Species List 2021

Here is my running species list for 2021. I’m including those I’ve taken photos of, heard, saw without getting a photo of, or found tracks/scat that I could identify. You can see last year’s species list HERE.

Total Species Identified in 2021:  1,100

JANFEBMARAPRMAYJUN
320157119327177/
JULYAUGSEPTOCTNOVDEC
//////
Number of individual species observed/recorded per month (no duplicates)

Arachnids:

  1. Barn Funnel Weaver Spider, Tegenaria domestica
  2. Buttonhook Leaf-Beetle Jumping Spider, Sassacus vitis [black head, patterned body, American River]
  3. California Turret Spider, Antrodiaetus riversi
  4. Conical Trashline Orbweaver, Cyclosa conica
  5. Coppered White-Cheeked Jumping Spider, Pelegrina aeneola
  6. Funnel Weaver Spider, Family: Agelenidae
  7. Ghost Spider, Family: Anyphaenidae
  8. Goldenrod Crab Spider, Misumena vatia
  9. Grey House Spider, Badumna longinqua
  10. Humped Trashline Orbweaver Spider, Cyclosa turbinata
  11. Jumping Spider, Subfamily: Salticinae
  12. Labyrinth Orbweaver Spider, Metepeira labyrinthea
  13. Red Head Spider, Castianeira longipalpa
  14. Sheet Weaver Spiders, Family: Linyphiidae
  15. Tangle Web Spider, Theridion sp.
  16. Wall Spider, Oecobius sp.
  17. Western Black Widow Spider, Latrodectus hesperus
  18. Western Spotted Orbweaver Spider, Neoscona oaxacensis

Birds:

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana
  3. American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
  4. American Coot, Fulica americana
  5. American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis
  6. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
  7. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  8. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  9. American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
  10. American Wigeon, Anas americana
  11. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  12. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  13. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  14. Azure-Winged Magpie, Cyanopica cyanus
  15. Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  16. Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
  17. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  18. Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  19. Black-Chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri
  20. Black Crowned Crane, Balearica pavonina
  21. Black-Crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
  22. Black-Headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus
  23. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  24. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  25. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  26. Brown Creeper, Certhia americana
  27. Brown-Headed Cowbird, Molothrus ater
  28. Buff Orpington Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Orpington
  29. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  30. Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii
  31. Burrowing Owl, Western Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia hypugaea
  32. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  33. Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
  34. California Gull, Larus californicus [yellow legs; dark eye; red spot]
  35. California Quail, Callipepla californica
  36. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  37. California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  38. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  39. Canvasback Duck, Aythya valisineria
  40. Caribbean Flamingo, Phoenicopterus ruber
  41. Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
  42. Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum
  43. Central Valley Bi-Colored Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus californicus
  44. Chestnut-Backed Chickadee, Poecile rufescens
  45. Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera
  46. Clark’s Grebe, Aechmophorus clarkii [black above the eye]
  47. Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  48. Comb-Billed Duck, Knob-Bill, Sarkidiornis melanotos
  49. Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  50. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  51. Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
  52. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  53. Crested Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Crested
  54. Crested Screamer, Chauna torquata
  55. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  56. Dark-Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  57. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  58. Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens
  59. Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  60. Emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae
  61. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  62. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  63. Fox Sparrow, Passerella iliaca
  64. Gadwall Duck, Mareca Strepera
  65. Glaucous-Winged Gull, Larus glaucescens [gray wings/grey wing-tips; red spot; pink legs]
  66. Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  67. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  68. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  69. Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
  70. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  71. Greater Roadrunner, Geococcyx californianus
  72. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  73. Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  74. Green Heron, Butorides virescens
  75. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  76. Hairy Woodpecker, Dryobates villosus [long bill]
  77. Hawk-Headed Parrot, Deroptyus accipitrinus
  78. Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
  79. Herring Gull, Larus argentatus [spot on bill, gray legs, pale eye]
  80. Himalayan Monal, Lophophorus impejanus
  81. Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
  82. Horned Lark, Eremophila alpestris
  83. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  84. House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  85. House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
  86. Indian Runner Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Runner
  87. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  88. Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
  89. Laughing Kookaburra, Dacelo novaeguineae
  90. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  91. Lincoln’s Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
  92. Long-Billed Curlew, Numenius americanus
  93. Long-Billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
  94. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  95. Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
  96. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  97. Muscovy Duck, Cairina moschata
  98. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  99. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  100. Northern Harrier, Marsh Hawk, Circus hudsonius
  101. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  102. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  103. Northern Red-Billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus
  104. Northern Rough-Winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis [ashy]
  105. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  106. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  107. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  108. Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
  109. Ostrich, Common Ostrich, Struthio camelus
  110. Pekin Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Pekin
  111. Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens
  112. Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  113. Raven, Common Raven, Corvus corax
  114. Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
  115. Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
  116. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  117. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  118. Ring-Billed Gull, Larus delawarensis [ black ring, light eye, yellow legs]
  119. Ring-Necked Duck, Aythya collaris
  120. Ring-Necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
  121. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  122. Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  123. Rufous-Crowned Sparrow, Aimophila ruficeps
  124. Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
  125. Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  126. Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya
  127. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  128. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  129. Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  130. Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
  131. Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  132. Southern White-Faced Owl, Ptilopsis granti
  133. Spur-Winged Lapwing, Vanellus spinosus
  134. Steller’s Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri
  135. Swan Goose, Chinese Goose, Anser cygnoides [can be white, or gray/brown, knob on the bill]
  136. Swedish Blue Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Swedish Blue
  137. Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
  138. Tawny Frogmouth, Podargus strigoides
  139. Thick-Billed Parrot, Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
  140. Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  141. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  142. Western Bluebird, Sialia Mexicana
  143. Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis [black below the eye]
  144. Western Gull, Larus occidentalis [spot on bill, pink legs, orange circle around eye]
  145. Western Kingbird, Tyrant Flycatcher, Tyrannus verticalis
  146. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  147. Western Screech Owl, Megascops kennicottii
  148. Western Tanager, Piranga ludoviciana
  149. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  150. White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  151. White-Faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
  152. White-Faced Whistling Duck, Dendrocygna viduata
  153. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  154. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  155. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli
  156. Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata

Crustaceans:

  1. Barnacles, Class: Hexanauplia

Fish:

  1. Bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus
  2. Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio
  3. Goldfish Carp, Carassius auratus
  4. Koi Fish, Cyprinus rubrofuscus
  5. Western Mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis

Fungi and Molds:

  1. Barometer Earthstar, Hygroscopic Earthstar, Astraeus hygrometricus
  2. Black Jelly Roll Fungus, Black Witches’ Butter, Exidia glandulosa
  3. Bleeding Mycena, Bleeding Fairy Helmet, Mycena haematopus
  4. Blewit Mushroom, Purple Core, Lepista nuda
  5. Bonnet Mushrooms, Genus: Mycena
  6. Bracket Fungus, Family: Hymenochaetaceae
  7. Brown Jelly Fungus, Leafy Brain, Phaeotremella foliacea
  8. Carnival Candy Slime Mold, Arcyria denudata
  9. Common Bonnet Mushroom, Mycena galericulata
  10. Common Pin MoldMucor mucedo
  11. Coyote Brush Rust, Puccinia evadens
  12. Cramp Ball Fungus, Annulohypoxylon thouarsianum
  13. Crowded Parchment, Stereum complicatum [like Turkey-tail but very flat]
  14. Cytospora Canker, Cytospora chrysosperma [bright orange fruiting body, looks like frozen dodder]
  15. Deceiver Mushroom, Laccaria laccata [reddish-tan, dimpled, goblet shaped]
  16. Deer Mushroom, Pluteus cervinus
  17. Destroying Angel Mushroom, Amanita ocreata
  18. Dryad’s Saddle, Hawk’s Wing, Polyporus squamosus
  19. False Turkey-Tail, Stereum hirsutum [thin, flattish, brown underside]
  20. False Turkey-Tail, Stereum ostrea
  21. Fairy Parachutes, Marasmiellus candidus [like oysterlings, but more fanned out]
  22. Fragrant Funnel Mushroom, Clitocybe fragrans
  23. Gem-Studded Puffball, Common Puffball, Lycoperdon perlatum
  24. Golden-Haired Inkcap Mushroom, Parasola auricoma
  25. Green Trichoderma Mold, Trichoderma viride
  26. Grey Knight Mushroom, Tricholoma terreum [gray-white cap, light gills, flattened stipe]
  27. Hare’s Foot Inkcap Mushroom, Coprinopsis lagopus
  28. Hollyhock Rust Fungus, Puccinia malvacearum
  29. Honey Fungus, Honey Mushroom, Armillaria mellea
  30. Jack-o-Lantern, Western Jack-o-Lantern, Omphalotus olivascens
  31. Jelly Spot Fungus, Dacrymyces stillatus
  32. Leathery Bracket Fungus, Stereum illudens [dark with an almost pink, light rim]
  33. Magpie Inkcap, Common Inkcap, Coprinopsis picacea
  34. Mica Cap, Coprinellus micaceus [an inkcap, tan cap, dark gills]
  35. Milk-White Toothed Polypore, Irpex lacteus
  36. Mouse Ear Stereum, Stereum ochraceoflavum
  37. Mustard Yellow Polypore, Fuscoporia gilva [like a bracket fungus]
  38. Netted Crust Fungus, Byssomerulius corium, a kind of resupinate fungus, lays flat on the substrate
  39. Nitrous Bonnet, Bleach-Scented Mycena, Mycena leptocephali
  40. Oak-leaf Pinwheel Mushroom, Horsehair Mushroom, Marasmiellus quercophilus [tiny, black stipe, on leaflitter]
  41. Oak-loving Gymnopus, Gymnopus dryophilus [tan-orange with pale gills; cap can be flat or curved up as it ages]
  42. Ocre Spreading Tooth Fungus, Steccherinum ochraceum
  43. Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus
  44. Pale Oysterling, Crepidotus caspari [tiny, white, well-spaced gills]
  45. Paltry Puffball, Puffball Fungus, Bovista californica
  46. Pleated Inkcap Mushroom, Parasola plicatilis
  47. Radish-Scented Mycena, Rosy Bonnet, Mycena rosea
  48. Red Edge Brittlestem Mushroom, Psathyrella corrugis [young have red-brown caps and white stipes; turn pale tan and brown with age]
  49. Red Raspberry Slime Mold, Tubifera ferruginosa
  50. Scurfy Twiglet Mushroom, Tubaria furfuracea [small, tan-yellow]
  51. Shiny Copper Mushroom, Nolanea sp.
  52. Silky Pink Gill Mushroom, Nolanea sericea (Entoloma sericeum ssp. sericeum) [very dark brown cap with a nipple on top]
  53. Silverleaf Fungus, Chondrostereum purpureum [sort of like Stereum with white/pale edges]
  54. Small Moss Oysterling, Arrhenia retiruga [tan, thin like a fingernail, tan or brownish]
  55. Smoky Polypore, Bjerkandera adusta [like Turkey Tail but with no “zones” of color and a dark under side]
  56. Splitgill Mushroom, Schizophyllum commune
  57. Sulphur Tuft Mushroom, Hypholoma fasciculare
  58. Tall Psathyrella Mushroom, Psathyrella longipes [tan cap that often splits, dark tan gills]
  59. Toothed Crust Fungus, Steccherinum ochraceum
  60. Trembling Crust Fungus, Merulius tremellosus [flat, kind of like stereum, white fuzzy edges when young/growing, can have teeth/netting underneath]
  61. Tube Slimes, Stemonitis sp.
  62. Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  63. Veined Mossear, Rimbachia bryophila [small, while, fingernail like]
  64. White Finger Slime Mold, Stemonitopsis typhina
  65. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  66. Willow Rust Fungus, Melampsora epitea
  67. Winter Oyster, Scytinotus longinquus (Pleurotopsis longinquus) 
  68. Witch’s Butter Jelly Fungus, Tremella mesenterica
  69. Yellow Fieldcap Mushroom, Bolbitius titubans
  70. Yellow Knight Mushroom, Tricholoma equestre

Galls:

  1. Alder Tongue, Western American Alder Tongue Gall Fungus, Taphrina occidentalis
  2. Ash Flower Gall Mite, Aceria fraxiniflora
  3. Ball Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perfoveata
  4. Black Grass Bug, Irbisia pacifica
  5. Black Walnut Pouch Gall Mite, Aceria brachytarsa
  6. Cottonwood Leaf Gall Aphid, Pemphigus populivenae
  7. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  8. Coyote Brush Rust Gall, Puccinia evadens
  9. Coyote Brush Stem Gall Moth, Gnorimoschema baccharisella
  10. Eucalyptus Gall Wasp, Ophelimus maskelli [speckled; flat galls all over the leaf surface]
  11. Eucalyptus Mid-Rib Gall Wasp, Leptocybe invasa
  12. Fimbriate Gall Wasp, Andricus opertus
  13. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  14. French Broom Gall Mite, Aceria genistae
  15. Gall Inducing Wooly Aphid, Stegophylla essigi [in live oaks, folds the leaf over itself; sometimes the leaf turns red/reddish]
  16. Gouty Stem Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercussuttoni
  17. Gray Mid-Rib Gall Wasp, Besbicus multipunctatus
  18. Hair Stalk Gall Wasp, Andricus pedicellatus [thread gall on blue oak]
  19. Irregular Spindle Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysolepidicola [on white oaks, Blue, Valley, etc.]
  20. Jumping Oak Gall Wasp, Neuroterus saltatorius
  21. Leaf Gall Wasp/ Unidentified per Russo, Tribe: Cynipidi [on Valley Oak]
  22. Leafy Bract Gall Wasp, Diplolepis californica [rosette gall on rose bush]
  23. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  24. Live Oak Gall Wasp, Spring Generation, Callirhytis quercuspomiformis [looks like a soft funnel, green to brown]
  25. Live Oak Gall Wasp, Summer Generation, Callirhytis quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  26. Live Oak Petiole Gall Wasp, Spring, Bi-Sexual Generation, Melikailla flora
  27. Lupine Stem Gall Midge, Neolasioptera lupini
  28. Manzanita Leaf Gall Aphid, Tamalia coweni
  29. Marginal Leaf Fold Gall Midge, Macrodiplosis erubescens [on margins of leaves of red oaks]
  30. Mossy Rose Gall Wasp, Diplolepis rosae
  31. Mule Fat Blister Mite, Aceria baccharices
  32. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  33. Pink Honeysuckle Gall Midge, Lonicerae russoi [rosette gall]
  34. Round Leaf Gall Wasp, Heteroecus flavens [formerly Andricus flavens, ball in the middle of the leaf, live oak]
  35. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens
  36. Smooth Petiole Gall Sawfly, Euura sp. [willows]
  37. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Antron douglasii [spring gall, round on the stems, blue oaks]
  38. Spiny Leaf Gall Wasp, Diplolepis polita [on rose leaves]
  39. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, Andricus atrimentus, Spring generation [looks like a ball at the base of the leaf; dark inside]
  40. Tapered Stem Gall Wasp, Protobalandricus spectabilis [live oak]
  41. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, bisexual gall, spring generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [looks like a hard, shiny, brown “beak” on the edge of the leaf]
  42. Valley Oak Petiole Gall, Tribe: Cynipidi 
  43. Willow Apple Gall Sawfly, Pontania californica
  44. Willow Bead Gall Mite, Aculus tetanothrix
  45. Willow Beaked Twig Gall Midge, Rahdophaga rigidae
  46. Willow Fold-Gall Sawfly, Phyllocolpa sp.
  47. Willow Mid-Rib Sawfly, Unknown species [per Russo, pg.219]
  48. Willow Pinecone Gall midge, Rabdophaga strobiloides
  49. Willow Rose Gall Midge, Rabdophaga rosaria
  50. Willow Rosette Gall Midge, Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides
  51. Willow Stem Sawfly, Euura exiguae

Insects, Arthropods, Hexapods:

  1. Alfalfa Leafcutter Bee, Megachile rotundata [black and white]
  2. American Dog Tick, Dermacentor variabilis
  3. Anise Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio zelicaon
  4. Aphid, Family: Aphididae
  5. Aphid, Cabbage Aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae
  6. Aphid, Fennel Aphid, Hyadaphis foeniculi
  7. Aphid, Rose Aphid, Macrosiphum rosae [pink]
  8. Arizona Mantis, Stagmomantis limbata [large ootheca]
  9. Armyworm Moth, Mythimna unipuncta
  10. Asian Lady Beetle, Harmonia axyridis
  11. Bee Fly, Family: Bombyliidae
  12. Big-Eyed Toad Bug, Gelastocoris oculatus
  13. Black Dancer Caddisfly, Mystacides sepulchralis
  14. Black Fly, Family: Simuliidae
  15. Black-Tailed Bumble Bee, Bombus melanopygus
  16. Blood Bee, Sphecodes sp.
  17. Blue Milkweed Beetle, Cobalt Milkweed Beetle, Chrysochus cobaltinus
  18. Broad-Nosed Weevil, Subfamily: Entiminae
  19. Broad-Striped Lady Beetle, Paranaemia vittigera
  20. Bush Katydid, Fork-Tailed Bush Katydid, Scudderia furcata [nymph]
  21. Cabbage White butterfly, Pieris rapae
  22. Caddisfly, Suborder: Integripalpia (the “portable case makers”), larvae
  23. California Bumble Bee, Bombus californicus [yellow ruff around the neck]
  24. California Oak Moth, Phryganidia californica
  25. California Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly, Battus philenor hirsuta
  26. Crambid Snout Moth, Family: Crambidae
  27. Camel Cricket, Gammarotettix bilobatus
  28. Camel Cricket, Gammarotettix genitalis
  29. Case-Bearing Leaf Beetle, Cryptocephalus castaneus
  30. Chinese Praying Mantis, Tenodera sinensis [largest]
  31. Common Checkered Skipper, Burnsius communis
  32. Convergent Lady Beetle, Hippodamia convergens
  33. Copper Underwing Moth, Amphipyra pyramidoides [caterpillars are green with thin white stripe]
  34. Cranefly, California Tipula, Tipula californica
  35. Cranefly, European Crane Fly, Tipula paludosa
  36. Cranefly, Giant Western Crane Fly, Holorusia hespera
  37. Cranefly, Limonia sp.
  38. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  39. Damselfly, Emma’s Dancer, Argia emma
  40. Damselfly, Exclamation Damsel, Zoniagrion exclamationis [blue on thorax, 3 blue segments at end of tail]
  41. Damselfly, Pacific Forktail Damselfly, Ischnura cervula [males have 4 spots on thorax]
  42. Damselfly, Tule Bluet Damselfly, Enallagma carunculatum
  43. Damselfly, Vivid Dancer, Argia vivida [arrowheads]
  44. Dark Jerusalem Cricket, Ammopelmatus fuscus
  45. Dark-Winged Fungus Gnat, Bradysia sp.
  46. Digger Bee, Tribe: Anthophorin
  47. Edith’s Checkerspot Butterfly, Euphydryas editha
  48. Eufala Skipper, Lerodea eufala [dark dusky brown]
  49. European Earwig, Common Earwig, Forficula auricularia
  50. European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  51. European Praying Mantis, Mantis religiosa [flat body in adults]
  52. Fire-Colored Beetle, Pedilus sp.
  53. Flame Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula saturata
  54. Flower Buprestid Beetle, Acmaeodera hepburnii
  55. Foothill Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa tabaniformis orpifex [light eyes]
  56. Formica Ant, Lasius americanus
  57. Geometer Moth, Family: Geometridae [brown inchworm, twig-like caterpillar]
  58. Globular Springtail, Ptenothrix marmorata [Technically it’s not an insect, it’s a hexapod. It has internal mouth parts instead of external mouth parts.]
  59. Gray Hairstreak Butterfly, Strymon melinus
  60. Greenbottle Fly, Common European Greenbottle Fly, Lucilia sericata
  61. Greenbottle Fly, Marsh Greenbottle Fly, Lucilia silvarum
  62. Green Lacewing, Chrysoperla rufilabris
  63. Green Leafhopper, Nephotettix virescens
  64. Harvester Ant, black, Pogonomyrmex sp.
  65. Harvester Ant, Western, Pogonomyrmex occidentalis [red]
  66. Heather Lady Beetle, Chilocorus bipustulatus [very small, dark red with lighter red splotches]
  67. Hoverfly, Black-Margined Flower Fly, Syrphus opinator
  68. Hoverfly, Large-Tailed Aphideater, Eupeodes volucris
  69. Issid Planthopper, Agalmatium bilobum
  70. Leaf Footed Bug, Leptoglossus zonatus
  71. Little Black Ant, Monomorium minimum
  72. Live Oak Kermes, Allokermes cueroensis
  73. Long Horned Bee, Eucera sp.
  74. Long Horned Beetle, Callimus ruficollis [black with red thorax]
  75. Long-Horned Caddis Fly, Oecetis sp.
  76. Long-Jawed Orb Weaver Spider, Tetragnatha sp.
  77. Marsh Fly, Euthycera sp.
  78. Mayfly, Small Squaregilled Mayfly, Family: Caenidae
  79. Meadow Spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius
  80. Metallic Wood Boring Beetle, Anthaxia inornata
  81. Metallic Wood Boring Beetle, Acmaeodera labyrinthica
  82. Millipede, Class: Diplopoda
  83. Mirid Bug, Thick Sensor Soft Bug, Heterotoma planicornis [small black bug with weird antennae and green legs]
  84. Moth, Tribe: Xanthorhoini
  85. Moth Leaf Tier, Order: Lepidoptera [folded leaves on willow]
  86. Mourning Cloak Butterfly, Nymphalis antiopa
  87. Non-Biting Midge, Cricotopus bicinctus [black and white, turned up tail]
  88. Northern Checkerspot Butterfly, Chlosyne palla
  89. Oleander Aphid, Aphis nerii
  90. Oval-Headed Sweat Bee, Lasioglossum ovaliceps [blood bee]
  91. Pallid-winged Grasshopper, Trimerotropis pallidipennis
  92. Paper Wasp, Black Paper Wasp, European Paper Wasp, Polistes dominula
  93. Paper Wasp, Red Paper wasp, Apache Paper Wasp, Polistes apachus
  94. Parasitoid Wood Wasps, Family: Orussidae
  95. Peridot Sweat Bee, Augochlorella pomoniella [bright metallic green]
  96. Pine Spittlebug, Aphrophora cribrata
  97. Plant Bug, Family: Miridae
  98. Plump Springtails, Superfamily: Onychiuroidea
  99. Potato Mirid Bug, Closterotomus norwegicus [yellow-green bug]
  100. Potter’s Wasp, Stenodynerus sp.
  101. Red Mite, Superorder: Acariformes
  102. Rose Weevil, Merhynchites sp.
  103. Rosy Short-Head Millipede, Brachycybe rosea
  104. Sachem Skipper, Atalopedes campestris
  105. Saint John’s Wort Beetle, Chrysolina hypericin [metallic gold, blue or copper]
  106. Scarab Hunter Wasp, Dielis pilipes
  107. Seed Chalcidoid Wasps, Sycophila sp.
  108. Seven-Spotted Lady Beetle, Coccinella septempunctata
  109. Sidewalk Mites, Balaustium sp. [red mite]
  110. Simbicid Sawfly, Abia americana [pale caterpillar with black and yellow markings]
  111. Snakefly, Agulla adnixa
  112. Soldier Beetle, Silis sp.
  113. Stem Sawfly, Family: Cephidae
  114. Sulphur Tubic Moth, Esperia sulphurella [tiny black and yellow]
  115. Sweat Bee, Tribe: Halictini
  116. Swift Crab Spider, Mecaphesa celer
  117. Thread-Waisted Wasps, Family: Sphecidae
  118. Tripartite Sweat Bee, Halictus tripartitus
  119. Two-Spotted Grass Bug, Stenotus binotatus [small, yellow and black]
  120. Umber Skipper, Lon melane
  121. Valley Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa varipuncta
  122. Varied Carpet Beetle, Anthrenus verbasci
  123. Variegated Meadowhawk Dragonfly, Sympetrum corruptum
  124. Western Boxelder Bug, Boisea rubrolineata
  125. Western Polished Lady Beetle, Cycloneda polita [orange, no spots]
  126. Western Small Milkweed Bug, Lygaeus kalmii kalmii
  127. Western Spotted Cucumber Beetle, Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata
  128. Western Tailed-Blue Butterfly, Cupido amyntula
  129. Western Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio rutulus
  130. Western Tussock Moth, Orgyia vetusta
  131. Winter Moth, Operophtera brumata [little green caterpillar on oak]
  132. Woolly Apple Aphid, Eriosoma lanigerum [also found on pyracantha]
  133. Wooly Oak Aphid, Stegophylla essigi
  134. Yellow-faced Bumblebee, Bombus vosnesenskii
  135. Yellow-Legged Mud-dauber Wasp, Sceliphron caementarium

Lichen on Trees:

  1. Bark Rim Lichen, Lecanora chlarotera [looks like Whitewash Lichen but has apothecia]
  2. Beaded Tube Lichen, Hypogymnia apinnata [hoary green with black back, black spots on thallus]
  3. Boreal Button Lichen, Buellia disciformis [pale gray to bluish with black apothecia on wood]
  4. Bristly Beard Lichen, Usnea hirta [thin bristly fronds]
  5. Brown-Eyed Shingle Lichen, Pannaria rubiginosa 
  6. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  7. California Camouflage Lichen, Melanelixia californica [dark green with brown apothecia, on trees]
  8. Candleflame Lichen, Candelaria concolor [bright yellow-orange]
  9. Common Powderhorn, Cladonia coniocraea
  10. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange,on wood/trees]
  11. Dog Pelt Lichen, Peltigera canina [“skin” with lots of “teeth” on the back of the pelt. I found it on mosson a rock]
  12. Elegant Fringe Lichen, Heterodermia leucomelos [has fine black hairs all over it]
  13. Fancy Frost Lichen, Physconia americana
  14. Farinose Cartilage Lichen,  Ramalina farinacea [like Oakmoss but very thin branches]
  15. Firedot Lichen, Athallia holocarpa [bright orange, flat dots]
  16. Fishbone Beard Lichen, Usnea filipendula
  17. Flattened Thornbush Lichen, Kaernefeltia merrillii [very dark green, thorny-looking thallus]
  18. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Pacific Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria pacifica [blue-green dust lichen]
  19. Frosted Rim-Lichen, Lecanora caesiorubella [white with white apothecia]
  20. Giraffe Spots, Peniophora albobadia [flat, brown w/light rim]
  21. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  22. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  23. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia [hoary, brown apothecia]
  24. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  25. Hooded Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza fallax [leafy, yellow-orange, on trees]
  26. Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  27. Lecidella Lichen, Lecidella elaeochroma [round black spots on white background]
  28. Mealy Pixie Cup, Cladonia chlorophaea
  29. Mealy Rim Lichen, Lecanora strobilina [greenish apothecia]
  30. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri [like strap but with soredia]
  31. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa [bright orange, apothecia, close, piled]
  32. Poplar Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza hasseana [sunburst on Cottonwood]
  33. Powderhorn Lichen, Common Powderhorn, Cladonia coniocraea
  34. Rosette Lichen, Physcia millegrana [dense grainy greenish with dark apotheca]
  35. Shadow Lichen, Family: Physciaceae
  36. Shield Lichen, Parmelia sulcata [greyish,veined]
  37. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  38. Speckled Greenshield Lichen, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  39. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  40. Western Shield Lichen, Parmelia hygrophila [blue-gray, foliose, dull isidia on leaves]
  41. Whitewash Lichen, Phlyctis argena
  42. Wolf Lichen, Letharia vulpine [bright yellow-green]

Lichen on Rocks/Metal:

  1. Bare-bottom Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza weberi [yellow to orange, shrubby, on rock/metal]
  2. Brown Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora fuscata
  3. Cinder Lichen, Aspicilia cinerea
  4. Concentric Boulder Lichen, Porpidia crustulata [circles of black spots on rock]
  5. Cowpie Crater Lichen, Diploschistes muscorum [pale grey with sunken black apotheca]
  6. Crater Lichen, Diploschistes scruposus
  7. Cumberland Rock-Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia [gray on rocks, brown apotheca
  8. Ear-leaf Lichen, Normandina pulchella [green leaf-like on rocks]
  9. Flame Firedot Lichen, Caloplaca ignea [orange on rock, elongated lobes and orange apothecia]
  10. Hidden Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella aurella [small, scattered, yellow, on rocks]
  11. Pore Lichen, Pertusaria sp.
  12. Rock Greenshield Lichen, Flavoparmelia baltimorensis [light green to gray, crumbly center]
  13. Rock Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia conspersa
  14. Rock Tripe, Emery Rocktripe Lichen, Umbilicaria phaea
  15. Sagebrush Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella rosulans [bright yellow, lumpy clumps on rocks]
  16. Smokey-Eyed Boulder Lichen, Porpidia albocaerulescens
  17. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Lecona muralis [pale green/gray thallus with rose/tan apothecia gathered in the center; color can be quite variable]
  18. Strap Flame Lichen, Dufourea ligulata [dark orange]
  19. Sunken Disk Lichen, Aspicilia sp. [like crusty patches, tan to black]
  20. Yellow Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora socialis
  21. Yellow Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon geographicum [bright yellow-green with dark spots]

Mammals:

  1. African Cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus jubatus
  2. African Lion, Panthera leo
  3. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis
  4. Black Angus Cattle, Bos taurus var. Black Angus
  5. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  6. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  7. Cat, Felis catus
  8. California Mule Deer, Odocoileus hemionus californicus
  9. Chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes
  10. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  11. Coquerel’s Sifaka, Propithecus coquereli
  12. Coyote, Canis latrans
  13. Desert Cottontail Rabbit, Sylvilagus audubonii
  14. Dog, Canis lupus familiaris
  15. Douglas’ Squirrel, Tamiasciurus douglasii [brown with white belly]
  16. Eastern Bongo, Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci
  17. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger
  18. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis
  19. Goat, Domestic Goat, Capra hircus
  20. Goat, Nubian Goat, Capra aegagrus hircus
  21. Grevy’s Zebra, Equus grevyi
  22. Guernsey Cattle, Bos taurus var. Guernsey
  23. Holstein Friesian Cattle,Black Angus Cattle, Bos taurus var. Holstein
  24. Horse, Equus caballus
  25. Jaguar, Panthera onca
  26. Llama, Lama glama
  27. Masai Giraffe, Giraffa tippelskirchi
  28. Meerkat, Suricata suricatta
  29. Mongoose Lemur, Eulemur mongoz
  30. Mule Deer, Odocoileus hemionus
  31. Muskrat, Ondatra zibethicus
  32. Okapi, Okapia johnstoni
  33. Red Kangaroo, Macropus rufus
  34. Red Panda, Ailurus fulgens
  35. Red River Hog, Potamochoerus porcus
  36. Reticulated Giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata
  37. River Otter, North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis
  38. Sumatran Orangutan, Pongo abelii
  39. Water Vole, Arvicola amphibius
  40. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus
  41. White-Faced Saki, Pithecia pithecia
  42. White-Handed Gibbon, Hylobates lar

Other Invertebrates (Worms, Mollusks, Crabs, etc.):

  1. Acute Bladder Snail, Physa acuta
  2. Asian Clam, Corbicula fluminea [little tan or white shells]
  3. Foothill Shoulderband Snail, Helminthoglypta cypreophila
  4. Horsehair Worm, Hairworm, Phylum: Nematomorpha
  5. Milky Slug, Deroceras reticulatum
  6. Pinworm, Family: Oxyuridae
  7. Red Swamp Crayfish, Crawdad, Procambarus clarkii

Pathogens/Bacteria:

  1. Blackberry Rust, Gymnoconia nitens
  2. Fig Rust, Cerotelium fici
  3. Oak Leaf Blister (pathogen), Taphrina caerulescens
  4. Poplar Leaf Blister, Taphrina populi-salicis [cottonwoods]
  5. Powdery Mildew, Erysiphe trinae
  6. Witches’ Broom on Toyon, Phytoplasma sp.

Plants, Flowers, Trees:

  1. African Lily, Lily of the Nile, Agapanthus africanus [white or blue]
  2. Aleppo Pine, Pinus halepensis
  3. Alfalfa, Medicago sativa
  4. Alkali Heliotrope, Heliotropium curassavicum
  5. Alkali Mallow, Malvella leprosa
  6. Almond Tree, Prunus dulcisaloe
  7. Aloe, Candelabra Aloe, Aloe arborescens
  8. Aloe, Soap Aloe, Aloe maculata
  9. American Bugleweed, Lycopus americanus [like horehound]
  10. American Elm Tree, Ulmus americana
  11. American Mistletoe, Phoradendron leucarpum
  12. Apple, Malus pumila
  13. Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [pink flower]
  14. Arroyo Willow, Salix lasiolepis
  15. Arundo, Giant Reed, Arundo donax
  16. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  17. Baby Sage, Salvia microphylla [red, or red/white]
  18. Bald Cypress Tree, Taxodium distichum
  19. Balsamroot, Balsamorhiza sp. [looks kind of like mule’sears]
  20. Bay Laurel Tree, Laurus nobilis
  21. Bear’s Breeches, Acanthus mollis
  22. Bedstraw, Graceful Bedstraw Galium porrigens [very tiny leaves and flowers]
  23. Bedstraw, Velcro Grass, Cleavers, Galium aparine
  24. Bigelow’s Spike Moss, Selaginella bigelovii
  25. Bigfruit Evening Primrose, Oenothera macrocarpa
  26. Bigleaf Maple, Acer macrophyllum
  27. Birch, Silver Birch, Betula pendula
  28. Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus betuloides
  29. Bird’s-Eye Gilia, Gilia tricolor
  30. Bird’s-Eye Speedwell, Veronica persica [tiny blue flowers]
  31. Bird’s Foot Cliffbrake, Pellaea mucronata
  32. Bird’s-Foot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus
  33. Bishop Pine, Pinus muricata [fascicles of TWO needles]
  34. Bittercress, Hairy Bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta
  35. Bitterroot, Lewisia rediviva [large, bright pink flowers]
  36. Black Locust Tree, Robinia pseudoacacia
  37. Black Mustard, Common Wild Mustard, Brassica nigra
  38. Black Nightshade, Solanum nigrum [small flowers, black berries]
  39. Black Sage, Salvia mellifera
  40. Black Walnut, Northern California Black Walnut, Juglans hindsii
  41. Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Juglans nigra
  42. Bladderpod, Peritoma arborea [kind of looks like Jerusalem sage but gets bladder-like seed pods]
  43. Blessed Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum
  44. Blow Wives, Soft Blow Wives, Achyrachaena mollis [rounded ends]
  45. Blue Dicks, Dipterostemon capitatus
  46. Blue Dicks, Table Mountain Blue Dicks, Dipterostemon capitatus capitatus
  47. Blue Dicks, Vernal Pool Blue Dicks, Dipterostemon capitatus lacuna-vernalis
  48. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  49. Blue Jacaranda, Jacaranda mimosifolia
  50. Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  51. Blue Statice, Limonium sinuatum
  52. Blue Statice, Perez’s Sea Lavender, Limonium perezii
  53. Blue Blossom, Ceanothus thyrsiflorus thyrsiflorus
  54. Bluebeard, Caryopteris x clandonensis
  55. Bluehead Gilia, Gilia capitata
  56. Borage, Borago officinalis [blue “beaked” flowers]
  57. Bottlebrush, Crimson Bottlebrush, Melaleuca citrina
  58. Boxelder, Box Elder Tree, Acer negundo
  59. Branched Asphodel, Asphodelus ramosus [spire of white flowers; bulbous seeds]
  60. Brass Buttons, Cotula coronopifolia
  61. Brazilian Vervain, Verbena brasiliensis
  62. Bristly Dogtail Grass, Cynosurus echinatus
  63. Bristly Fiddleneck, Amsinckia tessellata
  64. Bristly Oxtongue, Helminthotheca echioides
  65. Broadleaf Cattail, Bullrush, Typha latifolia
  66. Broad-Leaved Dock, Rumex obtusifolius
  67. Broad-Leaved Stonecrop, Sedum spathulifolium
  68. Broadleaved Pepperweed, Lepidium latifolium
  69. Bronze Fennel, Florence Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare dulce
  70. Brown Fritillary, Fritillaria micrantha
  71. Buddha’s Hand, Citrus medica sarcodactylis
  72. Buckbrush, Ceanothus cuneatus
  73. Bulbous Meadow-Grass, Poa bulbosa
  74. Bull Thistle, Cirsium vulgare
  75. Bunch-flowered Daffodil, Narcissus tazetta
  76. Bur Clover, Medicago polymorpha
  77. Bur Parsley, Bur Chervil, Anthriscus caucalis
  78. Butter-and-Eggs, Triphysaria eriantha eriantha [red stems]
  79. Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis
  80. California Ash, Fraxinus dipetala
  81. California Bay, Umbellularia californica
  82. California Black Oak, Quercus kelloggii
  83. California Brickellbush, Brickellia californica
  84. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  85. California Buckwheat, Eriogonum fasciculatum
  86. California Bulrush, Schoenoplectus californicus
  87. California Buttercup, Ranunculus californicus
  88. California Flannelbush, Fremontodendron californicum
  89. California Manroot, Bigroot, Marah fabaceus
  90. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  91. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  92. California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica
  93. California Saxifrage, Micranthes californica
  94. California Scrub Oak, Quercus berberidifolia
  95. California Sycamore, Platanus racemose
  96. California Valerian, Valeriana californica [white]
  97. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  98. California Wild Rose, Rosa californica
  99. Calla Lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica
  100. Callery Pear, Pyrus calleryana
  101. Canada Rush, Juncus canadensis
  102. Canyon Live-Forever, Dudleya cymosa
  103. Canyon Live Oak, Quercus chrysolepis
  104. Cape Honey Flower, Melianthus major [toothed leaves; dark maroon leathery flowers]
  105. Caper Bush, Capparis spinosa
  106. Cardoon, Artichoke Thistle, Cynara cardunculus
  107. Carmel Ceanothus, Ceanothus griseus [pale blue, long panicles]
  108. Carrot, American Wild Carrot, Daucus pusillus
  109. Cascade Onion, Allium cratericola
  110. Catmint, Walker’s Low,  Nepeta x faassenii var. “Walker’s Low”
  111. Chamise, Adenostoma fasciculatum
  112. Chaparral Honeysuckle, Lonicera interrupta
  113. Checker Lily, Fritillaria affinis
  114. Cheeseweed Mallow, Malva parviflora
  115. Cherry-Plum Tree, Prunus cerasifera
  116. Chia, Salvia columbariae [roundish, purple]
  117. Chickweed, Common Chickweed, Stellaria media
  118. Chicory, Cichorium intybus
  119. Chinese Houses, Purple Chinese Houses, Collinsia heterophylla
  120. Chinese Pistache, Pistacia chinensis
  121. Chinese Privet, Glossy Privet, Ligustrum lucidum
  122. Chinese Quince, Chaenomeles speciosa [red flowers]
  123. Chinese Wisteria, Wisteria sinensis
  124. Citron Day-Lily, Hemerocallis citrina
  125. Cleveland Sage, Salvia clevelandii [purple, circles]
  126. Climbing Prairie Rose, Rosa setigera
  127. Coastal Manroot, Marah oregana
  128. Coastal Willow, Salix hookeriana
  129. Coastal Woodfern, Dryopteris arguta
  130. Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  131. Coast Redwood, Sequoia sempervirens
  132. Cobwebby Thistle, Cirsium occidentale
  133. Coffeeberry, California Buckthorn, Frangula californica
  134. Columbine, Common Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris
  135. Columbine, Golden Columbine, Aquilegia chrysantha
  136. Common Bird-of-Paradise Flower, Strelitzia reginae
  137. Common Cat’s-Ear, Hypochaeris radicata
  138. Common Correa, Correa reflexa [trumpet shaped pink flowers]
  139. Common Cowparsnip, Heracleum maximum
  140. Common Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale
  141. Common Daffoldil, Narcissus pseudonarcissus
  142. Common Duckweed, Lemna minor
  143. Common Fiddleneck, Amsinckia menziesii
  144. Common Field Daisy, Common Daisy, Bellis perennis
  145. Common Fig, Ficus carica
  146. Common Hawthorn Tree, Crataegus monogyna
  147. Common Hazel Tree, Corylus avellana [long catkins, no pseudo cones]
  148. Common Hoptree, Ptelea trifoliata
  149. Common Madia, Madia elegans
  150. Common Pea, Pisum sativum [rounded leaves, flower is light pink and dark pink]
  151. Common Pincushion Moss, Dicranoweisia cirrata
  152. Common Poppy, Red Poppy of Flanders, Papaver rhoeas
  153. Common Reed, Phragmites australis
  154. Common Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus
  155. Common Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus albus
  156. Common Soft Brome, Bromus hordeaceus (grass)
  157. Common Sow-Thistle, Sonchus oleraceus
  158. Common Spike-Rush, Eleocharis palustris
  159. Common Spikeweed, Centromadia pungens
  160. Common Stork’s-Bill, Red Stem Filaree, Erodium cicutarium [corkscrew seed pods]
  161. Common Sugarbush, Spicebush, Protea repens
  162. Common Vetch, Vicia sativa [pink flowers]
  163. Common Water-Crowfoot, Ranunculus aquatilis [tops float on the surface of vernal pools]
  164. Cork Oak, Quercus suber
  165. Coulter’s Matilija Poppy, Romneya coulteri
  166. Coville’s Lip Fern, Myriopteris covillei [resurrection fern]
  167. Cowbag Clover, Trifolium depauperatum
  168. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  169. Coyote Tobacco, Nicotiana attenuata
  170. Creamcups, Platystemon californicus
  171. Creeping Moss, Conardia compacta
  172. Crepe Myrtle, White, Lagerstroemia indica
  173. Crescent-Cup Liverwort, Lunularia cruciata [look for the gemmae in the cups]
  174. Cretanweed, Hedypnois rhagadioloides [small, yellow, dandelion-like]
  175. Crevice Alumroot, Heuchera micrantha [tiny pink flowers on stalks]
  176. Crisped Pincushion Moss, Ulota crispa
  177. Cudweed, California Cudweed, Pseudognaphalium californicum
  178. Cudweed, Jersey Cudweed, Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum
  179. Cudweed, Western Marsh Cudweed, Gnaphalium palustre
  180. Curly Dock, Rumex crispus
  181. Curlycup Gumweed, Grindelia squarrosa
  182. Cut-leaved Crane’s-Bill, Geranium dissectum
  183. Death Camas, Foothill Deathcamas, Toxicoscordion paniculatum
  184. Deerbrush Ceanothus, Ceanothus integerrimus [white]
  185. Deervetch, Foothill Deervetch, Acmispon brachycarpus
  186. Deerweed, Acmispon glaber
  187. Deerweed, Rockpea, Ottleya rigida
  188. Dendroalsia Moss, Dendroalsia abietina [long, curling tendrils on trees]
  189. Deodar Cedar, Cedrus deodara
  190. Desert Willow, Chilopsis linearis
  191. Dodder, California Dodder, Cuscuta californica
  192. Dot-Seed Plantain, Plantago erecta
  193. Double Rosebud Cherry, Prunus × subhirtella
  194. Douglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii [“mouse tail” cones]
  195. Douglas Iris, Iris douglasiana
  196. Douglas’ Violet, Viola douglasii [yellow violet with rusty back]
  197. Dove’s-Foot Crane’s-Bill, Geranium molle
  198. Doveweed, Turkey Mullein, Croton setiger
  199. Downigia, Downigia sp.
  200. Downingia, Flatface Calicoflower, Downingia pulchella
  201. Dutch Iris, Iris × hollandica
  202. Elegant Clarkia, Clarkia unguiculata [red line on leaves]
  203. Elephant’s-Ears, Bergenia crassifolia [like a begonia, bouquet of pink flowers]
  204. Elm, Field Elm Tree, Ulmus minor [soft flakey seed pods]
  205. English Walnut, Juglans regia
  206. European Gooseberry, Ribes uva-crispa [spines on stems]
  207. European Water-Plantain, Alisma plantago-aquatica
  208. False Babystars, Leptosiphon androsaceus
  209. Fat-Hen, Atriplex prostrata
  210. Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
  211. Fernald’s Iris, Iris fernaldii [white and yellow flag iris]
  212. Fern, California Polypody, Polypodium californicum
  213. Fern, Japanese Netvein Hollyfern, Cyrtomium falcatum
  214. Field Bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
  215. Field Poppy, Common Poppy, Papaver rhoeas
  216. Filamentous Green Algae, Spirogyra sp.
  217. Floating Water Primrose, Ludwigia peploides ssp. peploides
  218. Foothill Desert-Parsley, Lomatium utriculatum
  219. Foothill Larkspur, Delphinium hesperium
  220. Foothill Penstemon, Penstemon heterophyllus
  221. Fortnight Lily, Dietes grandiflora
  222. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  223. French Broom, Genista monspessulana
  224. Fringe Cups, Tellima grandiflora [leaves similar to Crevice Alumroot]
  225. Fringepod, Sand Fringepod, Common Lacepod, Thysanocarpus curvipes
  226. Frying Pan Poppy, Eschscholzia lobbii
  227. Garden Sage, Salvia officinalis
  228. Giant Sequoia, Sequoiadendron giganteum
  229. Giant Fennel, Ferula communis
  230. Giant Needle Grass, Celtica gigantea
  231. Giant White Wakerobin, Trillium albidum
  232. Ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba
  233. Giraffe’s Head, Henbit Deadnettle, Lamium amplexicaule
  234. Globe Lily, Diogenes’ Lantern, Calochortus amabilis [yellow]
  235. Glue-Seed, Blennosperma nanum [small yellow flower with white dots around center mound]
  236. Goldback Fern, Pentagramma triangularis
  237. Golden Dwarf Mistletoe, Western Dwarf Mistletoe, Arceuthobium campylopodum
  238. Goldenrain Tree, Koelreuteria paniculata
  239. Goldfields, California Goldfields, Lasthenia californica
  240. Goldpoppy, Eschscholzia parishii
  241. Goodding’s Black Willow, Salix gooddingii
  242. Goldwire, Hypericum concinnum
  243. Grass-Poly, Lythrum hyssopifolia
  244. Grassy Tarweed, Madia gracilis
  245. Greater Quaking Grass, Rattlesnake Grass, Briza maxima
  246. Gray Pine, Pinus sabiniana
  247. Greater Honeywort, Cerinthe major [spotted leaves, “shrimp-like” flowers]
  248. Green Hellebore, Helleborus viridis
  249. Grey-cushioned Grimmia Moss, Grimmia pulvinate [clumpy, on rocks]
  250. Groundsel, Senecio sp.
  251. Gumweed, Grindelia integrifolia
  252. Gumweed, Hairy Gumweed, Grindelia hirsutula
  253. Gumweed, Great Valley Gumweed, Grindelia camporum
  254. Hairy Vetch, Winter Vetch, Vicia villosa ssp. villosa 
  255. Hairy Violet, Viola hirta
  256. Harding Grass, Phalaris aquatica [a type of canary grass]
  257. Hazlenut, Beaked Hazelnut Tree, Corylus cornuta
  258. Heart-Podded Hoary Cress, Lepidium draba [looks like a short Broad Leafed Pepperweed to me]
  259. Heavenly Bamboo, Nandina domestica [bright red berries]
  260. Hedgehog Holly, European Holly, Ilex aquifolium
  261. Hedwig’s Fringeleaf Moss, Hedwigia ciliata
  262. Hen-and-Chickens Echeveria, Echeveria secunda
  263. Henderson’s Shooting Star, Primula hendersonii
  264. Hillside Woodland Star, Lithophragma heterophyllum
  265. Himalayan Blackberry, Rubus bifrons [white flowers]
  266. Hoary Rock-Rose, Cistus creticus
  267. Holm Oak, Quercus ilex
  268. Hollyhock, Alcea rosea
  269. Honeywort, Blue Shrimp Plant, Cerinthe major ssp. purpurascens [purple]
  270. Honeywort, Greater Honeywort, Cerinthe major [rusty red]
  271. Iceplant, Hardy Yellow Iceplant, Delosperma nubigenum
  272. Iceplant, Pink Trailing Iceplant, Delosperma cooperi
  273. Incense Cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
  274. Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  275. Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  276. Iris, Bearded Iris, Iris × germanica
  277. Iris, Yellow Iris, Iris pseudacorus
  278. Italian Cypress, Mediterranean Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  279. Italian Thistle, Carduus pycnocephalus
  280. Ithuriel’s Spear, Triteleia laxa
  281. Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Dragon Arum, Dracunculus vulgaris
  282. Japanese Aralia, Fatsia japonica [stalks of white flowers, huge leaves]
  283. Japanese Honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica [white flowers turn yellow]
  284. Japanese Wisteria, Wisteria floribunda
  285. Jerusalem Sage, Phlomis fruticose
  286. Jointed Charlock, Wild Radish, Raphanus raphanistrum
  287. Juniper Leaved Grevillea, Grevillea juniperina sulphurea [spidery, orange]
  288. Kangaroo-Apple Nightshade, Solanum laciniatum
  289. Kangaroo Paws, Anigozanthos flavidus
  290. Khella, Bisnaga Weed, Toothpick Plant, Bishop’s Weed, Ammi visnaga [ a kind of carrot, invasive, “Bazinga”]
  291. Kiwi, Actinidia deliciosa [male and female plants required]
  292. Large-flower Pink-Sorrel, Oxalis debilis [clover-like leaves, pink flowers]
  293. Larkspur, Red Larkspur, Delphinium nudicaule
  294. Larkspur, Zigzag Larkspur, Delphinium patens [purple, striped lips]
  295. Lavender, Lavandula sp.
  296. Lavender-Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus
  297. Lavender, Topped Lavender, Lavandula stoechas
  298. Lemmon’s Catchfly, Silene lemmonii
  299. Lettuces, Lactuca sp.
  300. Linear-Lobed Owl’s-Clover, Castilleja lineariloba [similar to Cream Sacs]
  301. Lion’s Ear, Leonotis nepetifolia
  302. Liquid Ambar, American Sweetgum, Liquidambar styraciflua
  303. Lollipop Verbena, Verbena bonariensis var. “Lollipop”
  304. Lomatium, Barestem Biscuitroot, Lomatium nudicaule
  305. Lomatium, California Lomatium, Lomatium californicum
  306. Lomatium, Foothill Desert-Parsley, Lomatium utriculatum
  307. London Plane Tree, Platanus × acerifolia
  308. Lords and Ladies, Wild Arum, Arum italicumm
  309. Love-in-a-Mist, Niallgella damascena
  310. Lupine, Arroyo Lupine, Lupinus succulentus
  311. Lupine, Bush Lupine, Silver Lupine, Lupinus albifrons var. albifrons
  312. Lupine, Chick Lupine, Lupinus microcarpus
  313. Lupine, Golden Lupine, Lupinus densiflorus
  314. Lupine, Miniature Lupine, Lupinus bicolor
  315. Lupine, Sky Lupine, Lupinus nanus
  316. Lupine, Spider Lupine, Lupinus benthamii
  317. Lupine, Yellow Lupin, Lupinus luteus
  318. Madrone, Pacific Madrone, Arbutus menziesii
  319. Magnolia, Southern Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora [typical one we normally see]
  320. Mahala Mat, Ceanothus prostratus
  321. Mahogany, Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus betuloides
  322. Maidenhair, California Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum jordanii
  323. Manyflower Marshpennywort, Hydrocotyle umbellata [white flowers, leaves rounded like nasturtium]
  324. Mantle Storksbill, Pelargonium alchemilloides
  325. Manzanita, Big Berry Manzanita, Arctostaphylos glauca
  326. Manzanita, Common Manzanita, Arctostaphylos manzanita
  327. Manzanita, Whiteleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida
  328. Marsh Foxtail Grass, Alopecurus geniculatus
  329. Marsh Morning Glory, Calystegia sepium limnophila
  330. Meadow Squill, Scilla litardierei
  331. Mediterranean Stork’s-Bill, Broad-Leaf Stork’s-Bill, Erodium botrys
  332. Medusa Head Grass, Taeniatherum caput-medusae
  333. Mexican Sage, Salvia mexicana [deep purple]
  334. Mexican Bush Sage, Salvia leucantha [purple socks]
  335. Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata
  336. Miner’s Lettuce, Streambank Springbeauty, Claytonia parviflora [very small]
  337. Mistletoe, American Mistletoe, Phoradendron leucarpum
  338. Mistletoe, Broadleaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron macrophyllum
  339. Mock Strawberry, Potentilla indica
  340. Moss Phlox, Phlox subulate
  341. Mossy Stonecrop, Crassula tillaea [red]
  342. Mountain Dandelion, Agoseris heterophylla
  343. Mountain Misery, Chamaebatia foliolosa [fern-like leaves]
  344. Mulberry, White Mulberry, Morus alba
  345. Mule Fat, Baccharis salicifolia
  346. Mule’s Ears, Smooth Mule-Ears, Wyethia glabra
  347. Mule’s Ears, Narrowleaf Mule-Ears, Wyethia angustifolia
  348. Mullein, Moth Mullein, Verbascum blattaria [thin stick, white or yellow]
  349. Mullein, Wand Mullein, Verbascum virgatum
  350. Mum, Chrysanthemum, Chrysanthemum sp.
  351. Musk Stork’s-Bill, Erodium moschatum
  352. Multiflora Rose, Rosa multiflora [like white rock rose]
  353. Narrowleaf Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  354. Narrowleaf Milkweed, Mexican Whorled Milkweed, Asclepias fascicularis
  355. Narrowleaf Willow, Salix exigua
  356. Nasturtium, Tropaeolum majus
  357. Nightshade, Parish’s Nightshade, Solanum parishii
  358. Nightshade, Purple Nightshade, Solanum xanti
  359. Northern Catalpa, Indian Bean Tree, Catalpa speciosa
  360. Northern Red Oak, Quercus rubra
  361. Olive Tree, Olea europaea
  362. Onion, Narrowleaf Onion, Allium amplectens [white flower]
  363. Ookow, Dichelostemma congestum
  364. Orange Bush Monkeyflower, Diplacus aurantiacus
  365. Orange Day-Lily, Hemerocallis fulva
  366. Oregon Ash, Fraxinus latifolia
  367. Oregon Grape, Barberry, Berberis aquifolium
  368. Osage-Orange, Maclura pomifera
  369. Oxalis, Bermuda Buttercup, Oxalis pes-caprae
  370. Pacific Bleeding Heart, Dicentra formosa
  371. Pacific Dogwood, Cornus nuttallii
  372. Pacific Hound’s Tongue, Adelinia grande
  373. Pacific Ninebark, Physocarpus capitatus
  374. Pacific Pea, Lathyrus vestitus
  375. Pampas Grass, Cortaderia selloana
  376. Peach, Prunus persica [dark pink flowers]
  377. Pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium
  378. Pennywort, Centella sp.
  379. Periwinkle, Greater Periwinkle, Vinca major
  380. Peruvian Lily, Alstroemeria sp.
  381. Phacelia, Caterpillar Scorpionweed, Phacelia cicutaria [white]
  382. Phacelia, Lacy Phacelia, Phacelia tanacetifolia [bluish purple]
  383. Phacelia, Mountain Phacelia, Phacelia imbricata [white]
  384. Philonotis Moss, Philonotis sp. [on the ground]
  385. Pineapple-Weed, Matricaria discoidea
  386. Pink Honeysuckle, California Honeysuckle, Lonicera hispidula
  387. Pinkladies, Oenothera speciosa
  388. Pipestem Clematis, Old Man’s Beards, Clematis lasiantha
  389. Plume Moss, Dendroalsia abietina
  390. Pointleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos pungens [small leaves and flowers]
  391. Poison Hemlock, Conium maculatum
  392. Poison Oak, Pacific Poison Oak, Western Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  393. Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa
  394. Popcorn Flower, Common Popcorn Flower, Plagiobothrys fulvus
  395. Popcorn Flower, Pacific Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys tenellus [bright yellow center]
  396. Popcorn Flower, Rusty Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys nothofulvus [tiny]
  397. Popcorn Flower, Stalked Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys stipitatus
  398. Portuguese Squill, Scilla peruviana
  399. Prettyface, Triteleia ixioides
  400. Prettyface, Dark-stained Prettyface, Triteleia ixioides unifolia
  401. Prickly Pear Cactus, Indian Fig Opuntia, Opuntia ficus-indica
  402. Prickly Sowthistle, Pigweed, Sonchus asper
  403. Purple Owl’s-Clover, Castilleja exserta
  404. Purple-Flowered Rock-Rose, Cistus × purpureus
  405. Purpletop Vervain, Verbena bonariensis
  406. Pussy Willow, American Pussy Willow, Salix discolor
  407. Pyracantha, Firethorn, Pyracantha coccinea
  408. Q-Tips, Micropus californicus
  409. Rabbitfoot Grass, Polypogon monspeliensis
  410. Rainbow Iris, Iris hartwegii [wild, ragged looking]
  411. Rapeseed, Brassica napusshepard
  412. Red Bush Monkeyflower, Diplacus puniceus
  413. Red Deadnettle, Lamium purpureum
  414. Red Gum Eucalyptus, River Redgum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  415. Red Maids, Calandrinia menziesii
  416. Red Maids, Fringed Red-Maids, Calandrinia ciliata
  417. Red Maple, Acer rubrum
  418. Red Pine, Pinus resinosa
  419. Red Valerian, Centranthus ruber
  420. Redberry Buckthorn, Rhamnus crocea
  421. Redshank Moss, Ceratodon purpureus [green moss with red shanks on the sprouting heads]
  422. Redvein Abutilon, Callianthe picta [lantern-like flowers]
  423. Resurrection Fern, Pleopeltis michauxiana
  424. Resurrection Plant, Selaginella lepidophylla
  425. Ribwort Plantain, Plantago lanceolata
  426. Richardson’s Geranium, Geranium richardsonii
  427. River Redgum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis [white flowers]
  428. Rose Clover, Trifolium hirtum
  429. Rosemary, Salvia rosmarinus
  430. Rough Cocklebur, Xanthium strumariumswal
  431. Rye, Secale cereale
  432. Sacred Datura, Datura wrightii
  433. Sacred Lotus, Nelumbo nucifera
  434. Saint Catherine’s Lace, Eriogonum giganteum [a kind of buckwheat]
  435. Salsify, Meadow Salsify, Tragopogon pratensis
  436. Salsify, Purple Salsify, Tragopogon porrifolius
  437. Sanicle, Northern Sanicle, Sierra Sanicle, Sanicula graveolens [very strong scent]
  438. Sanicle, Pacific Sanicle, Sanicula crassicaulis [large, yellow flowers]
  439. Santa Barbara Sedge, Carex barbarae
  440. Saskatoon, Amelanchier alnifolia [white spidery flowers]
  441. Scarlet Grevillea, Grevillea banksia [spidery, red]
  442. Scarlet Pimpernel, Lysimachia arvensis
  443. Scots Broom, Scotch Broom, Cytisus scoparius
  444. Scytheleaf Onion, Allium falcifolium
  445. Sea Mallow, Malva subovata [kind of looks like hibiscus]
  446. Sea Thrift, Armeria maritima
  447. Seablush, Longspur Seablush, Plectritis macrocera
  448. Seablush, Shortspur Seablush, Plectritis congesta
  449. Seep Monkeyflower, Erythranthe guttata
  450. Shasta Daisy, Leucanthemum maximum
  451. Shepherd’s-Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
  452. Shining Netvein Barberry, Berberis dictyota
  453. Shining Pepperweed, Lepidium nitidum
  454. Showy Milkweed, Asclepias speciosa
  455. Shumard Oak, Quercus shumardii
  456. Sierra Mock Stonecrop, Sedella pumila
  457. Silverleaf Phacelia, Phacelia hastata
  458. Silverpuffs, Uropappus lindleyi [like blow wives but with pointed ends]
  459. Silver Hairgrass, Ghost Grass, Aira caryophyllea
  460. Silver Wattle, Acacia dealbata
  461. Silvery Bryum Moss, Bryum argenteum
  462. Sitka Willow, Salix sitchensis
  463. Slender Clarkia, Clarkia gracilis
  464. Slender Clubrush, Isolepis cernua
  465. Slender Path Rush, Juncus tenuis [“flowers” mid stem]
  466. Slender Vervain, Verbena rigida
  467. Small-Flowered Catchfly, Silene gallica
  468. Smilo Grass, Oloptum miliaceum [thin, feathery looking]
  469. Smokebush, Smoke Tree, Cotinus coggygria
  470. Smooth Cliffbrake, Pellaea glabella
  471. Smooth Horsetail, Equisetum laevigatum
  472. Snake Apple Vine, Ibervillea lindheimeri
  473. Snapdragon Vine, Maurandya antirrhiniflora
  474. Sneezeweed, Rosilla, Helenium puberulum
  475. Soft Rush, Juncus effusus
  476. Solomon’s Plume, Maianthemum racemosum
  477. Sonoma Sage, Salvia sonomensis [light purple]
  478. Spanish Bluebell, Hyacinthoides hispanica
  479. Spanish Butcher’s-Broom, Ruscus hypophyllum [tiny white flowers in the middle of the leaf]
  480. Spurge, Eggleaf Spurge, Euphorbia oblongata
  481. Spurge, Mediterranean Spurge, Euphorbia characias
  482. Spurge, Petty Spurge, Euphorbia peplus
  483. Star MossSyntrichia ruralis
  484. Sticky Cinquefoil, Drymocallis glandulosa
  485. Sticky Geranium, Geranium viscosissimum
  486. Sticky Mouse-Ear Chickweed, Cerastium glomeratum
  487. Stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica
  488. Stinking Chamomile, Anthemis cotula
  489. Stonecrop, Sedum sp.
  490. Strawberry Tree, Arbutus unedo
  491. Stream Violet, Viola glabella [yellow violet]
  492. Sugar Pine, Pinus lambertiana
  493. Sulphur Grevillea, Grevillea juniperina ssp. sulphurea [orange spidery flowers]
  494. Sunflower, Common Sunflower, Helianthus annuus
  495. Sunflower, Common Woolly Sunflower, Eriophyllum lanatum
  496. Swamp Rose, Rosa palustris
  497. Sweet Alyssum, Lobularia maritima
  498. Sweet Mock Orange, Philadelphus coronarius
  499. Sweet Pea, Lathyrus odoratus
  500. Sweet-Brier Rose, Sweetbrier, Rosa rubiginosa
  501. Table Mountain Meadowfoam, Limnanthes douglasii ssp. nivea
  502. Tall Flatsedge, Cyperus eragrostis
  503. Tall Fountainreed, Cannomois grandis
  504. Tamarisk, Saltcedar, Tamarix ramosissima
  505. Tarragon, Artemisia dracunculus [looks like goldenrod to me]
  506. Taw Manroot, Marah watsonii
  507. Telegraphweed, Heterotheca grandiflora
  508. Tidytips, Frémont’s Tidytips, Layia fremontii
  509. Tobacco, Flowering Tobacco, Nicotiana alata
  510. Tomcat Clover, Trifolium willdenovii
  511. Tower-of-Jewels, Giant Viper’s-Bugloss, Echium pininana
  512. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  513. Trailing Blackberry, California Blackberry, Rubus ursinus
  514. Tree Aeonium, Aeonium arboretum
  515. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima
  516. Tree-skirt Moss, Pseudanomodon attenuatus
  517. True Babystars, Leptosiphon bicolor [green puffball with pink flowers]
  518. Tufted Poppy, Eschscholzia caespitosa
  519. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  520. Turkey Tangle Fogfruit, Phyla nodiflora
  521. Twining Snakelily, Dichelostemma volubile
  522. Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  523. Wall Barley, Hordeum murinum
  524. Warrior’s Plume, Pedicularis densiflora
  525. Water Lettuce, Pistia stratiotes
  526. Water Purslane, Ludwigia palustris [dense, leafy, red stems]
  527. Wavy-Leafed Soap Plant, Soaproot, Chlorogalum pomeridianum
  528. Wavyleaf Paintbrush, Castilleja applegatei
  529. Weeping Willow, Salix babylonica
  530. Western Buttercup, Ranunculus occidentalis
  531. Western Marsh Cudweed, Gnaphalium palustre
  532. Western Ragweed, Ambrosia psilostachya
  533. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  534. Western Star Flower, Lysimachia latifolia
  535. Western Stoneseed, Lithospermum ruderale [yellow flowers, petals curve out]
  536. Western Sweet-Cicely, Osmorhiza occidentalis
  537. Western Sword Fern, Polystichum munitum
  538. Western Sycamore, Platanus racemosa
  539. Western Virgin’s Bower, Clematis ligusticifolia
  540. Western Wallflower, Erysimum capitatum
  541. Western Waterleaf, Hydrophyllum occidentale [kind of looks like phacelia]
  542. White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  543. White Clover, Trifolium repens
  544. White Fringetree, Chionanthus virginicus
  545. White Globe Lily Calochortus albus
  546. White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare
  547. White Meadowfoam, Limnanthes alba
  548. White Nemophila, Nemophila heterophylla
  549. White-Tipped Clover, Trifolium variegatum
  550. Whiteleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida
  551. Wild Oat Grass, Chrysopogon aciculatus
  552. Wild Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum
  553. Willow Dock, Rumex salicifolius
  554. Windmill Pink, Hairy Pink, Petrorhagia dubia
  555. Wood Forget-Me-Not, Myosotis sylvatica
  556. Woollyfruit Desert Parsley, Lomatium dasycarpum
  557. Woolly Desert Dandelion, Malacothrix floccifera [white with yellow center]
  558. Woolly Hedgenettle, Stachys byzantina
  559. Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja foliolosa
  560. Yarrow, Achillea millefolium
  561. Yarrow, Golden Yarrow, Eriophyllum confertiflorum
  562. Yellow Bird-of-Paradise Shrub, Erythrostemon gilliesii
  563. Yellow Rabbitbrush, Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
  564. Yellow Star-Tulip, Calochortus monophyllus [“furry” inside]
  565. Yellow Starthistle, Centaurea solstitialis
  566. Yellow Sweetclover, Melilotus officinalis
  567. Yellow Water Iris, Yellow Flag, Iris pseudacorus [invasive]
  568. Yerba Santa, California Yerba Santa, Eriodictyon californicum
  569. Yorkshire Fog Grass, Holcus lanatus

Reptiles and Amphibians:

  1. American Alligator, Alligator mississippiensis
  2. Chinese Stripe-Necked Turtle, Mauremys sinensis
  3. Northern Alligator Lizard, Elgaria coerulea
  4. Pacific Gopher Snake, Pituophis catenifer catenifer
  5. Pacific Pond Turtle, Western Pond Turtle, Actinemys marorata
  6. Red-Eared Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans
  7. Rhinoceros Iguana, Cyclura cornuta
  8. Sierran Tree Frog, Pseudacris sierra [dark stripe across the eye]
  9. Western Fence Lizard, Blue Belly, Sceloporus occidentalis
  10. Western Toad, Anaxyrus boreas
  11. ?? Snake bones [Mather Lake]


Other Vocabulary:

  • Apothecia: [a-poth-EH-cee-ah] concave cup formations on lichen that bear the spores; asocarp
  • Bilateral Gynandromorph: an organism that contains both male and female characteristics that can be distinguished through sexual dimorphism. Usually seen in moths, butterflies, other insects and birds.
  • Cilia: outgrowths on the thallus of lichen that look like eyelashes or tentacles
  • Crown Shyness: gaps in the canopy between trees in the forest that allow for sunlight to get through, and help the trees “social distance” to help neighboring trees to avoid infections and infestations.
  • Fasciation: also known as cresting, a relatively rare condition of abnormal growth in vascular plants in which the growing tip which normally is concentrated around a single point and produces approximately cylindrical tissue, instead becomes elongated perpendicularly to the direction of growth, thus producing flattened, ribbon-like, crested (or “cristate”), or elaborately contorted, tissue.
  • Inquiline: an animal exploiting the living space of another, e.g. an insect that lays its eggs in a gall produced by another (not the same as parasite because they don’t necessarily adversely affect the host.)
  • Intergrade: There are two types of intergradation: Primary intergradation: Occurs in cases were two subspecies are connected via one or more intermediate populations, each of which are in turn intermediate to their adjacent populations and exhibit more or less the same amount of variability as any other population within the species. Adjacent populations and subspecies are subject to cline intergradation, and in these situations it is usually taken for granted that the clines are causally related to environmental gradients. Secondary intergradation: When contact between a geographically isolated subspecies is reestablished with the main body of the species or with another isolate subspecies, interbreeding takes place as long as the isolate has not yet evolved an effective set of isolating mechanisms. Consequently, a relatively distinct zone or belt of hybridization will develop depending on the degree of genetic and phenotypic difference that was achieved by the previously isolated subspecies.
  • Isidia: [EYE-sid-ee-ah] ; small outgrowths of the thallus, from about 50 micrometres to a millimetre or so in length. They contain both fungal hyphae and photobiont cells and vary in shape, depending on species, from bulbous to cylindrical or branched, sometimes even coralloid .
  • Osmeteria: the “horns” on the head of swallowtail caterpillars. “…The everted organ resembles a fleshy forked tongue (not unlike a snake tongue)… [and emits] a foul, disagreeable odor which serves to repel ants, small spiders, and mantids…”
  • Soredia: [SORE-dee-ah] powdery grainy-looking balls composed of fungal hyphae wrapped around cyanobacteria or green algae on lichen; asexual reproduction
  • Teneral: of, relating to, or constituting a state of the imago of an insect immediately after molting during which it is soft and immature in coloring.
  • Thanatosis: “death drop” insect use to evade capture. Feigning death is a technique used by lots of different critters, including the opossum.
  • Thigmotropism: the turning or bending of a plant or other organism in response to a touch stimulus (what causes a vine to wrap around a tree, for example)
This is a Rose-Breasted Grosbeak with bilateral gynandromorphism. It’s male on the right and female on the left. [I did not take this photo. It’s from the Powdermill Nature Reserve.]

Travels of a Certified California Naturalist