Category Archives: Events

Volunteer Brunch in a Bag, 08-14-20

I got up around 7:00 am with the dog this morning, and after getting some breakfast and letting Esteban out for potty, I took a fast shower and got dressed to go to the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve with my friend Roxanne. We left the house about 8:30 am and it was already 78° outside. [It got up to 102° today.]]

We went to the preserve for a volunteer brunch.  Before we even got through the front entrance, we saw a lovely female Flame Skimmer dragonfly who had landed on the antenna of a truck in the parking lot. She was very cooperative and we were able to approach her to get a few photos with our cellphones.

Flame Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula saturata

Usually, these brunches are held indoors with all of the volunteers together in one room. The staff prepares food for everyone and it’s eaten buffet style. Because of COVID, this time, small groups of volunteers were let in in shifts, about 30 to 45 minutes apart. Rather than having a buffet, the staff had put together bagged lunches for everyone, and had personally decorated each bag with their own artwork. I got a bag with a deer on it, and Rox got one with a little gray mouse and sparkly dandelion puffs. So cute! 

My bag had a huge blueberry muffin in it along with a banana, mandarin orange, and hard-boiled egg.  Along with that we each got a cup of apple cider. As free gifts for the volunteers there were “Save the Frogs” water bottles from KEEN, little pins and magnets.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

And rather than having folks sit close to one another at tables, there were chairs spread out all over the main lawn in the shade.  Rox and I grabbed two of them and got them situated the way we wanted them by the little pond, and then enjoyed our meal. We noticed some Tongue Galls on a nearby alder tree and got some photos of them.  Ever the naturalists.  Hah!

Alder Tongue Gall Fungus, Taphrina alni

After our meal, we headed out to go to William Pond Park and look for some galls there.  On our way out of the preserve, we met with Mary Messenger, a fallow trail steward, who was just coming in. She’d brought me a 2021 wall calendar and a bag of figs from her tree at home to share with everyone.  I thought that was so sweet of her.

At William Pond Park, I was going to show Rox where the “Reverend Mother” tree is, but it was just too hot to do anything.  So, we walked along parts of the manicured lawn there and got some photos of the galls on some of the Valley and Live Oak trees. On our way back to the car, we saw a White-Breasted Nuthatch in a tree, pulling on spiders’ webs and eating bugs.

White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis

Once I got home, for the rest of the day, I stayed indoors with the dog for the most part, went through my photos, and posted stuff to iNaturalist. 

Speaking of iNaturalist:

A pair of people in California spotted specimens of a species of cicada that haven’t been seen for over 100 years! It was a Clear-Winged Red Manzanita Cicada, Okanagana arctostaphylae. Considered the “holy grail” of cicadas, it hadn’t been seen in the wild since 1915. A woman found one near a standoff blueberry bushes on her property (which is surrounded by manzanita),and the other one was found by a guy who read about her experience and went out to the same area looking for them. 

Clear-Winged Red Manzanita Cicada, Okanagana arctostaphylae. [I did NOT take this photo.]

The cicada is reddish brown and blends into the wood of the manzanita trees. The guy who found it wrote, “…Collecting this species and including it in our research was going to be big news for maybe fifteen people on the entire planet.”   Hahahahahahaha!

He continued: “…Finding that beautiful insect, camouflaged so perfectly against the smooth red bark, and knowing that I’m the first scientist in 100 years to see this creature—that’s a moment I will cherish for the rest of my life…”

CLICK HERE to read more about it. So cool!  You never know what you might see out there, so keep observing and document your observations.

Species List:

  1. Alder Tongue Gall Fungus, Taphrina alni
  2. Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  3. Flame Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula saturata
  4. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  5. Jumping Oak Gall Wasp, Neuroterus saltatorius
  6. Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  7. Round Gall Wasp, Cynpis conspicuus [round gall near base of leaf on Valley Oaks, formerly Besbicus conspicuus]
  8. Spiny Turban Gall Wasp, asexual, fall generation, Antron douglasii
  9. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  10. Western Sycamore, Platanus racemosa
  11. White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  12. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis

Attending the Sticker PArty, 03-09-20

Today, I attended a “Sticker Party” at the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve. My friend and fellow naturalist, Roxanne, volunteered too, as did “The Other Mary” (Mary Messenger). I think there were seven volunteers in all there.

The organization had something like 3500 brochures for their kids/school programs that had been accidentally printed with “2019-2020” on them so we had to put sticky labels over that with the correct “2020-2021” dates.  Some of the school districts also required special liability disclaimers on them, so those brochures also got labels with the language specified by the district.

Some of the brochures we “stickered” today

The Effie Yeaw volunteer coordinator, Rachael, had set up coffee, water and Danishes for us, and while we were working, the Executive Director, Kent, came in with a plate full of Girl Scout cookies for us, too.  That was nice.

Roxanne, The Other Mary and I worked on the brochures for about three hours. Between all of us volunteers we labeled a little over 1500 of them, so we felt really good about that.

One of the other volunteers there was a gentleman named Mike who I had met earlier in the year on a fungus walk I led at the preserve.  He had liked the Nikon the camera I use so much that he went out and bought one for himself.  He showed me some of the photos he’d gotten with it, and they were great! I’m so glad he was as pleased with the camera as I am.

When we were done working, The Other Mary left, but Roxanne and I stopped for a little bit to take photos around the nature center.  Bushtits have setup a nest in a Redbud tree there and I was able to see the mom fly back to the nest with a mouthful of what looks like bits of plant fluff and lichen.  So cute!  The resident Black Phoebes are also nesting under the eaves of the building and I got a few photos of them.

American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus,nest in a Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis, tree
Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans

Species List:

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  3. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  4. California Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, Battus philenor hirsuta
  5. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  6. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  7. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  8. Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  9. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  10. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis

At Park Winters, 03-05-20

I got up around 6:30 this morning, and gave Esteban his breakfast before getting myself ready to go out to Park Winters in, duh!, Winters.

The Inn at Park Winters

It was about 49°, sunny and clear when I got there. I immediately started taking photos, but focusing on the flowers and whatever birds I could see rather than taking photos of the venue itself. 

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

In another month or so, it should be more spectacular to look at, when the trees all have leaves on them, but right now there were mostly cultivated tulips, daffodils and other bulb-flowers… and I don’t get too excited about non-native plants.  I was surprised, for example, by the amount of common ivy and periwinkle on the grounds.  They’re both invasive species. From a naturalist standpoint, I would have been happier to see native plants and flowers throughout the place.

Garden Tulips, Tulipa gesneriana

On the grounds, there’s a huge Victorian house, silo and barn that are just pristine and gorgeous, and the grounds abut agricultural land. I wanted to see the chicken coop, which is supposed to be spectacular, but I missed it. 

I was walking across the lawn with the giant pecan tree in the middle of it, though, and came across a super-tall door.  There were glass inserts in the top of it, but too high for me to look through, and hedges on either side. I noticed that there was a handicapped button next to the door, so I pushed it… and the door opened slowly to reveal a huge swimming pool.  Very impressive.  ((I was also kind of jazzed to see battery hook-ups for cars in their parking lot.))  There’s also a large fountain full of koi fish and a “carved” English garden across from it.  Just lovely.

Koi Fish, Cyprinus carpio

I did get to see my first Painted Lady butterfly of the season and a Common Checkered Skipper. 

And I got photos of a robin, Spotted Towhee, Yellow-Billed Magpie, and Red-Breasted Nuthatch, among other birds.  The Nuthatch had landed on a ball of twigs and threads that one of several hanging from the limbs of the pecan tree.  At first I thought they were little hanging nests, but on closer inspection I could see that they were most likely man-made balls of excelsior, threads and fine ribbons for the birds around to use as extra nesting materials.

Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis, on a ball of nesting material

I walked the grounds and took photos for about 2 hours and then headed back home.

Species List:

  1. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  2. Bearded Iris, Iris x Germanica
  3. Begonia, Begonia sp.
  4. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  5. Blue Magic Hyacinth, Muscari armeniacum
  6. Common Grape Hyacinth, Muscari botryoides
  7. Border Forsythia, Forsythia × intermedia
  8. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  9. Calla Lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica
  10. Camelia, Camellia japonica
  11. Canary Grass, Reed Canary Grass, Phalaris arundinacea
  12. Cardoon, Artichoke, Cynara cardunculus
  13. Chinese Pistache, Pistacia chinensis
  14. Common Asparagus Fern, Asparagus setaceus
  15. Common Blue Hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis
  16. Common Checkered-Skipper, Burnsius communis
  17. Common Ivy, Hedera helix
  18. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  19. Crevice Alumroot, Heuchera micrantha
  20. Double Daffodil, Narcissus sp.
  21. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  22. European Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  23. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  24. Garden Tulip, Tulipa gesneriana
  25. Golden Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  26. Hen-and-chickens Echeveria, Echeveria secunda
  27. Hoverfly, Long-tailed Aphideater, Eupeodes fumipennis
  28. Hydrangea, Mophead Hydrangea, Hydrangea macrophylla
  29. Intermediate Periwinkle, Vinca difformis
  30. Italian Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  31. Jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla
  32. Koi Fish, Cyprinus carpio
  33. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  34. Lodgepole Pine, Pinus contorta
  35. Mistletoe, American Mistletoe, Big Leaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron leucarpum
  36. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  37. Oleander, Nerium oleander
  38. Olive Tree, Olea europaea
  39. Ornamental Freesia, Freesia alba × leichtlinii
  40. Painted Lady Butterfly, Vanessa cardui
  41. Pecan Tree, Carya illinoinensis
  42. Pincushion Flower, Mourningbride, Scabiosa atropurpurea
  43. Primrose Jasmine, Jasminum mesnyi
  44. Purple Passionflower, Passiflora incarnata,
  45. Ranunculus, Ranunculus sp.
  46. Red Maple, Acer rubrum
  47. Red Tip Photinia, Photinia × fraseri
  48. Red Valerian, Centranthus ruber
  49. Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
  50. Rosemary, Salvia rosmarinus
  51. Saucer Magnolia, Magnolia × soulangeana
  52. Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  53. Spring Sowbread Cyclamen, Cyclamen repandum
  54. Spurge, Euphorbia atropurpurea
  55. Star Magnolia, Magnolia stellata
  56. Strawberry Tree, Arbutus unedo
  57. Summer Snowflake, Leucojum aestivum
  58. Topped Lavender, Lavandula stoechas
  59. Weeping Willow, Salix × sepulcralis
  60. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  61. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  62. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli

Napa Trip Day One, 02-04-20

Napa Trip Day One: My friend and fellow naturalist, Roxanne and I, took Highway 113, and stopped in Davis for a little breakfast (breakfast sammich and coffee) and then we stayed pretty much on Highway 128 through Winters, past the Monticello Dam and around Lake Berryessa to the city of Angwin. At a market across the street from Pacific Union College, we met with some of my other naturalist class graduates: Pam, Patty, Elaine, and Deborah (who was the one who organized the group and hosted us at her home). It was so great to see them all again and to spend the day with them out in nature.

Me (right) with Pam on the trail. Obviously, I didn’t take this photo.

Just a short drive down the road from the market we went to the Pacific Union College Forest.  According to the college website:

“The forested lands of Pacific Union College were once the winter camp of the Wappo tribe of California Indians, who enjoyed a bountiful supply of acorns. In 1843 the land became part of a Mexican land grant to George Yount. After the Mexican-American war, settlers used the redwoods to build homes and make grape stakes for vineyards. 

Lumber was the primary industry on Howell Mountain until Edwin Angwin built his resort hotel in 1883. PUC purchased Angwin’s resort in 1909. Since then, the forest has supported the mission of the college by providing lumber for classroom buildings and residence halls, firewood for heat, and recreation in the ‘back 40’. In the 1950s, the biology faculty began to enrich student learning by studying native trees, shrubs, and wildlife.

Today the PUC Demonstration and Experimental Forest is protected by a conservation easement in partnership with the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CalFire) and the Land Trust of Napa County. As such, it will always remain forest and provide learning opportunities for PUC students as well as 35 miles of recreational trails—for mountain biking, hiking, horseback riding—for students, college employees, and community members. Home to a nesting pair of Northern Spotted Owls, the rare Napa False Indigo, and some of the easternmost Coastal Redwood trees, the rich biodiversity of the PUC forest makes is especially valuable to conservationists and researchers. Our forest truly sets PUC apart and makes Angwin a unique and special place to live, learn, and grow.”

You can get a map of the trails here.

It was very chilly and breezy when we got to the forest, so we were all pretty much bundled up for the whole walk but that didn’t hamper our enthusiasm or exploration. 

CLICK HERE for the full album of today’s photos.

Because of the part of the trail system we were on, we didn’t see a lot of fungi, but the lichens were everywhere and we also found some insects and a tiny, beautiful California Slender Salamander (Batrachoseps attenuates).  These little guys are nearly-endemic to northern California and breathe through their skin (so we were careful not to handle it).The one we found was snuggled down into a hole under a log and wrapped around a stick.  It’s hard to describe how small they are; most people mistake them for little worms…

California Slender Salamander, Batrachoseps attenuates

According to Wikipedia: “…From May to October, aestivation is the norm for this species. Unlike other members of its genus, egg-laying occurs quite early, as soon as December in the southern part of its range. Oviposition is thought to occur primarily in the tunnels of other creatures, but clusters have commonly been found on moist surfaces beneath bark, rocks, or other types of forest detritus. Clutches contain approximately five to twenty individual eggs, but five to ten different females may use the exact oviposition site; in any case, hatching occurs around March or April, somewhat later in the extreme northern part of the range.”

Such neat little dudes.

As I mentioned, we saw a lot of lichen there that we don’t get to see in the valley.  I’d been looking all over for some “Toy Soldier” and “Lipstick” lichen in Sacramento, and just wasn’t finding it anywhere.  They’re both lichens that stand straight up and have red “lips” at the end of their stalks.  There in the PUC forest, I found several specimens of both… and was surprised by how small they are.  In books, you see photos of them and they look as big as your fingers, but they’re really quite tiny.       

Toy Soldiers, Cladonia bellidiflora

Along with those two, I also got to see live for the first time specimens of Beaded Tube Lichen, FishboneBeard Lichen, Crabseye Lichen, Speckled Greenshield, Farinose Cartilage Lichen, Mealy Pixie Cups and others.

Lung Lichen, Lobaria anthraspis

We also found some great specimens of Woolly Birdsnest Fungus, which unlike the Common Birdsnests we see here, are taller and covered in fine hairs.

Woolly Bird’s Nest Fungus, Nidula niveotomentosa

And we got to see some Candlesnuff Fungus, also called Carbon Antlers.  These were very unobtrusive-looking little “antlers” that were stickling straight up from the ground around a burl.  When Deb touched them, they spewed frost-looking smoky clouds of spores all around them.  [[I was so busy watching Deb flick the antlers and video the spores, that I forgot to take photos myslef!  D’oh!  So, I hope she shares her video with everyone.]] 

Here’s a little bit of a write upon it from Wikipedia: “Specimens found earlier in the season, in spring, may be covered completely in asexual spores (conidia), which manifests itself as a white to grayish powdery deposit. Later in the season, mature ascocarps are charcoal-black, and have minute pimple-like bumps called perithecia on the surface. These are minute rounded spore bearing structures with tiny holes, or ostioles, for the release of sexual spores (ascospores).”

So, what we were seeing was the release of the asexual spores.  How fascinating is that?!  The fungus has two ways of reproducing: asexually and sexually.  Nature tries everything.

As for mushrooms, there weren’t a whole lot on the part of the trail we traveled, but we did find a few specimens of ones like Cowboy’s Handkerchief, Milky Caps and Slippery Jacks.  (Who names these things? Hah!)

Poor Man’s Slippery Jack, Suillus fuscotomentosus

I figured we walked from about 9:30 am to 2:00 pm, taking a break once for snacks.  I hadn’t carried any food into the woods with me (it was all sitting in the back of the car). I wasn’t really hungry at all but Elaine shared her tea with me, and Deb gave me part of her PB&J sandwich which I thought was super-sweet of them. 

I liked Elaine’s idea of taking hot tea out into the forest with you. Seems very “Downton Abbey” to me…except that I’d have to carry the tea myself instead of having servants carrying it and setting it up for me – along with petit fours and cucumber sandwiches – further up the trail. How fun would THAT be!  I need to organize something like that sometime… (Where’s my Publishers Clearinghouse money!?)

I’d very much like to go to the PUC forest again sometime, and maybe attack some of the other trails. There’s supposed to be an area where there are young Redwood trees, and wetter more riparian habitat.  It’s just that lo-o-o-o-n-g drive back and forth.  The gals said, though, that the hotel in Winters is finally finished and that’s kind of at the halfway point between here and Napa, so that might help.

After our walk, Elaine, Pam and Patty all went back to their respective abodes, but Roxanne and I did an overnight visit at Deb’s place.  Her house is very cozy and lovely, filled with art and craftwork, some of it done by her and her mom.  Her mother does pottery, so there were example of her work in the plates, bowls and trays used throughout the house.  And Deb does really incredible work with gourds.  You can see some of them here.

Roxanne at the table web Deb and me, noshing of fruit and veggies while we research what we saw today.

The first thing we did when we got to Deb’s was sit around the kitchen table with our cellphones and cameras, and piles of field guides, and tried to make a list of everything we’d see that day.  It was so much fun being surrounded by people who get as excited about identifying a “new-to-me” lichen as I do, pouring through the books, comparing photos and notes.  I loved it!  These ladies are so “my tribe”. Hah! 

CLICK HERE for Day Two.

Species List For Both Days:

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  3. Arundo, Giant Reed, Arundo donax
  4. Bay Laurel Tree, Laurus nobilis
  5. Beaded Tube Lichen, Hypogymnia apinnata
  6. Big-headed Ground Beetle, Scarites subterraneus [black, shiny, large mandibles] ??
  7. Black Cobweb Spider, Steatoda capensis
  8. Black Jelly Roll fungus, Exidia glandulosa
  9. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  10. Bright Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora socialis [bright yellow, on rocks]
  11. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  12. California Black Oak, Quercus kelloggii
  13. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  14. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  15. California Slender Salamander, Batrachoseps attenuates
  16. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  17. Candlesnuff Fungus, Carbon Antlers, Xylaria hypoxylon [upright, branched, white with a layer of spores; spores release at a touch]
  18. Canyon Live Oak, Quercus chrysolepis
  19. Chamise, Adenostoma fasciculatum
  20. Cinder Lichen, Aspicilia cinerea
  21. Coastal Woodfern, Dryopteris arguta [pointed leaves, two rows of spore sites]
  22. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  23. Common Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  24. Common Gold Cobblestone Lichen, Pleopsidium flavum [bright yellow]
  25. Common Gray Disk Fungus, Mollisia olivascens
  26. Common Jelly Spot fungus, Dacrymyces stillatus
  27. Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
  28. Conifer Mazegill, Gloeophyllum sepiarium
  29. Cowboys Handkerchief, Waxy Cap Mushroom, Hygrophorus eburneus
  30. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  31. Crabseye Lichen, Ochrolechia subpallescens [creamy colored lichen with white-rimmed pale orange/pink apothecia on trees]
  32. Crampball Fungus, Daldinia concentrica
  33. Dark-Winged Fungus Gnat, Bradysia sp.
  34. Dendroalsia Moss, Dendroalsia abietina [long curling moss on trees]
  35. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  36. Douglas Fir Tree, Pseudotsuga menziesii
  37. Dusky Tile Lichen, Lecidea Lichen, Lecidea fuscoatra  [black rimmed apothecia on rocks]
  38. Ear-leaf Lichen, Normandina pulchella [green leaf-like on rocks]
  39. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  40. Farinose Cartilage Lichen,  Ramalina farinacea [like Oakmoss but very thin branches]
  41. Fishbone Beard Lichen, Usnea filipendula [hairy eyeballs]
  42. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Pacific Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria pacifica
  43. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  44. Fringed Wrinkle Lichen, Tuckermanopsis americana [pale green, brown fringes, on trees]
  45. Globular Springtail, Ptenothrix marmorata 
  46. Goldback Fern, Pentagramma triangularis
  47. Gray lungwort, Lobaria hallii  [gray to green, with soredia on surface]
  48. Gray Pine, Pinus sabiniana
  49. Great Blue Heron, Ardea Herodias
  50. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  51. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  52. Green Trichoderma MoldTrichoderma viride 
  53. Herre’s Ragged Lichen, Platismatia herrei
  54. Hidden Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella aurella [small, scattered, yellow, on rocks]
  55. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  56. Ink Lichen, Placynthium nigrum [pitch black, fine grained]
  57. Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  58. Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  59. Lipstick Powderhorn, Cladonia macilenta
  60. Lung Lichen, Lobaria anthraspis
  61. Mealy Pixie Cup, Cladonia chlorophaea
  62. Milky Cap, Hemimycena hirsute [tiny white mushrooms with distant gills]
  63. Mistletoe, American Mistletoe, Big Leaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron leucarpum
  64. Mistletoe Gall, caused byMistletoe haustorium growing on a tree
  65. Mourning Cloak Butterfly, Nymphalis antiopa
  66. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  67. Non-biting Midges, Family: Chironomidae
  68. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  69. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri
  70. Oleander Aphid, Aphis nerii
  71. Orange Bonnet Mushroom, Mycena acicula
  72. Pacific Madrone Tree, Arbutus menziesii
  73. Pigeon, Domestic Pigeon, Columba livia domestica
  74. Pin-cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa
  75. Pink Elongated Springtail, Podura sp.
  76. Pink Honeysuckle, California Honeysuckle, Lonicera hispidula
  77. Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa
  78. Poor Man’s Slippery Jack, Suillus fuscotomentosus [sort of looks like a bolete]
  79. Powderhorn Lichen, Common Powderhorn, Cladonia coniocraea
  80. Powdery Sunburst Lichen, Xanthoria ulophyllodes [yellow, leafy, rare on rocks but does sometimes appear on them]
  81. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus [heard]
  82. Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
  83. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  84. Rove Beetle, Quedius sp. [red-orange] ??
  85. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  86. Scaly Rustgill Mushroom, Gymnopilus sapineus
  87. Shield Lichen Parmelia sulcata [gray foliose lichen on trees]
  88. Sidewalk Firedot Lichen, Xanthocarpia feracissima  [bright orange, on rocks]
  89. Silky Piggyback Mushrooms,  Asterophora parasitica
  90. Slime Mold, Carnival Candy Slime Mold, Arcyria denudata
  91. Slime Mold, Honeycomb Coral Slime Mold, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa
  92. Slime Mold, Insect Egg Slime Mold, Badhamia sp. [early stages of plasmodium]
  93. Slime Mold, Spotted Trichia Slime Mold, Trichia botrytis
  94. Soaproot, Amole, Chlorogalum pomeridianum ssp. pomeridianum
  95. Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  96. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Lecona muralis [ pale green/gray thallus with rose/tan apothecia gathered in the center; color can be quite variable]
  97. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Protoparmeliopsis muralis [tan, pebbled with leafy edges, orange-tan apothecia]
  98. Striped Skunk, Mephitis mephitis [road kill, saw 5]
  99. Sulphur Tuft Fungus, Hypholoma fasciculare 
  100. Tan Nipple Lichen, Thelomma santessonii [gray/tan, deep holes in the structures]
  101. Tanoak, Tanbark Oak, Notholithocarpus densiflorus
  102. Toy Soldiers, Cladonia bellidiflora  [stalks are crusty, heads are split with red faces]
  103. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  104. Trembling Crust Fungus, Merulius tremellosus [with guttation]
  105. Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  106. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  107. Velvety Tree Ant, Liometopum occidentale
  108. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus
  109. White Leaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida ssp. viscida
  110. Winter Moth, Operophtera brumata [larvae, green inchworm with orange head]
  111. Woolly Bird’s Nest Fungus, Nidula niveotomentosa
  112. Wooly Foam Lichen, Stereocaulon ramulosum [like Oakmoss but very crusty with small brown apothecia at the end of the branches]
  113. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli