Category Archives: birding

Heron Gulp and Vulture Lunch, 02-10-21

I got up around 6:30 this morning after not getting much sleep last night because my hip was screaming, and headed out for a walk with my friend and fellow naturalist, Roxanne. We went first to Paradise Beach, where we hadn’t been before to see what we could see there.

The beach is located near California State University, Sacramento, on an oxbow bend in the river which creates a kind of cove to which the public has access. We walked across the lawn of the small Glenn Hall Park to the levee and had to climb up it to get to the top, then find a way down again to the waterless rocky shole there.

Water was in the distance to the left and right of us, but we never got to it. The uneven rocky ground was hard for me to walk on, and the places were we had to walk on loose sand made walking very tiring. The willows and cottonwood trees all around us were naked of leaves, and what few birds we could hear around us were out of range of our cameras… So, the walk there was very frustrating.  After maybe a half an hour, I told Rox I was bored, aching and wanted to leave, so we did.  I won’t be adding this location to my go-to list, at least not for now. Maybe it will be more interesting when things are greener… or maybe we can access that part of the river from a different location and see more later.  We’ll see.

We decided instead to see if anything was happening at the Mather Vernal Pool and the Mather Lake Regional Park. There didn’t seem to be much water on the ground in the vernal pool fields – and there isn’t any greening of the area at all yet. We did see some women setting flags out in the grass near the fence line, but we weren’t sure what they were doing (and didn’t ask them). We didn’t even get out of the car to look around there.

It was then on to Mather Lake Regional Park. Before we got there, we saw a couple of Turkey Vultures near the side of the road. One was in a tree and the other was sitting on a fence post. We couldn’t see what had attracted them to the spot, and they flew off when we got too close.

Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura

At the park, it looked like they’d done more “mowing” in the lake and around the shores, so with all the leafless trees around things looked kind of “naked”. There were a surprising number of felled trees near the water, including the one the beavers had been gnawing at for the past several months, and I wonder if they had been purposely knocked down by humans before they fell down.  Some of them were far too big for beavers to float off with, but I suppose that felling the trees meant they could “prune” the branches for use in their den- and damn-building.

There was a LOT of bird noise around today especially among the House Finches, the Tree Swallows who seemed to be vying for nesting cavities, and Canada Geese, many of who have paired up getting ready for the breeding season. Both Rox and I got videos of their raucous chatter.

As we were going along, we came across a woman who was going in the opposite direction. Roxanne can start up a conversation with just about anyone, so they started chatting about the swallows and the geese and suchlike, and then the woman introduced herself as “Colleen”.  Roxanne introduced herself and I said, “And I’m Mary.”

“…As in ‘Hanson K. Mary’?” Colleen asked.  [Hanson K. Mary is my Facebook name.] I chuckled and said, yes. And Colleen said she followed my Facebook posts and was aware of my blog. Hah! I’m famous.

We all chatted a little more and then headed off on our own directions on the trail. Colleen turned back to let us know that the pair of White-Tailed Kites were back, and hung out in trees near the front part of the trail.  We thanked her, and kept an eye out for them.

We also came across a man with his big Lab dog. We’d seen him a few times. His dog almost always has a ball in its mouth. If the dog, his owner said, kind find a ball in the open field by the lake, he lets the dog go play in the water before they leave. The dog had his ball today.  Hah! Lucky him.  The man told us there was a Great Blue Heron at the far end of the little island in the lake, and as we were heading that way, we kept an eye out for that, too.

We found the heron standing stalk still in the water; its neck stretched out over the surface, as though it was watching something in the water next to it.  We took some immediate photos, just in case it flew off, and approached it slowly, using the part of the trail that hugged closest to the shore.  It took us a little over 10 minutes to get into the best position to see and photograph the bird, and all the while the bird never moved a muscle. Imagine keeping your own body in a full extension, not moving, for 10 minutes. We were impressed. 

Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias. The bird maintained this stance for over 10 minutes.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

Then, as we watched, the heron stabbed into the water and brought up a fish, what might have been a small bass or bluegill. The bird flipped it around a couple of time, getting it into the correct position, and swallowed it whole. Then it lifted itself out of the water and flew to the opposite side of the lake, croaking at us. 

Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias

There was a Great Egret on that side of the lake, and after the heron landed, the egret walked up to it and pecked in the water around its feet until the heron moved further down the shore.

As we were heading back to the car, Rox found a shallow divot in the ground littered with what empty, mostly dry, papery-shelled eggs. They were pretty well done in, so it was hard to tell much about them or how they got there.  I was thinking they might be turtle eggs, but they could also have been a large snake’s eggs. We took some photos and continued on.

Papery-shelled eggs on the ground

Then we spotted Kites. They were right in the area where Colleen said they’d be, and where we had seen them courting before. They seemed to being playing a sort of tag. One which we assumed was the female would fly into a tree, and the other would follow.

When the male got close, the female responded with a “kewt, kewt, kewt!” sound, but wouldn’t let him do anything. They moved from tree to tree, sometimes in different branches of the same tree, sometimes in different trees altogether, and sometimes flew in wide circles overhead and around one another. We were able to get several photos of them before they got sick of us stalking them, and they flew off out of the park.

As we neared the parking lot, we saw a Say’s Phoebe sitting on top of a sign. It seems to us that we’re seeing a lot more Say’s than we’d ever seen before over the past several years, and wondered if they were pushing out the ubiquitous Black Phoebes. Was Climate Change affecting their range, or were they just more prolific recently? Questions, questions.

Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya

Across from where the Phoebe was, down in where the drainage water runs out of the lake, we saw a young Turkey Vulture eating something. It was a skinny juvenile (we could tell by the black tip on its beak). Because the rock faces all around it cast deep shadows and had bright reflective faces, it was difficult to get ant decent photos of the bird or what it was eating. We finally decided it had a very large bullfrog. The carrion was still plump and “juicy”, so if it was a roadkill, it must’ve been a very recent one.

Turkey Vultures are carrion eaters and aren’t equipped to kill live prey, so I wondered if this juvenile’s parent had brought it a snack, or if it had found the roadkill and took it into the rocks where it was relatively safe from snack-stealers like herons and egrets. The vulture was making slow work of tearing the frog apart, sometimes lifting it up by its belly-skin that stretched and looked like and over-filled plastic bag filled with crap.  Yum.

Our walk lasted almost 4 hours before we headed home, and this was the first time in a long time, my feet were actually hurting more than my hip did.  Hah! This was walk #15 in my #52HikeChallenge.

Species List:

  1. American Coot, Fulica americana
  2. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  3. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  4. Asian Clam, Corbicula fluminea
  5. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  6. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  7. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis [sign, felled tree]
  8. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon [heard]
  9. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  10. Bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus
  11. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  12. Broad-Leaved Dock, Rumex obtusifolius
  13. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  14. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  15. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  16. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  17. Candleflame Lichen, Candelaria concolor [bright yellow-orange]
  18. Coastal Willow, Salix hookeriana
  19. Common Pin Mold, Mucor mucedo
  20. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  21. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  22. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto       
  23. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  24. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  25. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  26. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  27. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  28. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  29. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  30. Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  31. Lettuces, Lactuca sp.
  32. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  33. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  34. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  35. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  36. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  37. Philonotis moss, Philonotis sp. [on the ground]
  38. Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  39. Red Pine, Pinus resinosa
  40. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  41. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  42. Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya
  43. Soft Rush, Juncus effusus
  44. Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  45. Sweet-Brier Rose, Sweetbrier, Rosa rubiginosa
  46. Telegraphweed, Heterotheca grandiflora
  47. Trailing Blackberry, Rubus ursinus
  48. Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  49. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  50. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  51. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  52. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  53. Willow Rose Gall Midge, Rabdophaga rosaria
  54. Willow Stem Sawfly, Euura exiguae

Lots Happening at the River, 02-08-21

I was feeling pretty good this morning, “ahead of the pain”, so I went on a walk at the American River Bend Park again. I went down different trails this time and got to see a wide variety of things.  It was 41° when I got there; just a bright, chilly, lovely morning.

I found quite a few different lichen including Rim, Sunburst, Camouflage, Hooded Rosette, Whitewash, Oakmoss, and others, and also found the crop of Mealy Pixie Cups. I’ve only been able to find those in one spot along the trail on a stump that sits slightly off to the side of the trail. The mosses were all out, bright green and fluffy, adding an extra dimension to the trees and landscape.

There still aren’t a lot of mushrooms out yet, but I did find Magpie Inkcaps, Hare’s Foot Inkcaps and some White Stubble Rosegill. Those are bright white with a thick, slick, shiny cap that feels heavy in the hand. Their gills have a very pale pink tinge that can fade as the ‘shroom ages.

White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi

The Wild Turkeys were out strutting again, bachelor groups working on their hierarchies separate from the females for the moment. When they’ve hammered that out, it will be the highest ranking males that will get to mate with the females. 

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

I’m still seeing bucks with antlers, but also saw a couple of them that have lost theirs.  The deer shed their antlers every year and grow new ones from the spring and into the summer that harden and sharpen right before the rut at the end of the year.

Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus

In and near the river, I watched as a Snowy Egret paced a female Common Merganser duck along the shore. When the Merganser would catch something, the egret tried to steal it from her. This kind of behavior, called kleptoparasitism, is common in gulls, but I’d never heard of an egret doing this.

I also saw a lovely male/female pair of the Mergansers swimming in the water. They came pretty close to the shore where I was standing, and I got some nice photos of them. At one point, the male gave the female a “Salute” (stretch neck until bill points straight up), and called to her… I don’t think the female was impressed, though. She gave him a Threat gesture (lowering her head and jabbing out her bill) before they continued on. I think he wanted sex and she said no. Hah!

About the Mergansers, I was surprised to read in Cornell: “…As a top predator in aquatic food chains, this species has served as an indicator of environmental health both for contaminants (pesticides, toxic metals) and lake acidification…” The American River must be pretty healthy then; there are Mergansers all around it.

As I walked along the trail, I was startled by the sight of about five or six Turkey Vultures sitting on the side of the hill that looked down over the river. A few were also in the low branches of trees that looked out over the water. When I got close enough, I found Turkey Vultures sitting on rocks in the river and along the banks… I think the fishermen further upstream were dumping fish parts in the water after they caught and cleaned salmon.  Among the vultures was a Great Blue Heron who challenged some of them for their spot on the rocks.

Among other birds I encountered today were Dark-Eyed Juncos, Western Bluebirds, Nuttall’s Woodpeckers, Acorn Woodpeckers, Flickers and others. I walked for about 3 ½ hours before heading home.  This was walk #14 in my #52HikeChallenge.

Species List:

  1. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  2. Bedstraw, Velcro Grass, Cleavers, Galium aparine
  3. Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  4. Black Jelly Roll Fungus, Black Witches’ Butter, Exidia glandulosa
  5. Boreal Button Lichen, Buellia disciformis [pale gray to bluish with black apothecia on wood]
  6. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  7. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  8. California Camouflage Lichen, Melanelixia californica
  9. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  10. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  11. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  12. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica [heard]
  13. California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  14. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  15. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  16. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  17. Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
  18. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange,on wood/trees]
  19. Coyote Brush Stem Gall moth, Gnorimoschema baccharisella
  20. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  21. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  22. Dark-Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  23. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  24. Fancy Frost Lichen, Physconia americana
  25. Foothill Shoulderband Snail, Helminthoglypta cypreophila
  26. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  27. Frosted Rim Lichen, Lecanora caesiorrubella [light gray with light gray apothecia on wood]
  28. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  29. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  30. Hare’s Foot Inkcap, Coprinopsis lagopus
  31. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  32. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  33. Magpie Inkcap, Common Inkcap, Coprinopsis picacea
  34. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  35. Mealy Pixie Cup, Cladonia chlorophaea
  36. Mealy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora strobilina 
  37. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  38. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  39. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  40. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri [like strap but with soredia]
  41. Pale Oysterling, Crepidotus caspari [tiny, white, well-spaced gills]
  42. Pleated Inkcap, Parasola plicatilis
  43. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus [heard]
  44. Ring-Billed Gull, Larus delawarensis [ black ring, light eye, yellow legs]
  45. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  46. Rosette Lichen, Physcia millegrana [dense grainy greenish with dark apotheca]
  47. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  48. Silvery Bryum Moss, Bryum argenteum
  49. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  50. Speckled Greenshield Lichen, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  51. Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  52. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  53. Tall Psathyrella Mushroom, Psathyrella longipes
  54. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  55. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  56. Western Bluebird, Sialia Mexicana
  57. Western Gull, Larus occidentalis [spot on bill, pink legs, orange circle around eye]
  58. Western Sycamore, Platanus racemosa
  59. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  60. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  61. Whitewash Lichen, Phlyctis argena
  62. Yellow Fieldcap Mushroom, Bolbitius titubans

Onesies and Twosies, 02-05-21

Guh!  I didn’t sleep very well last night, and woke up twice with a lot of pain in my left hip. When it gets growly like that, I can’t find a comfortable position in which to lay or sit up, and I just have to wait until the meds kick in. I got myself up around 7:00 am, and headed over to the Cosumnes River Preserve to see how things are developing there. It was slow-going because of the pain, but I really feel the movement is good for me.

There’s more water on the ground now, not only in the preserve itself but in the ag fields surrounding it. There’s also water in the slough that runs along Franklin Road. I drove around Desmond and Bruceville Roads, and then went up and down the boardwalk area at the preserve. There were only a few large flocks of Snow Geese – and even a flock of American White Pelicans(!) – in the distant fields. Otherwise, I was seeing solitary birds are small groups of waterfowl in a variety of species; almost 40 different kinds. Onesies and twosies.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

I see Black Phoebes almost everywhere I go, which is why it’s kind of my soul-bird spirit guide. But it seems like lately I’ve been seeing almost as many Say’s Phoebes in the area. I don’t know if they’re really more populous now, or if I’m just learning to recognizing them more readily.  There were also a lot of Audubon’s Warblers flitting around along the fence lines.

Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni

At one spot, I found a Song Sparrow singing away in the tules. I got some photos and a video snippet of him.

As I was heading out of the preserve, a couple of small flocks of Sandhill Cranes came flying in overhead and landed in a distant field. They should actually be on their way out of the area, so I was a little surprised to see them at all.

I walked for about 2½ hours before heading home. This was hike #13 in my #52HikeChallenge.

Species List:

  1. American Coot, Fulica americana
  2. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  3. American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
  4. American Wigeon, Anas americana
  5. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  6. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  7. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  8. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  9. Broadleaf Cattail, Bullrush, Typha latifolia
  10. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  11. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  12. Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera
  13. Clustered Dock, Rumex conglomeratus
  14. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  15. European Water-Plantain, Alisma plantago-aquatica
  16. Filamentous Green Algae, Spirogyra sp.
  17. Gadwall Duck, Mareca Strepera
  18. Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  19. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  20. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  21. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  22. Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  23. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  24. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  25. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  26. Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
  27. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  28. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  29. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  30. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  31. Rough Cocklebur, Xanthium strumarium
  32. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  33. Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  34. Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
  35. Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya
  36. Slender Clubrush, Isolepis cernua
  37. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  38. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  39. Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  40. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  41. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  42. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys

Looking for Burrowing Owls, 02-03-21

I got up around 6:30 this morning, and was out the door by 7:00 am with my friend Roxanne to go look for Burrowing Owls in Davis. It was breezy and cold, in the high 30’s, in the morning, got more densely overcast by the midafternoon, and then turned sunny by the late afternoon.

We went over to the Wildhorse Ag Buffer because there had been multiple reports that Burrowing Owls had been spotted along the trail there. I had never been to the place before, so I was just going by an eBird sighting to try to find the location where the owls had been seen.  We parked in the parking lot and took what we thought was a sidewalk along the back of the houses in the neighborhood, not realizing that the paved path was actually a golf cart route for the golf course there. 

One of the course markers on the golf course

So, we were getting a lot of dirty looks as we walked along, and finally a guy drove up in a cart and asked if we wanted to get hit by golf balls.  Rox quipped that a hit in the head might be helpful. Hah! The guy laughed. Then he said that we were walking right near where golfers who tee off often hit their balls, and pedestrians weren’t supposed to be walking there. We told him we were looking for the ag buffer, and he pointed ahead of us and said it was over there. He let us continue on our way, but said we’d need to walk back through the neighborhood to get back to the car.

We did eventually get to the ag buffer path which sits between the golf course and an area of protected special habitat that runs alongside some agricultural property. 

When we got to where the owls had previously been sighted, we were angry to find an incredibly stupid and selfish man letting his dog run through the area unleashed. The dog was posturing, threatening us and barking, and the owner didn’t even look at it; he kept walking along looking straight ahead, pretending he didn’t know what was going on. The weather may have been a factor in keeping the owls aground, but I’m certain the dog running back and forth over the spots where their burrows were, barking and growling, pretty much made certain that we would not see the owls this morning. 

So, that part of the trip was pretty much a bust.  However, Rox and I are of the mindset that we are willing to note whatever Nature wants to show us at any given place on any given day, so we were still grateful for the walk.  Along the way, we saw several species of songbirds, and also saw a Kite, a Kestrel and a young Cooper’s Hawk. I think, under better weather conditions we would have seen a lot more. We also know, now, where the buffer is and can get to it more easily without trespassing on the golf course again.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii, juvenile

As we were walking back to the car, we checked out the expensive properties there (over a million $ or more), and took photos of some of the plants in their front yards along the sidewalk. One of the oddest things, to me, was seeing a Buddha’s Hand citron tree heavy with fruit. The fruit looks like a big yellow octopus with fat legs. Rox knew what they were, but I had never seen them before. So weird!

Buddha’s Hand, Citrus medica sarcodactylis

The walk there was over a mile, so I was able to count it as hike #12 on my #52HikeChallenge. Yay!

When we got back to the car, we decided to head over to the Yolo Bypass Wildlife Area. It was darkly overcast and a bit windy there, so, once again we were kind of thwarted as to how many birds we could see, but we still managed to see quite a few hawks, herons and egrets, and a smattering of different species of ducks.

Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
Great Egret, Ardea alba

We came across a flock of Coots, and found some of them doing that same side-face dirt digging behavior we’d seen before (at a different location). Where they turn their heads sideways to the ground and scoop up dirt with the side of their bill. Trying to get gravel for their crops, I think.

American Coots, Fulica americana,do the side-face digging thing…

We drove the auto-tour route and then headed back home and were back at the house by about 1:00 pm.

Species List:

  1. American Coot, Fulica americana
  2. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
  3. American Mistletoe, Phoradendron leucarpum
  4. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  5. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  6. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  7. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  8. Bladderpod, Peritoma arborea [kind of looks like Jerusalem sage but gets bladder-like seed pods]
  9. Broadleaf Cattail, Bullrush, Typha latifolia
  10. Buddha’s Hand, Citrus medica sarcodactylis
  11. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  12. Bull Thistle, Cirsium vulgare
  13. Candleflame Lichen, Candelaria concolor [bright yellow-orange]
  14. Carrot, American Wild Carrot, Daucus pusillus
  15. Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  16. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  17. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  18. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  19. Desert Cottontail Rabbit, Sylvilagus audubonii
  20. Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens
  21. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  22. Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  23. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  24. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  25. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  26. Narrowleaf Cattail, Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  27. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  28. Northern Harrier, Marsh Hawk, Circus hudsonius
  29. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  30. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  31. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  32. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  33. Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus
  34. Pointleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos pungens [small leaves and flowers]
  35. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  36. Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
  37. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  38. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  39. Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya
  40. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  41. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  42. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  43. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  44. Western Bluebird, Sialia Mexicana
  45. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  46. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  47. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys