus ruber
  524. Red Yucca, Hesperaloe parviflora [pink flowers; gnarly seedpods]
  525. Reddish Tufted Vetch, Vicia benghalensis
  526. Redflower Buckwheat, Eriogonum grande
  527. Redseed Plantain, Plantago rhodosperma
  528. Redvein Abutilon, Callianthe picta
  529. Ribwort Plantain, Plantago lanceolata
  530. Rice, Oryza sativa
  531. Rocky Mountain Sage, Salvia lanceolata
  532. Roma Tomato, Solanum lycopersicum ‘Roma’
  533. Roses, Rosa sp.
  534. Rose Campion, Silene coronaria
  535. Rose Clover, Trifolium hirtum
  536. Rose Vervain, Glandularia canadensis
  537. Rosemary, Salvia rosmarinus
  538. Rosemary Grevillea, Grevillea rosmarinifolia [spidery-looking, red]
  539. Rough Cocklebur, Xanthium strumarium
  540. Rough Horsetail, Equisetum hyemale
  541. Rusty Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys nothofulvus
  542. Sacred Lotus, Nelumbo nucifera
  543. Safflower Thistle, Carthamus tinctorius
  544. Sago Cycad, Funeral Palm, Cycas revoluta
  545. Salsify, Purple Salsify, Tragopogon porrifolius
  546. Saltbush, Big Saltbush, Atriplex lentiformis
  547. Salt Grass, Distichlis spicata
  548. Sandbar Willow, Salix exigua var. hindsiana
  549. Santa Barbara Sedge, Carex barbarae
  550. Santa Cruz Island Wild Buckwheat, Eriogonum arborescens
  551. Saucer Magnolia, Magnolia × soulangeana
  552. Scarlet Kammetjie, Freesia laxa
  553. Scarlet Larkspur, Red Larkspur, Delphinium nudicaule
  554. Scarlet Pimpernel, Lysimachia arvensis
  555. Sea Mallow, Malva subovata [kind of looks like hibiscus]
  556. Sea Squill, Drimia maritima
  557. Seaside Daisy, Erigeron glaucus [like fleabane]
  558. Sedge, Family: Cyperaceae
  559. Shasta Daisy, Leucanthemum maximum [large white daisy, yellow center]
  560. Shepherd’s-Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
  561. Shingle Moss, Neckera pennata
  562. Shining Peppergrass, Lepidium nitidum
  563. Short-lobed Paintbrush, Castilleja brevilobata
  564. Shortpod Mustard, Hirschfeldia incana
  565. Showy Fringepod, Thysanocarpus radians
  566. Showy Milkweed, Asclepias speciosa
  567. Shrubby Globularia, Globularia alypum [white bracts with purple interior]
  568. Sierra Plum, Prunus subcordata
  569. Silver Birch, Betula pendula
  570. Silver Ragwort, Jacobaea maritima [silvery leaves, yellow flowers]
  571. Silver Texas Mountain Laurel, Sophora secundiflora [dangling hard seedpods, fasciation]
  572. Silver Wattle, Acacia dealbata
  573. Silver Wormwood, Artemisia ludoviciana
  574. Silverpuff, Marsh Scorzonella, Microseris paludosa
  575. Silverpuff, Sierra Foothills Microseris, Microseris acuminata
  576. Sky Lupine, Lupinus nanus
  577. Slender Cottonweed, Q-Tips, Micropus californicus
  578. Slender Path Rush, Juncus tenuis
  579. Small-Flowered Blue-Eyed Mary, Collinsia parviflora [tiny, pale purple and white]
  580. Small-flowered Catchfly, Silene gallica
  581. Smartweed, Persicaria lapathifolia [white]
  582. Smokebush, Smoke Tree, Cotinus coggygria
  583. Smooth Blue Aster, Symphyotrichum laeve
  584. Sneezeweed, Rosilla, Helenium puberulum
  585. Soft Rush, Juncus effusus
  586. Soap Plant, Wavy Leafed Soaproot, Chlorogalum pomeridianum
  587. Soaproot, Amole, Chlorogalum pomeridianum ssp. pomeridianum
  588. Society Garlic, Tulbaghia violacea
  589. Spanish Clover, Acmispon americanus
  590. Spice Bush, California Sweetshrub, Calycanthus occidentalis
  591. Spring Sowbread Cyclamen, Cyclamen repandum
  592. Spurge, Euphorbia atropurpurea
  593. Spurge, Mediterranean Spurge, Euphorbia characias
  594. Spurge, Sun Spurge, Euphorbia helioscopia
  595. Squarestem Spikerush, Eleocharis quadrangulata
  596. Star Clover, Trifolium stellatum
  597. Star Magnolia, Magnolia stellata
  598. Star Moss, Syntrichia ruralis
  599. Star of Persia, Allium christophii [giant onion]
  600. Stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica
  601. Stinking Iris, Iris foetidissima
  602. Stinkwort, Dittrichia graveolens
  603. Stork’s Bill, Big Heron Bill, Broadleaf Filaree, Erodium botrys
  604. Stork’s Bill, Dove’s-foot Crane’s-Bill, Geranium molle
  605. Strawberry Clover, Trifolium fragiferum
  606. Strawberry Tree, Arbutus unedo
  607. Streambank Springbeauty, Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia parviflora [small]
  608. Sugarbush, Protea sp.
  609. Summer Snowflake, Leucojum aestivum  [looks like a white lily of the valley with green dots on tips]
  610. Sunflower, Common Woolly Sunflower, Eriophyllum lanatum
  611. Sunflowers, Helianthus sp. [over 6 feet tall with blossoms as big as my head]
  612. Swamp Smartweed, False Water-Pepper, Persicara hydropiperoides [pink]
  613. Sweet Alyssum, Lobularia maritima
  614. Sweet-Brier Rose, Rosa rubiginosa
  615. Sweet Clover, Small Melilot, Annual Yellow Sweetclover, Melilotus indicus [small, yellow]
  616. Sweet Four-o’Clock, Mirabilis longiflora [white flower, long pink stamens]
  617. Sweet Vernal Grass, Anthoxanthum odoratum
  618. Sweet-William, Dianthus barbatus
  619. Tall Flatsedge, Cyperus eragrostis
  620. Tamarisk, Saltcedar, Tamarix ramosissima
  621. Tanoak, Tanbark Oak, Notholithocarpus densiflorus
  622. Tarweed, Fitch’s Tarweed, Centromadia fitchii [yellow, no thorns]
  623. Tarweed, Hayfield Tarweed, Hemizonia congesta [white]
  624. Tarweed, Pit-gland Tarweed, Holocarpha virgata [thorny]
  625. Tasmanian Blue Gum Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus globulus [white flowers]
  626. Tasmanian Flax-Lily, Dianella tasmanica [develops bright blue seeds]
  627. Tidy Tips, Layia platyglossa
  628. Tobacco, Coyote Tobacco, Nicotiana attenuata
  629. Tobacco, Flowering Tobacco, Nicotiana alata
  630. Tobacco, Tree Tobacco, Nicotiana glauca
  631. Tomato, Cultivated Tomato, Solanum lycopersicum
  632. Tomcat Clover, Trifolium willdenovii
  633. Topped Lavender, Lavandula stoechas
  634. Tower-of-Jewels, Giant Viper’s-Bugloss, Echium pininana
  635. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  636. Trailing Abutilon, Callianthe megapotamica
  637. Trailing Bellflower, Campanula poscharskyana [pale purple-blue, groundcover]
  638. Tree Aeonium, Aeonium arboretum [yellow flowers]
  639. Tree-Anemone, Carpenteria californica [white flowers, kind of look like rock-rose]
  640. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima
  641. Tropical Milkweed, Asclepias curassavica
  642. True Babystars, Leptosiphon bicolor
  643. Tufted Hair Grass, Deschampsia cespitosa
  644. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  645. Tumbleweed, Salsola tragus [pink flowers, prickly and thorny all over]
  646. Turkey Oak, Quercus cerris
  647. Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Phyla nodiflora
  648. Turkish Iris, Iris orientalis
  649. Twining Snakelily, Dichelostemma volubile
  650. Umbrella Papyrus, Cyperus involucratus
  651. Upright Prairie Coneflower, Ratibida columnifera
  652. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  653. Valley Tassels, Castilleja attenuata
  654. Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti
  655. Vernal Pool Checkerbloom, White Checkerbloom, Sidalcea calycosa ssp. calycosa
  656. Vinegarweed, Trichostema lanceolatum
  657. Violet, Viola sp.
  658. Violet Tubeflower, Iochroma cyaneum [bunches of tube-shaped flowers]
  659. Virgin’s Bower, Old Men’s Beards, Pipestem Clematis, Clematis lasiantha
  660. Wall Barley, Hordeum murinu
  661. Wall Germander, Teucrium chamaedrys
  662. Wallflower, Erysimum cheiri
  663. Wand Mullein, Verbascum virgatum
  664. Wandering Fleabane, Erigeron glacialis
  665. Water Forget-Me-Not, Myosotis scorpioides [tiny blue flowers, yellow center]
  666. Water Hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes
  667. Water Primrose, Ludwigia hexapetala [rounded leaves; not floating]
  668. Waterweed, Common Waterweed, Elodea canadensis
  669. Weeping Cypress, Chinese Weeping Cypress, Cupressus pendula
  670. Weeping Willow, Salix × sepulcralis
  671. Western Buttercup, Ranunculus occidentalis
  672. Western Lily, Lilium occidentale
  673. Western Marsh Rosemary, Sea Lavender, Limonium californicum
  674. Western Meadow-Rue, Thalictrum occidentale
  675. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  676. Western Sycamore, Platanus racemosa
  677. Western Wallflower, Erysimum capitatum
  678. White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  679. White American Vetch, Vicia americana
  680. White Ash Tree, Fraxinus americana
  681. White Clover, Trifolium repens
  682. White Crepe Myrtle, Natchez Crepe Myrtle, Lagerstroemia x ‘Natchez’
  683. White Crepe Myrtle, Lagerstroemia subcostata var. fauriei
  684. White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare
  685. White Leaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida ssp. viscida
  686. White Mallow, Vernal Pool Checkerbloom, Sidalcea calycosa ssp. calycosa
  687. White Mulberry, Morus alba
  688. White Nemophila, Nemophila heterophylla
  689. White Oak, Quercus alba
  690. White Sage, Salvia apiana
  691. White Seablush, Plectritis macrocera
  692. White Sweetclover, Melilotus albus
  693. White-Tipped Clover, Variegated Clover, Trifolium variegatum [look similar to Tomcat]
  694. Whitehead Navarretia, Navarretia leucocephala
  695. Wild Basil, Clinopodium vulgare
  696. Wild Beardstyle, Stalked Bulbine, Bulbine frutescens [spray of orange or yellow flowers]
  697. Wild Mustard, Sinapis arvensis
  698. Willow Herb, Epilobium brachycarpum [tiny pink flowers, seeds almost like soaproot]
  699. Willowleaf Lettuce, Lactuca saligna
  700. Woolly Hedgenettle, Stachys byzantina
  701. Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja foliolosa [red, dark red]
  702. Yarrow, Achillea millefolium
  703. Yerba Mansa, Anemopsis californica
  704. Yerba Santa, California Yerba Santa, Eriodictyon californicum
  705. Yellowrocket, Garden Yellowrocket, Barbarea vulgaris
  706. Yellow Iris, Pacific Coast Iris, Iris innominata
  707. Yellow Water Iris, Yellow Flag, Iris pseudacorus [invasive]
  708. Yellow Starthistle, Centaurea solstitialis
  709. Yucca, Common Yucca, Yucca filamentosa
  710. Zinnia, Elegant Zinnia, Zinnia elegans

Pathogens/Bacteria

  1. Alcoholic Flux bacteria, Foamy Canker, Slime Flux, Phytophthora sp. X other bacteria [white, brown or black ooze with a yeasty, sour beer smell.]
  2. Alder Tree Pathogen, Phytophthora alni uniformis
  3. Avian Pox, Avipoxvirus ssp. [evidence on feet of hawk]
  4. Bacterial Wetwood Flux, Bacterial Slime. May be caused by a cocktail of different bacteria including Enterobacter, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas. [black, yellow or white slime; doesn’t have the “sour beer” scent of alcoholic flux]
  5. Coral Spot, Nectria cinnabarina  [plant pathogen]
  6. Drippy Nut, Brenneria quercina, Lonsdalea quercina [a bacterium that infects wounds in oak tissue/acorns]
  7. Hypoxylon Canker, Biscogniauxia atropunctata  [pathogen, white, on oak tree]
  8. Red Phanerochaete pathogen, Phanerochaete sanguinea [red dusty-looking fungi on trees]
  9. Sudden Oak Death pathogen, Phytophthora ramorum

Reptiles and Amphibians

  1. American Alligator, Alligator mississippiensis
  2. American Bull Frog, Lithobates catesbeianus
  3. California Slender Salamander, Batrachoseps attenuates
  4. Chinese Stripe-necked Turtle, Mauremys sinensis
  5. Giant Garter Snake, Thamnophis gigas
  6. Pacific Pond Turtle, Western Pond Turtle, Actinemys marorata
  7. Pacific Tree Frog, Chorus Frog, Pseudacris regilla
  8. Northern Alligator Lizard, Elgaria coerulea
  9. Northern Pacific Rattlesnake, Crotalus oreganus oreganus
  10. Red-Eared Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans
  11. Sierra Newt, Taricha sierrae
  12. Sierran Tree Frog, Pseudacris sierra
  13. Valley Garter Snake, Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi
  14. Western Chorus Frog, Pseudacris triseriata
  15. Western Fence Lizard, Blue Belly, Sceloporus occidentalis

Minerals and Rocks (of note)

  1. Obsidian Rock [naturally occurring volcanic glass formed as an extrusive igneous rock]

Other Vocabulary:

  • Apothecia: [a-poth-EH-cee-ah] concave cup formations on lichen that bear the spores; asocarp
  • Bilateral Gynandromorph: an organism that contains both male and female characteristics that can be distinguished through sexual dimorphism. Usually seen in moths, butterflies, other insects and birds.
  • Cilia: outgrowths on the thallus of lichen that look like eyelashes or tentacles
  • Crown Shyness: gaps in the canopy between trees in the forest that allow for sunlight to get through, and help the trees “social distance” to help neighboring trees to avoid infections and infestations.
  • Fasciation: also known as cresting, a relatively rare condition of abnormal growth in vascular plants in which the growing tip which normally is concentrated around a single point and produces approximately cylindrical tissue, instead becomes elongated perpendicularly to the direction of growth, thus producing flattened, ribbon-like, crested (or “cristate”), or elaborately contorted, tissue.
  • Inquiline: an animal exploiting the living space of another, e.g. an insect that lays its eggs in a gall produced by another (not the same as parasite because they don’t necessarily adversely affect the host.)
  • Intergrade: There are two types of intergradation: Primary intergradation: Occurs in cases were two subspecies are connected via one or more intermediate populations, each of which are in turn intermediate to their adjacent populations and exhibit more or less the same amount of variability as any other population within the species. Adjacent populations and subspecies are subject to cline intergradation, and in these situations it is usually taken for granted that the clines are causally related to environmental gradients. Secondary intergradation: When contact between a geographically isolated subspecies is reestablished with the main body of the species or with another isolate subspecies, interbreeding takes place as long as the isolate has not yet evolved an effective set of isolating mechanisms. Consequently, a relatively distinct zone or belt of hybridization will develop depending on the degree of genetic and phenotypic difference that was achieved by the previously isolated subspecies.
  • Isidia: [EYE-sid-ee-ah] ; columnar structure consisting of both fungal hyphae and algal cells
  • Soredia: [SORE-dee-ah] powdery grainy-looking balls composed of fungal hyphae wrapped around cyanobacteria or green algae on lichen; asexual reproduction
  • Teneral: of, relating to, or constituting a state of the imago of an insect immediately after molting during which it is soft and immature in coloring.
  • Thigmotropism: the turning or bending of a plant or other organism in response to a touch stimulus (what causes a vine to wrap around a tree, for example)
This is a Rose-Breasted Grosbeak with bilateral gynandromorphism. It’s male on the right and female on the left. [I did not take this photo. It’s from the Powdermill Nature Reserve.]

Travels of a Certified California Naturalist