Species List 2020

Here is my running species list for 2020. I’m including those I’ve taken photos of, heard, saw without getting a photo of, or found tracks/scat that I could identify. You can see last year’s species list HERE.

Total Species Identified in 2020: 736

JANFEBMARAPRMAYJUN
31619613292
JULYAUGSEPTOCTNOVDEC
Number of species observed/recorded per month (no duplicates)

Arachnids

  1. Black Cobweb Spider, Steatoda capensis
  2. California Turret Spider, Antrodiaetus riversi
  3. Harvestman, Protolophus singularis
  4. House Pseudoscorpion, Chelifer cancroides
  5. Sheet Weaver Spiders, Family: Linyphiidae

Birds

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
  3. American Coot, Fulica americana
  4. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
  5. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  6. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  7. American Wigeon, Anas Americana
  8. American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
  9. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  10. Audubon’s Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  11. Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  12. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  13. Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  14. Black-Crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
  15. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  16. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  17. Blue-Winged Teal, Anas discors
  18. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  19. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  20. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  21. Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
  22. California Quail, Callipepla californica
  23. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  24. California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  25. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  26. Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum
  27. Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera
  28. Clark’s Grebe, Aechmophorus clarkii [black above eye]
  29. Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  30. Common Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  31. Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  32. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  33. Common Raven, Corvus corax
  34. Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
  35. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  36. Dark-Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  37. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  38. Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens
  39. Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  40. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  41. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  42. Gadwall duck, Mareca Strepera
  43. Golden Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  44. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  45. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  46. Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
  47. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  48. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  49. Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  50. Green Heron, Butorides virescens
  51. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  52. Greylag Goose, Anser anser
  53. Hairy Woodpecker, Leuconotopicus villosus [long bill]
  54. Herring Gull, Larus argentatus [spot on bill, gray legs, pale eye]
  55. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  56. House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  57. House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
  58. Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus
  59. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  60. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  61. Lincoln’s Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
  62. Long-Billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
  63. Mallard duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  64. Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
  65. Merlin, Falco columbarius
  66. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  67. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  68. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  69. Northern Harrier, Marsh Hawk, Circus hudsonius
  70. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  71. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  72. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  73. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  74. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  75. Pekin Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Pekin
  76. Peregrine Falcon, Wek-Wek, Falco peregrinus
  77. Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens
  78. Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  79. Pigeon, Domestic Pigeon, Columba livia domestica
  80. Purple Finch, Haemorhous purpureus
  81. Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
  82. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  83. Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
  84. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  85. Ring-Billed Gull, Larus delawarensis [ black ring, light eye, yellow legs]
  86. Ring-Necked Duck, Aythya collaris
  87. Ring-Necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
  88. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  89. Ross’s Goose, Chen rossii
  90. Rough-Legged Hawk, Buteo lagopus [ID not certain]
  91. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  92. Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  93. Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
  94. Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  95. Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya
  96. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  97. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  98. Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  99. Sora, Porzana carolina
  100. Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
  101. Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  102. Swedish Blue Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Swedish Blue
  103. Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  104. Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
  105. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  106. Western Bluebird, Sialia Mexicana
  107. Western Gull, Larus occidentalis [spot on bill, pink legs, orange circle around eye]
  108. Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis [black through eye]
  109. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  110. Western Screech Owl, Megascops kennicottii
  111. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  112. White-Faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
  113. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  114. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  115. Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata
  116. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli
  117. Yellow-Headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Fish

  1. Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
  2. Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch
  3. Koi Fish, Cyprinus carpio
  4. Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
  5. Steelhead, anadromous form of Oncorhynchus mykiss

Fungi, Molds, Slime Molds

  1. Acuminate Ink Cap, Coprinopsis atramentaria var. acuminate [scant veil, bell-shaped cap]
  2. Amber Jelly Fungus, Exidia recisa
  3. Aniseed Funnel Mushroom, Clitocybe odora [smells like licorice]
  4. Apricot Jelly Fungus, Guepinia helvelloides
  5. Artist’s Conk, Ganoderma brownie
  6. Barometer Earthstar fungus, Astraeus hygrometricus
  7. Bicolored Bracket Fungus, Gloeoporus dichrous [white with gray center]
  8. Birds Nest Fungus, Common Bird’s Nest Fungus, Crucibulum laeve
  9. Bird’s Nest Fungus, Woolly Bird’s Nest Fungus, Nidula niveotomentosa
  10. Bishop’s Cap, Coprinellus micaceus
  11. Black-Footed Polypore, Polyporus badius [The Bad-Ass Polypore]
  12. Black Hair Mold, Phycomyces blakesleeanus
  13. Black Jelly Roll fungus, Exidia glandulosa
  14. Bleach-Scented Mycena, Mycena leptocephali  [dark, very small mushroom]
  15. Bleeding Mycena, Mycena haematopus
  16. Brown Jelly Fungus, Jelly Leaf, Tremella foliacea
  17. Candlesnuff Fungus, Carbon Antlers, Xylaria hypoxylon [upright, branched, white with a layer of spores; spores release at a touch]
  18. Cavalier Mushroom, Melanoleuca melaleuca
  19. Ceramic Parchment Crust Fungus, Xylobolus frustulatus [brown with gold edges]
  20. Common Funnel, Infundibulicybe gibba
  21. Common Gray Disk Fungus, Mollisia olivascens
  22. Common Ink Cap Mushroom, Coprinopsis atramentaria
  23. Common Jelly Spot fungus, Dacrymyces stillatus
  24. Common Pin Mold, Mucor mucedo
  25. Conifer Mazegill, Gloeophyllum sepiarium
  26. Cowboys Handkerchief, Waxy Cap Mushroom, Hygrophorus eburneus
  27. Crampball Fungus, Daldinia concentrica
  28. Crust fungus, Byssomerulius corium
  29. Crystal Brain Fungus, Granular Jelly Roll, Myxarium nucleatum
  30. Deadly Galerina, Galerina autumnalis
  31. Deer Shield Mushroom, Pluteus cervinus
  32. Destroying Angel Mushroom, Amanita ocreata
  33. Dryad’s Saddle, Hawk’s Wing, Polyporus squamosus
  34. Earth Tongues, Gelatinodiscus flavidus
  35. Elfin Saddle, Compressed Saddle, Helvella compressa
  36. Fairy Inkcap, Trooping Crumble Cap, Coprinellus disseminates [pale, almost white inkcap mushroom]
  37. Fairy Ring Mushroom, Scotch Bonnet, Marasmius oreades
  38. False Coral Mushroom, Tremellodendron sp.
  39. False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum complicatum
  40. False Turkey Tail fungus, Hairy Curtain Crust, Stereum hirsutum
  41. False Turkey Tail fungus, Stereum ostrea
  42. Fool’s Funnel, Clitocybe rivulosa [white mushroom with funnel shaped stipe]
  43. Funeral Bell Galerina, Galerina marginata
  44. Garlic Mushroom, Mycetinis scorodonius [pale, very small mushroom], before 2005 was listed as Marasmius scorodonius
  45. Gem-Studded Puffball, Common Puffball, Lycoperdon perlatum
  46. Gilled Polypore, Trametes betulina [yellow tinge]
  47. Giraffe’s Spots Fungus, Peniophora albobadia
  48. Golden Mushroom, Floccularia luteovirens 
  49. Golden Floccularia, Floccularia albolanaripes
  50. Gray Veiled Amanita, Amanita porphyria [large gray/brown mushroom with white gills]
  51. Green Trichoderma Mold, Trichoderma viride 
  52. Hair Ice Fungus, Exidiopsis effuse [not sure of this ID]
  53. Hair Mold, Phycomyces nitens   [has yellow tips]
  54. Honey Fungus, Ringless Honey Fungus, Armarilla tabescens
  55. Honey Fungus, Armillaria mellea
  56. Honey Fungus, Shaggy Cap Honey Fungus, Armillaria sinapina
  57. Horsehair Mushroom, Gymnopus androsaceus
  58. Horsehair Mushroom, Oak-leaf Pinwheel, Gymnopus quercophilus
  59. Jack-o-Lantern, Western Jack-o-Lantern, Omphalotus olivascens
  60. Jelly Spot Jelly Fungus, Dacrymyces chrysospermus
  61. Mazegill Fungus, Daedalea quercina
  62. Mica Cap, Coprinellus micaceus [a kind of ink cap, pale tan cap]
  63. Milky Cap, Hemimycena hirsute [tiny white mushrooms with distant gills]
  64. Mower’s Mushroom, Haymaker Mushroom, Panaeolus foenisecii
  65. Mushroom with gills connecting to stipe; dimple in cap, Arrhenia epichysium
  66. Netted Crust Fungus, Byssomerulius corium, a kind of resupinate fungus, lays flat on the substrate
  67. Oak-loving Gymnopus, Gymnopus dryophilus
  68. Ocre Spreading Tooth Fungus, Steccherinum ochraceum
  69. Orange Bonnet Mushroom, Mycena acicula
  70. Pale Brittlestem, Psathyrella candolleana [looks kind of like an inkcap, pale tan cap with dark gills]
  71. Paltry Puffball, Puffball Fungus, Bovista californica
  72. Pocket-Stalked Russula, Russula cerolens [white stipe and yellow-tan gills]
  73. Poor Man’s Slippery Jack, Suillus fuscotomentosus [sort of looks like a bolete]
  74. Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus
  75. Palomino Cup Fungus, Peziza repanda
  76. Poison Pie Mushroom, Hebeloma crustuliniforme 
  77. Pleated Ink Cap, Parasol Ink Cap, Parasola plicatilis
  78. Pleated Marasmius, Red-Thread Mushroom, Marasmius plicatulus
  79. Purple Core, Bluet, Blewit, Clitocybe nuda (Lepista nuda)
  80. Red-Cracking Bolete, Russian Red, Xerocomellus chrysenteron
  81. Scaly Rustgill Mushroom, Gymnopilus sapineus
  82. Shellfish-scented Russula, Russula xerampelina
  83. Silky Piggyback Mushrooms,  Asterophora parasitica
  84. Silky Pink Gill Mushroom, Nolanea sericea (Entoloma sericeum ssp. sericeum) [very dark brown cap with a nipple on top]
  85. Slime Mold, Blue Slime Mold, Badhamia utricularis
  86. Slime Mold, Carnival Candy Slime Mold, Arcyria denudata
  87. Slime Mold, Dog Vomit Slime Mold, Fuligo septica
  88. Slime Mold, Honeycomb Coral Slime Mold, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa
  89. Slime Mold, Insect Egg Slime Mold, Badhamia sp.
  90. Slime Mold, Lilac Physarum Slime Mold, Physarum globuliferum
  91. Slime Mold, Many-Headed Slime Mold, Physarum leucopus
  92. Slime Mold, Tan Bullet Slime Mold, Arcyria cinereal
  93. Slime Mold, Trichia sp. [early white stage; each head on a stalk]
  94. Slime Mold, Spotted Trichia Slime Mold, Trichia botrytis
  95. Slime Mold, White Spheroid Slime Mold, Physarum cinereum
  96. Smokey Bracket Fungus, Bjerkandera adusta
  97. Snowy Oysterlings, Cheimonophyllum candidissimum
  98. Split Porecrust, Schizopora paradoxa
  99. Splitgill Fungus, Schizophyllum sp.
  100. Split Gill Fungus, Schizophyllum commune
  101. Stem Rust Fungus, Puccinia evadens [attacks Coyote Brush]
  102. Sulphur Tuft Fungus, Hypholoma fasciculare 
  103. Toothed Crust Fungus, Basidioradulum sp.
  104. Trembling Crust Fungus, Merulius tremellosus [white or orange-tinted, forms brackets, a little bit of a tooth on the underside]
  105. Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  106. Umbilicated cap mushroom, Arrhenia obscurata
  107. White Parachute Marasmius, Marasmiellus candidus
  108. White Cup Fungus, Calyptella capula [no gills]
  109. White Jelly Fungus, Ductifera pululahuana
  110. White Russula, Russula brevipes
  111. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  112. Witches Butter, Tremella mesenterica
  113. Yellow Fieldcap, Bolbitius titubans
  114. Yellow Knight, Man on Horseback, Tricholoma equestre [large, heavy, yellow mushroom]
  115. Yellow Orb Sac Fungus, Orbilia sp.
  116. Yellow-Staining Milk Cap, Lactarius xanthogalactus [a kind of Russula with a thick reddish cap with a dimple in the center]
  117. ?? Fluffy fungus with gutation, Trichoderma sp.

Galls

  1. Alder Tongue Gall Fungus, Taphrina alni
  2. Ash Flower Gall Mite, Eriophyes fraxinivorus
  3. Beaked Twig Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis plumbella
  4. Bladder Plum Gall fungus, Taphrina pruni
  5. Black Oak Stem Gall Wasp, Zapatella davisae
  6. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  7. Coyote Brush Rust Gall, Puccinia evadens
  8. Coyote Brush Stem Gall moth, Gnorimoschema baccharisella
  9. French Broom Gall Mite, Aceria genistae
  10. Honey Dew Wasp Gall, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  11. Irregular Spindle Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysolepidicola [on Blue Oak]
  12. Live Oak Erineum Mite gall, Aceria mackiei [kind of looks like rust on the backside of the leaf]
  13. Live Oak Gall Wasp, 1st Generation, Callirhytis quercuspomiformis
  14. Live Oak Gall Wasp, 2nd Generation, Callirhytis quercuspomiformis
  15. Manzanita Leaf Gall Aphid, Tamalia coweni
  16. Marginal Leaf Fold Gall Midge, Macrodiplosis erubescens [on margins of leaves of red oaks]
  17. Mistletoe Gall, caused by Mistletoe haustorium growing on a tree
  18. Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  19. Pine-Pine Gall Rust, Endocronartium harknessii
  20. Pumpkin Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus minusculus
  21. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens
  22. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus dubiosus 
  23. Western American Alder Tongue Gall, Taphrina occidentalis
  24. Willow Pinecone Gall midge, Rabdophaga strobiloides

Insects/Arthropods/Hexapods

  1. Asian Ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis
  2. Assassin Bug, Zelus luridus
  3. Big-headed Ground Beetle, Scarites subterraneus [black, shiny, large mandibles] [?? Not sure about this ID]
  4. Bordered Plant Bug, Largus californicus
  5. Cabbage White butterfly, Pieris rapae
  6. California Darner Dragonfly, Rhionaeschna californica [a kind of “Mosaic Darner”]
  7. California Angelwing Katydid, Microcentrum californicum
  8. California Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, Battus philenor hirsuta
  9. California Praying Mantis, Stagmomantis californica (smallest 2-2.5 inches)
  10. Chinese Praying Mantis, Tenodera sinensis [largest]
  11. Click Beetle,  Limonius canus [brown]
  12. Cloudless Sulphur Butterfly, Phoebis sennae
  13. Common Checkered-Skipper, Burnsius communis
  14. Common Green Lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea
  15. Common Greenbottle Fly, Lucilia sericata
  16. Common Water Strider, Aquarius remigis
  17. Cranefly, Mosquito Hawk, Tipula dietziana
  18. Cricket, Arboreal Camel Cricket, Gammarotettix bilabatus
  19. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  20. Dark-Winged Fungus Gnat, Bradysia sp.
  21. Darkling Beetle, Eleodes scabrosus [pitted pronotum and elytra]
  22. Elder Moth, Achatodes zeae
  23. European Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  24. False Blister Beetle, Oedemera podagrariae [brown and tan, kind of looks like a Soldier Beetle]
  25. Feral European Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  26. Globular Springtail, Ptenothrix marmorata [Technically it’s not an insect, it’s a hexapod. It has internal mouth parts instead of external mouth parts.]
  27. Goldenrod Crab Spider, Misumena vatia
  28. Green Stink Bug, Chinavia hilaris
  29. Hoverfly, Bird Hoverfly, Eupeodes volucris
  30. Hoverfly, Long-tailed Aphideater, Eupeodes fumipennis
  31. Leaf-Footed Bug, Leptoglossus phyllopus
  32. Long-Jawed Orb Weaver, Tetragnatha sp .
  33. Long-tailed Silverfish, Ctenolepisma longicaudata
  34. Meadow Spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius
  35. Millipede, possibly Gosodesmus claremontus [pinkish, flat back]
  36. Millipede, Ptyoiulus impressus  [dark, rounded back]
  37. Millipede, Rosy Short-Head Millipede, Brachycybe rosea
  38. Mosquito, Common House Mosquito, Culex pipiens
  39. Mourning Cloak Butterfly, Nymphalis antiopa
  40. Mud-Dauber Wasps and Allies, Subfamily: Sceliphrinae
  41. Non-biting Midges, Family: Chironomidae
  42. Obscure Darkling Beetle, Eleodes obscura [striped grooves on elytra]
  43. Oleander Aphid, Aphis nerii
  44. Orange Sulphur Butterfly, Colias eurytheme 
  45. Painted Lady Butterfly, Vanessa cardui
  46. Paper Wasp, European Paper Wasp, Polistes dominula [black & yellow]
  47. Peridot Sweat Bee, Augochlorella pomoniella
  48. Pink Elongated Springtail, Podura sp.
  49. Prodocarpus Aphid, Neophyllaphis podocarpi [pink]
  50. Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths, Superfamily: Pyraloidea
  51. Ribbed Cocoon-Maker Moth, Bucculatrix albertiella
  52. Rove Beetle, Quedius sp. [red-orange][?? Not sure about this ID]
  53. Rusty Tussock Moth, Orgyia antiqua
  54. Seven-Spot Ladybeetle, Coccinella septempunctata [Introduced Species]
  55. Spotted Cucumber Beetle, Diabrotica undecimpunctata
  56. Stream Mayflies, Family: Heptageniidae [exuvia]
  57. Termite, Reticulitermes sp.
  58. Velvety Tree Ant, Liometopum occidentale
  59. Western Carpenter Ant, Camponotus modoc
  60. Western Leaf-Footed Bug, Leptoglossus clypealis
  61. Western Spotted Orbweaver Spider, Neoscona oaxacensis
  62. Western Tussock Moth, Orgyia vetusta
  63. Winter Moth, Operophtera brumata [larvae, green inchworm with orange head]
  64. Yellow-faced Bumble Bee, Bombus vosnesenskii
  65. Yellow-legged Mud-dauber Wasp, Sceliphron caementarium
  66. Yellow-Winged Grasshopper, California Sulphur-Winged Grasshopper, Arphia behrensi
  67. Zebra-Striped Hoverfly, Scaeva pyrastri  

Other Invertebrates (Worms, Snails, Mollusks, etc.)

  1. Common Earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris
  2. Garden Snail, Cornu aspersum
  3. Meadow Slug, Badhamia utricularis  [short, fat, stubby slug]
  4. Nematode, unidentified

Lichen on Trees

  1. Bark Rim Lichen, Lecanora chlarotera [looks like Whitewash Lichen but has apothecia]
  2. Beaded Tube Lichen, Hypogymnia apinnata
  3. Beard Lichen, Usnea sp.
  4. Boreal Button Lichen, Buellia disciformis [pale gray to bluish with black apothecia on wood]
  5. Brown-Eyed Shingle Lichen, Pannaria rubiginosa [on trees]
  6. California Camouflage Lichen, Melanelixia californica [dark green with brown apothecia, on trees]
  7. California Pore Lichen, Pertusaria californic
  8. Common Orange Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange,on wood/trees]
  9. Cottonthread Lichen, Leprocaulon americanum [thin, short threads on wood/trees]
  10. Crabseye Lichen, Ochrolechia subpallescens [creamy colored lichen with white-rimmed pale orange/pink apothecia]
  11. Crescent Frost Lichen, Physconia perisidiosa [green or gray green on trees/wood]
  12. Dimpled Camouflage Lichen, Montanelia tominii [ink black on wood]
  13. Elegant Camouflage Lichen, Melanohalea elegantula [leafy like hoary lichen but much darker gray/black]
  14. Farinose Cartilage Lichen,  Ramalina farinacea [like Oakmoss but very thin branches]
  15. Fishbone Beard Lichen, Usnea filipendula [“boned skeleton”, hairy eyeballs]
  16. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria finkii [gray-tan dust lichen]
  17. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Pacific Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria pacifica [blue-green dust lichen]
  18. Fringed Wrinkle Lichen, Tuckermanopsis Americana [pale green, brown fringes, on trees]
  19. Frosted Rim Lichen, Lecanora caesiorrubella [light gray with light gray apothecia on wood]
  20. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  21. Golden Hair-Lichen, Teloschistes flavicans
  22. Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina
  23. Gray Lungwort, Lobaria hallii  [gray to green, with soredia on surface]
  24. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  25. Green Shield, Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  26. Herre’s Ragged Lichen, Platismatia herrei
  27. Hoary Lichen, Hoary Rosette, Physcia aipolia
  28. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  29. Hooded Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza fallax [leafy, yellow-orange, on trees]
  30. Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  31. Lung Lichen, Lobaria anthraspis
  32. Mealy Pixie Cup, Cladonia chlorophaea
  33. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri
  34. Oregon Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza oregana [yellow/orange thallus bearing granular soredia on the tips and/or underside; looks like leaves with grainy edges]
  35. Pastel Comma Lichen, Arthonia pruinata [white pruination on surface of lichen, on trees]
  36. Pin-cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa
  37. Powderhorn Lichen, Common Powderhorn, Cladonia coniocraea
  38. Powdered Ruffle Lichen, Parmotrema arnoldi [gray, has soredia or eyelashes/hairs on the thallus, on trees]
  39. Powdery Sunburst Lichen, Xanthoria ulophyllodes [yellow, leafy, rare on rocks but does sometimes appear on them]
  40. Rosy Saucer Lichen, Ochrolechia trochophora
  41. Shield Lichen, Parmelia sulcata [gray foliose, on trees]
  42. Shield Lichen, Parmelia squarrosa [gray, foliose, on trees, soredia and very branched eyelashes on the tips]
  43. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  44. Smooth Shadow Lichen, Phaeophyscia ciliate [hoary gray with brown apothecia on trees]
  45. Star Rosette Lichen, Physcia stellaris [on wood, hoary colored, black apothecia]
  46. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha
  47. Sunburst Lichen, Xanthoria elegans
  48. Toy Soldiers, Cladonia bellidiflora  [stalks are crusty, heads are split with red faces]
  49. Western Shield Lichen, Parmelia hygrophila [blue-gray, foliose, dull insidia on leaves]
  50. Whitewash Lichen, Phlyctis argena
  51. Wooly Foam Lichen, Stereocaulon ramulosum [like Oakmoss but very crusty with small brown apothecia at the end of the branches
  52. ?? Lichen, Family: Tephromelataceae

Lichen on Rocks

  1. Black Grain-Spored Lichen, Sarcogyne hypophaea [black, grainy, on rocks]
  2. California Pore Lichen, Pertusaria californica [white/pale gray nubbly surface]
  3. Ceramic Parchment Lichen, Xylobolus frustulatus [brown, looks like dried clay]
  4. Cinder Lichen, Aspicilia cinerea [gray to light gray/white on rocks with or without small black dots]
  5. Cloudy Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora obnubila [dull brown on rocks, lumpy]
  6. Common Gold Cobblestone Lichen, Pleopsidium flavum [bright yellow]
  7. Common Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella vitellina [bright yellow with rimmed apothecia on rocks]
  8. Concentric Boulder Lichen, Porpidia crustulata [circles of black spots on rock]
  9. Copper Patch Lichen, Sporastatia testuinea [light brown thallus rimmed in black on rock, black apothecia]
  10. Cowpie Lichen, Diploschistes muscorum [light gray on rocks, similar to Crater Lichen but more pruinose]
  11. Crater Lichen, Diploschistes scruposus [gray/dark grey on rocks with dark apothecia]
  12. Cumberland Rock-Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia
  13. Dry Rock Pimple, Staurothele areolata [brown pimples on rocks]
  14. Dusky Tile Lichen, Lecidea Lichen, Lecidea fuscoatra  [black rimmed apothecia on rocks]
  15. Ear-leaf Lichen, Normandina pulchella [green leaf-like on rocks]
  16. Flame Firedot Lichen, Caloplaca ignea [orange on rock, elongated lobes and orange apothecia]
  17. Hidden Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella aurella [small, scattered, yellow, on rocks]
  18. Hoary Cobblestone Lichen, Acaraspora strigata
  19. Ink Lichen, Placynthium nigrum [pitch black, fine grained]
  20. Rock Greenshield Lichen, Flavoparmelia baltimorensis
  21. Rock Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia conspersa
  22. Rock Tripe, Emery Rock Tripe, Umbilicaria phaea
  23. Sagebrush Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella rosulans [yellow, on rocks]
  24. Scattered Button Lichen, Buellia dispersa [gray/off white on rocks with black spots]
  25. Sidewalk Firedot Lichen, Xanthocarpia feracissima  [bright orange, on rocks]
  26. Smokey Eye Boulder Lichen, Porpidia albocaerulescens
  27. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Lecona muralis [pale green/gray thallus with rose/tan apothecia gathered in the center; color can be quite variable]
  28. Tan Nipple Lichen, Thelomma santessonii [gray/tan, deep holes in the structures]
  29. Tile Lichen, Lecidea sp.
  30. Toy Soldiers, Cladonia bellidiflora  [stalks are crusty, heads are split with red faces]
  31. White Rock Posey, Rhizoplaca marginalis [light grey on rocks, some ruffle, with dark gray apothecia]
  32. Yellow Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora socialis
  33. Yellow Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon geographicum [bright yellow-green with dark spots]

Mammals

  1. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis
  2. Black Angus Cattle, Bos Taurus var. Black Angus
  3. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  4. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  5. Charolais Cattle, Bos Taurus var. Charolais
  6. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  7. Coyote, Canis latrans
  8. Desert Cottontail Rabbit, Sylvilagus audubonii
  9. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  10. Holstein Cattle, Bos taurus var. Holstein
  11. Raccoon, Procyon lotor
  12. River Otter, North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis
  13. Striped Skunk, Mephitis mephitis
  14. Virginia Opossum, Didelphis virginiana
  15. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus
  16. Western Harvest Mouse, Reithrodontomys megalotis [ID not confirmed]

Plants, Flowers, Mosses, Ferns, Trees

  1. Alder-leaved Mountain-Mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus
  2. Almond Tree, Prunus dulcis
  3. American Plantain, Plantago rugelii [large plantain with rounded leaves]
  4. Anomodon Moss, Anomodon attenuates [low lying, soft, bushy moss]
  5. Arundo, Giant Reed, Arundo donax
  6. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  7. Bay Laurel Tree, Laurus nobilis
  8. Bearded Iris, Iris x Germanica
  9. Bedstraw, Velcro Grass, Cleavers, Galium aparine
  10. Begonia, Begonia sp.
  11. Bird’s-eye Gilia, Gilia tricolor
  12. Bird’s-eye Speedwell, Veronica persica
  13. Bird’s Foot Cliffbrake, Pellaea mucronata [ferny]
  14. Bird’s-foot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus
  15. Bittercress, Hairy Bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta
  16. Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Juglans nigra
  17. Blessed Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum
  18. Blow Wives, Soft Blow Wives, Achyrachaena mollis
  19. Blue Dicks, Dichelostemma capitatum
  20. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  21. Blue Magic Hyacinth, Muscari armeniacum
  22. Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  23. Border Forsythia, Forsythia × intermedia
  24. Bottlebrush, Red Cluster Bottlebrush Tree,  Callistemon sp.
  25. Boxelder, Box Elder Tree, Acer negundo
  26. Bristled Downingia, Doublehorn Calico Flower, Downingia bicornuta 
  27. Bristly Oxtongue, Helminthotheca echioides
  28. Broadleaf Cattail, Bullrush, Typha latifolia
  29. Broad-leaved Sweet Pea, Lathyrus latifolius
  30. Bryum Moss, Bryum capillare
  31. Buckbrush, Ceanothus cuneatus
  32. Bulbous Meadow-Grass, Poa bulbosa
  33. Bull Mallow, Malva nicaeensis
  34. Bur Chervil, Anthriscus caucalis
  35. Bush Lupine, Lupinus albifrons
  36. Bush Monkeyflower, Diplacus aurantiacus
  37. Cabbage, Ornamental Cabbage, Brassica oleracea
  38. California Barberry, Mahonia pinnata [spiny leaves]
  39. California Black Oak, Quercus kelloggii
  40. California Black Walnut, Juglans californica
  41. California Blackberry, Trailing Blackberry, Rubus ursinus
  42. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  43. California Buttercup, Ranunculus californicus
  44. California Dock, Rumex californicus
  45. California Lomatium, Lomatium californicum
  46. California Manroot, Bigroot, Marah fabaceus
  47. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  48. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  49. California Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys collinus var. californicus
  50. California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica
  51. California Sycamore, Platanus racemose
  52. California Wild Rose, Rosa californica
  53. Calla Lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica
  54. Camelia, Camellia japonica
  55. Canary Grass, Reed Canary Grass, Phalaris arundinacea
  56. Canyon Live-Forever, Stonecrop, Dudleya cymosa
  57. Canyon Live Oak, Quercus chrysolepis
  58. Capillary Thread-Moss, Rosulabryum capillare
  59. Cardoon, Artichoke, Cynara cardunculus
  60. Chamise, Adenostoma fasciculatum
  61. Cheeseweed Mallow, Malva parviflora
  62. Cherry-Plum, Prunus cerasifera
  63. Chia, Salvia columbariae
  64. Chickweed, Stellaria media
  65. Chicory, Cichorium intybus
  66. Chile Trefoil, Chile Lotus, Acmispon wrangelianus
  67. Chinese Arborvitae, Platycladus orientalis [a kind of ornamental cypress]
  68. Chinese Fringe Flower, Loropetalum chinense
  69. Chinese Houses, Purple Chinese Houses, Collinsia heterophylla var. heterophylla
  70. Chinese Pistache, Pistacia chinensis
  71. Chinese Tallow tree, Triadica sebifera
  72. Clasping Pepperweed, Lepidium perfoliatum [yellow flowers, rounded leaves]
  73. Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  74. Coastal Woodfern, Dryopteris arguta [pointed leaves, two rows of spore sites]
  75. Cocklebur, Rough Cocklebur, Xanthium strumarium
  76. Coffeeberry, California Buckthorn, Frangula californica
  77. Common Asparagus Fern, Asparagus setaceus
  78. Common Blue Hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis
  79. Common Cat’s-Ear, Hypochaeris radicata
  80. Common Daffoldil, Narcissus pseudonarcissus
  81. Common Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale
  82. Common Fiddleneck, Amsinckia menziesii
  83. Common Field Daisy, Common Daisy, Bellis perennis
  84. Common Fringepod, Thysanocarpus curvipes
  85. Common Grape Hyacinth, Muscari botryoides
  86. Common Groundsel , Senecio vulgaris
  87. Common Hedge Parsley, Torilis arvensis
  88. Common Ivy, Hedera helix
  89. Common Juniper, Juniperus communis
  90. Common Lomatium, Spring Gold, Lomatium utriculatum
  91. Common Sow-Thistle, Sonchus oleraceus
  92. Common Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus
  93. Common Stork’s-Bill, Red Stemmed Filaree, Erodium cicutarium
  94. Common Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum
  95. Common Vetch, Vicia sativa
  96. Cork Oak, Quercus suber
  97. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  98. Cream Cups, Platystemon californicus
  99. Cream Narcissus, Narcissus tazetta
  100. Creeping Moss, Conardia compacta
  101. Crevice Alumroot, Heuchera micrantha
  102. Cultivated Apple, Malus domestica ssp.
  103. Cultivated Watermelon, Citrullus lanatus
  104. Curling Moss, Bonfire Moss, Funaria hygrometrica
  105. Cushion Moss, Leucobryum sp.
  106. Cut-Leaved Crane’s Bill, Geranium dissectum
  107. Deerweed, Acmispon glaber
  108. Dendroalsia Moss, Dendroalsia abietina [long curling moss on trees]
  109. Dot-Seed Plantain, Plantago erecta
  110. Double Daffodil, Narcissus sp.
  111. Douglas Fir Tree, Pseudotsuga menziesii
  112. European Dog Violet, (Viola riviniana)
  113. Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
  114. Field Mustard, Brassica rapa
  115. Fig, Common Fig, Ficus carica
  116. Fishpole Bamboo, Phyllostachys aurea
  117. Flixweed, Descurainia Sophia [a kind of mustard, looks like big bittercress]
  118. Fragrant Sumac, Rhus aromatica
  119. Floating Water Primrose, Ludwigia peploides ssp. Peploides
  120. Foothill Deervetch, Acmispon brachycarpus [small yellow “lotus”]
  121. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  122. Fremont’s Tidy Tips, Layia fremontii
  123. French Broom, Genista monspessulana
  124. Frying Pan Poppy, Eschscholzia lobbii
  125. Garden Tulip, Tulipa gesneriana
  126. Giant Chain Fern, Woodwardia fimbriata
  127. Giraffe’s Head Henbit, Henbit Deadnettle, Lamium amplexicaule
  128. Goldback Fern, Pentagramma triangularis
  129. Golden Dwarf Mistletoe, Western Dwarf Mistletoe, Arceuthobium campylopodum
  130. Goldfields, Lasthenia sp.
  131. Goldfields, Alkali Goldfields, Lasthenia platycarpha  [6-8 petals, “daffodil” center]
  132. Goldfields, California Goldfields, Lasthenia californica [6-8 petals, rounded mound-like center]
  133. Goldfields, Vernal Pool Goldfields, Lasthenia fremontii [8 petals, circle-in-circle center]
  134. Grape Soda Lupine, Lupinus excubitus
  135. Gray Pine, Pinus sabiniana
  136. Green Alga (freshwater), Chlorophyta ssp.
  137. Hairy Vetch, Winter Vetch, Vicia villosa ssp. villosa 
  138. Harsh Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja hispida [red-orange]
  139. Hawksbeard, Smooth Hawksbeard, Crepis capillaris
  140. Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Echeveria secunda
  141. Hillside Woodland Star, Lithophragma heterophyllum
  142. Himalayan Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus
  143. Hydrangea, Mophead Hydrangea, Hydrangea macrophylla
  144. Incense Cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
  145. Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  146. Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  147. Intermediate Periwinkle, Vinca difformis
  148. Italian Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  149. Ithuriel’s Spear, Triteleia laxa
  150. Ivy-leaved Speedwell, Veronica hederifolia [has tiny white flowers]
  151. Jacaranda, Blue Jacaranda Tree, Jacaranda mimosifolia
  152. Japanese Camellia, Camellia japonica
  153. Jeffrey Pine, Pinus jeffreyi
  154. Jepson’s Milkvetch, Astragalus rattanii var. jepsonianus
  155. Jointed Charlock, Wild Radish, Raphanus raphanistrum
  156. Jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla
  157. Johnnytuck, Butter ‘n’ Eggs, Triphysaria eriantha
  158. Lacy Phacelia, Phacelia tanacetifolia
  159. Lemmon’s Poppy, Field Poppy, Eschscholzia lemmonii
  160. Little Rattlesnake Grass, Briza minor
  161. Lodgepole Pine, Pinus contorta
  162. London Plane Tree, Platanus × acerifolia
  163. Lords and Ladies, Wild Arum, Arum maculatum
  164. Low Woolly Marbles, Psilocarphus brevissimus
  165. Lupine, Arroyo Lupine, Lupinus succulentus
  166. Lupine, Chick Lupine, Lupinus microcarpus
  167. Lyell’s Bristle-Moss, Orthotrichum lyellii [semi long panicles, dark with green ends]
  168. Mexican Bush Sage, Salvia leucantha [purple with white sox]
  169. Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata [large]
  170. Miner’s Lettuce, Serpentine Springbeauty, Claytonia exigua
  171. Miniature Lupine, Lupinus bicolor
  172. Mistletoe, American Mistletoe, Big Leaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron leucarpum
  173. Mountain Fringepod, Thysanocarpus laciniatus
  174. Mountain Misery, Chamaebatia foliolosa [fern-like leaves]
  175. Mountain Phacelia, Phacelia imbricata
  176. Mule Fat, Baccharis salicifolia
  177. Mule’s Ears, Smooth Mule-Ears, Wyethia glabra
  178. Musky Stork’s Bill, Whitestem Filaree, Erodium moschatum
  179. Narrowleaf Cattail, Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  180. Narrowleaf Willow, Salix exigua
  181. Nightshade, Solanum sp.
  182. Oleander, Nerium oleander
  183. Olive Tree, Olea europaea
  184. Oracle Oak, Quercus × moreha
  185. Orange, Sweet Orange, Cultivated Orange, Citrus X sinensis
  186. Oregon Grape, Berberis aquifolium
  187. Ornamental Freesia, Freesia alba × leichtlinii
  188. Osage-Orange, Maclura pomifera
  189. Pacific Madrone Tree, Arbutus menziesii
  190. Pacific Pea, Lathyrus vestitus
  191. Pecan Tree, Carya illinoinensis
  192. Periwinkle, Vinca major
  193. Petty Spurge, Euphorbia peplus
  194. Pincushion Flower, Mourningbride, Scabiosa atropurpurea
  195. Pineappleweed, Matricaria discoidea
  196. Pink Honeysuckle, California Honeysuckle, Lonicera hispidula
  197. Pink Squirrel Grass, Hordeum jubatum [barley]
  198. Pink Squirrel-Tail Rye, Sitanion elymoides [formerly Elymus elymoides, CA native]
  199. Plum, Prunus cerasifera
  200. Podocarpus Tree, Podocarpus macrophyllus
  201. Pointleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos pungens
  202. Poison Hemlock, Conium maculatum
  203. Poison Oak, Pacific Poison Oak, Western Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  204. Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa
  205. Popcorn Flowers, Plagiobothrys sp.
  206. Prickly Sow Thistle, Sonchus asper
  207. Primrose Jasmine, Jasminum mesnyi
  208. Purple Deadnettle, Lamium purpureum [a kind of henbit but with a purple tinge to some of the leaves]
  209. Purple Milk-Vetch, Astragalus danicus 
  210. Purple Owl’s-Clover, Castilleja exserta 
  211. Purple Passionflower, Passiflora incarnata
  212. Purple Sanicle, Sanicula bipinnatifida
  213. Pyracantha, Pyracantha coccinea
  214. Quail Bush, Big Saltbrush, Atriplex lentiformis
  215. Queen Anne’s Lace, Wild Carrot, Daucus carota
  216. Ranunculus, Ranunculus sp.
  217. Red Cluster Bottlebrush Tree,  Callistemon sp.
  218. Red Maids, Fringed Red-Maids, Calandrinia ciliata
  219. Red Maple, Acer rubrum
  220. Red Tip Photinia, Photinia × fraseri
  221. Red Valerian, Centranthus ruber
  222. Reddish Tufted Vetch, Vicia benghalensis
  223. Redflower Buckwheat, Eriogonum grande
  224. Rose Clover, Trifolium hirtum
  225. Rosemary, Salvia rosmarinus
  226. Rusty Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys nothofulvus
  227. Sandbar Willow, Salix exigua var. hindsiana
  228. Santa Barbara Sedge, Carex barbarae
  229. Saucer Magnolia, Magnolia × soulangeana
  230. Shepherd’s-Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
  231. Shingle Moss, Neckera pennata
  232. Shining Peppergrass, Lepidium nitidum
  233. Short-lobed Paintbrush, Castilleja brevilobata
  234. Sierra Plum, Prunus subcordata
  235. Silver Ragwort, Jacobaea maritima [silvery leaves, yellow flowers]
  236. Sly Lupine, Lupinus nanus
  237. Slender Cottonweed, Q-Tips, Micropus californicus
  238. Small-Flowered Blue-Eyed Mary, Collinsia parviflora [tiny, pale purple and white]
  239. Soap Plant, Wavy Leafed Soaproot, Chlorogalum pomeridianum
  240. Soaproot, Amole, Chlorogalum pomeridianum ssp. pomeridianum
  241. Southern Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora
  242. Spring Sowbread Cyclamen, Cyclamen repandum
  243. Spurge, Euphorbia atropurpurea
  244. Star Magnolia, Magnolia stellata
  245. Star Moss, Syntrichia ruralis
  246. Stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica
  247. Stork’s Bill, Big Heron Bill, Broadleaf Filaree, Erodium botrys
  248. Stork’s Bill, Dove’s-foot Crane’s-Bill, Geranium molle
  249. Strawberry Tree, Arbutus unedo
  250. Streambank Springbeauty, Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia parviflora [small]
  251. Summer Snowflake, Leucojum aestivum  [looks like a white lily of the valley with green dots on tips]
  252. Sunflower, Common Woolly Sunflower, Eriophyllum lanatum
  253. Swamp Smartweed, Persicara hydropiperoides
  254. Sweet Clover, Small Melilot, Annual Yellow Sweetclover, Melilotus indicus [small, yellow]
  255. Tall Flatsedge,  Cyperus eragrostis
  256. Tamarisk, Saltcedar, Tamarix ramosissima
  257. Tanoak, Tanbark Oak, Notholithocarpus densiflorus
  258. Tidy Tips, Layia platyglossa
  259. Tomcat Clover, Trifolium willdenovii
  260. Topped Lavender, Lavandula stoechas
  261. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  262. True Babystars, Leptosiphon bicolor
  263. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  264. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  265. Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti
  266. Violet, Viola sp.
  267. Virgin’s Bower, Old Men’s Beards, Pipestem Clematis, Clematis lasiantha
  268. Wall Barley, Hordeum murinu
  269. Wallflower, Erysimum cheiri
  270. Weeping Cypress, Cupressus cashmeriana
  271. Weeping Willow, Salix × sepulcralis
  272. Western Buttercup, Ranunculus occidentalis
  273. Western Meadow-Rue, Thalictrum occidentale
  274. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  275. Western Wallflower, Erysimum capitatum
  276. White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  277. White Ash Tree, Fraxinus americana
  278. White Clover, Trifolium repens
  279. White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare
  280. White Leaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida ssp. viscida
  281. White Nemophila, Nemophila heterophylla
  282. White Sweetclover, Melilotus albus
  283. Whitehead Navarretia, Navarretia leucocephala
  284. Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja foliolosa [red, dark red]
  285. Yarrow, Achillea millefolium
  286. Yellow Starthistle, Centaurea solstitialis

Pathogens

  1. Avian Pox, Avipoxvirus ssp. [evidence on feet of hawk]
  2. Coral Spot, Nectria cinnabarina  [plant pathogen]
  3. Hypoxylon Canker, Biscogniauxia atropunctata  [pathogen, white, on oak tree]
  4. Red Phanerochaete pathogen, Phanerochaete sanguinea [red dusty-looking fungi on trees]

Reptiles and Amphibians

  1. California Slender Salamander, Batrachoseps attenuates
  2. Pacific Pond Turtle, Western Pond Turtle, Actinemys marorata
  3. Pacific Tree Frog, Chorus Frog, Pseudacris regilla
  4. Sierra Newt, Taricha sierrae
  5. Western Chorus Frog, Pseudacris triseriata
  6. Western Fence Lizard, Blue Belly, Sceloporus occidentalis

Minerals and Rocks (of note)

  1. Obsidian Rock [naturally occurring volcanic glass formed as an extrusive igneous rock]

Other Vocabulary:

  • Apothecia: [a-poth-EH-cee-ah] concave cup formations on lichen that bear the spores; asocarp
  • Fasciation: also known as cresting, a relatively rare condition of abnormal growth in vascular plants in which the growing tip which normally is concentrated around a single point and produces approximately cylindrical tissue, instead becomes elongated perpendicularly to the direction of growth, thus producing flattened, ribbon-like, crested (or “cristate”), or elaborately contorted, tissue.
  • Isidia: [EYE-sid-ee-ah] outgrowths on the thallus of lichen that look like eyelashes or tentacles; columnar structure consisting of both fungal hyphae and algal cells
  • Soredia: [SORE-dee-ah] powdery grainy-looking balls composed of fungal hyphae wrapped around cyanobacteria or green algae on lichen; asexual reproduction
  • Teneral: of, relating to, or constituting a state of the imago of an insect immediately after molting during which it is soft and immature in coloring.
  • Thigmotropism: the turning or bending of a plant or other organism in response to a touch stimulus (what causes a vine to wrap around a tree, for example)

Travels of a Certified California Naturalist