Category Archives: galls

Fungi in the Fog, 12-17-21

I got up a little before 7:00 this morning, fed and pottied Esteban, and had some breakfast before heading out to Mather Lake Regional Park. I usually don’t go out that late (around 8:00 am), but it was SUPER foggy this morning, and I wanted the sun to come up a little bit more so I could see where I was going.

You can normally see across the lake to the opposite shore. Not so much today.

I hadn’t been to the lake in a while, and I was anxious to see what I might find there. When I got to the park, the fog was still heavy, dragging its belly on the ground in most places, and it was a finger-nipping 37ºF. I was dressed in three layers (my shirt, the vest my naturalist students had given to me, and my hooded jacket), so I was relatively warm…-ish.

The fog makes it difficult to take photos because the camera doesn’t know what to focus on. I like the “diffused” look of some of them, though. The fog would split open periodically to let the sun in, then close up again.

Mostly Mute Swans, Cygnus olor

The first thing I saw was the white bodies of Mute Swans floating on the water, looking otherworldly. They seemed to dominate the lake this morning; I think they’re pairing up for the breeding season and setting down their nesting spots. I saw a couple of them bullying a pair of Canada Geese out of their resting place.

Among the Mute Swan, I saw one Tundra Swan.  I watched it as it flew in, its wing-flap pattern different than that of the Mute Swans. It circled once before landing softly on the water.

With all the moisture in the air, the lichens were wide awake, some of them reproducing, showing off their suction-cup-looking apothecia.

CLICK HERE to see the full album of photos

There were also a few fungi I didn’t expect to see, like Shaggy Mane inkcap mushrooms, Layered Cup fungus, some Brownflesh Bracket,  and a couple of Pungent Slippery Jacks (which were new to me) among others.

I was hoping to see otters, and I saw one, but it was so far away, I couldn’t get any really decent photos of it.  It was swimming back and forth in a tight formation as though searching a specific area for fish. I didn’t see it catch anything, but it was very persistent.

As always, I reported it to the Otter Spotters website.

It also looked to me like the beaver’s den had some new branches piled onto it. I’ve never see the beavers there, but I’ve seen the trees they’ve felled and they seem to maintain their den pretty well.

Beavers den

What surprised me was the number of new Coyote Brush flower galls there were on the bushes (and it looks like they like the female bushes more than the males, but that was just a cursory observation). They usually don’t show up until the spring, but here they were, some bushes covered in them. It was very curious.

Because of the damp and cold, I only walked for a little over 2 hours.  This was hike #91 in my annual hike challenge. I’m pretty sure I’m not going to make my goal of 104 hikes this year but I’m pretty dang close.

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Species List:

  1. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  2. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis [den]
  3. Brown Parachute Mushroom, Collybiopsis villosipes
  4. Brownflesh Bracket,  Coriolopsis gallica
  5. Callery Pear, Pyrus calleryana
  6. Common Button Lichen, Buellia erubescens [small black dots on wood, by themselves or on a background of white, gray, etc.]
  7. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange,on wood/trees]
  8. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  9. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  10. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  11. Elongate Springtail, Order: Entomobryomorpha
  12. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  13. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  14. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  15. Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  16. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  17. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia [hoary, brown apothecia]
  18. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  19. Horse Mushroom, Agaricus arvensis
  20. Layered Cup, Peziza varia
  21. Magpie Inkcap, Common Inkcap, Coprinopsis picacea
  22. Moss, Wood Bristle-Moss, Lewinskya affinis
  23. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  24. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  25. Oak-loving Gymnopus Mushroom, Gymnopus dryophilus [tan-orange with pale gills; cap can be flat or curved up as it ages]
  26. Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus
  27. Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  28. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa [bright orange, apothecia, close, piled]
  29. Poison Oak, Pacific Poison Oak, Western Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  30. Poplar Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza hasseana [sunburst on Cottonwood]
  31. Pungent Slippery Jack, Suillus pungens
  32. River Otter, North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis
  33. Rosy Navel Mushroom, Contumyces rosellus
  34. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  35. Scurfy Twiglet Mushroom, Tubaria furfuracea [small, pale tan/ orange, wide gills]
  36. Shadow Lichen, Family: Physciaceae
  37. Shaggy Mane Inkcap Mushroom, Coprinus comatus
  38. Silky Pink Gill Mushroom, Nolanea sericea (Entoloma sericeum ssp. sericeum) [very dark brown cap with a nipple on top]
  39. Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  40. Trembling Crust Fungus, Merulius tremellosus
  41. Tuberous Polypore, Polyporus tuberaster
  42. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  43. Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
  44. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  45. ?? Felty Mouse Ear, Order: Pezizales

Looking for Fungi, 12-06-21

I got up around 7:00 this morning and headed over to the American River Bend Park for a walk.  It was a chilly and dampish 46º at the river. I actually do better in cool weather, so I was out for quite a while.

The American River asseen from the River Bend Park trail.

I was hoping to find some birdsnest or coral fungus but struck out on those (might not be wet enough yet). I did find some other fungi, however. I found my first Purple Core (Blewit) of the season. I was a young one and still had a lot of its lavender color. I also found several different kinds of inkcap, some Cavaliers, Sweetbread mushrooms, and Purple- Edged Bonnets (which were new to me).

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

At one point, I came across a Great Blue Heron on a rock in the river below the trail, and stopped to get photos of it. It was joined by Turkey Vultures, a Herring Gull, a couple of Double-Crested Cormorants, and a tiny Spotted Sandpiper.

They all played musical chairs among the stones while a Common Goldeneye watch them from the water.  Very cool. I was able to get still shots and a few video snippets.

I also saw a few deer, including a pair of yearling fawns with their mom that passed the road in front of my car as I was leaving the park. The mom was being harassed by a buck who was sniffing after her to see if she was in estrus. When they had all crossed the road and were on the driver’s side of my car, I heard the doe give a low bleat, and her fawns took off in different directions. 

I think the idea that the buck would kill the fawns is a myth, although if mom was in estrus the buck might deliberately chase the fawns away. The fawns I saw were big enough, I think, to fend for themselves, but their mom was still protective of them.

I was out for 4½ hours, so was pretty tired by the time I got home. This was hike #89 of my annual hike challenge.


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Species List:

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  3. Barometer Earthstar, Hygroscopic Earthstar, Astraeus hygrometricus
  4. Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  5. Blewit Mushroom, Purple Core, Lepista nuda
  6. Bottlebrush Frost Lichen, Physconia detersa
  7. Bracket-Forming Polypore, Perenniporia sp.
  8. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  9. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  10. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  11. California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  12. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  13. Cavalier Mushroom, Melanoleuca sp.
  14. Chocolate Tube Slime Mold, Stemonitis splendens
  15. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  16. Common Button Lichen, Buellia erubescens [small black dots on wood, by themselves or on a background of white, gray, etc.
  17. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  18. Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
  19. Deer Mushroom, Western Deer Mushroom, Pluteus exilis [heavy, dark cap and white stipe and gills]
  20. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  21. Dryad’s Saddle, Hawk’s Wing, Polyporus squamosus
  22. False Turkey-Tail, Stereum ostrea
  23. Farinose Cartilage Lichen,  Ramalina farinacea [like Oakmoss but very thin branches]
  24. Flocculose Inkcap, Coprinellus flocculosus
  25. Gem-Studded Puffball, Common Puffball, Lycoperdon perlatum
  26. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  27. Golden-Haired Inkcap Mushroom, Parasola auricoma
  28. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  29. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  30. Hare’s Foot Inkcap Mushroom, Coprinopsis lagopus
  31. Herring Gull, Larus argentatus [spot on bill, gray legs, pale eye]
  32. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia [hoary, brown apothecia]
  33. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  34. Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  35. London Plane Tree, Platanus × acerifolia
  36. Magpie Inkcap, Common Inkcap, Coprinopsis picacea
  37. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  38. Mealy Pixie Cup, Cladonia chlorophaea
  39. Milk-White Toothed Polypore, Irpex lacteus
  40. Moss, Wood Bristle-Moss, Lewinskya affinis
  41. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri [like strap but with soredia]
  42. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa [bright orange, apothecia, close, piled]
  43. Pleated Inkcap Mushroom, Parasola plicatilis
  44. Powder-Edged Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia soredica
  45. Purple-Edge Bonnet Mushroom, Mycena purpureofusca [like little red Marasmius]
  46. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  47. Rosellinia Fungi, Rosellinia sp. [a plant pathogen, looked like cement; was hard like crampballs]
  48. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  49. Speckled Greenshield Lichen, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  50. Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
  51. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  52. Stubble Rosegill Mushroom, Volvopluteus gloiocephalus
  53. Sweetbread Mushroom, Clitopilus prunulus
  54. Telegraphweed, Heterotheca grandiflora [soft felted leaves, yellow flowers]
  55. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  56. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, unisexual gall, summer generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [small, green or mottled, on back of leaf along the midvein]
  57. Wolf’s Milk Slime Mold, Lycogala epidendrum
  58. ?? Mushroom with brown cap, tan gills and tan/brown stipe
  59. ?? Mushroom with dark brown cap, white gills and twisted stipe

Four Eagles in One Day, 12-03-21

I got up around 6:00 AM and after feeding Esteban his breakfast and letting him outside for potty, I got myself ready to spend the day out at the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge with my friend Roxanne.

It was horribly foggy in Sacramento, so much so that it was hard to see more than a car length or two in front of us. Roxanne did all the driving.(Thank you!) At one point, the fog was so heavy we were following the white line along the edge of the road, and accidentally went onto an off-ramp we didn’t want. Rox caught the error right away and was able to get back onto the freeway without a hitch.  Hah! 

The fog on I5 between Sacramento and Willowsin Glenn County.

The fog persisted for much of our drive, and we were worried that if it was that foggy at the refuge, we wouldn’t see anything.  But as we approached the refuge in Glenn County, we drove out of the fog into sunshine! Yay!

A Great Egret, Ardea alba, stands out among the wetlands.

Right from the parking lot, we were seeing birds: sparrows, Black Phoebes, Marsh Wrens and warblers, along with lots and lots of Red-Winged Blackbirds. We followed some Red-Tailed Hawks around the eucalyptus trees, and along the way found some owl/eagle pellets, Sulphur Shelf fungus, some lerps and eucalyptus galls. 

Nearer to the nature center, we were surprised to see some of the teasel starting to bloom already. The plants are so confused.

Then we came upon the field that usually houses the refuge’s vernal pools in the springtime. Right now, it was full of Killdeer running around and whining at one another. In among them were tiny American Pipits and grumpy looking Brewer’s Blackbirds.

The big surprise, though, was being able to see three Snipes in the golden-yellowed grass. The grass and the birds’ coloring camouflaged them so well, it was sometimes difficult to see them at all.

There were flocks of geese and ducks in the air above us almost all day. We were seeing mostly Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese today, but there were some Greater White-Fronted Geese thrown into the mix as well.

Among the ducks we saw Cinnamon Teals, American Wigeons, Northern Shovelers, and Green-Winged Teals, Northern Pintails, some Ruddy Ducks, Gadwalls, some occasional Buffleheads, Ring-Necked Ducks and Coots.  We got to see a large “vortex” of the Shovelers, and got to see a little bit of the courtship dance of the Gadwalls.

In one of the sloughs, we saw a couple of Common Gallinules.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos (as soon as Amazon Website Services corrects their downed servers, grrrrrrrrr).

We saw raptors all along the auto tour route, mostly Red-Tailed Hawks, but we also saw an immature Red-Shouldered Hawk, an immature Cooper’s Hawk and… drum roll… FOUR Bald Eagles!

We spotted some of the eagles in what I call “the eagle tree” at a distance at first. The mature eagle’s bright white head made it extra visible.  We ended up seeing the one mature eagle and two immature eagles in the same tree, so we assumed it was probably a mom and her two offspring. These two younger eagles were about 2½ years old (based on their coloring). Further along the route, we saw one more immature eagle who was probably 3 or 3½ years old.       

The eagles don’t get their fully white head and tail until they’re 4 or 5 years old. The beak also changes color as they mature from steely gunmetal gray to bright yellow.

We were also seeing a lot of large mushrooms in the grass and along the berms around the ponds. I think they were all Stubble Rosegills.

We had left the house at 6:30 AM and got home by 3:00 PM. It was a long day folded up in the car, but we saw a lot and laughed a lot, so it was fun and the hours went by quickly.


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Species List:

  1. American Coot, Fulica americana
  2. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
  3. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  4. American Wigeon, Anas americana
  5. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  6. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  7. Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  8. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  9. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  10. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  11. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  12. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  13. California Bordered Plant Bug, Largus californicus
  14. Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera
  15. Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  16. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  17. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  18. Eucalyptus Gall Wasp, Ophelimus maskelli [speckled; flat galls all over the leaf surface]
  19. Gadwall Duck, Mareca Strepera
  20. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  21. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  22. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  23. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  24. Hare’s Foot Inkcap Mushroom, Coprinopsis lagopus
  25. Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  26. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  27. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  28. Long-Billed Curlew, Numenius americanus [in a rice field in the Yolo Bypass area]
  29. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  30. Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
  31. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  32. Narrowleaf Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  33. Narrowleaf Milkweed, Mexican Whorled Milkweed, Asclepias fascicularis
  34. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  35. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  36. Pacific Pond Turtle, Western Pond Turtle, Actinemys marorata
  37. Paper Wasp, Black Paper Wasp, European Paper Wasp, Polistes dominula
  38. Paper Wasp, Red Paper wasp, Apache Paper Wasp, Polistes apachus
  39. Pleated Inkcap Mushroom, Parasola plicatilis
  40. Raven, Common Raven, Corvus corax
  41. Red Gum Eucalyptus, River Redgum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  42. Red Gum Lerp Psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei [on eucalyptus]
  43. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  44. Red-Tailed Hawk, Western Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis calurus
  45. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  46. Ring-Necked Duck, Aythya collaris
  47. Ross’s Goose, Anser rossii
  48. Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  49. Sacred Datura, Jimsonweed,  Datura wrightii
  50. Salt Grass, Distichlis spicata
  51. Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  52. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  53. Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Western Hardwood Sulphur Shelf, Laetiporus gilbertsonii
  54. Swamp Smartweed, Persicaria hydropiperoides [white, single stem]
  55. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  56. Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus [in a rice field in the Yolo Bypass area]
  57. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  58. Western Kingbird, Tyrant Flycatcher, Tyrannus verticalis
  59. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  60. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white or gray mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  61. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  62. Wild Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum
  63. Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata

Turkeys in the Trees, 11-23-21

I got up around 6:30 am again and got myself ready to go out to the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve for a walk.

When I got there I couldn’t help but notice that most of the Wild Turkeys were all up in the trees, complaining like there was something on the ground that frightened them. I figured it must have been rattlesnakes or a coyote, but I couldn’t see either one.

I was hoping for some slimes molds and fungi, but I don’t think it’s really wet enough here — at least where I’m looking. I did find some white slime mold (in a very hear-to-photograph space, and something that I thought might have been black slime mold. It turned out to be a sort of lichen; one I’d never documented before so that was cool. No great photos, though.

Honeycomb Coral Slime Mold, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa, which may be covered by another kind of fungus

A lot of the fungi that I was able to spot was off the trail — and you can’t leave the trails at Effie — so I was relegated to getting distance shot of them.

At one spot, though, I found some Red-Threads [AKA Pleated Marasmius]. They’re such pretty little things with their wine-colored caps and pale, broadly-spread-apart gills. I thought at first they might be Bleeding Mycena, but the stipe didn’t bleed when broken.

Near the riverside, I stopped to see if I could spot some salmon in the water. I did see the splash of some of them racing against the current, but couldn’t really see the fish themselves.

I got to see two different species of hawks along the trail. First, I caught sight of a Cooper’s Hawk, and then I saw a Red-Shouldered Hawk flying from one tree to another.

When I pointed the Red-Shouldered Hawk out to a newbie birder, she tried to argue that it was a juvenile Red-Tailed Hawk or a Cooper’s Hawk, and I explained why I believed it was a Red-Shouldered (the reddish capelet around the neck, the mottled back, the barred tail). She insisted the barring would be thinner on a Red-Shouldered and, she complained, she couldn’t see the rusty coloring of its breast. I told her she couldn’t see that because the bird had its back to her. (Duh!) Then the bird turned around flew down into the grass trying to catch something. “Oh,” the woman said, “I guess you’re right. That is a Red-Shouldered Hawk.”  Never question me, woman. Hah!

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

Later, I was watching the Acorn Woodpeckers at their granary tree and saw one that was doing “maintenance”. When it found a rotten acorn or something that didn’t quite fit, it threw it on the ground. I’d seen the woodpeckers move acorns from one hole to the next but I’d never seen them toss stuff away before. A new behavior for me.

I could hear a lot of different birds — Nuttall’s woodpeckers, Oak Titmice, California Towhees, Spotted Towhees, California Quail — but only managed to catch a glimpse of some of them, and didn’t get photos of any of them. I saw several small flocks of Canada Geese flying overhead. There were Black Phoebes around, and I got photos of some of them.

The Interior Live Oak trees were boasting a variety of tiny galls from the summer months, most of the galls gone brown with age.  But I noticed that one many of the leaves there was the telltale dark brownish lines left by more galls that had seemingly been aborted before they grew. The sudden shifts in the weather must have been too much for the miniscule larvae inside the galls, and both they and the galls died.

I also got to see a few of the deer on the property.

I noted, as I was leaving the preserve, that the “rattlesnake habitat” play area had been turned into a new native plant garden. Well, that was a smart thing to do.

Refurbishment of the “rattlesnake habitat” into a native plants garden.

Previously, the area had been all stepping stones and boulders, and was meant for kids to jump around and climb… but the rattlesnakes loved hiding and sleeping along the edges of the rocks — and I know of at least one occasion when a child was bitten by one of the snakes (because I was there when it happened, and took some photos of the snake when it had been captured live and put in a bucket to be transferred to another part of the preserve). Workers pulled out all of the boulders except for one, and set down flowers beds surrounded by river rocks. We’ll see how much the snakes like that.

I walked for about 3½ hours and then headed home. This was hike #87 of my annual hike challenge.


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Species List:

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna [heard]
  3. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  4. Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  5. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  6. California Camouflage Lichen, Melanelixia californica [dark green with brown apothecia, on trees]
  7. California Mycena Mushroom, Mycena californiensis
  8. California Quail, Callipepla californica [heard]
  9. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  10. California Sycamore, Western Sycamore, Platanus racemose
  11. California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  12. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  13. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  14. Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
  15. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  16. Common Bonnet Mushroom, Mycena galericulata
  17. Common Merganser, Mergus merganser [male, in river]
  18. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange,on wood/trees]
  19. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  20. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis [female]
  21. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  22. Cumberland Rock-Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia [gray on rocks, brown apotheca
  23. Cumberland Rock-Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia [gray on rocks, brown apotheca]
  24. Dog Vomit Slime Mold, Fuligo septica
  25. Dryad’s Saddle, Hawk’s Wing, Polyporus squamosus
  26. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  27. False Turkey-Tail, Stereum hirsutum [thin, flattish, brown underside]
  28. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  29. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  30. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  31. Honey Fungus, Honey Mushroom, Armillaria mellea
  32. Honeycomb Coral Slime Mold, Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa [white]
  33. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  34. Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  35. Kernel Flower Gall Wasp, Callirhytis serricornis
  36. Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  37. Mealy Rim Lichen, Lecanora strobilina [greenish apothecia]
  38. Needle Lichen, Chaenotheca ferruginea [tiny black raised spots on wood]
  39. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  40. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  41. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  42. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  43. Oak-loving Gymnopus Mushrooms, Gymnopus dryophilus [tan-orange with pale gills; cap can be flat or curved up as it ages]
  44. Ochre Bracket Fungus, Trametes ochracea
  45. Ocre Spreading Tooth Fungus, Steccherinum ochraceum
  46. Paltry Puffball, Puffball Fungus, Bovista californica
  47. Pleated Marasmius, Red Thread, Marasmius plicatulus
  48. Pumpkin Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus minusculus
  49. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  50. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  51. Scaly Rustgill Mushroom, Gymnopilus sapineus [rusty red top, yellowish gills that turn rusty with age]
  52. Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  53. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  54. Sulphur Shelf Fungus, Western Hardwood Sulphur Shelf, Laetiporus gilbertsonii
  55. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  56. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, unisexual gall, summer generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [small, green or mottled, on back of leaf along the midvein]
  57. White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  58. Yellow Fieldcap Mushroom, Bolbitius titubans