Species List 2022

Here is my running species list for 2022. I’m including those I’ve taken photos of, heard, saw without getting a photo of, or found tracks/scat that I could identify. You can see last year’s species list HERE.

Total Species this year: 859

JANFEBMARAPRMAYJUN
42239159232187
JULYAUGSEPTOCTNOVDEC
Number of individual species observed/recorded per month (no duplicates).
Includes 59 new-to-me [lifer] species.

Arachnids:

  1. Crab Spider, Running Crab Spider, Family: Philodromidae
  2. False Black Widow Spider, Steatoda grossa
  3. Humped Trashline Orbweaver Spider, Cyclosa turbinata
  4. Jumping Spider, Hairy Jumping Spider, Menemerus semilimbatus [males have white, fuzzy pedipalps]
  5. Jumping Spider, Johnson’s Jumping Spider, Phidippus johnsoni [red and black abdomen]
  6. Meshweaver Spider, Family: Dictynidae
  7. Meshweaver, Cribellate Araneomorph Spider, Dictyna sp.
  8. Sheetweaver Spider, Family: Linyphiidae
  9. Sheetweb Spider, Microlinyphia mandibulata [tiny, black with white mottling on abdomen]
  10. Six-Spotted Orbweaver Spider, Araniella displicata
  11. Stretch Spider, Long-Jawed Orbweaver, Tetragnatha sp.
  12. Stretch Spider, Tetragnatha extensa [pale tan abdomen]
  13. Swift Crab Spider, Mecaphesa celer
  14. Unidentified Spiders, Order: Araneae
  15. Western Black Widow Spider, Latrodectus hesperus

Birds:

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana
  3. American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
  4. American Coot, Fulica americana
  5. American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis
  6. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
  7. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  8. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  9. American Wigeon, Anas americana
  10. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  11. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  12. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  13. Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  14. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  15. Black-Headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus
  16. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  17. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  18. Blue-Winged Teal, Spatula discors
  19. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  20. Brown Creeper, Certhia americana
  21. Brown-Headed Cowbird, Molothrus ater
  22. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  23. Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii
  24. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  25. Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
  26. California Quail, Callipepla californica
  27. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  28. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  29. Canvasback Duck, Aythya valisineria
  30. Cayuga Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Cayuga
  31. Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum
  32. Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera
  33. Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  34. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  35. Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
  36. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  37. Costa’s Hummingbird, Calypte costae [lifer]
  38. Crested Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Crested
  39. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  40. Dark-Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  41. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  42. Downy Woodpecker, Dryobates pubescens
  43. Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  44. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  45. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  46. Gadwall Duck, Mareca strepera
  47. Graylag Goose, Domestic Graylag Goose, Anser anser domesticus
  48. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  49. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  50. Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
  51. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  52. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  53. Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  54. Grebe, Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
  55. Grebe, Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  56. Green Heron, Butorides virescens
  57. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  58. Greylag Goose × Domestic Swan Goose, Anser anser domesticus × anser cygnoide
  59. Gull, Larus sp.
  60. Gull, California Gull, Larus californicus [yellow legs; dark eye; red spot]
  61. Gull, Olympic Gull, Larus glaucescens × occidentalis
  62. Gull, Ring-Billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
  63. Gull, Western Gull, Larus occidentalis [spot on bill, pink legs, orange circle around eye]
  64. Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
  65. Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
  66. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  67. Indian Runner Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Indian Runner
  68. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  69. Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
  70. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  71. Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis [lifer]
  72. Long-Billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
  73. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  74. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  75. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  76. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  77. Northern Harrier, Marsh Hawk, Circus hudsonius
  78. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  79. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  80. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  81. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  82. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  83. Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
  84. Peacock, Peafowl, Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus
  85. Pekin Duck, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Pekin
  86. Pigeon, Rock Pigeon, Columba livia
  87. Raven, Common Raven, Corvus corax
  88. Red-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
  89. Red-Breasted Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber
  90. Red-Shouldered Hawk, California Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus elegans
  91. Red-Tailed Hawk, Western Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis calurus
  92. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  93. Ring-Necked Duck, Aythya collaris
  94. Ring-Necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
  95. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  96. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  97. Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  98. Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
  99. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  100. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  101. Sora, Porzana carolina
  102. Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerine [lifer]
  103. Sparrow, Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  104. Sparrow, House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  105. Sparrow, Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
  106. Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  107. Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  108. Sparrow, White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  109. Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
  110. Steller’s Jay, Cyanocitta stelleri
  111. Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
  112. Swallow, Barn Swallow, American Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica erythrogaster
  113. Swallow, Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  114. Swallow, Northern Rough-Winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis
  115. Swallow, Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  116. Swan Goose, Anser cygnoides
  117. Towhee, California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  118. Towhee, Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  119. Townsend’s Warbler, Setophaga townsendi [lifer]
  120. Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
  121. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  122. Vireo, Vireo sp.
  123. Western Bluebird, Sialia Mexicana
  124. Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis
  125. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  126. Western Tanager, Piranga ludoviciana
  127. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  128. White-Faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
  129. White-Headed Woodpecker, Dryobates albolarvatus [lifer]
  130. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  131. Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata
  132. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  133. Wren, Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  134. Wren, House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
  135. Wren, Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
  136. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli
  137. Yellow-Headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus [lifer]
  138. Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata

Fish:

  1. Black Bass, Micropterus sp.
  2. Largemouth Bass, Micropterus salmoides
  3. Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
  4. Redear Sunfish, Lepomis microlophus [stock fish, Mather Lake] [lifer]
  5. Western Mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis

Fungi and Molds:

  1. Barometer Earthstar, Hygroscopic Earthstar, Astraeus hygrometricus
  2. Blewit Mushroom, Purple Core, Lepista nuda
  3. Cavalier, Bald Knight Mushroom, Melanoleuca melaleuca [dark cap, white gills]
  4. Conical Brittlestem Mushroom, Parasola conopilea
  5. Crust Fungus, Split Porecrust, Xylodon paradoxus
  6. Giraffe Spots Crust Fungus, Peniophora albobadia
  7. False Turkey-Tail, Stereum hirsutum [thin, flattish, brown underside]
  8. Jelly Fungus, Brown Jelly Fungus, Leafy Brain, Phaeotremella foliacea
  9. Jelly Fungus, Warlocks’s Butter, Exidia nigricans [like black Witch’s Butter]
  10. Leaf Curl Fungus, Taphrina sp.
  11. Pinkedge Bonnet Mushroom, Mycena capillaripes [pale tan, wide gills, very hairy stipe at the ends]
  12. Pleated Marasmius, Red Thread, Marasmius plicatulus
  13. Rosy Navel Mushroom, Contumyces rosellus
  14. Rufous Milkcap Mushroom, Lactarius rufus [reddish cap, paler gills, weeps a milky latex substance]
  15. Slime Mold, Lamproderma sp. [dark, metallic sheen, head on stalk]
  16. Slime Mold, Dog Vomit Slime Mold, Mucilago crustacea [cream colored] [lifer]
  17. Slime Mold, Insect-Egg Slime Mold, Leocarpus fragilis
  18. Smoked Oysterling, Resupinatus applicatus [smokey black]
  19. Tuberous Polypore, Polyporus tuberaster [similar to Dryad’s Saddle]
  20. Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  21. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white or gray mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  22. Wrinkled Crust Fungus, Phlebia radiata

Galls:

  1. Baccharis Stem Gall Midge, Rhopalomyia baccharis [creates twisting stems on coyote brush]
  2. Ball Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perfoveata [on live oak]
  3. California Black Walnut Pouch Gall Mite, Aceria brachytarsa
  4. Clustered Blister Gall Wasp, Family: Cynipidae [Russo, Plate 230, Page 158. On canyon live oak] [lifer]
  5. Cottonwood Catkin Gall Mite, Eriophyes neoessigi [long panicles like grapes]
  6. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  7. Coyote Brush Rust Gall, Puccinia evadens
  8. Coyote Brush Stem Gall Moth, Gnorimoschema baccharisella
  9. Elm Leaf Pouch Gall Aphid, Tetraneura nigriabdominalis
  10. Eucalyptus Gall Wasp, Ophelimus maskelli [speckled; flat galls all over the leaf surface]
  11. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  12. Fluted Gall Wasp, Family: Cynipidae [Russo, plate 231,page 158. On canyon live oak] [lifer]
  13. Gouty Stem Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercussuttoni
  14. Hair Capsule Gall Wasp, Heteroecus sp. [Russo, plate 214,page 150. On canyon live oak] [lifer]
  15. Leaf Gall Wasp/ Unidentified per Russo, Tribe: Cynipidi [on Valley Oak]
  16. Leafy Bract Gall Wasp, Diplolepis californica [hard rosette gall on rose bush]
  17. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  18. Live Oak Folded Leaf Aphid, Stegophylla essigi [in live oaks, folds the leaf over itself; sometimes the leaf turns red/reddish]
  19. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Spring generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [upside down volcano on the edge of the leaf, green or brown]
  20. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Summer Generation, Amphibolips quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  21. Live Oak Petiole Gall Wasp, Melikaiella flora
  22. Manzanita Leafgall Aphid, Tamalia coweni
  23. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  24. Poplar Petiole Gall Aphid, Pemphigus populitransversus [on cottonwood]
  25. Round Gall Wasp, Burnettweldia washingtonensis [on valley oak]
  26. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens [on live oaks]
  27. Solitary Oak Leafminer Moth, Cameraria hamadryadella [form whole-leaf blisters on oak] [lifer]
  28. Spiny Leaf Gall Wasp, Diplolepis polita [on rose leaves]
  29. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, unisexual gall, summer generation,  Dryocosmus dubiosus [small, green or mottled, on back of leaf along the midvein]
  30. Western Gall Rust, Cronartium harknessii [pine-pine]
  31. Willow Apple Gall Sawfly, Euura californica
  32. Willow Bead Gall Mite, Aculus tetanothrix
  33. Willow Bud Gall Mite, Aculops aenigma [look like the ash mite galls] [lifer]
  34. Willow Fold Gall Sawfly, Euura sp. [Phyllocolpa sp.]
  35. Willow Midrib Gall Sawfly, Suborder: Symphyta, Unknown [Russo, page 219] [lifer]
  36. Willow Rose Gall Midge, Rabdophaga rosaria [on terminal bud point]
  37. Willow Rosette Gall Midge, Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides [on stem]

Insects, Arthropods, Hexapods:

  1. Acalyptrate Fly, Zoosubsection: Acalyptratae [medium-sized, reddish-gold with banding on abdomen] [lifer]
  2. Acmon Blue Butterfly, Icaricia acmon
  3. Allokermes, Live Oak Kermes, Allokermes cueroensis
  4. Anise Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio zelicaon
  5. Ant, Fusca-Group Field Ants, Formica fusca
  6. Ant, Velvety Tree Ant, Liometopum occidentale
  7. Aphid, Family: Aphididae
  8. Aphid, Macrosiphum sp. [pink or green]
  9. Aphid, Smoky Poplar Aphid, Chaitophorus populicola [adults are black]
  10. Backswimmer, Notonecta sp. [large eyes]
  11. Bee, European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  12. Bee, Leafcutter Bee, Megachile sp.
  13. Bee, Tripartite Sweat Bee, Halictus tripartitus
  14. Bee Fly, Bombylius sp.
  15. Bee Fly, Greater Bee Fly, Bombylius major
  16. Black Blow Fly, Phormia regina [dark blue sheen]
  17. Brown Grass Bug, Irbisia californica
  18. Bumblebee, Black-Tailed Bumble Bee, Bombus melanopygus [lifer]
  19. Bumblebee, Yellow-Faced Bumble Bee, Bombus vosnesenskii
  20. Cabbage White Butterfly, Pieris rapae
  21. Caddisfly, Black Dancer Caddisfly, Mystacides sepulchralis
  22. Caddisfly, Net-Spinning Caddisfly, Family: Hydropsychidae [patterned wings like a stonefly]
  23. Caddisfly, White Miller Caddisfly, Nectopsyche sp. [lifer]
  24. California Broad-Necked Darkling Beetle, Coelocnemis dilaticollis
  25. California Oak Moth (oakworm), Phryganidia californica
  26. California Millipede, Bollmaniulus sp.
  27. California Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly, Battus philenor hirsuta
  28. California Tortoiseshell Butterfly, Nymphalis californica [lifer]
  29. Caterpillar Hunter Beetle, Calosoma cancellatum [like a Darkling with a sculpted carapace]
  30. Click Beetle, Family: Elateridae
  31. Clouded Sulphur Butterfly, Colias philodice
  32. Common Checkered Skipper, Burnsius communis
  33. Common Drone Fly, Eristalis tenax [looks like a bee with fly eyes] [lifer]
  34. Common Hover Fly Parasitoid Wasp, Diplazon laetatorius [colorful, yellow legs]
  35. Common Pill Woodlouse, Pillbug, Rolly-Poly, Armadillidium vulgare
  36. Confusing Petrophila Moth, Petrophila confusalis [tiny, pale, striped]
  37. Cranefly, European Crane Fly, Tipula paludosa
  38. Cranefly, Green-Eyed Cranefly, Tipula sp.
  39. Cranefly, Marsh Crane Fly, Tipula oleracea
  40. Cranefly, Spotted Cranefly, Nephrotoma wulpiana
  41. Cranefly, Tiger Cranefly, Subgenus: Hesperotipula
  42. Cricket-Parasite Nocturnal Fly, Ormia sp. [gold body, red eyes] [lifer]
  43. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  44. Cutworm Wasp, Podalonia sp. [black, ground hunting, iridescent wings]
  45. Damselfly, American Rubyspot, Hetaerina americana
  46. Damselfly, Black-Fronted Forktail, Ischnura denticollis [lifer]
  47. Damselfly, Bluet, Enallagma sp.
  48. Damselfly, Emma’s Dancer, Argia emma [lifer]
  49. Damselfly, Pacific Forktail, Ischnura cervula
  50. Damselfly, Tule Bluet, Enallagma carunculatum
  51. Darkling Beetle, Tribe: Coniontini
  52. Darkling Beetle, Coniontis tristis
  53. Desert Broom Gallfly, Aciurina thoracica (small, wings decorated with black mottling) [lifer]
  54. Desert Stink Beetle, Eleodes scabrosus [pitted pronotum and elytra, like a Darkling]
  55. Dragonfly, Suborder: Anisoptera
  56. Dragonfly, Sinuous Snaketail, Ophiogomphus occidentis [mostly yellow; cobra-tail] [lifer]
  57. Earwig, European Earwig, Forficula auricularia
  58. Echo Azure Butterfly, Celastrina echo
  59. European Blowfly, Calliphora vicina [dark body, red eyes]
  60. Fire-Colored Beetle, Pedilus sp.
  61. Funereal Duskywing Butterfly, Erynnis funeralis
  62. Fungus Gnat, Family: Mycetophilidae [mosquito-like]
  63. Genista Broom Moth, Uresiphita reversalis
  64. Geometer Moth, “Twig Mimic” caterpillars, Family: Geometridae
  65. Golden Dung Fly, Scathophaga stercoraria
  66. Grape Leaf Miner Moth, Phyllocnistis vitigenella
  67. Grass Fly, Thaumatomyia sp. [small, yellow-orange]
  68. Grass Sharpshooter, Draeculacephala minerva [like a leafhopper]
  69. Gray Buckeye Butterfly, Junonia grisea
  70. Green Lacewing, Chrysopa coloradensis
  71. Greenbottle Fly, Common European Greenbottle Fly, Lucilia sericata
  72. Hanging Scorpion Fly, Bittacus chlorostigma [like a large, bright yellow cranefly] [lifer]
  73. Harvestman, Protolophus singularis
  74. Harvestman, Superfamily: Phalangioidea
  75. Hoverfly, Black-Margined Flower Fly, Syrphus opinator [lifer]
  76. Hoverfly, Large-Tailed Aphideater, Eupeodes volucris
  77. Hoverfly, Margined Calligrapher, Toxomerus marginatus
  78. Hoverfly, Oblique Streaktail, Allograpta obliqua [lifer]
  79. Hoverfly, White-Bowed Smoothwing, Scaeva affinis [lifer]
  80. Hybotid Fly, Platypalpus sp. [tiny, midge-like]
  81. Ichneumonid and Braconid Wasps, Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea
  82. Jalisco Petrophila Moth, Petrophila jaliscalis [tiny, black dots long edge of hindwings]
  83. Katydid, Bush Katydid, Fork-Tailed Bush Katydid, Scudderia furcata 
  84. Kermes Scale Insect, Allokermes sp.
  85. Ladybeetle, Asian Lady Beetle, Harmonia axyridis [lots of variation]
  86. Ladybeetle, Convergent Lady Beetle, Hippodamia convergens
  87. Ladybeetle, Large Spotted Lady Beetle, Harmonia conformis
  88. Ladybeetle, Seven-Spotted Lady Beetle, Coccinella septempunctata
  89. Ladybeetle, Spotless Lady Beetle, Cycloneda sanguinea [no spots; more red than orange]
  90. Litocala Moth, Litocala sexsignata [black and gray with eye spots on the hind wings]
  91. Mantis, Arizona Mantis, Stagmomantis limbata [large ootheca]
  92. March Fly, Bibio vestitus [tiny, black, elongated body]
  93. Mayfly, Order: Ephemeroptera
  94. Metallic Wood-Boring Beetle, Acmaeodera sp.
  95. Metallic Wood-Boring Beetle, Subgenus: Melanthaxia
  96. Mugwort Weevil, Lixus fasciculatus
  97. Narrow-Headed Marsh Fly, Helophilus fasciatus [large, hoverfly] [lifer]
  98. Non-Biting Midges, Family: Chironomidae
  99. Non-Biting Midge, Cricotopus sp.
  100. Orange Hangingfly, Bittacus chlorostigma [lifer]
  101. Orange Sulphur Butterfly, Colias eurytheme
  102. Painted Lady Butterfly, Vanessa cardui
  103. Paper Wasp, Black Paper Wasp, European Paper Wasp, Polistes dominula
  104. Paper Wasp, Golden Paper Wasp, Polistes aurifer
  105. Propertius Duskywing Butterfly, Erynnis propertius
  106. Red Gum Lerp Psyllid, Glycaspis brimblecombei [on eucalyptus]
  107. Rose Stem Miner Moth, Marmara sp.
  108. Rose Weevil, Western Rose Curculio, Merhynchites wickhami
  109. Sawfly, Pristiphora sp.
  110. Scarab-Hunter Wasp, Toltec Scoliid Wasp, Dielis tolteca
  111. Shot Hole Borer, Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer Beetle, Euwallacea fornicatus
  112. Small Heliothodes Moth, Heliothodes diminutive [pinkish tan with white mottling]
  113. Snakefly, Common Snakefly, Agulla sp.
  114. Squash Bugs, Anasa sp. [eggs on live oak]
  115. Thrip, Subfamily: Thripinae
  116. Tick, American Dog Tick, Dermacentor variabilis
  117. Treehopper, Buffalo Treehopper, Tribe: Ceresini
  118. Treehopper, Buffalo Treehopper, Stictocephala alta
  119. Treehopper, Buffalo Treehopper, Stictocephala bisonia
  120. Water Boatman, Subfamily: Corixinae
  121. Webspinner, Oligotoma sp.
  122. Western Boxelder Bug, Boisea rubrolineata
  123. Western Leaf-Footed Bug, Leptoglossus clypealis
  124. Western Spotted Cucumber Beetle, Diabrotica undecimpunctata undecimpunctata
  125. Western Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio rutulus
  126. Western Tussock Moth, Orgyia vetusta
  127. Yellow-Shouldered Drone Fly, Eristalis stipator [looks like a dark honeybee with fly eyes] [lifer]

Invertebrates, Other (Worms, Mollusks, Crabs, etc.):

  1. Copepods, Family: Cyclopidae
  2. Garden Snail, Cornu aspersum
  3. Shrimp, California Clam Shrimp, Cyzicus californicus
  4. Shrimp, Vernal Pool Tadpole Shrimp, Lepidurus packardi [lifer]

Lichen on Trees/Wood:

  1. Bark Rim Lichen, Lecanora chlarotera [looks like Whitewash Lichen but has apothecia]
  2. Boreal Button Lichen, Buellia disciformis [pale gray to bluish with black apothecia on wood]
  3. Brown-Eyed Wolf Lichen, Letharia columbiana
  4. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  5. Camouflage Lichen, California Camouflage Lichen, Melanelixia californica [dark green with brown apothecia, on trees]
  6. Camouflage Lichen, Lustrous Camouflage Lichen, Melanohalea exasperatula [bright green camouflage] [lifer]
  7. Candleflame Lichen, Candelaria concolor [bright yellow-orange]  
  8. Common Button Lichen, Buellia erubescens [black eyes on white]
  9. Common Greenshield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  10. Common Sunburst Lichen, Golden Shield Lichen, Xanthoria parietina [yellow-orange, on wood/trees]
  11. Crustose Pin Lichen, Pseudothelomma occidentale [on fence post, looks like a nipple lichen]
  12. Farinose Cartilage Lichen, Ramalina farinacea [like oakmoss but with very fine strands]
  13. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria finkii
  14. Frosted Lichen, Physconia sp.
  15. Frosted Rim-Lichen, Lecanora caesiorubella [white with white apothecia]
  16. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  17. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  18. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia [hoary, brown apothecia]
  19. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  20. Mealy Pixie Cup, Cladonia chlorophaea
  21. Mealy Rim Lichen, Lecanora strobilina [greenish apothecia]
  22. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri [like strap but with soredia]
  23. Oregon Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza oregana [yellow/orange thallus bearing granular soredia on the tips and/or underside; looks like leaves with grainy edges]
  24. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa [bright orange, apothecia, close, piled]
  25. Poplar Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza hasseana [sunburst on Cottonwood]
  26. Powder-Edged Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia soredica [pale green, lots of soredia]
  27. Powdered Ruffle Lichen, Parmotrema hypotropum [lifer]
  28. Rim Lichen, Lecanora carpinea
  29. Shield Lichen, Parmelia sulcate [pale gray-green, veined]
  30. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  31. Speckled Greenshield Lichen, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  32. Strap Lichen, Western Strap Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha [without soredia]
  33. Trumpet Lichen, Cladonia fimbriata [lifer]
  34. Tube Lichen, Imshaug’s Tube Lichen, Hypogymnia imshaugii
  35. Variable Wrinkle-Lichen, Tuckermanopsis orbata [green or brown] [lifer]
  36. Whitewash Lichen, Phlyctis argena
  37. Wolf Lichen, Letharia vulpine [bright yellow-green]

Lichen on Stone/Metal:

  1. Black-Eye Lichen, Tephromela atra [lifer]
  2. Black Rock Licorice Lichen, Lichinella nigritella
  3. Chiseled Sunken Disk Lichen, Circinaria contorta
  4. Cinder Lichen, Aspicilia cinerea
  5. Concentric Boulder Lichen, Porpidia crustulata [circles of black spots on rock]
  6. Crater Lichen, Diploschistes scruposus [pale gray with black craters]
  7. Cumberland Rock Shield, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia
  8. Emery Rocktripe Lichen, Umbilicaria phaea
  9. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria finkii
  10. Green Rock-Posy, Rhizoplaca melanophthalma
  11. Pebbled Pixie Cup, Cladonia pyxidata
  12. Peppered Rock-Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia conspersa
  13. Pelt Lichen, Scaly Pelt Lichen, Peltigera praetextata [lifer]
  14. Rock Disk Lichen, Lecidella stigmatea [black spots]
  15. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Protoparmeliopsis muralis
  16. Wart Lichen, Verrucaria sp. [lifer]
  17. Yellow Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora socialis
  18. Yellow Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon geographicum

Mammals:

  1. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis
  2. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  3. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  4. Cat, Felis catus
  5. Cattle, Black Angus, Bos Taurus var, Black Angus
  6. Cattle, Charolais Cattle, Bos taurus var. Charolais
  7. Cattle, Guernsey Cattle, Bos taurus var. Guernsey
  8. Cattle, Hereford Cattle, Bos taurus var. Hereford
  9. Cattle, Holstein Friesian Cattle, Bos taurus var. Holstein
  10. Cattle, Jersey Cattle, Bos taurus var. Jersey
  11. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  12. Coyote, Canis latrans
  13. Desert Cottontail, Sylvilagus audubonii
  14. Dog, Canis lupus familiaris
  15. Douglas’ Squirrel, Tamiasciurus douglasii [small brown squirrel, white belly]
  16. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger [rusty belly]
  17. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis [white belly]
  18. Gopher, Botta’s Pocket Gopher, Thomomys bottae [burrows, mounds]
  19. Mule Deer, Odocoileus hemionus
  20. Otter, North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis
  21. Sheep, Ovis aries
  22. Vole, California Vole, Microtus californicus
  23. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus

Pathogens/Bacteria:

  1. Black Knot, Apiosporina morbosa [fungal growth] [lifer]
  2. Blackberry RustGymnoconia nitens
  3. Hollyhock Rust, Puccinia malvacearum
  4. Rose Rust, Phragmidium tuberculatum
  5. White Blister Rust Disease, Wilsoniana bliti [looks like white plaque on the leaves] [lifer]

Plants, Flowers, Trees:

  1. African Flag,  Chasmanthe floribunda
  2. Alder, White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  3. Alkali Heliotrope, Heliotropium curassavicum
  4. Almond Tree, Prunus dulcis
  5. Aloe, Candelabra Aloe, Aloe arborescens
  6. American Yellowrocket, Barbarea orthoceras [lifer]
  7. Annual Honesty, Money Plant, Lunaria annua
  8. Artichoke Thistle, Cardoon, Cynara cardunculus
  9. Arundo, Giant Reed, Arundo donax
  10. Ash, Oregon Ash, Fraxinus latifolia
  11. Ash, Velvet Ash, Fraxinus velutina
  12. Asphodel Plant, Asphodelus sp. [long heavy bracts of round seed pods]
  13. Azolla, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  14. Balsamroot, Carey’s Balsamroot, Balsamorhiza careyana
  15. Barberries, Berberis sp.
  16. Barberry, Shining Netvein Barberry, Berberis dictyota
  17. Basswood Tree, Tilia americana
  18. Bay Laurel, California Bay, Umbellularia californica
  19. Bear’s Breeches, Acanthus mollis
  20. Beavertail Cactus, Indian Fig Opuntia, Opuntia ficus-indica
  21. Bedstraw, Velcro Grass, Cleavers, Galium aparine
  22. Bigleaf Maple Tree, Acer macrophyllum
  23. Bindweed, Convolvulus sp.
  24. Bindweed, Field Bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
  25. Bindweed, Ground Morning Glory, Convolvulus sabatius mauritanicus [purple-blue flowers]
  26. Bird’s-Eye Gilia, Gilia tricolor
  27. Bird’s-Eye Speedwell, Veronica persica
  28. Bird’s Foot Cliffbrake, Pellaea mucronata
  29. Bisnaga, Visnaga daucoides
  30. Bittercress, Hairy Bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta
  31. Black Chokeberry, Aronia melanocarpa
  32. Black Locust Tree, Robinia pseudoacacia
  33. Black Mulberry, Morus nigra
  34. Black Mustard, Brassica nigra
  35. Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Juglans nigra
  36. Black Walnut, Northern California Black Walnut, Juglans hindsii
  37. Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [red canes]
  38. Blackberry, California Blackberry, Trailing Blackberry, Rubus ursinus [pale green canes]
  39. Blessed Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum
  40. Bloody Crane’s-Bill, Geranium sanguineum
  41. Blow Wives, Achyrachaena mollis
  42. Blue Dicks, Depterostemon capitatus
  43. Blue Dicks, Dipterostemon capitatus capitatus [vernal pool]
  44. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  45. Blue Statice, Limonium sinuatum
  46. Bluewitch Nightshade, Solanum umbelliferum
  47. Borage, Borago officinalis
  48. Boxelder, Box Elder Tree, Acer negundo
  49. Brass Buttons, Cotula coronopifolia
  50. Bristly Oxtongue, Helminthotheca echioides
  51. Broad-Leaved Stonecrop, Sedum spathulifolium
  52. Broad-Leaved Sweet Pea, Lathyrus latifolius
  53. Brodiaea, Dwarf Brodiaea, Brodiaea terrestris terrestris [vernal pool] [lifer]
  54. Broom, Scotch Broom, Cytisus scoparius
  55. Broom, Sweet Broom, Cytisus x spachianus
  56. Brown Fritillary, Fritillaria micrantha
  57. Buckbrush, Ceanothus cuneatus
  58. Buckwheat, Sulfur Buckwheat, Eriogonum umbellatum
  59. Bunya-Bunya Pine, Araucaria bidwillii [looks like Monkey-Puzzle]
  60. Bur Parsley, Anthriscus caucalis
  61. Buttercup, Ranunculus sp.
  62. Buttercup, Rough-Fruited Buttercup, Ranunculus muricatus
  63. Buttercup, Western Buttercup, Ranunculus occidentalis
  64. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  65. California Bulrush, Schoenoplectus californicus
  66. California Flannelbush, Fremontodendron californicum
  67. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  68. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  69. California Saxifrage, Micranthes californica
  70. California Sycamore, Western Sycamore, Platanus racemose
  71. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  72. Calla Lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica
  73. Callery Pear, Pyrus calleryana
  74. Cape Honey Flower, Melianthus major
  75. Cat’s Ear, Smooth Cat’s Ear, Hypochaeris glabra
  76. Catalpa, Northern Catalpa, Catalpa speciosa
  77. Cattail, Narrowleaf Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  78. Ceanothus, Concha Ceanothus, Ceanothus concha, Ceanothus impressus + Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus
  79. Ceanothus, Deerbrush Ceanothus, Ceanothus integerrimus
  80. Ceanothus, Mahala Mat, Ceanothus prostrates
  81. Chamomile, Stinking Chamomile, Anthemis cotula
  82. Checker Lily, Fritillaria affinis
  83. Cheeseweed Mallow, Malva parviflora
  84. Chicory, Cichorium intybus
  85. Chickweed, Common Chickweed, Stellaria media
  86. Chinese Houses, Purple Chinese Houses, Collinsia heterophylla
  87. Chinese Pistache, Pistacia chinensis
  88. Chinese Quince, Chaenomeles lagenaria [white or pink flowers]
  89. Clematis, Western Virgin’s Bower, Clematis ligusticifolia
  90. Clockweed, Oenothera lindheimeri [lifer]
  91. Clover, Bearded Clover, Trifolium barbigerum [vernal pool]
  92. Clover, Bur Clover, Medicago polymorpha
  93. Clover, Crimson Clover, Trifolium incarnatum
  94. Clover, Rose Clover, Trifolium hirtum
  95. Clover, Tomcat Clover, Trifolium willdenovii
  96. Coastal Rosemary, Westringia fruticosa
  97. Cobwebby Thistle, Cirsium occidentale
  98. Coffeeberry, California Buckthorn, Frangula californica
  99. Columbine, Aquilegia sp.
  100. Common Daisy, Lawn Daisy, Bellis perennis
  101. Common Hawkweed, Hieracium lachenalii
  102. Common Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris
  103. Common Spikeweed, Centromadia pungens
  104. Coneflower, Topeka Purple Coneflower, Echinacea atrorubens
  105. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  106. Creamcups, Platystemon californicus
  107. Creeping Myoporum, Myoporum parvifolium [groundcover, small whiteflowers]
  108. Creeping Woodsorrel, Oxalis corniculata
  109. Crevice Alumroot, Heuchera micrantha
  110. Curly Dock, Rumex crispus
  111. Daffodil, Wild Daffodil, Narcissus pseudonarcissus
  112. Dame’s Rocket, Hesperis matronalis [purple flowers in bouquets]
  113. Dandelion, Common Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale
  114. Deerweed, Acmispon glaber
  115. Deodar Cedar, Cedrus deodara
  116. Douglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii
  117. Dove’s-Foot Crane’s-Bill, Geranium molle
  118. Downingia, Flatface Calicoflower, Downingia pulchella
  119. Downingia, Maroonspot Calicoflower, Downingia concolor [vernal pool]
  120. Duckweed, Common Duckweed, Lemna minor
  121. Dudleya, Canyon Live-Forever, Dudleya cymosa
  122. Elegant Clarkia, Clarkia unguiculata [red line on leaves]
  123. Elephant’s-Ears, Bergenia crassifolia
  124. Elm Tree, Field Elm Tree, Ulmus minor
  125. English Walnut, Juglans regia
  126. Eucalyptus, River Redgum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  127. Fennel, Bronze Fennel, Florence Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare dulce
  128. Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
  129. Fern, Goldback Fern, Pentagramma triangularis
  130. Fern, California Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum jordanii
  131. Fern, California Polypody, Polypodium californicum
  132. Fern, Common Bracken, Pteridium aquilinum
  133. Fern, Lace Lip Fern, Myriopteris gracillima
  134. Fern, Narrowleaf Sword Fern, Polystichum imbricans
  135. Fern, Western Sword Fern, Polystichum munitum
  136. Fiddleneck, Bristly Fiddleneck, Amsinckia tessellata
  137. Fiddleneck, Common Fiddleneck, Amsinckia menziesii
  138. Field Bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
  139. Field Mustard, Brassica rapa
  140. Fig, Common Fig, Ficus carica
  141. Fleabane, Coulter’s Fleabane, Erigeron coulteri [pale purple petals, yellow center]
  142. Floating Primrose-Willow, Ludwigia peploides
  143. Floating Water Primrose, Ludwigia peploides ssp. peploides
  144. Fortnight Lily, Dietes grandiflora
  145. Freesia, White Kammetjie, Freesia leichtlinii alba
  146. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  147. Fringepod, Mountain Fringepod, Thysanocarpus laciniatus
  148. Fringepod, Ribbed Fringepod, Thysanocarpus radians
  149. Fringepod, Sand Fringepod, Thysanocarpus curvipes [pinholes]
  150. Fuchsiaflower Gooseberry, Ribes speciosum
  151. Garlic, Naples Garlic, Allium neapolitanum [like white onion flowers]
  152. Giraffe’s Head, Henbit Deadnettle, Lamium amplexicaule
  153. Gladioli, Gladiolus sp.
  154. Globe Lily, Diogenes’ Lantern, Calochortus amabilis [yellow or white]
  155. Globe Lily, White Globe Lily, Calochortus albus
  156. Goldenrod, Coast Goldenrod, Solidago spathulata
  157. Goldfields, Lasthenia sp.
  158. Goldfields, California Goldfields, Lasthenia californica
  159. Goldfields, Fremont’s Goldfields, Lasthenia fremontii
  160. Goldfields, Smooth Goldfields, Lasthenia glaberrima [tall]
  161. Goldwire, Hypericum concinnum
  162. Grasses, Family: Poaceae
  163. Grasses, Annual Blue-Eyed Grass, Sisyrinchium rosulatum [tiny flowers can be white or blue]
  164. Grasses, Bristly Dogtail Grass, Cynosurus echinatus
  165. Grasses, Bulbous Bluegrass, Poa bulbosa
  166. Grasses, California Melic, Melica californica
  167. Grasses, Carolina Canarygrass, Phalaris caroliniana
  168. Grasses, Common Barley, Hordeum vulgare
  169. Grasses, Common Soft Brome, Bromus hordeaceus
  170. Grasses, Flowering Oloptum, Oloptum sp.
  171. Grasses, Fountain Grass, Cenchrus setaceus
  172. Grasses, Italian Ryegrass, Lolium multiflorum
  173. Grasses, Lesser Canary Grass, Phalaris minor
  174. Grasses, Little Quaking Grass, Briza minor
  175. Grasses, Mediterranean Hair-Grass, Rostraria cristata
  176. Grasses, Purple Needlegrass, Nassella pulchra
  177. Grasses, Rabbitfoot Grass, Polypogon monspeliensis
  178. Grasses, Ripgut Brome, Bromus diandrus
  179. Grasses, Saltgrass, Distichlis spicata
  180. Grasses, Silver Hairgrass, Aira caryophyllea
  181. Grasses, Wall Barley, Hordeum murinum
  182. Grasses, Wild Oat, Avena fatua
  183. Grevillea, Juniper Leaved Grevillea, Grevillea juniperina [spidery,orange]
  184. Grevillea, Rosemary Grevillea, Grevillea rosmarinifolia [spidery, red]
  185. Groundsel, Common Groundsel, Senecio vulgaris
  186. Gumweed, Great Valley Gumweed, Grindelia camporum
  187. Hairy Hawkbit, Leontodon saxatilis
  188. Hairypink, Pink Grass, Windmill Pink, Petrorhagia dubia
  189. Hellebore, Stinking Hellebore, Helleborus foetidus
  190. Hillside Woodland Star, Lithophragma heterophyllum
  191. Holly, European Holly, Hedgehog Holly, Ilex aquifolium
  192. Hollyhock, Alcea rosea
  193. Hollyleaf Redberry, Rhamnus ilicifolia [buckthorn]
  194. Honeysuckles, Lonicera sp.
  195. Honeywort, Blue Shrimp Plant, Cerinthe major ssp. purpurascens [purple]
  196. Horsetail, Rough Horsetail, Equisetum hyemale
  197. Hyssop Loosestrife, Lythrum hyssopifolia [tiny pink flowers]
  198. Incense Cedar, California Incense Cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
  199. Iris, Iris sp.
  200. Iris, Bearded Iris, Iris × germanica
  201. Iris, Douglas Iris, Iris douglasiana
  202. Iris, Rainbow Iris, Iris hartwegii
  203. Iris, Stinking Iris, Iris foetidissima [bright orange seeds]
  204. Iris, Yellow Iris, Iris pseudacorus
  205. Italian Stone Pine, Umbrella Pine, Pinus pinea [small cones, 2 per fascicle]
  206. Italian Thistle, Carduus pycnocephalus
  207. Ithuriel’s Spear, Triteleia laxa
  208. Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Dragon Arum, Dracunculus vulgaris [very large, purple]
  209. Japanese Aralia, Fatsia japonica [stalks of white flowers, huge leaves; kind of looks like coffee to me]
  210. Jewelflower, Mountain Jewelflower, Streptanthus tortuosus [lifer]
  211. Johnnytuck, Butter-and-Eggs, Triphysaria eriantha eriantha [red stems]
  212. Johnnytuck, Vernal Pool Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja campestris  campestris [green stems]
  213. Jointed Charlock, Raphanus raphanistrum
  214. Larkspur, Red Larkspur, Delphinium nudicaule
  215. Larkspur, Zigzag Larkspur, Delphinium patens [dark purple-blue]
  216. Laurustinus Viburnum, Viburnum tinus [bunches of pink buds that open to small white flowers]
  217. Lavender, Common Lavender, Lavandula angustifolia
  218. Lavender, Desert Lavender, Condea emoryi
  219. Lavender, Spanish Lavender, Lavandula pedunculata
  220. Lilac, Common Lilac, Syringa vulgaris
  221. Lomatium, Biscuitroot, Lomatium sp.
  222. Lomatium, Foothill Desert-Parsley, Lomatium utriculatum
  223. Love-in-a-Mist. Nigella damascena
  224. Lupine, Arroyo Lupine, Lupinus succulentus
  225. Lupine, Chick Lupine, Lupinus microcarpus [white or yellow]
  226. Lupine, Grape Soda Lupine, Lupinus excubitus [paler purple-blue with yellow tinge]
  227. Lupine, Miniature Lupine, Lupinus bicolor
  228. Lupine, Narrow-Leaved Lupine, Lupinus angustifolius [lifer]
  229. Magnolia, Saucer Magnolia, Magnolia × soulangeana [pink flowers]
  230. Manroot, California Manroot, Bigroot, Marah fabaceus
  231. Manroot, Coastal Manroot, Marah oregana [elongated pods, seen in Solano County]
  232. Manzanita, Arctostaphylos sp.
  233. Manzanita, Greenleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos patula
  234. Manzanita, Whiteleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida
  235. Marguerite, Dimorphotheca polyptera
  236. Meadowfoam, Rosy Douglas Meadowfoam, Limnanthes douglasii rosea [vernal pool]
  237. Mediterranean Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  238. Milkmaids, Cardamine californica
  239. Milkweed, Showy Milkweed, Asclepias speciosa
  240. Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata
  241. Miner’s Lettuce, Streambank Springbeauty, Claytonia parviflora
  242. Mistletoe, Broadleaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron macrophyllum
  243. Monkeyflower, Kellogg’s Monkeyflower, Diplacus kelloggii [pink] [lifer]
  244. Monkeyflower, Orange Bush Monkeyflower, Diplacus aurantiacus
  245. Monkeyflower, Seep Monkeyflower, Erythranthe guttata [yellow]
  246. Moss, Bristly Haircap Moss, Polytrichum piliferum [like little porcupines]
  247. Moss, Clustered Feather-Moss, Rhynchostegium confertum
  248. Moss, Crisped Pincushion, Ulota crispa
  249. Moss, Fountain Apple-Moss, Philonotis fontana
  250. Moss, Lyell’s Bristle-Moss, Pulvigera lyellii
  251. Moss, Nuttall’s Homalothecium Moss, Homalothecium nuttallii [looks like thread]
  252. Moss, Rough-Stalked Feather-Moss, Brachythecium rutabulum
  253. Moss, Silky Wall Feather-Moss, Homalothecium sericeum
  254. Moss, Silvery Bryum, Bryum argenteum
  255. Moss, Spoon-Leaved Moss, Bryoandersonia illecebra
  256. Moss, Turf-Forming Moss, Trichostomum sp.
  257. Mountain Misery, Chamaebatia foliolosa [fern-like leaves]
  258. Mule Fat, Baccharis salicifolia
  259. Mule’s Ears, Gray Mule-Ears, Wyethia helenioides
  260. Mule’s Ears, Narrowleaf Mule-Ears, Wyethia angustifolia
  261. Mule’s Ears, Smooth Mule-Ears, Wyethia glabra
  262. Mullein, Great Mullein, Verbascum thapsus
  263. Mullein, Moth Mullein, Verbascum blattaria [thin stick, white or yellow]
  264. Narrow-Fruited Water-Starwort, Callitriche palustris
  265. Oak, California Black Oak, Quercus kelloggii
  266. Oak, Canyon Live Oak, Quercus chrysolepis [dark on top, light underneath] [lifer]
  267. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  268. Oak, Cork Oak, Quercus suber
  269. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  270. Oak, Holm Oak, Quercus ilex [soft leaves, lighter on back]
  271. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  272. Oregon Grape, Berberis aquifolium
  273. Owl’s Clover, Purple Owl’s-Clover, Castilleja exserta var. exserta
  274. Oxalis, Bermuda Buttercup, Oxalis pes-caprae
  275. Pacific Bleeding Heart, Dicentra formosa
  276. Pacific Dogwood, Cornus nuttallii
  277. Pacific False Bindweed, Calystegia purpurata
  278. Pacific Hound’s Tongue, “Dog Lick”, Adelinia grande
  279. Pacific Pea, Lathyrus vestitus
  280. Pacific Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  281. Paperwhite, Narcissus papyraceus
  282. Paintbrush, Harsh Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja hispida
  283. Paintbrush, Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja foliolosa
  284. Pale Dewplant, Drosanthemum floribundum
  285. Paris Daisy, Euryops chrysanthemoides
  286. Parrot’s Feather, Myriophyllum aquaticum [water plant]
  287. Pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium
  288. Penstemon, Mountain Blue Penstemon, Penstemon laetus
  289. Pepperweed, Lepidium sp.
  290. Pepperweed, Broadleaved Pepperweed, Lepidium latifolium
  291. Pepperweed, Tall Whitetop, Lepidium draba
  292. Periwinkle, Greater Periwinkle, Vinca major
  293. Phacelia, Mountain Phacelia, Phacelia imbricata [white]
  294. Phacelia, Virgate Scorpionweed, Phacelia heterophylla
  295. Pineapple Guava, Feijoa, Feijoa sellowiana
  296. Pineappleweed, Chamomilla suaveolens
  297. Pinkladies, Oenothera speciosa
  298. Plantain, Ribwort Plantain, Plantago lanceolata
  299. Poison Hemlock, Conium maculatum
  300. Poison Oak, Pacific Poison Oak, Western Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  301. Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa [three needles]
  302. Popcorn Flower, Plagiobothrys sp.
  303. Popcorn Flower, Greene’s Popcorn Flower, Plagiobothrys greenei [super tiny, vernal pool] [lifer]
  304. Popcorn Flower, Rusty Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys nothofulvus
  305. Poppy, California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica
  306. Poppy, Coulter’s Matilija Poppy, Romneya coulteri [large, white, colorful center]
  307. Poppy, Field Poppy, Tufted Poppy, Eschscholzia caespitosa
  308. Poppy, Frying Pan Poppy, Eschscholzia lobbii
  309. Portuguese Squill, Scilla peruviana
  310. Prettyface, Foothill Triteleia, Triteleia ixioides scabra
  311. Prickly Lettuce, Lactuca serriola
  312. Prostrate Knotweed, Polygonum aviculare [has tiny white flowers on the stem]
  313. Purple Salsify, Tragopogon porrifolius
  314. Purpletop Vervain, Verbena incompta
  315. Pyracantha, Firethorn, Pyracantha coccinea
  316. Q-Tips, Micropus californicus
  317. Red Fir Tree, Abies magnifica
  318. Red Hot Poker, Kniphofia uvaria
  319. Red-Flowering Currant, Ribes sanguineum
  320. Redvein Abutilon, Callianthe picta
  321. Red Maids, Calandrinia menziesii
  322. Red Valerian, Centranthus ruber
  323. Rice, Annual Wild Rice, Zizania aquatica
  324. River Bulrush, Bolboschoenus fluviatilis
  325. Rocketsalad, Eruca vesicaria [like charlock but very tall, in thin colums] [lifer]
  326. Roldana, Roldana sp. [clusters of medium-sized yellow flowers]
  327. Rose, Rosa sp.
  328. Rose, California Wild Rose, Rosa californica [pink]
  329. Rose, Dog Rose, Rosa canina [white]
  330. Rose, Hoary Rock-Rose, Cistus creticus
  331. Rose, Multiflora Rose, Rosa multiflora [multiple white flowers]
  332. Rose, Sweet-Brier Rose, Rosa rubiginosa [pink, multi]
  333. Rosemary, Salvia rosmarinus
  334. Rush, Soft Rush, Juncus effusus
  335. Sacred Lotus, Nelumbo nucifera
  336. Sage, Black Sage, Salvia mellifera [white flowers, kind of looks like horehound]
  337. Sage, Garden Sage, Salvia officinalis [purple and pale purple-pink]
  338. Sage, Hummingbird Sage, Salvia spathacea
  339. Sage, Jerusalem Sage, Phlomis fruticosa
  340. Sage, Meadow Sage, Salvia pratensis
  341. Sage, Purple Sage, Salvia leucophylla [kind of looks like Cleveland, but paler and finer]
  342. Saltbush, Big Saltbush, Atriplex lentiformis
  343. Sanicle, Pacific Sanicle, Sanicula crassicaulis [yellow flowers, stinky]
  344. Sanicle, Purple Sanicle, Sanicula bipinnatifida
  345. Sanicle, Tuberous Sanicle, Sanicula tuberosa [yellow]
  346. Scarlet Kammetjie, Freesia laxa [pink,6-petals,redblush on bottom 3]
  347. Scarlet Pimpernel, Lysimachia arvensis
  348. Scrambling Pohuehue, Muehlenbeckia complexa [sort of looks like a fern with round leaves]
  349. Sea Mallow, Malva subovata [kind of looks like hibiscus]
  350. Sea Mullia, Muilla maritima [white flowers, sort of like onion] [lifer]
  351. Seablush, Shortspur Seablush, Plectritis congesta [white or pink, single head]
  352. Sheep’s Sorrel, Rumex acetosella
  353. Shepherd’s-Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
  354. Shining Pepperweed, Lepidium nitidum
  355. Shooting Star, Henderson’s Shooting Star, Primula hendersonii
  356. Small-Flowered Catchfly, Silene gallica
  357. Smokebush, Smoke Tree, Cotinus coggygria
  358. Sow Thistle, Common Sow-Thistle, Sonchus oleraceus
  359. Spanish Bluebell, Hyacinthoides hispanica
  360. Spring Starflower, Ipheion uniflorum
  361. Spurge, Eggleaf Spurge, Euphorbia oblongata
  362. Spurge, Mediterranean Spurge, Euphorbia characias
  363. Spurge, Petty Spurge, Euphorbia peplus
  364. Sticky Mouse-Ear Chickweed, Cerastium glomeratum
  365. Stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica
  366. Stonecrop, Broad-Leaved Stonecrop, Sedum spathulifolium
  367. Stork’s Bill, Mediterranean Stork’s-Bill, Erodium botrys
  368. Stork’s Bill, Musk Stork’s-Bill, Erodium moschatum
  369. Stork’s Bill, Redstem Stork’s-Bill, Erodium cicutarium
  370. Sugar Pine Tree, Pinus lambertiana
  371. Summer Snowflake, Leucojum aestivum [like lily of the valley with green spots]
  372. Sunflower, California Sunflower, Helianthus californicus
  373. Sunflower, Common Sunflower, Helianthus annuus
  374. Sunflower, Common Woolly Sunflower, Eriophyllum lanatum
  375. Tamarisk, Saltcedar, Tamarix ramosissima
  376. Teasel, Wild Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum
  377. Tobacco, Coyote Tobacco, Flowering Tobacco, Nicotiana attenuata
  378. Torrent Sedge, Carex nudata
  379. Tower-of-Jewels, Giant Viper’s-Bugloss, Echium pininana
  380. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  381. Tree-Anemone, Carpenteria californica
  382. Tree-of-Heaven, Ailanthus altissima
  383. Trefoil, Bird’s Foot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus
  384. Trefoil, Chilean Trefoil, Acmispon wrangelianus [vernal pool]
  385. Trembling Aspen, Populus tremuloides [white bark]
  386. Trillium, Giant White Wakerobin, Trillium albidum
  387. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  388. Turkey Tangle Frogfruit, Phyla nodiflora
  389. Twining Snakelily, Dichelostemma volubile
  390. Valley Tassels, Castilleja attenuata
  391. Vetch, Common Vetch, Vicia sativa [pink flowers]
  392. Vetch, Hairy Vetch, Vicia villosa
  393. Violet, California Golden Violet, Viola pedunculata
  394. Violet, Pine Violet, Viola lobata [lifer]
  395. Wallflower, Western Wallflower, Erysimum capitatum
  396. Warrior’s Plume, Pedicularis densiflora
  397. Water-Cress, Nasturtium sp.
  398. Wavy-Leafed Soap Plant, Soaproot, Chlorogalum pomeridianum
  399. Wax-Leaf Ligustrum, Ligustrum japonicum
  400. Western Dwarf Mistletoe, Arceuthobium campylopodum
  401. Western Hoptree, Ptelea crenulata
  402. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  403. Western Solomon’s Plume, Maianthemum racemosum amplexicaule
  404. Western Stoneseed, Lithospermum ruderale
  405. Western Waterleaf, Hydrophyllum occidentale [looks like phacelia
  406. White Brodiaea, Triteleia hyacinthina [lifer]
  407. White Fir, Abies concolor
  408. White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare
  409. White Meadowfoam, Limnanthes alba
  410. White Nemophila, Nemophila heterophylla
  411. White Sweetclover, Melilotus albus
  412. White Wall-Rocket, Diplotaxis erucoides
  413. Wild Celery, Angelica sp.
  414. Wild Mustard, Sinapis arvensis
  415. Wild Radish, Raphanus sativus
  416. Willow, Arroyo Willow, Salix lasiolepis
  417. Willow, Coyote Willow, Salix exigua
  418. Willow, Goodding’s Willow, Salix gooddingii
  419. Willow, Interior Sandbar Willow, Salix interior
  420. Willow, Scouler’s Willow, Salix scouleriana [silvery, feathery catkins]
  421. Willows, Salix sp.
  422. Woodland Strawberry, Fragaria vesca [lifer]
  423. Woolly Hedgenettle, Stachys byzantina
  424. Woolly Marbles, Low Woolly Marbles, Psilocarphus brevissimus
  425. Woolly Marbles, Slender Woolly-Marbles, Psilocarphus tenellus [lifer]
  426. Yarrow, Common Yarrow, Achillea millefolium
  427. Yarrow, Fern-leaf Yarrow, Achillea filipendulina [yellow]
  428. Yellow Bird-of-Paradise Shrub, Erythrostemon gilliesii
  429. Yellow Carpet, Blennosperma nabium var.nanum [tiny yellow flower with white pollen]
  430. Yellow Star-Tulip, Calochortus monophyllus [fuzzy throat]
  431. Yellow Sweetclover, Small Melilot, Melilotus indicus
  432. Yerba Santa, California Yerba Santa, Eriodictyon californicum
  433. Yew Tree, Taxus sp.

Reptiles and Amphibians:

  1. Bullfrog, American Bullfrog, Lithobates catesbeianus
  2. Northern Pacific Rattlesnake, Crotalus oreganus oreganus
  3. Pacific Pond Turtle, Western Pond Turtle, Actinemys marorata
  4. Red-Eared Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans
  5. Skink, Western Skink, Plestiodon skiltonianus [juveniles have a blue tail] [lifer]
  6. Western Fence Lizard, Blue Belly, Sceloporus occidentalis


Other Vocabulary:

  • Apothecia: [a-poth-EH-cee-ah] concave cup formations on lichen that bear the spores; asocarp
  • Bilateral Gynandromorph: an organism that contains both male and female characteristics that can be distinguished through sexual dimorphism. Usually seen in moths, butterflies, other insects and birds.
  • Cilia: outgrowths on the thallus of lichen that look like eyelashes or tentacles
  • Crown Shyness: gaps in the canopy between trees in the forest that allow for sunlight to get through, and help the trees “social distance” to help neighboring trees to avoid infections and infestations.
  • Fasciation: also known as cresting, a relatively rare condition of abnormal growth in vascular plants in which the growing tip which normally is concentrated around a single point and produces approximately cylindrical tissue, instead becomes elongated perpendicularly to the direction of growth, thus producing flattened, ribbon-like, crested (or “cristate”), or elaborately contorted, tissue.
  • Inquiline: an animal exploiting the living space of another, e.g. an insect that lays its eggs in a gall produced by another (not the same as parasite because they don’t necessarily adversely affect the host.)
  • Intergrade: There are two types of intergradation: Primary intergradation: Occurs in cases were two subspecies are connected via one or more intermediate populations, each of which are in turn intermediate to their adjacent populations and exhibit more or less the same amount of variability as any other population within the species. Adjacent populations and subspecies are subject to cline intergradation, and in these situations it is usually taken for granted that the clines are causally related to environmental gradients. Secondary intergradation: When contact between a geographically isolated subspecies is reestablished with the main body of the species or with another isolate subspecies, interbreeding takes place as long as the isolate has not yet evolved an effective set of isolating mechanisms. Consequently, a relatively distinct zone or belt of hybridization will develop depending on the degree of genetic and phenotypic difference that was achieved by the previously isolated subspecies.
  • Isidia: [EYE-sid-ee-ah] ; small outgrowths of the thallus, from about 50 micrometres to a millimetre or so in length. They contain both fungal hyphae and photobiont cells and vary in shape, depending on species, from bulbous to cylindrical or branched, sometimes even coralloid .
  • Osmeteria: the “horns” on the head of swallowtail caterpillars. “…The everted organ resembles a fleshy forked tongue (not unlike a snake tongue)… [and emits] a foul, disagreeable odor which serves to repel ants, small spiders, and mantids…”
  • Soredia: [SORE-dee-ah] powdery grainy-looking balls composed of fungal hyphae wrapped around cyanobacteria or green algae on lichen; asexual reproduction
  • Teneral: of, relating to, or constituting a state of the imago of an insect immediately after molting during which it is soft and immature in coloring.
  • Thanatosis: “death drop” insect use to evade capture. Feigning death is a technique used by lots of different critters, including the opossum.
  • Thigmotropism: the turning or bending of a plant or other organism in response to a touch stimulus (what causes a vine to wrap around a tree, for example)
This is a Rose-Breasted Grosbeak with bilateral gynandromorphism. It’s male on the right and female on the left. [I did not take this photo. It’s from the Powdermill Nature Reserve.]

Travels of a Certified California Naturalist