Species List 2023

Here is my running species list for 2023. I’m including those I’ve taken photos of, heard, saw without getting a photo of, or found tracks/scat that I could identify. You can see last year’s species list HERE.

Total for 2023: 130
Number of individual species observed/recorded per month.
Includes ** new-to-me
[lifer] species.

Arachnids: (Last year: 30 species)

  1. False Black Widow Spider, Steatoda grossa

Birds: (Last year: 153 species)

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. American Coot, Fulica americana
  3. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  4. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  5. American Wigeon, Anas americana
  6. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  7. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  8. Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  9. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  10. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  11. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  12. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  13. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  14. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  15. California Quail, Callipepla californica
  16. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  17. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  18. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  19. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  20. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  21. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  22. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  23. Gadwall, Mareca strepera
  24. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  25. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  26. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  27. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  28. Grebe, Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  29. Green Heron, Butorides virescens
  30. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  31. Gull, Larus sp.
  32. Gull, Herring Gull, Larus argentatus
  33. Gull, Ring-Billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
  34. Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
  35. Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
  36. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  37. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  38. Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis
  39. Lewis’s Woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis
  40. Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
  41. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  42. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  43. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus [heard]
  44. Northern Harrier, Marsh Hawk, Circus hudsonius
  45. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  46. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  47. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  48. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  49. Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
  50. Peafowl, Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus
  51. Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens
  52. Red-Shouldered Hawk, California Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus elegans
  53. Red-Tailed Hawk, Western Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis calurus
  54. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  55. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  56. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  57. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  58. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  59. Sparrow, House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  60. Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  61. Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  62. Sparrow, White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  63. Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
  64. Towhee, Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  65. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  66. Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana
  67. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  68. White-Faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
  69. Wren, Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris

Fish: (Last year: 6 species)

Fungi and Molds: (Last year: 30 species)

  1. Agaric Mushroom, Coprinopsis uliginicola
  2. Black Witches’ Butter, Black Jelly Roll, Exidia glandulosa
  3. Bleachy Entoloma, Entoloma ferruginans
  4. Blewit Mushroom, Purple Core, Lepista nuda
  5. Brown Jelly Fungus, Leafy Brain, Phaeotremella foliacea
  6. Brownit Mushroom, Clitocybe brunneocephala
  7. Crust Fungus, Stereum sp.
  8. Crystal Brain Fungus, Myxarium nucleatum
  9. Deer Mushroom, Pluteus cervinus
  10. Hairy Curtain Crust, Stereum hirsutum
  11. Impatient Inkcap Mushroom, Tulosesus impatiens (formerly Coprinellus impatiens)
  12. Pleated Marasmius, Red Thread, Marasmius plicatulus
  13. Tall Psathyrella, Psathyrella longipes
  14. Tuberous Polypore, Polyporus tuberaster [similar to Dryad’s Saddle]
  15. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white or gray mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  16. Yellow-Staining Milk Cap, Lactarius xanthogalactus [reddish cap, milky gills]

Galls: (Last year: 85 species)

  1. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus

Insects, Arthropods, Hexapods: (Last year: 227 species)

  1. Bee, European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  2. Little Mite, Linopodes sp.
  3. Paper Wasp, Golden Paper Wasp, Polistes aurifer
  4. Springtail, Subclass Collembola
  5. Dragonfly, Variegated Meadowhawk Dragonfly, Sympetrum corruptum

Invertebrates, Other (Last year: 6 species)

Lichen on Trees/Wood: (Last year: 39 species)

  1. Boreal Button Lichen, Buellia disciformis [pale gray to bluish with black apothecia on wood]
  2. Candleflame Lichen, Candelaria sp.
  3. Giraffe Spots Crust Fungus, Peniophora albobadia
  4. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  5. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia
  6. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  7. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa [bright orange, apothecia, close, piled]
  8. Powder-Edged Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia soredica [pale green, lots of soredia]
  9. Ribbon Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha
  10. Trumpet Lichen, Cladonia fimbriata

Lichen on Stone/Metal: (Last year: 23 species)

Mammals: (Last year: 42 species)

  1. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  2. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  3. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger [rusty belly]
  4. Otter, North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis
  5. Raccoon, Common Raccoon, Procyon lotor
  6. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus

Pathogens/Bacteria: (Last year: 16 species)

  1. Coral Spot, Nectria cinnabarina

Plants, Flowers, Trees: (Last year: 575 species)

  1. Alder, White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  2. Arundo, Giant Reed, Arundo donax
  3. Ash, Oregon Ash, Fraxinus latifolia
  4. Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Juglans nigra
  5. Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [red canes]
  6. Blessed Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum
  7. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  8. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  9. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  10. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  11. Cattail, Broad-Leaved Cattail, Typha latifolia
  12. Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus sp.
  13. Field Mustard, Brassica rapa
  14. Grasses, Saltgrass, Distichlis spicata
  15. Gray Pine, Pinus sabiniana
  16. Jointed Charlock, Raphanus raphanistrum
  17. Lodgepole Pine, Pinus contorta
  18. Manroot, California Manroot, Bigroot, Marah fabaceus
  19. Mistletoe, Broadleaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron macrophyllum
  20. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  21. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  22. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  23. Olive, Olea europaea
  24. Poison Hemlock, Conium maculatum
  25. Sunflower, California Sunflower, Helianthus californicus
  26. Teasel, Wild Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum
  27. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  28. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  29. White Sweetclover, Melilotus albus
  30. Willows, Salix sp.

Reptiles and Amphibians: (Last year: 10 species)

  1. Pacific Pond Turtle, Western Pond Turtle, Actinemys marorata
  2. Western Fence Lizard, Blue Belly, Sceloporus occidentalis

Other Vocabulary:

  • Apothecia: [a-poth-EH-cee-ah] concave cup formations on lichen that bear the spores; asocarp
  • Bilateral Gynandromorph: an organism that contains both male and female characteristics that can be distinguished through sexual dimorphism. Usually seen in moths, butterflies, other insects and birds.
  • Cecidologist: a person who studies plant galls
  • Cilia: outgrowths on the thallus of lichen that look like eyelashes or tentacles
  • Crown Shyness: gaps in the canopy between trees in the forest that allow for sunlight to get through, and help the trees “social distance” to help neighboring trees to avoid infections and infestations.
  • Fasciation: also known as cresting, a relatively rare condition of abnormal growth in vascular plants in which the growing tip which normally is concentrated around a single point and produces approximately cylindrical tissue, instead becomes elongated perpendicularly to the direction of growth, thus producing flattened, ribbon-like, crested (or “cristate”), or elaborately contorted, tissue.
  • Fundatrix: stem mother, a viviparous parthenogenetic winged or wingless female aphid produced on the primary host plant from an overwintering fertilized egg
  • Inquiline: an animal exploiting the living space of another, e.g. an insect that lays its eggs in a gall produced by another (not the same as parasite because they don’t necessarily adversely affect the host.)
  • Intergrade: There are two types of intergradation: Primary intergradation: Occurs in cases were two subspecies are connected via one or more intermediate populations, each of which are in turn intermediate to their adjacent populations and exhibit more or less the same amount of variability as any other population within the species. Adjacent populations and subspecies are subject to cline intergradation, and in these situations it is usually taken for granted that the clines are causally related to environmental gradients. Secondary intergradation: When contact between a geographically isolated subspecies is reestablished with the main body of the species or with another isolate subspecies, interbreeding takes place as long as the isolate has not yet evolved an effective set of isolating mechanisms. Consequently, a relatively distinct zone or belt of hybridization will develop depending on the degree of genetic and phenotypic difference that was achieved by the previously isolated subspecies.
  • Isidia: [EYE-sid-ee-ah] ; small outgrowths of the thallus, from about 50 micrometres to a millimetre or so in length. They contain both fungal hyphae and photobiont cells and vary in shape, depending on species, from bulbous to cylindrical or branched, sometimes even coralloid .
  • Osmeteria: the “horns” on the head of swallowtail caterpillars. “…The everted organ resembles a fleshy forked tongue (not unlike a snake tongue)… [and emits] a foul, disagreeable odor which serves to repel ants, small spiders, and mantids…”
  • Soredia: [SORE-dee-ah] powdery grainy-looking balls composed of fungal hyphae wrapped around cyanobacteria or green algae on lichen; asexual reproduction
  • Teneral: of, relating to, or constituting a state of the imago of an insect immediately after molting during which it is soft and immature in coloring.
  • Thanatosis: “death drop” insect use to evade capture. Feigning death is a technique used by lots of different critters, including the opossum.
  • Thigmotropism: the turning or bending of a plant or other organism in response to a touch stimulus (what causes a vine to wrap around a tree, for example)

Travels of a Certified California Naturalist

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