Category Archives: lichen

A Preliminary Wildflower Outing, 03-18-23

I took my dog Esteban with me on a preliminary drive up along Highway 16 West in search of wildflowers. We took the route up through the city of Woodland — which gave me the opportunity to top off my gas tank — and past the 505 interchange. It was overcast, but there was no rain.

There weren’t a lot of wildflowers along the roadsides in the early part of the drive, and I was concerned that the trip might be a bust. I was happy, then, when I found outcroppings of flowers as I got closer to Camp Haswell, an old and now defunct Boy Scout Camp right across from the trailhead to the Valley Vista Trail.

The parking area at the camp was a mudhole after all of the rains, and the building at the site is totally decrepit now, but there are porta-potties you can use if you need a break. Here, I found clusters of Popcorn Flowers, Fiddleneck, Miniature Lupine, Shining Pepperweed and Blue Dicks. Later in the season there should be pink Owl Clover and yellow Goldfields here, too.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

Further along the road I was finding lots of Taw Manroot and California Dutchman’s Pipevine vines, some in bloom. The Pipestem Clematis had spread out wide canopies along the tops of some of the lower-growth trees and shrubs and was just starting to bud. In another week or two, it should be spectacular.

There weren’t many birds around, which was kind of surprising. I saw a single Flicker, a Western Bluebird, a couple of Scrub Jays, and a pair of Canada Geese on a rock in the creek. No sparrows, no swallows, no finches or Kingbirds, and no warblers. I was expecting more considering we’re going into the spring season. Likewise, I didn’t see many insects other than a few bees and some mosquitoes in a damp part of the forest.

The both Cache Creek nd Bear Creek were running, high, fast and muddy. I’ve never seen so much water in them.

I stopped at one of the turnouts at the Cache Creek Regional Park to get some photos and video of the creek there. As I drove in, I could see that some of the boulders there were covered in a variety of lichen.

As I was getting photos of some of the lichen, a young woman came up to me to ask if I was rock hunting. I told her, no, I was looking at the lichen. Then, of course, I had to explain to her what the lichen was. Then she asked, “But what does it do?”

As the National Park Service says, “…They are a keystone species in many ecosystems. They serve as a food source and habitat for many animals such as deer, birds, and rodents. They provide nesting materials for birds. They protect trees and rocks from extreme elements such as rain, wind, and snow… One of the reasons we don’t want lichen to disappear from the forest is that they also act as an air scrubber for the air that we breathe. Much like a mop cleans a floor, lichen help clean our air. Lichen trap particulate matter in the air like dust, while also absorbing smaller pollutants like sulfur, mercury, and nitrogen. This means cleaner, healthier air for us to breathe.” Cool stuff!

While I was walking around looking for more of the lichen, I got out of the sight of Esteban, who was waiting in the car. I suddenly could hear him barking, so I looked over to the car and saw him sitting in the front driver’s side seat. His leash, which is connected to a seatbelt in the back seat of the car, isn’t long enough to allow him to get into the front seat, so I wondered how he’d managed that trick.

I went to the car and realized, as I got closer, that he had somehow wriggled out of his harness and was no longer restricted by the leash attached to it. I got into the car, got him back into his harness, and moved the leash so he could sit in the front seat for the rest of our journey.

On the drive back home, I was so tired, I found myself almost falling asleep at the wheel. The rest stop I usually go to was closed — again — so I stopped at a Starbucks to get some coffee to give me a caffeine boost. It was the WORST Starbucks I’d ever been to. The wait in line took “forever” because the staff was so slow at taking and preparing orders. The drink they gave me was room temperature — not hot or cold — and flat, with little flavor (even with an extra shot). Disappointing. Still, it gave me the boost I needed to get me home.

This was hike #11 ofmy#52HikeChallenge for the year.

Species List:

  1. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  2. Bee, European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  3. Bay Laurel, California Bay, Umbellularia californica
  4. Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus betuloides
  5. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  6. Black-Eyed Lichen, Tephromela atra
  7. Blessed Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum
  8. Blue Dicks, Dipterostemon capitatus
  9. Brown Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora fuscata
  10. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  11. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  12. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  13. California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica
  14. California Quail, Callipepla californica [heard]
  15. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  16. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  17. Cattail, Narrow-Leaf Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  18. Ceramic Parchment, Xylobolus frustulatus
  19. Concentric Boulder Lichen, Porpidia crustulata
  20. Crater Lichen, Diploschistes scruposus
  21. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  22. Cumberland Rock-Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia 
  23. Erodium, Musk Stork’s-Bill, Erodium moschatum
  24. Field Mustard, Brassica rapa
  25. Fern, Goldback Fern, Pentagramma triangularis
  26. Fiddleneck, Common Fiddleneck, Amsinckia menziesii
  27. Field Mustard, Brassica rapa
  28. Gold Cobblestone Lichen, Pleopsidium flavum [darker orange-yellow than Yellow Cobblestone]
  29. Grasses, Ripgut Brome, Bromus diandrus
  30. Gray Pine, Pinus sabiniana
  31. Great Egret, Ardea alba [along the roadside]
  32. Green Rock-Posy, Rhizoplaca melanophthalma
  33. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia
  34. Jointed Charlock, Raphanus raphanistrum
  35. Lomatium, Foothill Desert-Parsley, Lomatium utriculatum
  36. Lupine, Bush Lupine, Silver Lupine, Lupinus albifrons var. albifrons
  37. Lupine, Miniature Lupine, Lupinus bicolor
  38. Manroot, Taw Man-Root, Marah watsonii
  39. Manzanita, Common Manzanita, Arctostaphylos manzanita
  40. Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata
  41. Mistletoe, Broadleaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron macrophyllum
  42. Mosquito, Super Family: Culicoidea
  43. Mountain Lichen, Dimelaena radiata
  44. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  45. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  46. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  47. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  48. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  49. Orange Atoms, Squamulea subsoluta
  50. Pacific Pea, Lathyrus vestitus
  51. Paintbrush, Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja foliolosa
  52. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa
  53. Pipestem Clematis, Old Man’s Beard, Clematis lasiantha
  54. Poison Oak, Western Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  55. Popcorn Flower, Rusty Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys nothofulvus
  56. Puffball, Lead-Grey Puffball, Bovista plumbea
  57. Red-Tailed Hawk, Western Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis calurus
  58. Rock Nipple Lichen, Thelomma mammosum
  59. Salt Bush, Cryptocarpus pyriformis
  60. Shining Pepperweed, Lepidium nitidum
  61. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  62. Speckled Greenshield Lichen, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  63. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Protoparmeliopsis muralis
  64. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  65. Wavy-Leafed Soap Plant, Chlorogalum pomeridianum
  66. Western Bluebird, Sialia Mexicana
  67. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  68. Willow, Salix sp.
  69. Yellow Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora socialis
  70. Yellow Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon geographicum
  71. Yerba Santa, California Yerba Santa, Eriodictyon californicum

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Spider-Man in a Tree, 03-10-23

After the wind and rain storm that blew through yesterday, I was anxious to get out for a walk before the next raft of storms came into the area. It was overcast all day today, but we didn’t get any rain.

I tried first to go over to the Effie Yeaw Nature Preserve because the County website said it was one of the few places that was open after yesterday’s storm. But when I got there, I found the gates were closed, so I couldn’t get in there. I then decided to go over to William Land Park instead.

There were hardly any cars in the parking lot, so I had my choice of parking spaces. At the WPA Rock Garden, adjacent to the park, I could tell right away that a lot of the trees and plants in the garden had been cut back, severely so in some cases, so the whole garden looked rather “naked”. I was hoping there would be some springtime blossoms there, but the cold has been causing a delay in flowering. There were a few plants in bloom, but everything else looked barren or struggling.

At the middle pond, I was happy to see that all of the lotus plants had been pulled out of the water so there were now places for the ducks and geese to actually swim. [See the before and after photos below.] It also means there will be more opportunities for dragonflies and damselflies to emerge and/or lay their eggs, and room for crawfish to roam around (and feed the larger birds like herons and egrets).

More species will visit the pond when the weather permits, but today I saw a few of the usual suspects: Mallards, Canada Geese, and Wood Ducks. On the lawns and in the trees, I saw other bird species including Crows, Western Bluebirds, Audubon’s Warblers, Anna’s Hummingbirds, Scrub Jays, and Robins.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

One funny moment of the morning was when I could see, at a distance, something red in the open knot hole on the side of a tree. I couldn’t tell what it was; it was too large and too red to be a kind of slime mold. When I got close enough, I realized it was a tiny Spider-Man figure “climbing” inside the hole. I usually don’t like it when humans “decorate” trees in the wild, but this was so unexpected it made me chuckle.

I was really hoping, as I was leaving the park through the WPA Garden, to see the little Hermit Thrush that can usually be found in the garden. I was happy, then, when I actually saw TWO. I don’t know if they were a male and female pair, or if it was two males, but one chased the other one out of its area and stood pumping its tail for a few seconds before going on with its own feeding for the morning.

This was walk #10 in my #52HikeChallenge for the year.

Species List:

  1. Aloe, Aloe sp.
  2. Aloe, Candelabra Aloe, Aloe arborescens
  3. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  4. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  5. Audubon’s Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  6. Bee, European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  7. Bicolor Cobra Lily, Chasmanthe bicolor
  8. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  9. Borage, Borago officinalis
  10. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  11. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  12. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  13. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  14. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger [rusty belly]
  15. European Dog Violet, Viola riviniana
  16. Field Elm, Ulmus minor
  17. Greater Honeywort, Cerinthe major
  18. Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
  19. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  20. Italian Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  21. Lawn Daisy, Bellis perennis
  22. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  23. Mediterranean Spurge, Euphorbia characias [large plants]
  24. Mountain Grape, Berberis oiwakensis
  25. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  26. Mullein, Great Mullein, Verbascum thapsus
  27. Pepper-Spore Lichen, Rinodina sp.
  28. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa [bright orange, apothecia, close, piled]
  29. Pot Marigold, Calendula officinalis
  30. Powder-Edged Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia soredica [pale green, lots of soredia]
  31. Quince, Cydonia oblonga
  32. Rosemary, Salvia Rosmarinus
  33. Shepherd’s-Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
  34. Shrubby Globularia, Globularia alypum [purple-blue puff center]
  35. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  36. Sparrow, Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  37. Star-of-Bethlehem Tribe, Tribe: Ornithogaleae
  38. Stinking Hellebore, Helleborus foetidus
  39. Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha
  40. Summer Snowflake, Leucojum aestivum
  41. Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana
  42. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  43. Yellow-Edged Frost Lichen, Physconia enteroxantha [white/pale edged]

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The Coyote was My Favorite, 03-02-23

After a disappointing walk yesterday, during which the weather thwarted our efforts to document wildlife, today’s walk was wonderful. It was in the 40’s without a hint of a breeze so I went over to the American River Bend Park again and walked a different trail than I did on February 23rd. It helped, too, that my cancer-related leg pain was very manageable.

Before I even pulled the car in to park somewhere, I saw Western Bluebirds and a red-faced Sapsucker, and caught sight of a coyote on the other side of a meadow trying to take out a deer. The coyote was trying to grab the deer’s face — which might have worked if there were other coyotes going after the flanks of the deer, but by itself it couldn’t effectively take the deer down. This whole scenario was taking place too far away for me to get any photos or video, but it was quite a way to start my walk.

There were a lot of recently felled trees all around. I’m assuming the County is continuing to cull trees to thin out the forest.

Felled Fremont’s Cottonwood trees, Populus fremontii

There were large groups of Wild Turkeys around, males and females all together, and I saw quite a few Jackrabbits. There were also several Red-Shouldered Hawks flying overhead, screeling at one another. Sometimes their sound came from almost every direction at the same time. Nature was enjoying the nice weather, too.

I could hear other birds all around me but couldn’t get photos of all of them. I did see/hear Northern Flickers, Spotted Towhees, wrens, Scrub Jays, Black Phoebes, Acorn Woodpeckers, and others.

I specifically wanted to check out the lichen on the buckeye trees because it’s different from those that are common on the oak trees. I was able to do that to some extent, but then my macro lens decided it didn’t want work anymore, so I couldn’t get all the close-ups I wanted.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

On my way out of the park I was surprised to see the coyote again. He was sitting quietly in the shade on a small hillock right near the side of the road. I thought he’d dart away when I approached, but instead he stayed where he was and watched the traffic on the road. I don’t think I’ve ever seen a coyote that was as “silvery” as this one was. He was so handsome. It was a note on which to end my walk.

I was out for about 2 hours. This was walk #8 in my #52HikeChallenge for the year.

Species List:

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  3. Bitter Wart Lichen Lepra amara [like rim lichen; white with heavy white apotheca]
  4. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  5. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  6. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  7. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  8. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  9. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  10. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  11. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  12. California Quail, Callipepla californica [heard]
  13. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  14. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  15. Common Button Lichen, Buellia erubescens [black eyes on white]
  16. Coyote, Canis latrans
  17. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  18. Farinose Cartilage Lichen,  Ramalina farinacea [like Oakmoss but very thin branches]
  19. Giraffe Spots Crust Fungus, Peniophora albobadia
  20. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  21. Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  22. Lecidella Lichen, Lecidella elaeochroma [round black spots on white background]
  23. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  24. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  25. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  26. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  27. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  28. Pepper-Spore Lichens, Rinodina sp.
  29. Poplar Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza hasseana [sunburst on Cottonwood]
  30. Powder-Tipped Rosette Lichen, Physcia dubia
  31. Red-Breasted Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber
  32. Red-Shouldered Hawk, California Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus elegans [flyovers, heard]
  33. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  34. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  35. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  36. Speckled Greenshield Lichen, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  37. Star Rosette Lichen, Physcia stellaris [hoary, white/gray apotheca]
  38. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  39. Towhee, Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  40. Western Bluebird, Sialia Mexicana
  41. ?? beetle galleries

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Too Cold and Too Windy, 03-01-23

Oh my gosh, my friend Roxanne and I had such a rough time on our walk at Mather Lake Regional Park. It was about 34ºF and so windy we could hardly hold our cameras steady.

When we got to the park, we were surprised by how much water was on the landscape. There were puddles everywhere, some of them very large, and ponds where ponds had never been before. It must have POURED there.

We were also surprised to see so many felled. Entire areas were bereft of trees, and the tules and scraggly overgrowth were cut down and/or hauled away. It opened up the view, but I couldn’t help but wonder how many species were displaced by the aggressive culling of the trees and plant life.

There were hardly any birds to see, even on the lake, and I sure the intense wind and cold were partially responsible for that. It was so cold that it was difficult to get our hands warm enough to manipulate our cameras. And the wind kept knocking our cameras to the side when we tried to take photos. I was surprised that ANY of my photos turned out well and weren’t just big blurs.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

Because the weather was so unforgiving and the place was pretty much devoid of wildlife, we only walked halfway up one side of the lake before heading back to the car. It was a most disappointing trek. I don’t remember another walk that felt so… unsuccessful, so fruitless, so futile.

What was funny, though, was: when we got back to my house, there were about six different species of birds in the front yard including a Northern Flicker, a Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Mourning Doves, Audubon Warblers, House Sparrows, and others. There was more going on in the yard than there was at the lake. Hah!

This was walk #7 in my #52HikeChallenge for the year,

Species List:

  1. American Coot, Fulica americana
  2. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  3. Arroyo Willow, Salix lasiolepis
  4. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  5. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis [den and sign]
  6. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  7. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  8. Brown Jelly Fungus, Leafy Brain, Phaeotremella foliacea
  9. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  10. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  11. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  12. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  13. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  14. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  15. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  16. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  17. Grebe, Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  18. Hooded Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza fallax [with soredia]
  19. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  20. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  21. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Summer, asexual generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  22. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  23. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  24. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  25. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  26. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  27. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  28. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  29. Powdery-Margined Cryptic Shade Lichen, Physciella chloantha
  30. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  31. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  32. Sparrow, Fox Sparrow, Passerella iliaca
  33. Sparrow, Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  34. Sparrow, House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  35. Sparrow, White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  36. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  37. Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana
  38. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  39. Willow, Salix sp.

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