Species List 2022

Here is my running species list for 2022. I’m including those I’ve taken photos of, heard, saw without getting a photo of, or found tracks/scat that I could identify. You can see last year’s species list HERE.

Total Species this year: 1,219

JANFEBMARAPRMAYJUN
42239159232230122
JULYAUGSEPTOCTNOVDEC
7467138
Number of individual species observed/recorded per month.
Includes 97 new-to-me [lifer] species.

Arachnids: (Last year: 22 species)

  1. Arabesque Orbweaver, Neoscona arabesca [related to Spotted Orbweaver] [lifer]
  2. California Turret Spider, Atypoides riversi
  3. Cobweb Spider, Family: Theridiidae
  4. Cobweb Spider, Phylloneta sp.
  5. Crab Spider, Goldenrod Crab Spider, Misumena vatia
  6. Crab Spider, Running Crab Spider, Family: Philodromidae
  7. False Black Widow Spider, Steatoda grossa [lifer]
  8. Funnel Weaver Spider, Subfamily: Ageleninae
  9. Humped Trashline Orbweaver Spider, Cyclosa turbinata
  10. Humpbacked Orbweaver Spider, Eustala sp. [lifer]
  11. Jumping Spider, Subfamily: Salticinae
  12. Jumping Spider, Arboreal Jumping Spider, Colonus hesperus [“checkerboard” head with white dot in the center]
  13. Jumping Spider, California Jumping Spider, Phidippus californicus [light rust, white and black on abdomen] [lifer]
  14. Jumping Spider, Half-Edged Wall Jumping Spider, Menemerus semilimbatus
  15. Jumping Spider, Johnson’s Jumping Spider, Phidippus johnsoni [red and black abdomen] [lifer]
  16. Marbled Cellar Spider, Holocnemus pluchei
  17. Meshweaver Spider, Family: Dictynidae
  18. Meshweaver Spider, Mallos sp. [small, pale tan with dark dot on the abdomen]
  19. Orb-Weaver Spider, Family: Araneidae
  20. Sheetweaver Spider, Family: Linyphiidae
  21. Sheetweb Spider, Microlinyphia mandibulata [tiny, black with white mottling on abdomen]
  22. Sierra Dome Spider, Neriene litigiosa [black and white stripes] [lifer]
  23. Six-Spotted Orbweaver Spider, Araniella displicata
  24. Stretch Spider, Long-Jawed Orbweaver, Tetragnatha sp.
  25. Stretch Spider, Tetragnatha extensa [pale tan abdomen]
  26. Swift Crab Spider, Mecaphesa celer
  27. Unidentified Spiders, Order: Araneae
  28. Western Black Widow Spider, Latrodectus hesperus
  29. Western Spotted Orbweaver, Neoscona oaxacensis
  30. Wolf Spider, Brush-Footed Wolf Spider, Schizocosa mccooki

Birds: (Last year: 173 species)

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana
  3. American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
  4. American Coot, Fulica americana
  5. American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis
  6. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
  7. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  8. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  9. American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
  10. American Wigeon, Anas americana
  11. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  12. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  13. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  14. Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  15. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  16. Black-Crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
  17. Black-Headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus
  18. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  19. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  20. Blue-Winged Teal, Spatula discors
  21. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  22. Brown Creeper, Certhia americana
  23. Brown-Headed Cowbird, Molothrus ater
  24. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  25. Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii
  26. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  27. Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
  28. California Quail, Callipepla californica
  29. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  30. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  31. Canvasback Duck, Aythya valisineria
  32. Cassin’s Kingbird, Tyrannus vociferans [lifer]
  33. Cattle Egret, Western Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis ibis
  34. Cayuga Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Cayuga
  35. Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum
  36. Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera
  37. Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  38. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  39. Common Merganser, American Common Merganser, Mergus merganser americanus
  40. Common Yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas
  41. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  42. Crested Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Crested
  43. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  44. Dark-Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  45. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  46. Downy Woodpecker, Dryobates pubescens
  47. Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  48. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  49. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  50. Gadwall Duck, Mareca strepera
  51. Graylag Goose, Domestic Graylag Goose, Anser anser domesticus
  52. Greylag × Canada Goose, Anser anser × Branta canadensis
  53. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  54. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  55. Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
  56. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  57. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  58. Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  59. Grebe, Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
  60. Grebe, Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  61. Grebe, Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis [black below the eye]
  62. Green Heron, Butorides virescens
  63. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  64. Greylag Goose × Domestic Swan Goose, Anser anser domesticus × anser cygnoide
  65. Gull, Larus sp.
  66. Gull, California Gull, Larus californicus [yellow legs; dark eye; red spot]
  67. Gull, Olympic Gull, Larus glaucescens × occidentalis
  68. Gull, Ring-Billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
  69. Gull, Western Gull, Larus occidentalis [spot on bill, pink legs, orange circle around eye]
  70. Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
  71. Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
  72. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  73. Indian Runner Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Indian Runner
  74. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  75. Laughing Kookaburra, Dacelo novaeguineae
  76. Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
  77. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  78. Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis [lifer]
  79. Long-Billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
  80. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  81. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  82. Muscovy Duck, Cairina moschata
  83. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  84. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  85. Northern Harrier, Marsh Hawk, Circus hudsonius
  86. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  87. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  88. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  89. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  90. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  91. Orange-Crowned Warbler, Leiothlypis celata [lifer]
  92. Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
  93. Peafowl, Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus
  94. Pekin Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Pekin
  95. Pigeon, Rock Pigeon, Columba livia
  96. Raven, Common Raven, Corvus corax
  97. Redhead Duck, Aythya americana
  98. Red-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
  99. Red-Breasted Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber
  100. Red-Shouldered Hawk, California Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus elegans
  101. Red-Tailed Hawk, Western Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis calurus
  102. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  103. Ring-Necked Duck, Aythya collaris
  104. Ring-Necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
  105. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  106. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  107. Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  108. Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
  109. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  110. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  111. Sora, Porzana carolina
  112. Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerine [lifer]
  113. Sparrow, Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  114. Sparrow, House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  115. Sparrow, Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
  116. Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  117. Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  118. Sparrow, White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  119. Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
  120. Steller’s Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri
  121. Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
  122. Swallow, Barn Swallow, American Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica erythrogaster
  123. Swallow, Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  124. Swallow, Northern Rough-Winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis
  125. Swallow, Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  126. Swan Goose, Anser cygnoides
  127. Tern, Caspian Tern, Hydroprogne caspia [black cap, orange bill]
  128. Thick-Billed Parrot, Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
  129. Towhee, California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  130. Towhee, Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  131. Townsend’s Warbler, Setophaga townsendi [lifer]
  132. Tricolored Blackbird, Agelaius tricolor
  133. Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
  134. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  135. Vireo, Vireo sp.
  136. Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana
  137. Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis
  138. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  139. Western Tanager, Piranga ludoviciana
  140. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  141. White-Faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
  142. White-Headed Woodpecker, Dryobates albolarvatus [lifer]
  143. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  144. Willow Flycatcher, Empidonax traillii [lifer]
  145. Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata
  146. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  147. Wren, Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  148. Wren, House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
  149. Wren, Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
  150. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli
  151. Yellow-Headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus [lifer]
  152. Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata

Fish: (Last year: 8 species)

  1. Black Bass, Micropterus sp.
  2. Chinook Salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
  3. Largemouth Bass, Micropterus salmoides
  4. Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
  5. Redear Sunfish, Lepomis microlophus [stock fish, Mather Lake] [lifer]
  6. Western Mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis

Fungi and Molds: (Last year: 112 species)

  1. Barometer Earthstar, Hygroscopic Earthstar, Astraeus hygrometricus
  2. Blewit Mushroom, Purple Core, Lepista nuda
  3. Cavalier, Bald Knight Mushroom, Melanoleuca melaleuca [dark cap, white gills]
  4. Conical Brittlestem Mushroom, Parasola conopilea
  5. Crust Fungus, Split Porecrust, Xylodon paradoxus
  6. Giraffe Spots Crust Fungus, Peniophora albobadia
  7. Green-Spored Parasol Mushroom, Chlorophyllum molybdites [shaggy cap, lawn mushroom]
  8. False Turkey-Tail, Stereum hirsutum [thin, flattish, brown underside]
  9. Jelly Fungus, Brown Jelly Fungus, Leafy Brain, Phaeotremella foliacea
  10. Jelly Fungus, Warlocks’s Butter, Exidia nigricans [like black Witch’s Butter]
  11. Leaf Curl Fungus, Taphrina sp.
  12. Peach Leaf Curl Fungus, Taphrina deformans [also on nectarine]
  13. Pinkedge Bonnet Mushroom, Mycena capillaripes [pale tan, wide gills, very hairy stipe at the ends]
  14. Pleated Marasmius, Red Thread, Marasmius plicatulus
  15. Rosy Navel Mushroom, Contumyces rosellus
  16. Rufous Milkcap Mushroom, Lactarius rufus [reddish cap, paler gills, weeps a milky latex substance]
  17. Slime Mold, Lamproderma sp. [dark, metallic sheen, head on stalk]
  18. Slime Mold, Dog Vomit Slime Mold, Fuligo septica [yellow]
  19. Slime Mold, Dog Vomit Slime Mold, Mucilago crustacea [cream colored] [lifer]
  20. Slime Mold, Insect-Egg Slime Mold, Leocarpus fragilis
  21. Smoked Oysterling, Resupinatus applicatus [smokey black]
  22. Spring King Bolete Mushroom, Boletus rex-veris
  23. Tuberous Polypore, Polyporus tuberaster [similar to Dryad’s Saddle]
  24. Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  25. Water Mold, Phytophthora sp.
  26. Western Hardwood Sulphur Shelf, Laetiporus gilbertsonii
  27. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white or gray mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  28. Wrinkled Crust Fungus, Phlebia radiata

Galls: (Last year: 83 species)

  1. Acorn Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysobalani [stunted growth, acorn may look pushed in or sideways] [lifer]
  2. Ash Flower Gall Mite, Aceria fraxiniflora
  3. Ash Leaf Curl Aphid, Prociphilus fraxinifolii
  4. Baccharis Stem Gall Midge, Rhopalomyia baccharis [creates twisting stems on coyote brush]
  5. Ball Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perfoveata [on live oak]
  6. Blue Oak Erineum Mite, Aceria trichophila
  7. California Black Walnut Pouch Gall Mite, Aceria brachytarsa
  8. Club Gall Wasp, Atrusca clavuloides
  9. Clustered Blister Gall Wasp, Family: Cynipidae [Russo, Plate 230, Page 158. On canyon live oak] [lifer]
  10. Clustered Gall Wasp, Andricus brunneus
  11. Convoluted Gall Wasp, Andricus confertus
  12. Coral Gall Wasp, Burnettweldia corallina
  13. Cottonwood Catkin Gall Mite, Eriophyes neoessigi [long panicles like grapes]
  14. Cottonwood Leaf Gall Aphid, Pemphigus populivenae [lifer]
  15. Cottonwood Stem Gall Aphid, Pemphigus populiramulor [lifer]
  16. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  17. Coyote Brush Blister Mite, Aceria baccharices [also infests Mule Fat]
  18. Coyote Brush Rust Gall, Puccinia evadens
  19. Coyote Brush Stem Gall Moth, Gnorimoschema baccharisella
  20. Crystalline Gall Wasp, Andricus crystallinus
  21. Disc Gall Wasp, Andricus parmula [round flat, “spangle gall”]
  22. Elm Leaf Pouch Gall Aphid, Oriental Grass Root Aphid, Tetraneura nigriabdominalis
  23. Eucalyptus Gall Wasp, Ophelimus maskelli [speckled; flat galls all over the leaf surface]
  24. Eucalyptus Stemgall Wasp, Leptocybe invasa [galls can also appear on the midvein]
  25. Fimbriate Gall Wasp, Andricus opertus
  26. Flange Gall Wasp, Russo, page 128, Plate 170, Unknown species [found on blue oak] [lifer]
  27. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  28. Flower Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus castanopsidis [on the male flowers of chinquapin] [lifer]
  29. Fluted Gall Wasp, Family: Cynipidae [Russo, plate 231,page 158. On canyon live oak] [lifer]
  30. Fuzzy-Gall Wasp, Cynips conspicuus [round mealy bumpy; on Valley oak]
  31. Grape Erineum Mite, Colomerus vitis
  32. Gray Midrib Gall Wasp, Cynips multipunctata
  33. Gouty Stem Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercussuttoni
  34. Hair Capsule Gall Wasp, Heteroecus sp. [Russo, plate 214,page 150. On canyon live oak] [lifer]
  35. Hair Stalk Gall Wasp, Andricus pedicellatus [thread gall on blue oak]
  36. Irregular Spindle Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysolepidicola [on white oaks, Blue, Valley, etc.]
  37. Jumping Gall Wasp, Neuroterus saltatorius
  38. Kernel Flower Gall Wasp, Callirhytis serricornis [asexual generation, summer, looks like a little jug]
  39. Leaf Gall Wasp/ Unidentified per Russo, Tribe: Cynipidea [on Valley Oak]
  40. Leafy Bract Gall Wasp, Diplolepis californica [hard rosette gall on rose bush]
  41. Lily Stem Gall Midge, Lasloptera sp. [on Itherial’s Spears in the spring]
  42. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  43. Live Oak Folded Leaf Aphid, Stegophylla essigi [in live oaks, folds the leaf over itself; sometimes the leaf turns red/reddish]
  44. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Spring, sexual generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [upside down volcano on the edge of the leaf, green or brown]
  45. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Summer, asexual generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  46. Live Oak Petiole Gall Wasp, Melikaiella flora [bisexual, spring generation, green swelling at the petiold and into the leaf]
  47. Manzanita Leafgall Aphid, Flower version, Tamalia coweni
  48. Manzanita Leafgall Aphid, Leaf curl version, Tamalia coweni
  49. Manzanita Leafgall Aphid, Midvien version, Tamalia coweni
  50. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  51. Plate Gall Wasp, Andricus pattersonae
  52. Poplar Petiole Gall Aphid, Pemphigus populitransversus [on cottonwood]
  53. Poplar Petiole Gall Aphid, Pemphigus obesinymphae [new American species, “slit mouth”]
  54. Pumpkin Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus minusculus
  55. Red Cone Gall Wasp, Andricus kingi
  56. Rose Blister Gall Wasp, Diplolepis rosaefolii [hard midrib gall] [lifer]
  57. Rose Stem Galler Wasp, Diplolepis inconspicuous [nodule on stem of rose bushes] [lifer]
  58. Rosette Gall Wasp, Andricus wiltzae [on Valley Oak]
  59. Round Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis canescens
  60. Round-Gall Wasp, Burnettweldia washingtonensis [round, fuzzy, on twigs]
  61. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens [on live oaks, black oaks]
  62. Saucer Gall Wasp, Andricus gigas
  63. Solitary Oak Leafminer Moth, Cameraria hamadryadella [form whole-leaf blisters on oak] [lifer]
  64. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii [summer, asexual generation, pink, spiky top]
  65. Spiny Leaf Gall Wasp, Diplolepis polita [on rose leaves]
  66. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, Andricus atrimentus, bisexual spring generation [looks like a papery ball with a black interior]
  67. Striped Volcano Gall Wasp, Andricus atrimentus, asexual, summer generation [looks like a tiny volcano]
  68. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, unisexual , summer generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [small, green or mottled, on back of leaf along the midvein]
  69. Urchin Gall Wasp, Cynips quercusechinus
  70. Western Gall Rust, Cronartium harknessii [pine-pine]
  71. Willow Apple Gall Sawfly, Euura californica
  72. Willow Bead Gall Mite, Aculus tetanothrix
  73. Willow Beaked-Gall Midge, Rabdophaga rigidae
  74. Willow Bud Gall Mite, Aculops aenigma [look like the ash mite galls] [lifer]
  75. Willow Fold Gall Sawfly, Euura sp. [Phyllocolpa sp.]
  76. Willow Midrib Gall Sawfly, Suborder: Symphyta, Unknown [Russo, page 219] [lifer]
  77. Willow Petiole Gall Sawfly, Subfamily: Nematinae
  78. Willow Pinecone Gall Midge, Rabdophaga strobiloides
  79. Willow Rose Gall Midge, Rabdophaga rosaria [on terminal bud point]
  80. Willow Rosette Gall Midge, Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides [on stem]
  81. Willow Stem Sawfly, Euura exiguae
  82. Wool-Bearing Gall Wasp, Druon quercuslanigerum
  83. Woollybear Gall Wasp, Atrusca trimaculosa
  84. Yellow Wig Gall Wasp, Druon fullawayi

Insects, Arthropods, Hexapods: (Last year: 218 species)

  1. Acmon Blue Butterfly, Icaricia acmon
  2. Allokermes, Live Oak Kermes, Allokermes cueroensis
  3. Anise Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio zelicaon
  4. Ant, Andre’s Harvester Ant, Veromessor andrei [black]
  5. Ant, Argentine Ant, Linepithema humile
  6. Ant, Bicolored Carpenter Ant, Camponotus vicinus [large, black and red]
  7. Ant, California Harvester Ant, Pogonomyrmex californicus [red]
  8. Ant, Fusca-Group Field Ants, Formica fusca
  9. Ant, Immigrant Pavement Ant, Tetramorium immigrans [lifer]
  10. Ant, Little Black Ant, Monomorium minimum
  11. Ant, Velvety Tree Ant, Liometopum occidentale
  12. Ant, Western Carpenter Ant, Camponotus modoc
  13. Aphid, Family: Aphididae
  14. Aphid, Giant Willow Aphid, Tuberolachnus salignus
  15. Aphid, Macrosiphum sp. [pink or green]
  16. Aphid, Mealy Plum Aphid, Hyalopterus pruni
  17. Aphid, Mullein Aphid, Aphis verbasci
  18. Aphid, Oleander Aphid, Aphis nerii [yellow-orange with black legs]
  19. Aphid, Smoky Poplar Aphid, Chaitophorus populicola [adults are black]
  20. Aphid, Woolly Oak Aphid, Stegophylla brevirostris [lots of white fluff, honeydew]
  21. Assassin Bug, Leafhopper Assassin Bug, Zelus renardii
  22. Backswimmer, Notonecta sp. [large eyes]
  23. Bee, European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  24. Bee, Leafcutter Bee, Megachile sp.
  25. Bee, Long-Horned Bee, Melissodes sp.
  26. Bee, Metallic Sweat Bee, Lasioglossum dialictus ssp.
  27. Bee, Sunflower Chimney Bee, Diadasia enavata [lifer]
  28. Bee, Tripartite Sweat Bee, Halictus tripartitus
  29. Bee, Urbane Digger Bee, Anthophora urbana [gray and black, bluish eyes]
  30. Bee, Western Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa californica
  31. Bee Fly, Bombylius sp.
  32. Bee Fly, Greater Bee Fly, Bombylius major
  33. Bee Fly, Villa lateralis [looks like a bee but with fly eyes]
  34. Big-Eyed Toad Bug, Gelastocoris oculatus
  35. Brown Grass Bug, Irbisia californica
  36. Bumblebee, Black-Tailed Bumble Bee, Bombus melanopygus [lifer]
  37. Bumblebee, Bee, Foothill Carpenter Bee, Xylocopa tabaniformis orpifex
  38. Bumblebee, Yellow-Faced Bumble Bee, Bombus vosnesenskii
  39. Cabbage White Butterfly, Pieris rapae
  40. Caddisfly, Black Dancer Caddisfly, Mystacides sepulchralis
  41. Caddisfly, Net-Spinning Caddisfly, Hydropsyche sp.
  42. Caddisfly, White Miller Caddisfly, Nectopsyche sp. [lifer]
  43. California Bordered Plant Bug, Largus californicus
  44. California Broad-Necked Darkling Beetle, Coelocnemis dilaticollis
  45. California Oak Moth (oakworm), Phryganidia californica
  46. California Millipede, Bollmaniulus sp.
  47. California Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly, Battus philenor hirsuta
  48. California Sister Butterfly, Adelpha californica
  49. California Tortoiseshell Butterfly, Nymphalis californica [lifer]
  50. Case-Bearing Leaf Beetle, Cryptocephalus castaneus [lifer]
  51. Case-Bearing Leaf Beetle, Diachus sp.
  52. Caterpillar Hunter Beetle, Calosoma cancellatum [like a Darkling with a sculpted carapace]
  53. Checkered White Butterfly, Pontia protodice [lifer]
  54. Cicada, Typical Cicada, Family: Cicadidae
  55. Citrus Leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella [backyard]
  56. Click Beetle, Family: Elateridae
  57. Clouded Sulphur Butterfly, Colias philodice
  58. Common Checkered Skipper, Burnsius communis
  59. Common Hover Fly Parasitoid Wasp, Diplazon laetatorius [colorful, yellow legs]
  60. Common Pill Woodlouse, Pillbug, Rolly-Poly, Armadillidium vulgare
  61. Confusing Petrophila Moth, Petrophila confusalis [tiny, pale, striped]
  62. Cottonwood Twig Borer Beetle, Oberea quadricallosa [red collar with black spots]
  63. Cranefly, European Crane Fly, Tipula paludosa
  64. Cranefly, Green-Eyed Cranefly, Tipula sp.
  65. Cranefly, Marsh Crane Fly, Tipula oleracea
  66. Cranefly, Spotted Cranefly, Nephrotoma wulpiana
  67. Cranefly, Tiger Cranefly, Subgenus: Hesperotipula
  68. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  69. Cutworm Wasp, Podalonia sp. [black, ground hunting, iridescent wings]
  70. Damselfly, American Rubyspot, Hetaerina americana
  71. Damselfly, Bluet, Enallagma sp.
  72. Damselfly, Emma’s Dancer, Argia emma [lifer]
  73. Damselfly, Familiar Bluet, Enallagma civile
  74. Damselfly, Pacific Forktail, Ischnura cervula
  75. Damselfly, Tule Bluet Damselfly, Enallagma carunculatum
  76. Darkling Beetle, Blapstinus sp.
  77. Darkling Beetle, Tribe: Coniontini
  78. Darkling Beetle, Coniontis tristis
  79. Desert Broom Gallfly, Aciurina thoracica (small, wings decorated with black mottling) [lifer]
  80. Desert Stink Beetle, Eleodes scabrosus [pitted pronotum and elytra, like a Darkling]
  81. Dragonfly, Suborder: Anisoptera
  82. Dragonfly, Blue Dasher Dragonfly, Pachydiplax longipennis
  83. Dragonfly, Common Green Darner, Anax junius
  84. Dragonfly, Flame Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula saturata
  85. Dragonfly, Sinuous Snaketail, Ophiogomphus occidentis [mostly yellow; cobra-tail] [lifer]
  86. Dragonfly, Twelve-Spotted Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula pulchella [lifer]
  87. Dragonfly, Variegated Meadowhawk Dragonfly, Sympetrum corruptum
  88. Dragonfly, Western Pondhawk Dragonfly, Erythemis collocata [females are green, males are blue]
  89. Dragonfly, Widow Skimmer Dragonfly, Libellula luctuosa
  90. Drone Fly, Common Drone Fly, Eristalis tenax [looks like a bee with fly eyes] [lifer]
  91. Drone Fly. European Drone Fly, Eristalis arbustorum [orange belt] [lifer]
  92. Drone Fly, Yellow-Shouldered Drone Fly, Eristalis stipator [looks like a dark honeybee with fly eyes] [lifer]
  93. Earwig, European Earwig, Forficula auricularia
  94. Echo Azure Butterfly, Celastrina echo
  95. Fire-Colored Beetle, Pedilus sp.
  96. Firefly, California Glowworm, Ellychnia californica [larvae are pink]
  97. Firefly, Dark Firefly, Pyropyga nigricans
  98. Fly, Acalyptrate Fly, Zoosubsection: Acalyptratae [medium-sized, reddish-gold with banding on abdomen] [lifer]
  99. Fly, American Serpentine Leaf Miner Fly, Liriomyza trifolii
  100. Fly, Black Blow Fly, Phormia regina [dark blue sheen]
  101. Fly, Bristle Fly, Ptilodexia sp.
  102. Fly, Common Flesh Fly, Sarcophaga sp.
  103. Fly, Cricket-Parasite Nocturnal Fly, Ormia sp. [gold body, red eyes] [lifer]
  104. Fly, European Blowfly, Calliphora vicina [dark body, white spots on abdomen, red eyes]
  105. Fly, Golden Dung Fly, Scathophaga stercoraria
  106. Fly, Grass Fly, Thaumatomyia sp. [small, yellow-orange]
  107. Fly, Grass Fly, Fruit Fly, Thaumatomyia sp. [tiny, bright yellow, striped]
  108. Fly, Greenbottle Fly, Common European Greenbottle Fly, Lucilia sericata
  109. Fly, Muscoid Fly, Superfamily: Muscoidea [red eyes, wings have black dot]
  110. Fly, Narrow-Headed Marsh Fly, Helophilus fasciatus [large, hoverfly] [lifer]
  111. Fly, Stable Fly, Stomoxys calcitrans
  112. Fly, Tachinid Fly, Archytas sp. [lifer]
  113. Fly, Tiger Fly, Coenosia sp. [lifer]
  114. Fly, Yellow-Footed Tachinid Fly, Tachina sp. [lifer]
  115. Funereal Duskywing Butterfly, Erynnis funeralis
  116. Fungus Gnat, Family: Mycetophilidae [mosquito-like]
  117. Genista Broom Moth, Uresiphita reversalis
  118. Geometer Moth, “Twig Mimic” caterpillars, Family: Geometridae
  119. Gossamer-Winged Butterfly, Family: Lycaenidae
  120. Grape Leaf Miner Moth, Phyllocnistis vitigenella [lifer]
  121. Grass Sharpshooter, Draeculacephala minerva [like a leafhopper]
  122. Grasshopper, California Rose-Winged Grasshopper, Dissosteira pictipennis
  123. Gray Buckeye Butterfly, Junonia grisea
  124. Green Lacewing, Chrysopa coloradensis
  125. Harlequin Bug, Murgantia histrionica
  126. Hanging Scorpion Fly, Bittacus chlorostigma [like a large, bright yellow cranefly] [lifer]
  127. Harvestman, Protolophus singularis
  128. Harvestman, Superfamily: Phalangioidea
  129. Hoverfly, Black-Margined Flower Fly, Syrphus opinator [lifer]
  130. Hoverfly, Large-Tailed Aphideater, Eupeodes volucris
  131. Hoverfly, Margined Calligrapher, Toxomerus marginatus
  132. Hoverfly, Oblique Streaktail, Allograpta obliqua [lifer]
  133. Hoverfly, White-Bowed Smoothwing, Scaeva affinis [lifer]
  134. Hybotid Fly, Platypalpus sp. [tiny, midge-like]
  135. Ichneumonid and Braconid Wasps, Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea
  136. Indian-Meal Moth, Plodia interpunctella [small, brown tips] [lifer]
  137. Jalisco Petrophila Moth, Petrophila jaliscalis [tiny, black dots long edge of hindwings]
  138. Katydid, Bush Katydid, Fork-Tailed Bush Katydid, Scudderia furcata 
  139. Kermes Scale Insect, Allokermes sp.
  140. Lace Bug, Chrysanthemum Lace Bug, Corythucha marmorata
  141. Ladybeetle, Asian Lady Beetle, Harmonia axyridis [lots of variation]
  142. Ladybeetle, Broad-Striped Lady Beetle, Paranaemia vittigera
  143. Ladybeetle, Convergent Lady Beetle, Hippodamia convergens
  144. Ladybeetle, Four-Eyed Sigil Lady Beetle, Hyperaspis quadrioculata [lifer]
  145. Ladybeetle, Large Spotted Lady Beetle, Harmonia conformis
  146. Ladybeetle, Sigil Lady Beetles, Hyperaspis sp.
  147. Ladybeetle, Seven-Spotted Lady Beetle, Coccinella septempunctata
  148. Ladybeetle, Spotless Lady Beetle, Cycloneda sanguinea [no spots; more red than orange]
  149. Leaf Beetle, Family: Chrysomelidae
  150. Leafhopper, Euscelis sp. [tiny, brown]
  151. Leafhopper, Euscelidius sp. [ tiny, brown, known to vector phytoplasmas in cultivated vines]
  152. Leafhopper, Momoria sp. [pink and green]
  153. Leafhopper, Tribe: Empoascini
  154. Leaf-Mining Trumpet Moth, Tischeria sp.
  155. Litocala Moth, Litocala sexsignata [black and gray with eye spots on the hind wings]
  156. Live Oak Leafminer Moth, Stigmella variella 
  157. Mantis, Arizona Mantis, Stagmomantis limbata [large ootheca]
  158. Mantis, Mediterranean Mantis, Iris oratoria [thin ootheca]
  159. Marbled Oak Dagger Moth, Acronicta marmorata [pinkish-orange caterpillar, sparse fine hairs]
  160. March Fly, Bibio vestitus [tiny, black, elongated body]
  161. Mayfly, Order: Ephemeroptera
  162. Mayfly, Giant Mayfly, Hexagenia limbata [lifer]
  163. Mayfly, Speckled Dun, Callibaetis pictus [small, tan or brownish]
  164. Mealybug Destroyer, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri
  165. Metallic Wood-Boring Beetle, Acmaeodera sp.
  166. Metallic Wood-Boring Beetle, Subgenus: Melanthaxia
  167. Morning-Glory Leafminer Moth, Bedellia somnulentella
  168. Mud-Dauber Wasp, Sceliphron sp. [black and yellow]
  169. Mugwort Weevil, Lixus fasciculatus
  170. Non-Biting Midges, Family: Chironomidae
  171. Non-Biting Midge, Cricotopus sp.
  172. Oak Ribbed Casemaker Moth, Bucculatrix albertiella
  173. Orange Hangingfly, Bittacus chlorostigma [lifer]
  174. Orange Sulphur Butterfly, Colias eurytheme
  175. Painted Lady Butterfly, Vanessa cardui
  176. Pale-Lined Angle Moth, Digrammia irrorata
  177. Paper Wasp, Black Paper Wasp, European Paper Wasp, Polistes dominula
  178. Paper Wasp, Golden Paper Wasp, Polistes aurifer
  179. Plant Bugs, Tribe: Phylini
  180. Plant Bug, Parthenicus sp.
  181. Propertius Duskywing Butterfly, Erynnis propertius
  182. Redbud Seed Weevil, Gibbobruchus mimus
  183. Red Gum Lerp Psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei [on eucalyptus]
  184. Robber Fly, Subfamily: Asilinae
  185. Robber Fly, Efferia albibarbis
  186. Robbery Fly, Machimus notatus
  187. Rose Stem Miner Moth, Marmara sp.
  188. Rose Weevil, Western Rose Curculio, Merhynchites wickhami
  189. Sawfly, Pristiphora sp.
  190. Scale Insects, Superfamily: Coccoidea
  191. Scale, Iceplant Scale, Pulvinariella mesembryanthem
  192. Scarab-Hunter Wasp, Hairy-Footed Scoliid Wasp, Dielis pilipes
  193. Shot Hole Borer, Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer Beetle, Euwallacea fornicatus sp.
  194. Small Heliothodes Moth, Heliothodes diminutive [pinkish tan with white mottling]
  195. Small Milkweed Bug, Lygaeus kalmii
  196. Snakefly, Common Snakefly, Agulla sp.
  197. Soft-Winged Flower Beetle, Listrus sp.
  198. Spittlebug, Meadow Spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius
  199. Squash Bugs, Anasa sp. [eggs on live oak]
  200. Stilt Bug, Family: Berytidae
  201. Stink Bugs, Family: Pentatomidae
  202. Stink Bug, Say’s Stink Bug, Chlorochroa sayi [bluish green] [lifer]
  203. Sugary Lerp Psyllid, Glycaspis granulata
  204. Thrip, Subfamily: Thripinae
  205. Thrip, Tobacco Thrip, Frankiella fusca [lifer]
  206. Tick, American Dog Tick, Dermacentor variabilis
  207. Treehopper, Gyponana sp. [pink head, yellowish body]
  208. Treehopper, Buffalo Treehopper, Tribe: Ceresini
  209. Treehopper, Buffalo Treehopper, Stictocephala alta
  210. Treehopper, Buffalo Treehopper, Stictocephala bisonia
  211. Treehopper, Green Treehopper, Tortistilus pacificus
  212. Treehopper, Oak Treehopper, Platycotis vittata [looks like a thorn] [lifer]
  213. Water Boatman, Subfamily: Corixinae
  214. Webspinner, Oligotoma sp. [lifer]
  215. Western Boxelder Bug, Boisea rubrolineata
  216. Western Leaf-Footed Bug, Leptoglossus clypealis
  217. Western Spotted Cucumber Beetle, Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata
  218. Western Tailed-Blue Butterfly, Cupido amyntula
  219. Western Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio rutulus
  220. Western Tussock Moth, Orgyia vetusta
  221. Western Yellowjacket, Vespula pensylvanica
  222. Weevil Wasp, Cerceris sp. [small, yellow and black, amber wings]
  223. Whiteflies, Family: Aleyrodidae
  224. Woodland Skipper, Ochlodes sylvanoides
  225. Yellow Starthistle Flower Weevil, Larinus curtus

Invertebrates, Other (Last year: 7 species)

  1. Copepods, Family: Cyclopidae
  2. Freshwater Apple Snails, Family: Ampullariidae
  3. Garden Snail, Cornu aspersum
  4. Red Swamp Crayfish, Crawdad, Procambarus clarkii
  5. Shrimp, California Clam Shrimp, Cyzicus californicus
  6. Shrimp, Vernal Pool Tadpole Shrimp, Lepidurus packardi [lifer]

Lichen on Trees/Wood: (Last year: 48 species)

  1. Bark Rim Lichen, Lecanora chlarotera [looks like Whitewash Lichen but has apothecia]
  2. Boreal Button Lichen, Buellia disciformis [pale gray to bluish with black apothecia on wood]
  3. Brown-Eyed Wolf Lichen, Letharia columbiana
  4. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  5. Camouflage Lichen, California Camouflage Lichen, Melanelixia californica [dark green with brown apothecia, on trees]
  6. Camouflage Lichen, Lustrous Camouflage Lichen, Melanohalea exasperatula [bright green camouflage] [lifer]
  7. Candleflame Lichen, Candelaria concolor [bright yellow-orange]  
  8. Common Button Lichen, Buellia erubescens [black eyes on white]
  9. Common Greenshield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  10. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange, on wood/trees]
  11. Crustose Pin Lichen, Pseudothelomma occidentale [on fence post, looks like a nipple lichen]
  12. Farinose Cartilage Lichen, Ramalina farinacea [like oakmoss but with very fine strands]
  13. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria finkii
  14. Frosted Lichen, Physconia sp.
  15. Frosted Rim-Lichen, Lecanora caesiorubella [white with white apothecia]
  16. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  17. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  18. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia [hoary, black or brown apothecia]
  19. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  20. Hooded Tube Lichen, Hypogymnia physodes
  21. Mealy Pixie Cup, Cladonia chlorophaea
  22. Mealy Rim Lichen, Lecanora strobilina [greenish apothecia]
  23. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri [like strap but with soredia]
  24. Oregon Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza oregana [yellow/orange thallus bearing granular soredia on the tips and/or underside; looks like leaves with grainy edges]
  25. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa [bright orange, apothecia, close, piled]
  26. Poplar Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza hasseana [sunburst on Cottonwood]
  27. Powder-Edged Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia soredica [pale green, lots of soredia]
  28. Powdered Ruffle Lichen, Parmotrema hypotropum [lifer]
  29. Rim Lichen, Lecanora carpinea
  30. Shield Lichen, Parmelia sulcate [pale gray-green, veined]
  31. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  32. Speckled Greenshield Lichen, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  33. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  34. Trumpet Lichen, Cladonia fimbriata [lifer]
  35. Tube Lichen, Imshaug’s Tube Lichen, Hypogymnia imshaugii
  36. Variable Wrinkle-Lichen, Tuckermanopsis orbata [green or brown] [lifer]
  37. Whitewash Lichen, Phlyctis argena
  38. Witch’s Hair Lichen, Alectoria sarmentosa [on fir trees]
  39. Wolf Lichen, Letharia vulpine [bright yellow-green]

Lichen on Stone/Metal: (Last year: 22 species)

  1. Bare-Bottom Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza weberi
  2. Black-Eye Lichen, Tephromela atra [lifer]
  3. Black Rock Licorice Lichen, Lichinella nigritella
  4. Chiseled Sunken Disk Lichen, Circinaria contorta
  5. Cinder Lichen, Aspicilia cinerea
  6. Concentric Boulder Lichen, Porpidia crustulata [circles of black spots on rock]
  7. Crater Lichen, Diploschistes scruposus [pale gray with black craters]
  8. Cumberland Rock Shield, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia
  9. Emery Rocktripe Lichen, Umbilicaria phaea
  10. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria finkii
  11. Green Rock-Posy, Rhizoplaca melanophthalma
  12. Mortar Rim Lichen, Myriolecis dispersa [black/grey]
  13. Pebbled Pixie Cup, Cladonia pyxidata
  14. Peppered Rock-Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia conspersa
  15. Pelt Lichen, Dog Pelt Lichen, Peltigera canina
  16. Pelt Lichen, Scaly Pelt Lichen, Peltigera praetextata [lifer]
  17. Rock Disk Lichen, Lecidella stigmatea [black spots]
  18. Rock Greenshield Lichen, Flavoparmelia baltimorensis
  19. Single-Spored Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon disporum [black/gray on rocks]
  20. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Protoparmeliopsis muralis
  21. Wart Lichen, Verrucaria sp. [lifer]
  22. Yellow Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora socialis
  23. Yellow Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon geographicum

Mammals: (Last year: 51 species)

  1. Aardvark, Orycteropus afer
  2. African Cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus jubatus
  3. African Lion, Panthera leo
  4. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis
  5. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  6. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  7. Cat, Felis catus
  8. Cattle, Black Angus, Bos Taurus var, Black Angus
  9. Cattle, Charolais Cattle, Bos taurus var. Charolais
  10. Cattle, Guernsey Cattle, Bos taurus var. Guernsey
  11. Cattle, Hereford Cattle, Bos taurus var. Hereford
  12. Cattle, Holstein Friesian Cattle, Bos taurus var. Holstein
  13. Cattle, Jersey Cattle, Bos taurus var. Jersey
  14. Chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes
  15. Chipmunk, Long-Eared Chipmunk, Neotamias quadrimaculatus
  16. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  17. Common Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri sciureus
  18. Coyote, Canis latrans
  19. Desert Cottontail, Sylvilagus audubonii
  20. Dog, Canis lupus familiaris
  21. Douglas’ Squirrel, Tamiasciurus douglasii [small brown squirrel, white belly]
  22. Eastern Bongo, Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci
  23. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger [rusty belly]
  24. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis [white belly]
  25. Gopher, Botta’s Pocket Gopher, Thomomys bottae [burrows, mounds]
  26. Grevy’s Zebra, Equus grevyi
  27. Jaguar, Panthera onca
  28. Masai Giraffe, Giraffa tippelskirchi
  29. Meerkat, Suricata suricatta
  30. Mongoose Lemur, Eulemur mongo
  31. Mule Deer, Odocoileus hemionus
  32. Okapi, Okapia johnstoni
  33. Otter, North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis
  34. Raccoon, Common Raccoon, Procyon lotor
  35. Red Kangaroo, Macropus rufus
  36. Sheep, Ovis aries
  37. Virginia Opossum, Didelphis virginiana
  38. Vole, California Vole, Microtus californicus eximus 
  39. Vole, Field Vole, Microtus agrestis
  40. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus
  41. Western Harvest Mouse, Reithrodontomys megalotis
  42. Wolf’s Guenon Monkey, Cercopithecus wolfi

Pathogens/Bacteria: (Last year: 12 species)

  1. Black Knot, Apiosporina morbosa [fungal growth] [lifer]
  2. Black Walnut Witches Broom, Phytoplasma sp.
  3. Blackberry RustGymnoconia nitens
  4. Blackberry Orange Rust, Gymnoconia peckiana
  5. Drippy Nut Disease, Lonsdalea quercina [Proteobacteria]
  6. Hollyhock Rust, Puccinia malvacearum
  7. Oak Anthracnose Fungus, Apiognomonia errabunda [spots on Chinquapin leaves] [lifer]
  8. Oak Leaf Blister, Taphrina caerulescens [fungus, may present as discoloration on leaves]
  9. Oak Powdery Mildew, Erysiphe alphitoides [fungus]
  10. Rose Powdery Mildew, Podosphaera pannosa
  11. Rose Rosette Disease (RRD), Rose rosette emaravirus [carried by mites]
  12. Rose Rust, Phragmidium tuberculatum
  13. Rust Fungus: Order: Pucciniales
  14. Sycamore Powdery Mildew, Erysiphe platani [fungus]
  15. Witches Broom, Cherry Tree Witches Broom, Taphrina wiesneri [on Prunus sp. trees]
  16. White Blister Rust Disease, Wilsoniana bliti [looks like white plaque on the leaves] [lifer]

Plants, Flowers, Trees: (Last year: 694 species)

  1. African Flag,  Chasmanthe floribunda
  2. Alder, White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  3. Algae, Green Hair Algae, Chlorodesmis fastigiata
  4. Alkali Heath, Frankenia salina [sweats salt] [lifer]
  5. Alkali Heliotrope, Heliotropium curassavicum
  6. Alkali Mallow, Malvella leprosa [lifer]
  7. Alkali Weed, Cressa truxillensis [lifer]
  8. Almond Tree, Prunus dulcis
  9. Aloe, Candelabra Aloe, Aloe arborescens
  10. Amaranth, Family: Amaranthaceae
  11. Amazon Frogbit, Limnobium laevigatum [water plant]
  12. American Black Nightshade, Solanum americanum
  13. American Yellowrocket, Barbarea orthoceras [lifer]
  14. Annual Honesty, Money Plant, Lunaria annua
  15. Artichoke Thistle, Cardoon, Cynara cardunculus
  16. Arundo, Giant Reed, Arundo donax
  17. Ash, Oregon Ash, Fraxinus latifolia
  18. Ash, Velvet Ash, Fraxinus velutina
  19. Asphodel Plant, Asphodelus sp. [long heavy bracts of round seed pods]
  20. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  21. Balsamroot, Carey’s Balsamroot, Balsamorhiza careyana
  22. Barberries, Berberis sp.
  23. Barberry, Shining Netvein Barberry, Berberis dictyota
  24. Basswood Tree, Tilia americana
  25. Bay Laurel, California Bay, Umbellularia californica
  26. Bear’s Breeches, Acanthus mollis
  27. Beavertail Cactus, Indian Fig Opuntia, Opuntia ficus-indica
  28. Bedstraw, Velcro Grass, Cleavers, Galium aparine
  29. Bedstraw, Galium pilosum [much  larger than Galium aparine seeds are pinkish]
  30. Bigleaf Maple Tree, Acer macrophyllum
  31. Bindweed, Convolvulus sp.
  32. Bindweed, Field Bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis [pink, blush]
  33. Bindweed, Ground Morning Glory, Convolvulus sabatius mauritanicus [purple-blue flowers]
  34. Bindweed, Hillside False Bindweed, Calystegia subacaulis [all white]
  35. Bird’s-Eye Gilia, Gilia tricolor
  36. Bird’s-Eye Speedwell, Veronica persica
  37. Bird’s Foot Cliffbrake, Pellaea mucronata
  38. Bisnaga, Visnaga daucoides
  39. Bitter Cherry, Prunus emarginata
  40. Bitter Lettuce, Lactuca virosa
  41. Bittercress, Hairy Bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta
  42. Black Chokeberry, Aronia melanocarpa
  43. Black Locust Tree, Robinia pseudoacacia
  44. Black Mulberry, Morus nigra
  45. Black Mustard, Brassica nigra
  46. Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Juglans nigra
  47. Black Walnut, Northern California Black Walnut, Juglans hindsii
  48. Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [red canes]
  49. Blackberry, California Blackberry, Trailing Blackberry, Rubus ursinus [pale green canes]
  50. Blessed Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum
  51. Bloody Crane’s-Bill, Geranium sanguineum
  52. Blow Wives, Achyrachaena mollis
  53. Blue Dicks, Depterostemon capitatus
  54. Blue Dicks, Dipterostemon capitatus capitatus [vernal pool]
  55. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  56. Blue Statice, Limonium sinuatum
  57. Bluewitch Nightshade, Solanum umbelliferum
  58. Borage, Borago officinalis
  59. Boxelder, Box Elder Tree, Acer negundo
  60. Brass Buttons, Cotula coronopifolia
  61. Brazilian Vervain, Verbena brasiliensis
  62. Bristly Oxtongue, Helminthotheca echioides
  63. Broad-Leaved Stonecrop, Sedum spathulifolium
  64. Broad-Leaved Sweet Pea, Lathyrus latifolius
  65. Brodiaea, Dwarf Brodiaea, Brodiaea terrestris terrestris [vernal pool] [lifer]
  66. Broom, Scotch Broom, Cytisus scoparius
  67. Broom, Sweet Broom, Cytisus x spachianus
  68. Brown Fritillary, Fritillaria micrantha
  69. Buckbrush, Ceanothus cuneatus
  70. Buckwheat, California Buckwheat, Eriogonum fasciculatum
  71. Buckwheat, Long-Stemmed Buckwheat, Eriogonum elongatum [tiny flowers]
  72. Buckwheat, Naked Buckwheat, Eriogonum nudum
  73. Buckwheat, Sulfur Buckwheat, Eriogonum umbellatum
  74. Bull Thistle, Cirsium vulgare
  75. Bunya-Bunya Pine, Araucaria bidwillii [looks like Monkey-Puzzle]
  76. Bur Parsley, Anthriscus caucalis
  77. Bush Chinquapin, Chrysolepis sempervirens
  78. Buttercup, Ranunculus sp.
  79. Buttercup, Rough-Fruited Buttercup, Ranunculus muricatus
  80. Buttercup, Western Buttercup, Ranunculus occidentalis
  81. Butterfly Bush, Buddleja davidii
  82. Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis
  83. California Brickellbush, Brickellia californica
  84. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  85. California Bulrush, Schoenoplectus californicus
  86. California Flannelbush, Fremontodendron californicum
  87. California Fuchsia, Epilobium canum
  88. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  89. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  90. California Saxifrage, Micranthes californica
  91. California Sweetshrub, Spice Bush, Calycanthus occidentalis
  92. California Sycamore, Western Sycamore, Platanus racemose
  93. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  94. Calla Lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica
  95. Callery Pear, Pyrus calleryana
  96. Cancerwort, Sharp-Point, Fluellen, Kickxia elatine [lifer]
  97. Cape Honey Flower, Melianthus major
  98. Cat’s Ear, Smooth Cat’s Ear, Hypochaeris glabra
  99. Catalpa, Northern Catalpa, Catalpa speciosa
  100. Cattail, Broad-Leaved Cattail, Typha latifolia
  101. Cattail, Narrowleaf Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  102. Ceanothus, Concha Ceanothus, Ceanothus concha, Ceanothus impressus + Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus
  103. Ceanothus, Deerbrush Ceanothus, Ceanothus integerrimus
  104. Ceanothus, Mahala Mat, Ceanothus prostrates
  105. Centuary, Slender Centaury, Centaurium tenuiflorum [pink flowers]
  106. Chamise, Adenostoma fasciculatum
  107. Chamomile, Stinking Chamomile, Anthemis cotula
  108. Checker Lily, Fritillaria affinis
  109. Cheeseweed Mallow, Malva parviflora
  110. Cherry Laurel, Prunus laurocerasus
  111. Chicory, Cichorium intybus
  112. Chickweed, Common Chickweed, Stellaria media
  113. Chinaberry Tree, Melia azedarach
  114. Chinese Houses, Purple Chinese Houses, Collinsia heterophylla
  115. Chinese Pistache, Pistacia chinensis
  116. Chinese Quince, Chaenomeles lagenaria [white or pink flowers]
  117. Clematis, Western Virgin’s Bower, Clematis ligusticifolia
  118. Clockweed, Oenothera lindheimeri [lifer]
  119. Clover, Bearded Clover, Trifolium barbigerum [vernal pool]
  120. Clover, Bur Clover, Medicago polymorpha
  121. Clover, Crimson Clover, Trifolium incarnatum
  122. Clover, Rose Clover, Trifolium hirtum
  123. Clover, Strawberry Clover, Trifolium fragiferum
  124. Clover, Tomcat Clover, Trifolium willdenovii
  125. Coast Redwood, Sequoia sempervirens
  126. Coastal Button-Celery, Prickly Coyote Thistle, Eryngium armatum [lifer]
  127. Coastal Rosemary, Westringia fruticosa
  128. Cobwebby Thistle, Cirsium occidentale
  129. Coffeeberry, California Buckthorn, Frangula californica
  130. Columbine, Aquilegia sp.
  131. Columbine, Western Columbine, Aquilegia formosa
  132. Common Daisy, Lawn Daisy, Bellis perennis
  133. Common Hawkweed, Hieracium lachenalii
  134. Common Hedge Parsley, Torilis arvensis [tiny flowers, spiny seeds are pinkish]
  135. Common Madia, Madia elegans elegans
  136. Common Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris
  137. Common Spikeweed, Centromadia pungens
  138. Common St. John’s Wort, Hypericum perforatum
  139. Coneflower, Topeka Purple Coneflower, Echinacea atrorubens
  140. Corn, Zea mays
  141. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  142. Coyote Mint, Monardella villosa
  143. Creamcups, Platystemon californicus
  144. Creeping Lantana, Lantana montevidensis [pink flowers]
  145. Creeping Myoporum, Myoporum parvifolium [groundcover, small whiteflowers]
  146. Creeping Woodsorrel, Oxalis corniculata
  147. Crevice Alumroot, Heuchera micrantha
  148. Cudweed, Jersey Cudweed, Helichrysum luteoalbum
  149. Cucumber, Cucumis sativus
  150. Daffodil, Wild Daffodil, Narcissus pseudonarcissus
  151. Dame’s Rocket, Hesperis matronalis [purple flowers in bouquets]
  152. Dandelion, Common Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale
  153. Deerweed, Acmispon glaber
  154. Denseflower Willowherb, Epilobium densiflorum [small, pinkish flowers]
  155. Deodar Cedar, Cedrus deodara
  156. Devil’s Beggarticks, Bidens frondosa
  157. Dock, Clustered Dock, Rumex conglomeratus
  158. Dock, Curly Dock, Rumex crispus
  159. Dock, Tall Dock, Rumex altissimus
  160. Dock, Willow Dock, Rumex salicifolius
  161. Dotted Knotweed, Persicaria punctata [white flowers]
  162. Douglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii
  163. Dove’s-Foot Crane’s-Bill, Geranium molle
  164. Downingia, Flatface Calicoflower, Downingia pulchella
  165. Downingia, Maroonspot Calicoflower, Downingia concolor [vernal pool]
  166. Downy Thornapple, Jimsonweed, Datura innoxia
  167. Duckweed, Common Duckweed, Lemna minor
  168. Dudleya, Canyon Live-Forever, Dudleya cymosa
  169. Dudleya, Coast Range Dudleya, Dudleya cymosa cymosa
  170. Elegant Clarkia, Clarkia unguiculata [red line on leaves when young]
  171. Elephant’s-Ears, Bergenia crassifolia
  172. Elm Tree, Field Elm Tree, Ulmus minor
  173. English Walnut, Juglans regia
  174. Eucalyptus, River Redgum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  175. Eurasian Water-Milfoil, Myriophyllum spicatum
  176. Fennel, Bronze Fennel, Florence Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare dulce
  177. Fennel, Giant Fennel, Ferula communis
  178. Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
  179. Fern, California Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum jordanii
  180. Fern, California Polypody, Polypodium californicum
  181. Fern, Common Bracken, Pteridium aquilinum
  182. Fern, Goldback Fern, Pentagramma triangularis
  183. Fern, Hairy Brackenfern, Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens [variation of Common Bracken]
  184. Fern, Lace Lip Fern, Myriopteris gracillima
  185. Fern, Narrowleaf Sword Fern, Polystichum imbricans
  186. Fern, Western Sword Fern, Polystichum munitum
  187. Fiddleneck, Bristly Fiddleneck, Amsinckia tessellata
  188. Fiddleneck, Common Fiddleneck, Amsinckia menziesii
  189. Field Bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
  190. Field Mustard, Brassica rapa
  191. Fig, Common Fig, Ficus carica
  192. Flax-Leaved Horseweed, Erigeron bonariensis
  193. Fleabane, Coulter’s Fleabane, Erigeron coulteri [pale purple petals, yellow center]
  194. Floating Primrose-Willow, Ludwigia peploides
  195. Floating Water Primrose, Ludwigia peploides ssp. peploides
  196. Forget-Me-Not, Bay Forget-Me-Not, Myosotis laxa [tiny pale blue flowers]
  197. Fortnight Lily, Dietes grandiflora
  198. Fragrant Everlasting. Pseudognaphalium beneolens [soft, pale, felty leaves]
  199. Freesia, White Kammetjie, Freesia leichtlinii alba
  200. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  201. Fringepod, Mountain Fringepod, Thysanocarpus laciniatus
  202. Fringepod, Ribbed Fringepod, Thysanocarpus radians
  203. Fringepod, Sand Fringepod, Thysanocarpus curvipes [pinholes]
  204. Fuchsiaflower Gooseberry, Ribes speciosum
  205. Fuyu Persimmon, Japanese Persimmon, Diospyros kaki var. Fuyu
  206. Garlic, Naples Garlic, Allium neapolitanum [like white onion flowers]
  207. Giraffe’s Head, Henbit Deadnettle, Lamium amplexicaule
  208. Gladioli, Gladiolus sp.
  209. Globe Lily, Diogenes’ Lantern, Calochortus amabilis [yellow or white]
  210. Globe Lily, White Globe Lily, Calochortus albus
  211. Goldenrod, Coast Goldenrod, Solidago spathulata
  212. Goldenrod, Velvety Goldenrod, Solidago velutina
  213. Goldenrod, Western Goldenrod, Euthamia occidentalis
  214. Goldfields, Lasthenia sp.
  215. Goldfields, California Goldfields, Lasthenia californica
  216. Goldfields, Fremont’s Goldfields, Lasthenia fremontii
  217. Goldfields, Smooth Goldfields, Lasthenia glaberrima [tall]
  218. Goldwire, Hypericum concinnum
  219. Grasses, Family: Poaceae
  220. Grasses, Annual Blue-Eyed Grass, Sisyrinchium rosulatum [tiny flowers can be white or blue]
  221. Grasses, Barnyardgrass, Echinochloa crus-galli
  222. Grasses, Bristly Dogtail Grass, Cynosurus echinatus
  223. Grasses, Bulbous Bluegrass, Poa bulbosa
  224. Grasses, Bermuda Grass, Cynodon dactylon
  225. Grasses, California Melic, Melica californica
  226. Grasses, Carolina Canarygrass, Phalaris caroliniana
  227. Grasses, Common Barley, Hordeum vulgare
  228. Grasses, Common Soft Brome, Bromus hordeaceus
  229. Grasses, Dallis Grass, Paspalum dilatatum
  230. Grasses, Flowering Oloptum, Oloptum sp.
  231. Grasses, Fountain Grass, Cenchrus setaceus
  232. Grasses, Italian Ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum
  233. Grasses, Lesser Canary Grass, Phalaris minor
  234. Grasses, Little Quaking Grass, Briza minor
  235. Grasses, Mediterranean Hair-Grass, Rostraria cristata
  236. Grasses, Purple Needlegrass, Nassella pulchra
  237. Grasses, Rabbitfoot Grass, Polypogon monspeliensis
  238. Grasses, Ripgut Brome, Bromus diandrus
  239. Grasses, Saltgrass, Distichlis spicata
  240. Grasses, Silver Hairgrass, Aira caryophyllea
  241. Grasses, Squirreltail Grass, Elymus elymoides
  242. Grasses, Wall Barley, Hordeum murinum
  243. Grasses, Wild Oat, Avena fatua
  244. Gray Pine, Pinus sabiniana
  245. Grevillea, Juniper Leaved Grevillea, Grevillea juniperina [spidery,orange]
  246. Grevillea, Rosemary Grevillea, Grevillea rosmarinifolia [spidery, red]
  247. Groundsel, Common Groundsel, Senecio vulgaris
  248. Gumweed, Curlycup Gumweed, Grindelia squarrosa
  249. Gumweed, Great Valley Gumweed, Grindelia camporum
  250. Hackberry, Chinese Hackberry Tree, Celtis sinensis
  251. Hairy Hawkbit, Leontodon saxatilis
  252. Hairypink, Pink Grass, Windmill Pink, Petrorhagia dubia
  253. Hellebore, Stinking Hellebore, Helleborus foetidus
  254. Hillside Woodland Star, Lithophragma heterophyllum
  255. Holly, European Holly, Hedgehog Holly, Ilex aquifolium
  256. Hollyhock, Alcea rosea
  257. Hollyleaf Redberry, Rhamnus ilicifolia [buckthorn]
  258. Honeysuckles, Lonicera sp.
  259. Honeywort, Blue Shrimp Plant, Cerinthe major ssp. purpurascens [purple]
  260. Horsetail, Rough Horsetail, Equisetum hyemale
  261. Horsetail, Smooth Horsetail, Equisetum laevigatum
  262. Hyssop Loosestrife, Lythrum hyssopifolia [tiny pink flowers]
  263. Iceplant, Pigface Iceplant, Highway Iceplant, Carpobrotus edulis
  264. Incense Cedar, California Incense Cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
  265. Iris, Iris sp.
  266. Iris, Bearded Iris, Iris × germanica
  267. Iris, Douglas Iris, Iris douglasiana
  268. Iris, Rainbow Iris, Iris hartwegii
  269. Iris, Stinking Iris, Iris foetidissima [bright orange seeds]
  270. Iris, Yellow Iris, Iris pseudacorus
  271. Italian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine, Pinus pinea [small cones, 2 per fascicle]
  272. Italian Thistle, Carduus pycnocephalus
  273. Ithuriel’s Spear, Triteleia laxa
  274. Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Dragon Arum, Dracunculus vulgaris [very large, purple]
  275. Japanese Aralia, Fatsia japonica [stalks of white flowers, huge leaves; kind of looks like coffee to me]
  276. Japanese Spirea, Spiraea japonica
  277. Jewelflower, Mountain Jewelflower, Streptanthus tortuosus [lifer]
  278. Johnnytuck, Butter-and-Eggs, Triphysaria eriantha eriantha [red stems]
  279. Johnnytuck, Vernal Pool Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja campestris  campestris [green stems]
  280. Jointed Charlock, Raphanus raphanistrum
  281. Korean Mulberry, Morus indica [front yard]
  282. Lady’s Thumb Smartweed, Persicaria maculosa
  283. Larkspur, Red Larkspur, Delphinium nudicaule
  284. Larkspur, Zigzag Larkspur, Delphinium patens [dark purple-blue]
  285. Laurustinus Viburnum, Viburnum tinus [bunches of pink buds that open to small white flowers]
  286. Lavender, Common Lavender, Lavandula angustifolia
  287. Lavender, Desert Lavender, Condea emoryi
  288. Lavender, Spanish Lavender, Lavandula pedunculata
  289. Lilac, Common Lilac, Syringa vulgaris
  290. Lomatium, Biscuitroot, Lomatium sp.
  291. Lomatium, Foothill Desert-Parsley, Lomatium utriculatum
  292. Love-in-a-Mist. Nigella damascena
  293. Lupine, Arroyo Lupine, Lupinus succulentus
  294. Lupine, Chick Lupine, Lupinus microcarpus [white or yellow]
  295. Lupine, Dwarf Lupine, Lupinus lepidus [purple/blue]
  296. Lupine, Grape Soda Lupine, Lupinus excubitus [paler purple-blue with yellow tinge]
  297. Lupine, Miniature Lupine, Lupinus bicolor
  298. Lupine, Narrow-Leaved Lupine, Lupinus angustifolius [lifer]
  299. Lily of the Nile, Agapanthus africanus
  300. Magnolia, Saucer Magnolia, Magnolia × soulangeana [pink flowers]
  301. Manroot, California Manroot, Bigroot, Marah fabaceus
  302. Manroot, Taw Man-Root, Marah watsonii [elongated pods, sculpted leaves]
  303. Manyflower Marshpennywort, Hydrocotyle umbellate [round leaves, small white flowers on stalk]
  304. Manzanita, Arctostaphylos sp.
  305. Manzanita, Greenleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos patula
  306. Manzanita, Mariposa Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida mariposa [a subspecies of Whiteleaf Manzanita]
  307. Manzanita, Whiteleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida
  308. Marguerite, Dimorphotheca polyptera
  309. Max Chrysanthemum, Leucanthemum maximum
  310. Meadowfoam, Rosy Douglas Meadowfoam, Limnanthes douglasii rosea [vernal pool]
  311. Mediterranean Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  312. Milkmaids, Cardamine californica
  313. Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Asclepias fascicularis
  314. Milkweed, Showy Milkweed, Asclepias speciosa
  315. Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata
  316. Miner’s Lettuce, Streambank Springbeauty, Claytonia parviflora
  317. Mistletoe, Broadleaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron macrophyllum
  318. Mistletoe, Western Dwarf Mistletoe, Arceuthobium campylopodum
  319. Monkeyflower, Kellogg’s Monkeyflower, Diplacus kelloggii [pink] [lifer]
  320. Monkeyflower, Orange Bush Monkeyflower, Diplacus aurantiacus
  321. Monkeyflower, Seep Monkeyflower, Erythranthe guttata [yellow]
  322. Moss, Bristly Haircap Moss, Polytrichum piliferum [like little porcupines]
  323. Moss, Clustered Feather-Moss, Rhynchostegium confertum
  324. Moss, Crisped Pincushion, Ulota crispa
  325. Moss, Fountain Apple-Moss, Philonotis fontana
  326. Moss, Lyell’s Bristle-Moss, Pulvigera lyellii
  327. Moss, Nuttall’s Homalothecium Moss, Homalothecium nuttallii [looks like thread]
  328. Moss, Rough-Stalked Feather-Moss, Brachythecium rutabulum
  329. Moss, Silky Wall Feather-Moss, Homalothecium sericeum
  330. Moss, Silvery Bryum, Bryum argenteum
  331. Moss, Spoon-Leaved Moss, Bryoandersonia illecebra
  332. Moss, Turf-Forming Moss, Trichostomum sp.
  333. Mount Atlas Mastic Tree, Pistacia atlantica
  334. Mountain Misery, Chamaebatia foliolosa [fern-like leaves]
  335. Mule Fat, Baccharis salicifolia
  336. Mule’s Ears, Gray Mule-Ears, Wyethia helenioides
  337. Mule’s Ears, Narrowleaf Mule-Ears, Wyethia angustifolia
  338. Mule’s Ears, Smooth Mule-Ears, Wyethia glabra
  339. Mullein, Great Mullein, Verbascum thapsus
  340. Mullein, Moth Mullein, Verbascum blattaria [thin stick, white or yellow]
  341. Mullein, Turkey Mullein, Doveweed, Croton setiger
  342. Narrow-Fruited Water-Starwort, Callitriche palustris
  343. Nectarine Tree, Prunus persica nucipersica [front yard]
  344. Oak, Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  345. Oak, California Black Oak, Quercus kelloggii
  346. Oak, California Scrub Oak, Quercus berberidifolia
  347. Oak, Canyon Live Oak, Quercus chrysolepis [dark on top, light underneath] [lifer]
  348. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  349. Oak, Cork Oak, Quercus suber
  350. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  351. Oak, Holm Oak, Quercus ilex [soft leaves, lighter on back]
  352. Oak, Hungarian Oak, Quercus frainetto
  353. Oak, Oregon White Oak, Quercus garryana garryana
  354. Oak, Southern Live Oak, Quercus virginiana [endemic to the southeastern U.S.]
  355. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  356. Oleander, Nerium oleander
  357. Oregon Grape, Berberis aquifolium
  358. Queen Anne’s Lace, Daucus carota
  359. Owl’s Clover, Purple Owl’s-Clover, Castilleja exserta var. exserta
  360. Oxalis, Bermuda Buttercup, Oxalis pes-caprae
  361. Pacific Aster, Symphyotrichum chilense
  362. Pacific Bleeding Heart, Dicentra formosa
  363. Pacific Dogwood, Cornus nuttallii
  364. Pacific False Bindweed, Calystegia purpurata
  365. Pacific Hound’s Tongue, “Dog Lick”, Adelinia grande
  366. Pacific Pea, Lathyrus vestitus
  367. Pacific Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  368. Paperwhite, Narcissus papyraceus
  369. Paintbrush, Harsh Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja hispida
  370. Paintbrush, Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja foliolosa
  371. Pale Dewplant, Drosanthemum floribundum
  372. Paris Daisy, Euryops chrysanthemoides
  373. Parrot’s Feather, Myriophyllum aquaticum [water plant]
  374. Pearly Everlasting, Anaphalis margaritacea
  375. Pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium
  376. Penstemon, Mountain Blue Penstemon, Penstemon laetus
  377. Pepperweed, Lepidium sp.
  378. Pepperweed, Broadleaved Pepperweed, Lepidium latifolium
  379. Pepperweed, Tall Whitetop, Lepidium draba
  380. Periwinkle, Greater Periwinkle, Vinca major
  381. Persian Silk Tree, Mimosa Tree, Albizia julibrissin
  382. Phacelia, Mountain Phacelia, Phacelia imbricata [white]
  383. Phacelia, Virgate Scorpionweed, Phacelia heterophylla
  384. Pineapple Guava, Feijoa, Feijoa sellowiana
  385. Pineappleweed, Chamomilla suaveolens
  386. Pinkladies, Oenothera speciosa
  387. Plantain, Ribwort Plantain, Plantago lanceolata
  388. Poison Hemlock, Conium maculatum
  389. Poison Oak, Pacific Poison Oak, Western Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  390. Pokeweed, American Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana
  391. Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa [three needles]
  392. Popcorn Flower, Plagiobothrys sp.
  393. Popcorn Flower, Greene’s Popcorn Flower, Plagiobothrys greenei [super tiny, vernal pool] [lifer]
  394. Popcorn Flower, Rusty Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys nothofulvus
  395. Poppy, California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica
  396. Poppy, Coulter’s Matilija Poppy, Romneya coulteri [large, white, colorful center]
  397. Poppy, Field Poppy, Tufted Poppy, Eschscholzia caespitosa
  398. Poppy, Frying Pan Poppy, Eschscholzia lobbii
  399. Portuguese Squill, Scilla peruviana
  400. Prettyface, Foothill Triteleia, Triteleia ixioides scabra
  401. Prickly Lettuce, Lactuca serriola
  402. Primrose, Tall Evening Primrose, Oenothera elata
  403. Prostrate Knotweed, Polygonum aviculare [has tiny white flowers on the stem]
  404. Purple Salsify, Tragopogon porrifolius
  405. Purple Star-Thistle, Centaurea calcitrapa [lifer]
  406. Purpletop Vervain, Verbena incompta
  407. Pyracantha, Firethorn, Pyracantha coccinea
  408. Pyracantha, Narrowleaf Firethorn, Pyracantha angustifolia
  409. Q-Tips, Micropus californicus
  410. Red Fir Tree, Abies magnifica
  411. Red Hot Poker, Kniphofia uvaria
  412. Red-Flowering Currant, Ribes sanguineum
  413. Red Sand-Spurrey, Spergularia rubra[mat, purple flowers]
  414. Redvein Abutilon, Callianthe picta
  415. Redroot Amaranth, Amaranthus retroflexus
  416. Red Maids, Calandrinia menziesii
  417. Red Valerian, Centranthus ruber
  418. Rice, Annual Wild Rice, Zizania aquatica
  419. River Bulrush, Bolboschoenus fluviatilis
  420. Rocketsalad, Eruca vesicaria [like charlock but very tall, in thin colums] [lifer]
  421. Roldana, Roldana sp. [clusters of medium-sized yellow flowers]
  422. Rose, Rosa sp.
  423. Rose, California Wild Rose, Rosa californica [pink]
  424. Rose, Dog Rose, Rosa canina [white]
  425. Rose, Hoary Rock-Rose, Cistus creticus
  426. Rose, Multiflora Rose, Rosa multiflora [multiple white flowers]
  427. Rose, Sweet-Brier Rose, Rosa rubiginosa [pink, multi]
  428. Rose, Woods’ Rose, Rosa woodsia [dark pink]
  429. Rose-of-Sharon, Hypericum calycinum [a kind of St. John’s Wort]
  430. Rosemary, Salvia rosmarinus
  431. Rosilla, Sneezeweed, Helenium puberulum
  432. Rough Cocklebur, Xanthium strumariumswal
  433. Rush, Canada Rush, Juncus canadensis [small flowering heads at the top of the stem]
  434. Rush, Soft Rush, Juncus effusus [flowering heads midstem]
  435. Sacred Datura, Datura wrightii [seeds have elaiosome on them]
  436. Sacred Lotus, Nelumbo nucifera
  437. Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius
  438. Sage, Salvia sp.
  439. Sage, Baby Sage, Salvia microphylla
  440. Sage, Black Sage, Salvia mellifera [white flowers, kind of looks like horehound]
  441. Sage, Cleveland Sage, Salvia clevelandii
  442. Sage, Garden Sage, Salvia officinalis [purple and pale purple-pink]
  443. Sage, Hummingbird Sage, Salvia spathacea
  444. Sage, Jerusalem Sage, Phlomis fruticosa
  445. Sage, Meadow Sage, Salvia pratensis
  446. Sage, Purple Sage, Salvia leucophylla [kind of looks like Cleveland, but paler and finer]
  447. Sago Cycad, Sago Palm, Cycas revoluta
  448. Saltbrush, Atriplex sp.
  449. Saltbush, Big Saltbush, Atriplex lentiformis
  450. San Joaquin Spearscale, Extriplex joaquinana [looks like a kind of saltbrush]
  451. Sanicle, Pacific Sanicle, Sanicula crassicaulis [yellow flowers, stinky]
  452. Sanicle, Purple Sanicle, Sanicula bipinnatifida
  453. Sanicle, Tuberous Sanicle, Sanicula tuberosa [yellow]
  454. Santa Barbara Sedge, Carex barbarae
  455. Scarlet Kammetjie, Freesia laxa [pink,6-petals,redblush on bottom 3]
  456. Scarlet Pimpernel, Lysimachia arvensis
  457. Scrambling Pohuehue, Muehlenbeckia complexa [sort of looks like a fern with round leaves]
  458. Sea Mallow, Malva subovata [kind of looks like hibiscus]
  459. Sea Mullia, Muilla maritima [white flowers, sort of like onion] [lifer]
  460. Seablush, Shortspur Seablush, Plectritis congesta [white or pink, single head]
  461. Sheep’s Sorrel, Rumex acetosella
  462. Shepherd’s-Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
  463. Shining Pepperweed, Lepidium nitidum
  464. Shooting Star, Henderson’s Shooting Star, Primula hendersonii
  465. Siberian Crabapple, Malus baccata
  466. Sierra Lessingia, Lessingia leptoclada [purple fringy-looking flowers in flocculent coverings]
  467. Silver Maple Tree, Acer saccharinum
  468. Silver Wattle, Acacia dealbata
  469. Slough Sedge, Carex obnupta
  470. Small-Flowered Catchfly, Silene gallica
  471. Smartweed, Pale Smartweed, Persicaria lapathifolia
  472. Smartweed, Swamp Smartweed, Persicaria hydropiperoides
  473. Smokebush, Smoke Tree, Cotinus coggygria
  474. Snowberry, Common Snowberry, Symphoricarpos albus
  475. Sow Thistle, Common Sow-Thistle, Sonchus oleraceus
  476. Spanish Bluebell, Hyacinthoides hispanica
  477. Spanish Clover, Acmispon americanus [looks like baby lotus]
  478. Spring Starflower, Ipheion uniflorum
  479. Spurge, Eggleaf Spurge, Euphorbia oblongata
  480. Spurge, Mediterranean Spurge, Euphorbia characias
  481. Spurge, Petty Spurge, Euphorbia peplus
  482. Squarestem Spikerush, Eleocharis quadrangulata
  483. Sticky Mouse-Ear Chickweed, Cerastium glomeratum
  484. Stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica
  485. Stonecrop, Broad-Leaved Stonecrop, Sedum spathulifolium
  486. Stork’s Bill, Mediterranean Stork’s-Bill, Erodium botrys
  487. Stork’s Bill, Musk Stork’s-Bill, Erodium moschatum
  488. Stork’s Bill, Redstem Stork’s-Bill, Erodium cicutarium
  489. Sugar Pine Tree, Pinus lambertiana
  490. Summer Snowflake, Leucojum aestivum [like lily of the valley with green spots]
  491. Sunflower, California Sunflower, Helianthus californicus
  492. Sunflower, Common Sunflower, Helianthus annuus
  493. Sunflower, Common Woolly Sunflower, Eriophyllum lanatum
  494. Sunflower, Mongolian Giant, Helianthus annuus var. Mongolian Giant
  495. Tall Flatsedge, Cyperus eragrostis
  496. Tamarisk, Saltcedar, Tamarix ramosissima
  497. Tarweeds, Madia sp.
  498. Tarweed, Common Tarweed, Spikeweed, Centromadia pungens [prickly]
  499. Tarweed, Fitch’s Tarweed, Centromadia fitchii, Spikeweed [yellow, no thorns, smells like lemons]
  500. Tarweed, Hayfield Tarweed, Hemizonia congesta [white]
  501. Tarweed, Pit-Gland Tarweed, Narrow Tarweed, Holocarpha virgata virgata
  502. Tarweed, Woodrush Tarweed, Hemizonia congesta ssp. luzulifolia [white]
  503. Teasel, Wild Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum
  504. Telegraphweed, Heterotheca grandiflora
  505. Tobacco, Coyote Tobacco, Flowering Tobacco, Nicotiana attenuata
  506. Tobacco, Tree Tobacco, Nicotiana glauca
  507. Torrent Sedge, Carex nudata
  508. Tower-of-Jewels, Giant Viper’s-Bugloss, Echium pininana
  509. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  510. Tree-Anemone, Carpenteria californica
  511. Tree-of-Heaven, Ailanthus altissima
  512. Trefoil, Bird’s Foot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus
  513. Trefoil, Chilean Trefoil, Acmispon wrangelianus [vernal pool]
  514. Narrow-Leaf Bird’s-Foot Trefoil, Lotus tenuis
  515. Trembling Aspen, Populus tremuloides [white bark]
  516. Trillium, Giant White Wakerobin, Trillium albidum
  517. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  518. Turkey Tangle Frogfruit, Phyla nodiflora
  519. Turkish Pine, Pinus brutia [2 fasicles]
  520. Twining Snakelily, Dichelostemma volubile
  521. Valley Tassels, Castilleja attenuata
  522. Vetch, Common Vetch, Vicia sativa [pink flowers]
  523. Vetch, Hairy Vetch, Vicia villosa
  524. Vinegar Weed, Trichostema lanceolatum
  525. Violet, California Golden Violet, Viola pedunculata
  526. Violet, Pine Violet, Viola lobata [lifer]
  527. Wallflower, Western Wallflower, Erysimum capitatum
  528. Warrior’s Plume, Pedicularis densiflora
  529. Water-Cress, Nasturtium sp.
  530. Wavy-Leafed Soap Plant, Soaproot, Chlorogalum pomeridianum
  531. Wax-Leaf Ligustrum, Ligustrum japonicum
  532. Western Dwarf Mistletoe, Arceuthobium campylopodum
  533. Western Hoptree, Ptelea crenulata
  534. Western Morning Glory, Calystegia occidentalis [seed pods have 4-5 black seeds in them]
  535. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  536. Western Solomon’s Plume, Maianthemum racemosum amplexicaule
  537. Western Stoneseed, Lithospermum ruderale
  538. Western Waterleaf, Hydrophyllum occidentale [looks like phacelia
  539. White Brodiaea, Triteleia hyacinthina [lifer]
  540. White Fir, Abies concolor
  541. White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare
  542. White Meadowfoam, Limnanthes alba
  543. White Mulberry, Morus alba
  544. White Nemophila, Nemophila heterophylla
  545. White Sweetclover, Melilotus albus
  546. White Wall-Rocket, Diplotaxis erucoides
  547. White-Topped Aster, Sericocarpus sp. [spidery, feathery-looking] [lifer]
  548. Wild Celery, Angelica sp.
  549. Wild Licorice, Glycyrrhiza lepidota [lifer]
  550. Wild Mustard, Sinapis arvensis
  551. Wild Radish, Raphanus sativus
  552. Willow, Arroyo Willow, Salix lasiolepis
  553. Willow, Coyote Willow, Salix exigua
  554. Willow, Goodding’s Willow, Salix gooddingii
  555. Willow, Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  556. Willow, Scouler’s Willow, Salix scouleriana [silvery, feathery catkins]
  557. Willow, Weeping Willow, Salix babylonica
  558. Willows, Salix sp.
  559. Woodland Strawberry, Fragaria vesca [lifer]
  560. Woodland Woollythreads, Monolopia gracilens
  561. Woolly Hedgenettle, Stachys byzantina
  562. Woolly Marbles, Low Woolly Marbles, Psilocarphus brevissimus
  563. Woolly Marbles, Slender Woolly-Marbles, Psilocarphus tenellus [lifer]
  564. Yarrow, Common Yarrow, Achillea millefolium
  565. Yarrow, Fern-leaf Yarrow, Achillea filipendulina [yellow]
  566. Yellow Bird-of-Paradise Shrub, Erythrostemon gilliesii
  567. Yellow Carpet, Blennosperma nabium var.nanum [tiny yellow flower with white pollen]
  568. Yellow Keckiella Flower, Keckiella sp. [related to penstemon] [lifer]
  569. Yellow Salsify, Tragopogon dubius
  570. Yellow Star-Thistle, Centaurea solstitialis
  571. Yellow Star-Tulip, Calochortus monophyllus [fuzzy throat]
  572. Yellow Sweetclover, Small Melilot, Melilotus indicus
  573. Yerba Santa, California Yerba Santa, Eriodictyon californicum
  574. Yew Tree, Taxus sp.
  575. Zinnia, Elegant Zinnia, Zinnia elegans

Reptiles and Amphibians: (Last year: 32 species)

  1. American Alligator, Alligator mississippiensis
  2. Frog, American Bullfrog, Lithobates catesbeianus
  3. Frog, Pacific Treefrog, Chorus Frog, Pseudacris regilla
  4. Galápagos Giant Tortoise, Chelonoidis niger
  5. Northern Pacific Rattlesnake, Crotalus oreganus oreganus
  6. Pacific Pond Turtle, Western Pond Turtle, Actinemys marorata
  7. Red-Eared Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans
  8. River Cooter Turtle, Pseudemys concinna
  9. Skink, Western Skink, Plestiodon skiltonianus [juveniles have a blue tail] [lifer]
  10. Western Fence Lizard, Blue Belly, Sceloporus occidentalis


Other Vocabulary:

  • Apothecia: [a-poth-EH-cee-ah] concave cup formations on lichen that bear the spores; asocarp
  • Bilateral Gynandromorph: an organism that contains both male and female characteristics that can be distinguished through sexual dimorphism. Usually seen in moths, butterflies, other insects and birds.
  • Cecidologist: a person who studies plant galls
  • Cilia: outgrowths on the thallus of lichen that look like eyelashes or tentacles
  • Crown Shyness: gaps in the canopy between trees in the forest that allow for sunlight to get through, and help the trees “social distance” to help neighboring trees to avoid infections and infestations.
  • Fasciation: also known as cresting, a relatively rare condition of abnormal growth in vascular plants in which the growing tip which normally is concentrated around a single point and produces approximately cylindrical tissue, instead becomes elongated perpendicularly to the direction of growth, thus producing flattened, ribbon-like, crested (or “cristate”), or elaborately contorted, tissue.
  • Fundatrix: stem mother, a viviparous parthenogenetic winged or wingless female aphid produced on the primary host plant from an overwintering fertilized egg
  • Inquiline: an animal exploiting the living space of another, e.g. an insect that lays its eggs in a gall produced by another (not the same as parasite because they don’t necessarily adversely affect the host.)
  • Intergrade: There are two types of intergradation: Primary intergradation: Occurs in cases were two subspecies are connected via one or more intermediate populations, each of which are in turn intermediate to their adjacent populations and exhibit more or less the same amount of variability as any other population within the species. Adjacent populations and subspecies are subject to cline intergradation, and in these situations it is usually taken for granted that the clines are causally related to environmental gradients. Secondary intergradation: When contact between a geographically isolated subspecies is reestablished with the main body of the species or with another isolate subspecies, interbreeding takes place as long as the isolate has not yet evolved an effective set of isolating mechanisms. Consequently, a relatively distinct zone or belt of hybridization will develop depending on the degree of genetic and phenotypic difference that was achieved by the previously isolated subspecies.
  • Isidia: [EYE-sid-ee-ah] ; small outgrowths of the thallus, from about 50 micrometres to a millimetre or so in length. They contain both fungal hyphae and photobiont cells and vary in shape, depending on species, from bulbous to cylindrical or branched, sometimes even coralloid .
  • Osmeteria: the “horns” on the head of swallowtail caterpillars. “…The everted organ resembles a fleshy forked tongue (not unlike a snake tongue)… [and emits] a foul, disagreeable odor which serves to repel ants, small spiders, and mantids…”
  • Soredia: [SORE-dee-ah] powdery grainy-looking balls composed of fungal hyphae wrapped around cyanobacteria or green algae on lichen; asexual reproduction
  • Teneral: of, relating to, or constituting a state of the imago of an insect immediately after molting during which it is soft and immature in coloring.
  • Thanatosis: “death drop” insect use to evade capture. Feigning death is a technique used by lots of different critters, including the opossum.
  • Thigmotropism: the turning or bending of a plant or other organism in response to a touch stimulus (what causes a vine to wrap around a tree, for example)
This is a Rose-Breasted Grosbeak with bilateral gynandromorphism. It’s male on the right and female on the left. [I did not take this photo. It’s from the Powdermill Nature Reserve.]

Travels of a Certified California Naturalist

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