Category Archives: Volunteering

Are You Sick of Galls Yet? 08-09-22

I got up around 5:00 AM to get Esteban and myself ready to go on an outing with my friend Roxanne to Sailor Bar. We were there to check out whatever galls we could find.

We stopped to get coffee and put gas in the car first. The sun was just coming up through stripes of clouds; lots of “god-light” to be seen. Pretty. The sky continued to be pretty throughout our walk.

When we got to the park we got waylaid, when we first arrived, by a live oak tree sporting some of its summer spiky galls near the side of the road. Then we noticed other plants and shrubs in the vicinity, including little blue oaks with urchin galls on them, some tarweed, vinegar weed and chamise. I don’t think I’ve ever had the chance to see chamise so closely. Usually, I see it at a distance from a car window as we’re driving through the foothills.

We saw a few, very few, insects including some crab spiders and some Bordered Plant Bug nymphs. One of the crab spiders, a Running Crab Spider, was one I’d never seen before. So that was cool. We also came across some Cabbage White butterflies and Gray Buckeye butterflies.

On the oak trees, we found quite a few different galls including Crystalline galls, Live Oak Apple galls, Saucer galls, Pumpkin galls, stem galls, Erineum mite galls, Cluster galls, Plate galls, Hair Stalk galls, just a few Gray Midrib galls, Club galls and Red Cones. Phew!

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

We also found some Willow Pinecone galls, and some Bud Galls on Coyote Brush bushes.

Near the pond, we saw some Mallards and some Wood Ducks, and a Red-Eared Slider Turtle in the water. I could hear a bullfrog croaking nearby, but couldn’t catch sight of him.

On the way out, we stopped by some Datura plants, and Rox checked out some of the seed pods that had already cracked open. I was fascinated by the elaiosome on the seeds. Elaiosome is a fleshy bit on the end of some plant seeds that is rich in protein and fatty acids (lipids). Insects, like ants, are attracted to the seeds and carry them off to eat the elaiosome and feed it to their young.

According to the article Exploring Myrmecochory: Does Elaiosome Presence Affect Ant Seed Choice? by Alex Karnish: 

“…To test whether elaiosome presence and size impacts ant choice, seed choice experiments were carried out with the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex barbatus and Datura wrightii (Solanaceae). In the field, wild colonies of harvester ants were presented with D. wrightii seeds with and without elaiosomes attached, and seed removal rates were recorded in order to test whether elaiosome presence increased the rate of dispersal. Unexpectedly, contrary to the general understanding of myrmecochory, rather than bringing the seeds to the colony, the ants picked up the seeds and moved them away. This happened regardless of elaiosome presence or absence. Furthermore, seeds with and without elaiosomes were moved away at the same rate (0.2 seeds per minute, p=0.79). These counterintuitive results raise the possibility that the seeds are coated in chemicals, such as oleic acid precursors, that may induce corpse-carrying behavior in the ants. These results also indicate that the interaction between D. wrightii and harvester ants may be a parasitic relationship, in which the ant is bearing the cost of carrying the seed without gaining the benefit of a food reward, rather than the mutualistic interaction that ant-mediated seed dispersal is widely considered to be…”

            How interesting is that?!

We were out for almost 5 hours (stopping a few times to sit and rest). This was hike #48 in my #52HikeChallenge for the year.

Species List:

  1. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  2. Amazon Frogbit, Limnobium laevigatum [water plant]
  3. Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [red canes]
  4. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  5. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  6. Cabbage White Butterfly, Pieris rapae
  7. California Bordered Plant Bug, Largus californicus [nymphs]
  8. Chamise, Adenostoma fasciculatum
  9. Club Gall Wasp, Atrusca clavuloides
  10. Clustered Gall Wasp, Andricus brunneus
  11. Coffeeberry, California Buckthorn, Frangula californica
  12. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina
  13. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  14. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  15. Crab Spider, Goldenrod Crab Spider, Misumena vatia
  16. Crab Spider, Running Crab Spider, Family: Philodromidae
  17. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  18. Crystalline Gall Wasp, Andricus crystallinus
  19. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  20. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  21. Frog, American Bullfrog, Lithobates catesbeianus [heard]
  22. Grasshopper, California Rose-Winged Grasshopper, Dissosteira pictipennis
  23. Gray Buckeye Butterfly, Junonia grisea
  24. Gray Midrib Gall Wasp, Cynips multipunctata
  25. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  26. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  27. Hair Stalk Gall Wasp, Andricus pedicellatus [thread gall on blue oak]
  28. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  29. Irregular Spindle Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysolepidicola [on white oaks, Blue, Valley, etc.]
  30. Lily Stem Gall Midge, Lasloptera sp. [on Utherial Spear’s in the spring]
  31. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Summer, asexual generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  32. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  33. Live Oak Folded Leaf Aphid, Stegophylla essigi [in live oaks, folds the leaf over itself; sometimes the leaf turns red/reddish]
  34. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  35. Mullein, Turkey Mullein, Doveweed, Croton setiger
  36. Non-Biting Midge, Cricotopus sp.
  37. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii [heard]
  38. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  39. Oak Ribbed Casemaker Moth, Bucculatrix albertiella
  40. Oak, Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  41. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  42. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  43. Pit-Gland Tarweed, Narrow Tarweed, Holocarpha virgata virgata
  44. Plate Gall Wasp, Andricus pattersonae
  45. Pumpkin Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus minusculus
  46. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  47. Red-Eared Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans
  48. Round-Gall Wasp, Burnettweldia washingtonensis [round, fuzzy, on twigs]
  49. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens [on live oaks]
  50. Sacred Datura, Datura wrightii [seeds have elaiosome on them]
  51. Saucer Gall Wasp, Andricus gigas
  52. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii [summer, asexual generation, pink, spiky top]
  53. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, Andricus atrimentus, asexual, summer generation [looks like a tiny volcano]
  54. Tall Flatsedge, Cyperus eragrostis
  55. Urchin Gall Wasp, Cynips quercusechinus
  56. Vinegar Weed, Trichostema lanceolatum
  57. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis [heard]
  58. Willow Beaked-Gall Midge, Rabdophaga rigidae
  59. Willow Pinecone Gall Midge, Rabdophaga strobiloides
  60. Willow Stem Sawfly, Euura exiguae
  61. Willow, Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  62. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  63. Woolly Oak Aphid, Stegophylla brevirostris [lots of white fluff, honeydew]
  64. Yellow Star-Thistle, Centaurea solstitialis
  65. Yellow Wig Gall Wasp, Druon fullawayi

Buy Me a Coffee!

Donate $5 to buy me a coffee so I have the fuel I need to keep exploring and bring more of nature to you. Thanks!

$5.00

Click here to purchase.

Falling for Galls, 08-06-22

I got up at 5:00 AM, so I could be ready to go to the Cosumnes River Preserve with my friend Roxanne around 6:00 AM. We were looking for galls on the valley oaks trees that populate that area, and went first down Bruceville and Desmond Roads.

We stopped to look at some milkweed plants and wild rose bushes along Bruceville Road, and while we were moving around in the tall-ish grass, my right foot dropped into a hole covered by the grass and I toppled over. I tweaked out my already hurting left hip; and the fall also caused by left foot and ankle to bend backwards, the wrong way, so my toes were buzzing with nerve pain. Gad!  Once I fall, I can’t get back up – bad hip, no strength in my arms or legs to speak of – so I was VERY grateful that Roxanne was with me.

We tried various ways to lift me from the ground but none of them were working, so I suggested that Rox bring the car around and I’d try to pull myself up into that. She got the passenger side of the car as close to me as she could and opened the door. Laboring on my hands and knees, I got to the car, grabbed into the front seat and, with Roxanne’s help, finally, after two tries, was able to pull myself up enough to get my feet under me and stand up. Sheesh! If Roxanne hadn’t been with me, I would have had to call 911 for assistance. [Yes, I’m one of those “I’ve-fallen-and-I-can’t-get-up” people. But I can’t afford the Life Alert system.]

CLICK HERE to see the full album of photos.

It was physically and emotionally painful, and embarrassing and humiliating. This getting old stuff sucks. I took an extra pain pill before we continued on with the rest of our outing. There was one tree on Bruceville Road that, at first, we thought was a Valley Oak based on its leaves, but the acorns were all “wrong”: too large and too rounded to be Valley. Based on some research ,I thought maybe it was a Gambel’s Oak, but Rox and I settled on the probability that it was an Oregon Oak. We’ll see if we get any pushback from people on iNaturalist.

We stopped along Desmond Road to check out the trees there, and while we were there We saw a pair of fledgling Ash-Throated Flycatchers. They’re such pretty little birds. We didn’t see a lot of birds on this trip. Of course, we looking for them. We caught glimpses of Brewers Blackbirds, some sparrows, a couple of very dark morph Red-Tails, a Black Phoebe, some Greater Yellowlegs and Black Necked Stilts (at a distance), and three Great Egrets that were feeding in the pond by the boardwalk entrance.

Among the galls, I was especially looking for Disc Galls and Woollybears, and was very happy to have found them both. Yay!

On the oak trees we found Club Galls (some very tiny), Yellow Wigs, Spined Turbans, and Red Cones among others, like the Flat-Topped Honeydew galls that were dripping with honeydew.

We also found galls on the ash trees, and on the willows we found some Pinecone galls, stem galls, and beaked twig galls.

It was a fruitful excursion even though I had to stop at about 3-1/2 hours because my hip and leg were hurting. This was hike #47 in my #52HikeChallenge for the year.

Species List:

  1. Aphid, Giant Willow Aphid, Tuberolachnus salignus
  2. Ash Flower Gall Mite, Aceria fraxiniflora
  3. Ash Leaf Curl Aphid, Prociphilus fraxinifolii
  4. Ash, Oregon Ash, Fraxinus latifolia
  5. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  6. Bee, Tripartite Sweat Bee, Halictus tripartitus
  7. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  8. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  9. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  10. Bristly Oxtongue, Helminthotheca echioides
  11. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis [flyover]
  12. Checkered White Butterfly, Pontia protodice
  13. Chicory, Cichorium intybus
  14. Club Gall Wasp, Atrusca clavuloides
  15. Cobweb Spider, Phylloneta sp.
  16. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange, on wood/trees]
  17. Disc Gall Wasp, Andricus parmula [round flat, “spangle gall”]
  18. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  19. Flax-Leaved Horseweed, Erigeron bonariensis
  20. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  21. Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  22. Hover Fly larvae, Family: Syrphidae [white blobby thing eating aphids]
  23. Leaf Beetle, Family: Chrysomelidae
  24. Little Black Ant, Monomorium minimum
  25. Mantis, Arizona Mantis, Stagmomantis limbata [large ootheca]
  26. Mayfly, Order: Ephemeroptera
  27. Meshweaver Spider, Mallos sp. [small, pale tan with dark dot on the abdomen]
  28. Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Asclepias fascicularis
  29. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  30. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  31. Oregon White Oak, Quercus garryana garryana
  32. Pale Smartweed, Persicaria lapathifolia
  33. Paper Wasp, Black Paper Wasp, European Paper Wasp, Polistes dominula
  34. Poplar Petiole Gall Aphid, Pemphigus obesinymphae [new American species, “slit mouth”]
  35. Queen Anne’s Lace, Daucus carota
  36. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  37. Redroot Amaranth, Amaranthus retroflexus
  38. Red-Tailed Hawk, Western Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis calurus [dark morph]
  39. Rose, California Wild Rose, Rosa californica [pink]
  40. Rough Cocklebur, Xanthium strumariumswal
  41. Round-Gall Wasp, Burnettweldia washingtonensis [round, fuzzy, on twigs]
  42. Small Milkweed Bug, Lygaeus kalmii
  43. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii [summer, asexual generation, pink, spiky top]
  44. Stink Bugs, Family: Pentatomidae [eggs]
  45. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  46. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  47. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  48. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  49. Willow Beaked-Gall Midge, Rabdophaga rigidae
  50. Willow Pinecone Gall Midge, Rabdophaga strobiloides
  51. Willow Stem Sawfly, Euura exiguae
  52. Willow, Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  53. Woollybear Gall Wasp, Atrusca trimaculosa
  54. Yellow Wig Gall Wasp, Druon fullawayi

Buy Me a Coffee!

Donate $5 to buy me a coffee so I have the fuel I need to keep exploring and bring more of nature to you. Thanks!

$5.00

Click here to purchase.

More Galls at J-S Park, 08-01-22

I got up around 5:00 AM to get the dogs fed and pottied, and then got myself ready to go to Johnson-Springview Park in Rocklin with my friend and fellow naturalist, Roxanne, by 6:00 AM. It was mostly cloudy and very humid all day thanks to once-was-a-hurricane Frank. The humidity really got to me, especially as the morning warmed up. Nevertheless, we still managed to stay out for about 4 hours. 

The park has a nice mix of heritage blue oaks, valley oaks, and live oaks, along with a few different species of willows and other plants along Antelope Creek. We were focused pretty much on just the galls we could find in the front park of the park, along the same route as the disk-golf range. We didn’t go into the back of the park on this trip where there are more valley oaks than anything else; maybe next time.

Among the many, many galls we found were some Round Honeydew galls which I hadn’t found anywhere else yet. They were even oozing honeydew!

There were quite a few Gray Midrib galls which were still in their green phase and hadn’t gone gray yet. That told me we were a little early checking out all of the gall there. Some, like the Coral Galls hadn’t erupted yet. We also didn’t find the Disc, Convoluted and Peach galls I was hoping to see.

On the other hand, as in other places this year, the Crystalline galls here were in profusion. I don’t remember ever seeing this many in a single season before. We also found quite a few Hair Stalk galls.(Usually we’ll maybe fine ONE per outing; today we found about a dozen!)

We also found the Blue Oak Erineum mite galls I was hoping to find. I’ve never found them anywhere except on one specific tree in this park. According to Russo: “…The concave depressions [on the back of the leaves] are covered with whitish hairs, among which the mites feed…” I took a few photos of the hairs, but even with the macro lens, they were hair to capture.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

A couple of fun finds for me: there were a number of the old spring generation galls of the Striped Volcano gall wasp. Like the tiny volcano galls we see in the summer, the spring generation galls are on the margins of the leaf on blue oak, but rather than being volcano-shaped, the spring galls are round and kind of papery with a blue-black interior. And, as is the case with two generation galls wasps, this one has a bisexual generation (spring, males and females) and an asexual generation (summer, females only). So cool!

We also found just one specimen of the Flange Gall Wasp gall. It looks like a fat little button with a ring of protruding triangular flanges coming out of the bottom of it. Fellow naturalist Karlyn Lewis had found some of these on her excursions in Rockville. [See her website.]

We came across a pale orange-pink caterpillar on one of the trees. I think it’s the caterpillar of a Dagger Moth. I was able to get a few close ups of it, including its little fat face, mouth parts and eyes.

“…Most Caterpillars have six very simple eyes on each side of the head (making 12 in all), although some species have five or seven each side. These light sensitive structures are called ocelli or stemmata. These probably only sense light and dark, and do not distinguish shapes or color…”

“…A caterpillar’s maxillae (small mouth parts that are under the mandibles) have taste cells; these chemical detectors tell the caterpillar to eat when the food is appropriate, and not to eat when the food is not appropriate. The tiny antennae, which are near the mouth parts, sense smells…”

I took over 380 photos with just my cellphone! Good thing I brought my charger pack with me. When we were “galled out” we looked for other critters like birds and squirrels and came across a male Nuttall’s Woodpecker who let us take some photos and video of him.

We also watched the antics of the ground squirrels who have a whole colony-thing going in the middle lawn of the park.

And we pulled some of the discolored and deformed acorns from the oaks so I could take a look at what was happening inside of them when I got home. [I really need Xacto blades for work like that. The house-knives are too big and just mess up a lot of what’s inside the acorn or gall or whatever.]

Like I said, we were out for about 4 hours and by then it was too hot and humid to do any more walking. This was hike #46 of my #52HikeChallenge for the year.

We then drove over to the Granite Rock Grille for brunch. I had a large plate of biscuits and gravy (the biscuits were sooooo light and fluffy), a fruit bowl on the side, and a spicy Bacon Bloody Mary to drink. They use jalapeño salt around the rim of the glass, which adds an extra kick to the drink. (I only like spicy Bloody Mary’s; the plain ones are just… yuck.)

Species List:

  1. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  2. Blue Oak Erineum Mite, Aceria trichophila
  3. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  4. Catalpa, Northern Catalpa, Catalpa speciosa
  5. Cattail, Narrowleaf Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  6. Club Gall Wasp, Atrusca clavuloides
  7. Clustered Gall Wasp, Andricus brunneus
  8. Coral Gall Wasp, Burnettweldia corallina
  9. Corn, Zea mays
  10. Crystalline Gall Wasp, Andricus crystallinus
  11. Cucumber, Cucumis sativus
  12. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger [rusty belly]
  13. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto [heard]
  14. Fimbriate Gall Wasp, Andricus opertus
  15. Fuzzy-Gall Wasp, Cynips conspicuus [round mealy bumpy; on Valley oak]
  16. Gouty Stem Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercussuttoni
  17. Grasses, Dallis Grass, Paspalum dilatatum
  18. Gray Midrib Gall Wasp, Cynips multipunctata
  19. Green Lacewing, Chrysopa coloradensis
  20. Hair Stalk Gall Wasp, Andricus pedicellatus [thread gall on blue oak]
  21. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  22. Marbled Oak Dagger Moth, Acronicta marmorata [pinkish-orange caterpillar, sparse fine hairs]
  23. Mayfly, Speckled Dun, Callibaetis pictus [small, tan or brownish]
  24. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  25. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  26. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  27. Oak Powdery Mildew, Erysiphe alphitoides
  28. Oak, Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  29. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  30. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  31. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  32. Plate Gall Wasp, Andricus pattersonae
  33. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  34. Rosette Gall Wasp, Andricus wiltzae [on Valley Oak]
  35. Round Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis canescens
  36. Round-Gall Wasp, Fuzzy Gall, Burnettweldia washingtonensis [round, fuzzy, on twigs]
  37. Saucer Gall Wasp, Andricus gigas
  38. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii [summer, asexual generation, pink, spiky top]
  39. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, Andricus atrimentus, asexual, summer generation [looks like a tiny volcano]
  40. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, Andricus atrimentus, bisexual spring generation [looks like a papery ball with a black interior]
  41. Tall Flatsedge, Cyperus eragrostis
  42. Tarweed,  Common Tarweed, Spikeweed, Centromadia pungens [prickly]
  43. Tarweed, Fitch’s Tarweed, Centromadia fitchii
  44. Urchin Gall Wasp, Cynips quercusechinus
  45. Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana
  46. Willow Bead Gall Mite, Aculus tetanothrix
  47. Willow, Arroyo Willow, Salix lasiolepis
  48. Willow, Goodding’s Willow, Salix gooddingii
  49. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli
  50. Zinnia, Elegant Zinnia, Zinnia elegans

Buy Me a Coffee!

Donate $5 to buy me a coffee so I have the fuel I need to keep exploring and bring more of nature to you. Thanks!

$5.00

Click here to purchase.

The Galls at Sailor Bar, 07-28-22

I got up around 6:00 AM and headed over to the Sailor Bar County Park to check out the oak trees there for galls. I also wanted to see the pond there. My insides had been acting up this morning. I had to go to the bathroom around 5:00 AM, then again at 6:00 when I got up, and as soon as I got to the park, I had to go again. It was a rush to the porta-potty, but I made it. After that, things seemed to settle down a lot. I don’t know what that was about, but I was glad when it was over. [TMI, I know. Hah! Sorry about that.]  It was partly cloudy and about 60º when I got to the park and started inspecting the trees.

The park has a mix of blue oaks, valley oaks, and both interior and coast live oak trees. I was happy to see all of the young blue oak saplings around, many of them protected by fencing.

I spent all of my time at the park looking for galls and walking partway around the pond. I couldn’t do the whole route around the water because I didn’t have my cane with me, and the trail was really narrow and slanted toward the water in parts.

I found a few galls on the blue oaks here that I didn’t find on Old Blue including: Clustered galls, a Gray Midrib gall, Striped Volcano galls, and a single Disc Gall which was sitting underneath a Urchin gall.

On the live oak trees had some Live Oak Apple galls, a few Two-Horned galls, and a few Kernel Flower galls. So, I was happy with my excursion.

CLICK HERE for the full album of photos.

Oh, and as I was poking through the branches of one of the trees, a tan praying mantis jumped down onto my hand! So, I was able to get some photos of it, including some facial close-ups. Yay!

I walked for about 3 hours and then headed back home. This was hike #45 of my #52HikeChallenge for the year; and for the Summer Series, this was 3 more hours of a required 20 hours for the challenge.  So I made it to 23½ hours. Woot!

Species List:

  1. Acorn Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysobalani [stunted growth, acorn may look pushed in or sideways]
  2. American Frogbit, Limnobium spongia [floating water plant]
  3. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  4. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  5. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis [sign on trees, den]
  6. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon [flyover]
  7. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  8. Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [red canes]
  9. California Jumping Spider, Phidippus californicus [light rust, white and black on abdomen]
  10. Cattail, Broad-Leaved Cattail, Typha latifolia
  11. Club Gall Wasp, Atrusca clavuloides
  12. Clustered Gall Wasp, Andricus brunneus
  13. Common Madia, Madia elegans elegans
  14. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  15. Crystalline Gall Wasp, Andricus crystallinus
  16. Disc Gall Wasp, Andricus parmula [round flat, “spangle gall”]
  17. Dotted Knotweed, Persicaria punctata [white flowers]
  18. Downy Thornapple, Jimsonweed, Datura innoxia
  19. Duckweed, Common Duckweed, Lemna minor
  20. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  21. Grasses, Dallis Grass, Paspalum dilatatum
  22. Gray Midrib Gall Wasp, Cynips multipunctata
  23. Green Lacewing, Chrysopa coloradensis
  24. Hair Stalk Gall Wasp, Andricus pedicellatus [thread gall on blue oak]
  25. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  26. Iris, Yellow Iris, Iris pseudacorus
  27. Irregular Spindle Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysolepidicola [on white oaks, Blue, Valley, etc.]
  28. Kernel Flower Gall Wasp, Callirhytis serricornis
  29. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Summer Generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  30. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  31. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  32. Mantis, Arizona Mantis, Stagmomantis limbata [large ootheca]
  33. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  34. Oak, Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  35. Oak, California Scrub Oak, Quercus berberidifolia
  36. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  37. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  38. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  39. Pacific Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  40. Plate Gall Wasp, Andricus pattersonae
  41. Pokeweed, American Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana
  42. Purpletop Vervain, Verbena incompta
  43. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  44. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens [on live oaks]
  45. Saucer Gall Wasp, Andricus gigas
  46. Spanish Clover, Acmispon americanus [looks like baby lotus]
  47. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii [summer gall, pink, spikey top]
  48. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, Andricus atrimentus, Summer generation [looks like a tiny volcano]
  49. Towhee, California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  50. Towhee, Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus [heard]
  51. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, unisexual gall, summer generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [small, green or mottled, on back of leaf along the midvein]
  52. Urchin Gall Wasp, Cynips quercusechinus
  53. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  54. Yellow Star-Thistle, Centaurea solstitialis

Buy Me a Coffee!

Donate $5 to buy me a coffee so I have the fuel I need to keep exploring and bring more of nature to you. Thanks!

$5.00

Click here to purchase.