Species List 2023

Here is my running species list for 2023. I’m including those I’ve taken photos of, heard, saw without getting a photo of, or found tracks/scat that I could identify. You can see last year’s species list HERE.

Total for 2023: 860
JANFEBMARAPRMAYJUN
108126159305162
JULAUGSEPOCTNOVDEC
Number of individual species observed/recorded per month.
Includes 13 new-to-me
[lifer] species.

Arachnids: (Last year: 30 species)

  1. Spider, Order: Araneae
  2. Araneomorph Meshweaver Spider, Dictyna sp.
  3. Common Stretch Spider, Tetragnatha extensa
  4. False Black Widow Spider, Steatoda grossa
  5. Goldenrod Crab Spider, Misumena vatia
  6. Ground Spider, Zelotes sp.
  7. Long-Bodied Cellar Spider, Pholcus phalangioides
  8. Long Jawed Orbweaver, Tetragnatha versicolor
  9. Meshweaver Spider, Family: Dictynidae
  10. Mexican Social Spider, Mallos sp. [tiny, body like an Orbweaver]
  11. Western Lynx Spider, Oxyopes scalaris

Birds: (Last year: 153 species)

  1. Acorn Woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
  2. American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana
  3. American Coot, Fulica americana
  4. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
  5. American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
  6. American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  7. American Wigeon, Anas americana
  8. Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna
  9. Audubon’s Warbler, Yellow-Rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata auduboni
  10. Ash-Throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
  11. Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  12. Band-Tailed Pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata
  13. Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
  14. Black-Crowned Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
  15. Black-Headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus
  16. Black-Necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
  17. Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
  18. Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
  19. Bufflehead Duck, Bucephala albeola
  20. Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii
  21. Bushtit, American Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
  22. Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
  23. California Quail, Callipepla californica
  24. California Scrub Jay, Aphelocoma californica
  25. Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
  26. Chicken, Domestic Chicken, Gallus gallus var. domesticus
  27. Cinnamon Teal, Spatula cyanoptera
  28. Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  29. Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  30. Common Merganser, American Common Merganser, Mergus merganser americanus
  31. Cooper’s Hawk, Acipiter cooperii
  32. Crested Coua, Coua cristata
  33. Crow, American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
  34. Dark-Eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
  35. Double-Crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auratus
  36. Downy Woodpecker, Dryobates pubescens
  37. Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  38. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  39. European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
  40. Gadwall, Mareca strepera
  41. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
  42. Great Egret, Ardea alba
  43. Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
  44. Great-Tailed Grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus
  45. Greater White-Fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
  46. Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  47. Grebe, Clark’s Grebe, Aechmophorus clarkii [black above the eye]
  48. Grebe, Pied-Billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  49. Grebe, Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis [black below the eye]
  50. Green Heron, Butorides virescens
  51. Green-Winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
  52. Gull, Larus sp.
  53. Gull, Herring Gull, Larus argentatus
  54. Gull, Ring-Billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
  55. Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
  56. Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
  57. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
  58. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferous
  59. Kingbird, Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis
  60. Laughing Kookaburra, Dacelo novaeguineae
  61. Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
  62. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
  63. Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis
  64. Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
  65. Lewis’s Woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis
  66. Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
  67. Long-Billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
  68. Mallard Duck, Anas platyrhynchos
  69. Mallard, Domestic Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus
  70. Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
  71. Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
  72. Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
  73. Northern Harrier, Marsh Hawk, Circus hudsonius
  74. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
  75. Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
  76. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
  77. Nuttall’s Woodpecker, Picoides nuttallii
  78. Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
  79. Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
  80. Peafowl, Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus
  81. Pekin Duck, Domestic Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos domesticus var. Pekin
  82. Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens
  83. Raven, Corvus corax
  84. Red-Billed Hornbill, Tockus erythrorhynchus
  85. Red-Breasted Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber
  86. Red-Shouldered Hawk, California Red-Shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus elegans
  87. Red-Tailed Hawk, Western Red-Tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis calurus
  88. Red-Winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
  89. Ring-Necked Duck, Aythya collaris
  90. Rio Grande Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo intermedia
  91. Ross’s Goose, Anser rossii
  92. Ruby-Crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
  93. Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  94. Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
  95. Sharp-Shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus [lifer]
  96. Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
  97. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  98. Sora, Porzana carolina
  99. Sparrow, Fox Sparrow, Passerella iliaca
  100. Sparrow, Golden-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
  101. Sparrow, House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
  102. Sparrow, Lincoln’s Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
  103. Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
  104. Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
  105. Sparrow, White-Crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
  106. Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
  107. Spur-Winged Lapwing, Vanellus spinosus
  108. Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
  109. Swallow, Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  110. Swallow, Barn Swallow, American Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica erythrogaster
  111. Swallow, Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  112. Thick-Billed Parrot, Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha
  113. Towhee, California Towhee, Melozone crissalis
  114. Towhee, Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus
  115. Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
  116. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
  117. Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana
  118. Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis
  119. Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
  120. White-Breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
  121. White-Faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
  122. White Tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
  123. Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
  124. Wren, Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
  125. Wren, House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
  126. Wren, Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
  127. Yellow-Billed Magpie, Pica nuttalli
  128. Yellow-Headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Fish: (Last year: 6 species)

Fungi and Molds: (Last year: 30 species)

  1. Agaric Mushroom, Coprinopsis uliginicola
  2. Black Witches’ Butter, Black Jelly Roll, Exidia glandulosa
  3. Bleachy Entoloma, Entoloma ferruginans
  4. Blewit Mushroom, Purple Core, Lepista nuda
  5. Brown Jelly Fungus, Leafy Brain, Phaeotremella foliacea
  6. Brownit Mushroom, Clitocybe brunneocephala
  7. Common Fieldcap Mushroom, Agrocybe pediades
  8. Common Funnel Mushroom, Infundibulicybe gibba
  9. Conical Brittlestem Mushroom, Parasola conopilea
  10. Crust Fungus, Stereum sp.
  11. Crystal Brain Fungus, Myxarium nucleatum
  12. Deer Mushroom, Pluteus cervinus
  13. Gilled Polypore, Trametes betulina [lookslike mazegill]
  14. Giraffe Spots Crust Fungus, Peniophora albobadia
  15. Green Trichoderma MoldTrichoderma viride
  16. Hairy Curtain Crust, Stereum hirsutum
  17. Helvella, Oak-Loving Elfin Saddle, Helvella dryophila
  18. Impatient Inkcap Mushroom, Tulosesus impatiens (formerly Coprinellus impatiens)
  19. Jelly Spot, Dacrymyces capitatus
  20. Netted Crust Fungus, Byssomerulius corium
  21. Peach Leaf Curl Fungus, Taphrina deformans
  22. Pleated Marasmius, Red Thread, Marasmius plicatulus
  23. Puffball, Lead-Grey Puffball, Bovista plumbea
  24. Puffball, Meadow Puffball, Lycoperdon pratense
  25. Red Edge Brittlestem Mushroom, Psathyrella corrugis
  26. Slime Mold, Carnival Candy Slime Mold, Arcyria denudata
  27. Split Porecrust Fungus, Xylodon paradoxus [crust fungus with split surface]
  28. Tall Psathyrella, Psathyrella longipes
  29. Tuberous Polypore, Polyporus tuberaster [similar to Dryad’s Saddle]
  30. Turkey Tail Fungus, Trametes versicolor
  31. White Stubble Rosegill, Volvopluteus gloiocephalusi [white or gray mushroom, slick cap with colored center, pale pink to gills, papery volva]
  32. Woolly Bird’s Nest Fungus, Nidula niveotomentosa
  33. Yellow-Staining Milk Cap, Lactarius xanthogalactus [reddish cap, milky gills]

Galls: (Last year: 85 species)

  1. Ash Bead Gall Mite, Aceria fraxini
  2. Ash Leafcurl Aphid, Prociphilus fraxinifolii
  3. Ash Petiole Gall Midge, Dasineura tumidosae
  4. Baccharis Leaf Blister Mite, Aceria baccharipha [on coyote brush leaves]
  5. California Black Walnut Pouch Gall Mite, Aceria brachytarsa
  6. Club Gall Wasp, Bisexual, Spring Generation, Andricus coortus [terminal bud gall on live oak]  [lifer]
  7. Coyote Brush Bud Gall midge, Rhopalomyia californica
  8. Coyote Brush Leaf Gall Midge, Rhopalomyia sp.
  9. Coyote Brush Rust, Puccinia evadens
  10. Coyote Brush Stem Gall Moth, Gnorimoschema baccharisella
  11. Elm Leaf Pouch Gall Aphid, Rice Root Aphid, Tetraneura nigriabdominalis
  12. Fimbriate Gall Wasp, Andricus opertus [on Valley Oak leaf]
  13. Flat-Topped Honeydew Gall Wasp, Disholcaspis eldoradensis
  14. Gouty Stem Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercussuttoni
  15. Hair Stalk Gall Wasp, Andricus pedicellatus [thread gall on blue oak]
  16. Hairy Gall Wasp, Disholandricus lasius [on Canyon Live Oak]
  17. Irregular Spindle Gall Wasp, Andricus chrysolepidicola [on Canyon Live Oak]
  18. Leaf Gall Wasp/ Unidentified per Russo, Tribe: Cynipidea [on Valley Oak]
  19. Leafy Bract Gall Wasp, Diplolepis californica [hard rosette gall on rose bush]
  20. Lily Stem Gall Midge, Lasioptera sp. [on Itherial’s Spears in the spring]
  21. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Bisexual, Spring Generation, Callirhytis quercuspomiformis [looks like a soft funnel, green to brown]
  22. Live Oak Apple Gall Wasp, Summer, asexual generation, , Callirhytis quercuspomiformis [spiky ball]
  23. Live Oak Bud Gall Wasp, Callirhytis quercusagrifoliae [Canyon Live Oak]
  24. Live Oak Erineum Mite Gall, Aceria mackiei
  25. Live Oak Folded Leaf Aphid, Stegophylla essigi [in live oaks, folds the leaf over itself; sometimes the leaf turns red/reddish]
  26. Live Oak Petiole Gall Wasp, Melikaiella flora [can also show up in the midvein]
  27. Manzanita Leafgall Aphid, Tamalia coweni [multiple stem mothers, galls on leaves]
  28. Manzanita Leafgall Aphid, Tamalia coweni [wingless females, galls on flowers]
  29. Mistletoe Gall, Mistletoes, Tribe: Visceae
  30. Oak Apple, California Gall Wasp, Andricus quercuscalifornicus
  31. Oak Leaf Mining Moth, Acrocercops affinis [creates a large blister on the leaf]
  32. Potato Gall Wasp, Disholandricus truckeensis [on canyon live oak]
  33. Pumpkin Gall Wasp, Dryocosmus minusculus
  34. Round Gall Wasp, Burnettweldia washingtonensis [felty, on stems]
  35. Ruptured Twig Gall Wasp, Callirhytis perdens [on live oaks, black oaks]
  36. Spined Turban Gall Wasp, Cynips douglasii, bisexual, Spring generation, forms on the stem, looks like a pale green ball. [lifer]
  37. Spiny Leaf Gall Wasp, Diplolepis polita [on rose bushes]
  38. Tapered Stem Gall Wasp, Protobalandricus spectabilis
  39. Two-Horned Gall Wasp, Bisexual, spring generation, Dryocosmus dubiosus [hard, shell-like on catkins ad new leaves on live oak]
  40. Valley Oak Petiole Gall Wasp, Neuroterus fragilis
  41. Western Gall Rust, Pine Rust Gall, Cronartium harknessii [on pine trees]
  42. Willow Apple Gall Sawfly, Euura californica
  43. Willow Bead Gall Mite, Aculus tetanothrix
  44. Willow Fold Gall Sawfly, Euura sp. [Phyllocolpa sp.]
  45. Willow Leaf tiers, bundles: www.jmeg.fi/IOWleaftiers.htm
  46. Willow Pinecone Gall Midge, Rabdophaga strobiloides
  47. Willow Rosette Gall Midge, Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides

Insects, Arthropods, Hexapods: (Last year: 227 species)

  1. Acmon Blue Butterfly, Icaricia acmon
  2. Annaphila  Owlet Moth, Annaphila diva
  3. Ant, American Winter Ant, Prenolepis imparis
  4. Ant, Californicus-Group Harvester Ants, Complex Pogonomyrmex californicus
  5. Ant, Carpenter Ant, Camponotus sp.
  6. Ant, Wood, Mound, and Field Ants, Formica sp.
  7. Aphids, Family: Aphididae
  8. Aphid, Oleander Aphid, Aphis nerii
  9. Aphid, Potato Aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae [tiny, green]
  10. Aphid, Rose Aphid, Macrosiphum rosae
  11. Arboreal Camel Cricket, Gammarotettix bilobatus
  12. Bees, European Honeybee, Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera
  13. Bees, Leaf-Cutter Bees, Sharptail Bees, Coelioxys sp.
  14. Bees, Cherry Plum Mining Bee, Andrena cerasifolii
  15. Bees, Yellow-Faced Bumble Bee, Bombus vosnesenskii
  16. Bee Fly, Family: Bombyliidae
  17. Bee Fly, Cone-Snout Bee Fly, Conophorus fenestratus
  18. Bee Fly, Greater Bee Fly, Bombylius major
  19. Cabbage White Butterfly, Pieris rapae
  20. California Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly, Battus philenor hirsuta
  21. Clouded Sulphur Butterfly, Colias philodice
  22. Common Flower Moth, Schinia pulchripennis [pink]
  23. Common Water Strider, Aquarius remigis
  24. Copper Underwing Moth, Amphipyra pyramidoides [green caterpillar with white pinstripes]
  25. Crane Flies, Infraorder: Tipulomorpha
  26. Crane Fly, Subgenus Hesperotipula
  27. Crane Fly, Nephrotoma wulpiana [yellow]
  28. Crane Fly, Giant Western Crane Fly, Holorusia hespera
  29. Crown Whitefly, Aleuroplatus coronata
  30. Damselfly, Common Bluet, Enallagma sp.
  31. Damselfly, Pacific Forktail, Ischnura cervula
  32. Darkling Beetle, Coniontis sp. [shiny, smooth carapace]
  33. Dragonfly, Variegated Meadowhawk Dragonfly, Sympetrum corruptum
  34. Duskywing Butterfly, Persius Duskywing, Erynnis persius
  35. Earwig, Ring-Legged Earwig, Euborellia annulipes
  36. Flies, Acalyptrate Flies, Zoosubsection: Acalyptratae
  37. Flies, Black-Margined Flower Fly, Syrphus opinator [a kind of hoverfly]
  38. Flies, Cluster Flies, Pollenia sp.
  39. Flies, Cornsilk Flies, Euxesta sp.
  40. Flies, Deer Fly, Chrysops sp. [many have wild-looking eyes]
  41. Flies, Drone Fly, Subfamily: Eristalinae
  42. Flies, Dung Fly, Cordilura sp.
  43. Flies, Face Fly, Musca autumnalis
  44. Flies, Hairy Maggot Blow Fly, Chrysomya rufifacies [metallic green]
  45. Flies, Large-Tailed Aphideater, Eupeodes volucris [hoverfly]
  46. Flies, Long-Legged Fly, Neurigona sp.
  47. Flies, Long-Legged Fly, Dolichopus sp.
  48. Flies, Muscoid Flies, Superfamily: Muscoidea
  49. Flies, Narrow-Headed Marsh Fly, Helophilus fasciatus
  50. Flies, Sawflies, Suborder: Symphyta
  51. Flies, Seaweed Flies, Fucellia sp.
  52. Flies, Soldier Fly, Odontomyia cincta
  53. Flies, White-Winged March Fly, Bibio albipennis
  54. Gnats, Suborder: Nematocera
  55. Ichneumon Wasp, Odontocolon sp.
  56. Jerusalem Cricket, North American Jerusalem Cricket, Ammopelmatus sp.
  57. Katydid, Mediterranean Katydid, Phaneroptera nana
  58. Kermes, Allokermes sp.
  59. Lady Beetle, Family: Coccinellidae
  60. Ladybeetle, Broad-Striped Lady Beetle, Paranaemia vittigera
  61. Lady Beetle, Convergent Lady Beetle, Hippodamia convergens
  62. Lady Beetle, Seven-Spotted Lady Beetle, Coccinella septempunctata
  63. Leaf-Footed Bug, Leptoglossus zonatus [light spots on shoulders]
  64. Little Mite, Linopodes sp.
  65. Lorquin’s Admiral Butterfly, Limenitis lorquini
  66. Metallic Woodboring Beetle, Jewel Beetle, Anthaxia [Melanthaxia] sp.
  67. Mirid Bug, Irbisia sp.
  68. Mirid Bug, Potato Mirid, Closterotomus norwegicus [green]
  69. Monkey Beetle, Hoplia sp.
  70. Mosquito, Super Family: Culicoidea
  71. Mud-Dauber Wasp, Tribe: Sceliphrini
  72. Mugwort Weevil, Lixus fasciculatus
  73. Nodding Thistle Receptacle Weevil, Rhinocyllus conicus
  74. Non-Biting Midges, Cricotopus sp.
  75. Omnivorous Leafroller Moth, Platynota stultana
  76. Paper Wasp, Golden Paper Wasp, Polistes aurifer
  77. Parasitic Wasp, Subfamily: Mesochorinea
  78. Pillbug, Common Pill Woodlouse, Armadillidium vulgare
  79. Praying Mantis, Arizona Mantis, Stagmomantis limbata [large ootheca]
  80. Saint John’s Wort Beetle,Chrysolina hyperici
  81. Silverfish, Allacrotelsa spinulata
  82. Snakefly, American Square-Headed Snakefly, Negha sp.
  83. Snout Beetle, Smicronyx sp.
  84. Springtail, Subclass Collembola
  85. Sulphur Tubic Moth, Esperia sulphurella [small, black with white band down each side]
  86. Thrip, Predatory Thrip, Aeolothrips sp.
  87. Tick, American Dog Tick, Dermacentor variabilis
  88. Varied Carpet Beetle, Anthrenus verbasci
  89. West Coast Lady Butterfly, Vanessa annabella [blue spots]
  90. Western Boxelder Bug, Boisea rubrolineata
  91. Western Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio rutulus
  92. Western Yellowjacket, Vespula pensylvanica

Invertebrates, Other (Last year: 6 species)

  1. Copepods, Family: Cyclopidae
  2. Shrimp, California Clam Shrimp, Cyzicus californicus
  3. Shrimp, Vernal Pool Tadpole Shrimp, Lepidurus packardi
  4. Slug, Chestnut Slug, Deroceras invadens [lifer]
  5. Water Fleas, Daphnia sp.

Lichen on Trees/Wood: (Last year: 39 species)

  1. Bark Rim Lichen, Lecanora chlarotera [looks like Whiutewash Lichen but has apothecia]
  2. Bitter Wart Lichen Lepra amara [like rim lichen; white with heavy white apotheca]
  3. Boreal Button Lichen, Buellia disciformis [pale gray to bluish with black apothecia on wood]
  4. Brown-Eyed Sunshine Lichen, Vulpicida canadensis [lifer]
  5. Bumpy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora hybocarpa [tan to brown apothecia]
  6. California Camouflage Lichen, Melanelixia californica [dark green with brown apothecia, on trees]
  7. Candleflame Lichen, Candelaria concolor
  8. Common Button Lichen, Buellia erubescens [black eyes on white or alone]
  9. Common Powderhorn Lichen, Cladonia coniocraea
  10. Effervescent Tarpaper Lichen, Collema furfuraceum [like brown camouflage lichen]
  11. Farinose Cartilage Lichen,  Ramalina farinacea [like Oakmoss but very thin branches]
  12. Fluffy Dust Lichen, Pacific Fluffy Dust Lichen, Lepraria pacifica [blue-green dust lichen]
  13. Fringed Shield Lichen, Parmelina coleae
  14. Gold Dust Lichen, Chrysothrix candelaris
  15. Green Shield Lichen, Flavoparmelia caperata
  16. Hoary Rosette Lichen, Physcia aipolia
  17. Hooded Rosette Lichen, Physcia adscendens [hairs/eyelashes on the tips of the lobes]
  18. Hooded Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza fallax [with soredia]
  19. Imshaug’s Tube Lichen, Hypogymnia imshaugii
  20. Lace Lichen, Ramalina menziesii
  21. Lecidella Lichen, Lecidella elaeochroma [round black spots on white background]
  22. Mealy Rim-Lichen, Lecanora strobilina [green tint]
  23. Oakmoss Lichen, Evernia prunastri [like strap but with soredia]
  24. Pepper-Spore Lichen, Rinodina sp.
  25. Pin-Cushion Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona polycarpa [bright orange, apothecia, close, piled]
  26. Poplar Sunburst Lichen, Xanthomendoza hasseana [sunburst on Cottonwood]
  27. Powder-Edged Speckled Greenshield, Flavopunctelia soredica [pale green, soredia on the edges of the thalus]
  28. Powder-Tipped Rosette Lichen, Physcia dubia
  29. Shrubby Sunburst Lichen, Polycauliona candelaria
  30. Speckled Greenshield Lichen, Flavopunctelia flaventior
  31. Star Rosette Lichen, Physcia stellaris [hoary, white/gray apotheca]
  32. Strap Lichen, Ribbon Lichen, Ramalina leptocarpha
  33. Trumpet Lichen, Cladonia fimbriata
  34. Variable Wrinkle-Lichen, Tuckermanopsis orbata
  35. Whitewash Lichen, Phlyctis argena
  36. Wolf Lichen, Letharia vulpina
  37. Yellow-Edged Frost Lichen, Physconia enteroxantha [green shield with pale edges]

Lichen on Stone/Metal: (Last year: 23 species)

  1. Black-Eyed Lichen, Tephromela atra
  2. Brown Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora fuscata
  3. Ceramic Parchment, Xylobolus frustulatus
  4. Concentric Boulder Lichen, Porpidia crustulata
  5. Crater Lichen, Diploschistes scruposus
  6. Crescent Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon lecanorinum
  7. Cumberland Rock Shield Lichen, Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia [gray, brown apotheca]
  8. Dog Pelt Lichen, Peltigera canina
  9. Emery Rocktripe Lichen, Umbilicaria phaea
  10. Gold Cobblestone Lichen, Pleopsidium flavum [darker orange-yellow than Yellow Cobblestone]
  11. Green Rock-Posy, Rhizoplaca melanophthalma
  12. Hidden Goldspeck Lichen, Candelariella aurella [small, scattered, yellow, on rocks]
  13. Mountain Lichen, Dimelaena radiata
  14. Orange Atoms, Squamulea subsoluta
  15. Pebbled Pixie Cup Lichen, Cladonia pyxidata
  16. Rock Nipple Lichen, Thelomma mammosum
  17. Smokey-Eyed Boulder Lichen, Porpidia albocaerulescens [black]
  18. Stonewall Rim Lichen, Protoparmeliopsis muralis
  19. Yellow Cobblestone Lichen, Acarospora socialis
  20. Yellow Map Lichen, Rhizocarpon geographicum

Mammals: (Last year: 42 species)

  1. Aardvark, Orycteropus afer
  2. African Lion, Panthera leo
  3. Beaver, American, Beaver, Castor canadensis
  4. Belding’s Ground Squirrel, Urocitellus beldingi
  5. Black and White Ruffed Lemur, Varecia variegata variegata
  6. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit, Lepus californicus
  7. California Ground Squirrel, Otospermophilus beecheyi
  8. Cattle, Black Angus, Bos taurus var. Black Angus [domesticated]
  9. Cattle, Black Hereford, Bos taurus var. Black Hereford [domesticated, black with white face]
  10. Cattle, Belted Gallowy, “Oreo Cow”, Bos taurus var. Belted Galloway [domesticated] [lifer]
  11. Cattle, Hereford, Bos taurus var. Hereford [domesticated, red with white face]
  12. Cattle, Highland Cattle, Bos taurus var. Highland
  13. Cattle, Red Poll, Bos taurus var. Red Poll [domesticated]
  14. Chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes
  15. Columbian Black-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
  16. Coyote, Canis latrans
  17. Desert Cottontail Rabbit, Sylvilagus audubonii
  18. Dog, Canis lupus familiaris [domesticated]
  19. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger [rusty belly]
  20. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis [white belly]
  21. Giraffe, Masai Giraffe, Giraffa tippelskirchi
  22. Giraffe, Reticulated Giraffe, Giraffa reticulata
  23. Goat, Domestic Goat, Capra aegagrus hircus
  24. Grevy’s Zebra, Equus grevyi
  25. Horse, Equus caballus [domesticated]
  26. Meerkat, Slender-Tailed Meerkat, Suricata suricatta
  27. Mongoose Lemur, Eulemur mongo
  28. Jaguar, Panthera onca
  29. Otter, North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis
  30. Raccoon, Common Raccoon, Procyon lotor
  31. Red Kangaroo, Macropus rufus
  32. Sheep, Ovis aries [domesticated]
  33. Striped Skunk, Mephitis mephitis
  34. Sumatran Orangutan, Pongo abelii
  35. Snow Leopard, Panthera uncia
  36. Western Gray Squirrel, Sciurus griseus

Pathogens/Bacteria: (Last year: 16 species)

  1. Blackberry Orange Rust, Gymnoconia peckiana
  2. Coral Spot, Nectria cinnabarina
  3. Multiflora Rose Rust, Phragmidium rosae-multiflorae
  4. Phytoplasmas, Phytoplasma sp. [creates witch’s broom]
  5. Western Gall Rust, Cronartium harknessii [on pine trees]

Plants, Flowers, Trees: (Last year: 575 species)

  1. Alder, White Alder, Alnus rhombifolia
  2. Alkali Heliotrope, Heliotropium curassavicum
  3. Almond Tree, Prunus dulcis
  4. Aloe, Aloe sp.
  5. Aloe, Candelabra Aloe, Aloe arborescens
  6. Alumroot, Alpine Alumroot, Heuchera glabra
  7. Alumroot, Crevice Alumroot, Heuchera micrantha
  8. Alumroot, Pink Alumroot, Heuchera rubescens
  9. American Fairybells, Prosartes sp.
  10. American Yellowrocket, Barbarea orthoceras
  11. Annual Agoseris, Agoseris heterophylla [like tiny Cat’s Ear]
  12. Annual Honesty, Lunaria annua [purple-pink flowers on tall stalk]
  13. Apple Tree, Malus domestica
  14. Arracacias, Arracacia sp.
  15. Arundo, Giant Reed, Arundo donax
  16. Ash Tree, California Ash, Fraxinus dipetala
  17. Ash Tree, Oregon Ash, Fraxinus latifolia
  18. Aspen Tree, Trembling Aspen, Populus tremuloides
  19. Azalea, Tsutsusi Azalea, Rhododendron indicum
  20. Azola, Water Fern, Azolla filiculoides
  21. Baby Blue Eyes, Menzies’ Baby Blue Eyes, Nemophila menziesii
  22. Barberry, Creeping Mahonia, Berberis repens
  23. Barberry, Mountain Grape, Berberis oiwakensis
  24. Barberry, Shining Netvein Barberry, Berberis dictyota
  25. Bay Laurel, California Bay, Umbellularia californica
  26. Bedstraw, Catchweed Bedstraw, Velcro Grass, Galium aparine
  27. Bedstraw, Graceful Bedstraw, Galium porrigens [very smal]
  28. Bicolor Cobra Lily, Chasmanthe bicolor
  29. Bindweed, Field Bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
  30. Bindweed, Hillside False Bindweed, Calystegia subacaulis
  31. Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus betuloides
  32. Bird’s-Eye Gilia, Gilia tricolor
  33. Bird’s-Foot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus
  34. Bitter Cherry Tree, Prunus emarginata
  35. Black Locust, Robinia pseudoacacia
  36. Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Juglans nigra
  37. Black Walnut, Northern California Black Walnut, Juglans hindsii
  38. Blackberry, Armenian Blackberry, Rubus armeniacus [red canes, white flowers]
  39. Blackberry, Himalayan Blackberry, Rubus bifrons [red canes, pink flowers]
  40. Blackberry, Trailing Blackberry, Rubus ursinus [white stems; CA native]
  41. Blow Wives, Achyrachaena mollis
  42. Blue Dicks, Dipterostemon capitatus ssp. capitatus
  43. Blue Elderberry, Sambucus nigra cerulea
  44. Bluehead Gilia, Gilia capitata
  45. Borage, Borago officinalis
  46. Boxelder, Box Elder Tree, Acer negundo
  47. Brass Buttons, Cotula coronopifolia
  48. Brewer’s Rockcress, Boechera breweri [purple flowers]
  49. Brittle Bladderfern, Cystopteris fragilis
  50. Broadleaved Pepperweed, Lepidium latifolium
  51. Broom, French Broom, Genista monspessulana
  52. Broom, Scotch Broom, Cytisus scoparius
  53. Broom, Spanish Broom, Spartium junceum
  54. Brown Fritillary, Fritillaria micrantha
  55. Buckbrush, Ceanothus cuneatus
  56. Bur Parsley, Anthriscus caucalis
  57. Butter-and-Eggs, Johnnytuck, Triphysaria eriantha
  58. Buttercup, California Buttercup, Ranunculus californicus
  59. Buttercup, Western Buttercup, Ranunculus occidentalis
  60. Caddisfly, Natspinning Caddisfly, Hydropsyche sp.
  61. California Bee Plant, Scrophularia californica [tiny red flowers]
  62. California Buckeye Chestnut Tree, Aesculus californica
  63. California Flannelbush, Fremontodendron californicum
  64. California Incense Cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
  65. California Mugwort, Artemisia douglasiana
  66. California Pipevine, Dutchman’s Pipe, Aristolochia californica
  67. California Saxifrage, Micranthes californica
  68. California Wild Grape, Vitis californica
  69. Catchfly, Small-Flowered Catchfly, Silene gallica
  70. Cattail, Broad-Leaved Cattail, Typha latifolia
  71. Cattail, Narrow-Leaf Cattail, Typha angustifolia
  72. Chamise, Adenostoma fasciculatum
  73. Chaparral Currant, Ribes malvaceum [pink flowers]
  74. Chaparral Honeysuckle, Lonicera interrupta
  75. Checker Lily, Fritillaria affinis
  76. Cherry, St Lucie Cherry, Prunus mahaleb
  77. Cherry Laurel, Prunus laurocerasus
  78. Chia, Salvia columbariae
  79. Chinese Houses, Purple Chinese Houses, Collinsia heterophylla
  80. Chinese Photinia, Photinia serratifolia
  81. Chinese Privet, Ligustrum sinense
  82. Chinquapin, Bush Chinquapin, Chrysolepis sempervirens
  83. Cylindric Beard-Moss, Vinealobryum insulanum
  84. Clover, Bull Clover, Trifolium fucatum [looks like large cowbag]
  85. Clover, Bur Clover, Medicago polymorpha [tiny yellow flowers, burs]
  86. Clover, Cowbag Clover, Trifolium depauperatum
  87. Clover, Purple Owl’s Clover, Castilleja exserta var. exserta
  88. Clover, Red Clover, Trifolium pratense
  89. Clover, Rose Clover, Trifolium hirtum
  90. Clover, Tomcat Clover, Trifolium willdenovii
  91. Clover, White Clover, Trifolium repens
  92. Columbine, Western Columbine, Aquilegia formosa
  93. Common Bird-of-Paradise Flower, Strelitzia reginae
  94. Common Chickweed, Stellaria media
  95. Common Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale
  96. Common Groundsel, Senecio vulgaris [like little dandelions on a stem]
  97. Common Hedge Parsley, Torilis arvensis
  98. Common Saint John’s Wort, Hypericum perforatum
  99. Common Sandweed, Athysanus pusillus [looks like tiny Fringepod] [lifer]
  100. Common Spikeweed, Centromadia pungens
  101. Common Stickyseed, Blennosperma nanum var. nanum [like Goldfields with white tufts between the petals]
  102. Coyote Brush, Baccharis pilularis
  103. Coyote Mint, Monardella villosa
  104. Creamcups, Platystemon californicus
  105. Creek Plum Trees, Prunus rivularis
  106. Creeping Snowberry, Symphoricarpos mollis
  107. Cretanweed, Hedypnois rhagadioloides [yellow]
  108. Curvepod Yellowcress, Rorippa curvisiliqua
  109. Cutleaf Burnweed, Senecio glomeratus
  110. Death Camas, Common Star Lily, Toxicoscordion fremontii
  111. Deerbrush Ceanothus, Ceanothus integerrimus
  112. Deerweed, Acmispon glaber
  113. Dendroalsia Moss, Dendroalsia abietina
  114. Dock, Curly Dock, Rumex crispus
  115. Dock, Fiddle Dock, Rumex pulcher
  116. Dodder, California Dodder, Cuscuta californica
  117. Dogwood, Pacific Dogwood, Cornus nuttallii
  118. Douglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii
  119. Downingia, Flatface Calicoflower, Downingia pulchella
  120. Duckweed, Common Duckweed, Lemna minor
  121. Dudleya, Canyon Liveforever, Dudleya cymosa
  122. Dwarf Woodsorrel, Oxalis laxa
  123. Elegant Clarkia, Clarkia unguiculata [red line on leaves when young]
  124. Elm Tree, Field Elm, Ulmus minor
  125. Erodium, Cut-Leaf Filaree, Erodium cicutarium
  126. Erodium, Mediterranean Stork’s-Bill, Erodium botrys
  127. Erodium, Musk Stork’s-Bill, Erodium moschatum
  128. Erodium, Redstem Stork’s-Bill, Erodium cicutarium
  129. Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus sp.
  130. Eucalyptus, Tasmanian Blue Gum, Eucalyptus globulus [white flowers]
  131. False Venus Looking Glass, Legenere limosa 
  132. Fan Palms, Washingtonia sp.
  133. Fendler’s Meadow-Rue, Thalictrum fendleri
  134. Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
  135. Fern, Bird’s Foot Cliffbrake, Pellaea mucronata
  136. Fern, Black Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris
  137. Fern, California Polypody, Polypodium californicum
  138. Fern, Coastal Woodfern, Dryopteris arguta
  139. Fern, Goldback Fern, Pentagramma triangularis
  140. Fern, Lace Lip Fern, Myriopteris gracillima
  141. Fiddleneck, Bristly Fiddleneck, Amsinckia tessellata
  142. Fiddleneck, Common Fiddleneck, Amsinckia menziesii
  143. Field Elm, Ulmus minor
  144. Fig, Common Fig, Ficus carica
  145. Flax-Leaved Horseweed, Erigeron bonariensis
  146. Foothill Deervetch, Acmispon brachycarpus [yellow, like small lotus]
  147. Fragrant Fritillary, Fritillaria liliacea
  148. Fragrant Sumac, Rhus aromatica
  149. Fremont’s Cottonwood, Populus fremontii
  150. Fringepod, Ribbed Fringepod, Thysanocarpus radians [pink rim]
  151. Fringepod, Sand Fringepod, Thysanocarpus curvipes
  152. Geranium, Cut-Leaved Crane’s-Bill, Geranium dissectum
  153. Geranium, Dove’s-Foot Crane’s-Bill, Geranium molle
  154. Giant White Wakerobin, Trillium albidum
  155. Giraffe’s Head, Henbit Deadnettle, Lamium amplexicaule
  156. Globe Lily, Diogenes’ Lantern, Calochortus amabilis [yellow]
  157. Globe Lily, White Globe Lily, Calochortus albus
  158. Goldfields, California Goldfields, Lasthenia californica
  159. Goldfields, Vernal Pool Goldfields, Lasthenia fremontii
  160. Goldwire, Hypericum concinnum
  161. Gooseberry, Sierra Gooseberry, Ribes roezlii
  162. Grasses, Bristly Dogtail Grass, Cynosurus echinatus
  163. Grasses, Bulbous Bluegrass, Poa bulbosa
  164. Grasses, Common Soft Brome, Bromus hordeaceus
  165. Grasses, Compact Brome, Bromus madritensis
  166. Grasses, Creeping Foxtail, Alopecurus arundinaceus [looks smoky gray when it goes to seed]
  167. Grasses, Early Hair Grass, Aira praecox
  168. Grasses, Foxtail Barley, Hordeum murinum
  169. Grasses, Greater Quaking Grass, Rattlesnake Grass, Briza maxima
  170. Grasses, Harding Grass, Phalaris aquatica [a kind of canary grass]
  171. Grasses, Pine Bluegrass, Poa secunda
  172. Grasses, Pink Grass, Windmill Pink, Hairypink, Petrorhagia dubia
  173. Grasses, Rabbitfoot Grass, Polypogon monspeliensis
  174. Grasses, Ripgut Brome, Bromus diandrus
  175. Grasses, Saltgrass, Distichlis spicata
  176. Grasses, Silver Hairgrass, Aira caryophyllea
  177. Grasses, Smilo Grass, Oloptum miliaceum
  178. Grasses, Wall Barley, Hordeum murinum
  179. Grasses, Wild Oat, Avena fatua
  180. Gray Pine, Pinus sabiniana
  181. Greater Honeywort, Cerinthe major
  182. Gregg’s Pine, Pinus greggii [tree at Mather]
  183. Gumweed, Great Valley Gumweed, Grindelia camporum
  184. Hairy Bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta
  185. Hairy Hawkbit, Leontodon saxatilis [yellow]
  186. Hillside Woodland Star, Lithophragma heterophyllum
  187. Hoptree, Western Hoptree, Ptelea crenulata
  188. Horsetail, Rough Horsetail, Equisetum hyemale
  189. Iris, Rainbow Iris, Iris hartwegii
  190. Iris, Western Blue Flag, Iris missouriensis
  191. Iris, Yellow Water Iris, Iris pseudacorus
  192. Italian Arum, Lords-and-Ladies, Arum italicum
  193. Italian Cypress, Mediterranean Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens
  194. Ithuriel’s Spears, Triteleia laxa
  195. Ivy, Common Ivy, Hedera helix
  196. Johnnytuck, Butter-and-Eggs, Triphysaria eriantha
  197. Jointed Charlock, Raphanus raphanistrum
  198. Larkspur, Red Larkspur, Delphinium nudicaule
  199. Larkspur, Royal Larkspur, Delphinium variegatum [deep purple-blue]
  200. Lawn Daisy, Bellis perennis
  201. Leafy Fleabane, Erigeron foliosus
  202. Lemon, Citrus limon
  203. Lilac, Common Lilac, Syringa vulgaris
  204. Lance-Leaved Water-Plantain, Alisma lanceolatum [large leaves, small pink flowers on tall stalks]
  205. Locust, Black Locust, Robinia pseudoacacia [white]
  206. Locust, Bristly Locust, Robinia hispida [pink]
  207. Lodgepole Pine, Pinus contorta
  208. Lomatium, Alkali Desertparsley, Caraway-Leaved Lomatium, Lomatium caruifolium
  209. Lomatium, Barestem Biscuitroot, Lomatium nudicaule
  210. Lomatium, California Lomatium, Lomatium californicum
  211. Lomatium, Foothill Desert-Parsley, Lomatium utriculatum
  212. Longhorn Seablush, Plectritis macrocera [white]
  213. Lupine, Arroyo Lupine, Lupinus succulentus
  214. Lupine, Broadleaf Lupine, Lupinus latifolius
  215. Lupine, Bush Lupine, Silver Lupine, Lupinus albifrons var. albifrons
  216. Lupine, Chick Lupine, Lupinus microcarpus [yellow, white]
  217. Lupine, Miniature Lupine, Lupinus bicolor
  218. Lupine, Silvery Lupine, Lupinus argenteus
  219. Lupine, Sky Lupine, Lupinus nanus
  220. Lupine, Spider Lupine, Lupinus benthamii
  221. Lyell’s Bristle-Moss, Pulvigera lyellii
  222. Lythrum Loosestrifes, Lythrum sp. [lifer]
  223. Madrone, Pacific Madrone, Arbutus menziesii
  224. Mahala Mat, Ceanothus prostratus
  225. Maple, Bigleaf Maple, Acer macrophyllum
  226. Manroot, California Manroot, Bigroot, Marah fabaceus
  227. Manroot, Chilicothe, Marah macrocarpa
  228. Manroot, Taw Man-Root, Marah watsonii
  229. Manzanita, Common Manzanita, Arctostaphylos manzanita
  230. Manzanita, Greenleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos patula
  231. Manzanita, Smooth Whiteleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida ssp. viscida
  232. Manzanita, Whiteleaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos viscida
  233. Milkmaids, Cardamine californica
  234. Milkweed, Showy Milkweed, Asclepias speciosa
  235. Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata
  236. Miner’s Lettuce, Streambank Springbeauty, Claytonia parviflora
  237. Mistletoe, Broadleaf Mistletoe, Phoradendron macrophyllum
  238. Mistletoe, Juniper Mistletoe, Phoradendron juniperinum [yellow-orange, large]
  239. Mistletoe, Western Dwarf-Mistletoe, Arceuthobium campylopodum
  240. Modesty, Whipplea modesta [white flowers, “bubbly” looking from a distance] [lifer]
  241. Monkeyflower, Kellogg’s Monkeyflower, Diplacus kelloggii [pink]
  242. Monkeyflower, Orange Bush Monkeyflower, Diplacus aurantiacus
  243. Monkeyflower, Seep Monkeyflower, Erythranthe guttata [yellow]
  244. Monkeyflower, Shy Monkeyflower, Erythranthe nasuta [yellow, red spot]
  245. Mosses, Phylum: Bryophyta
  246. Mosses, Bonfire Moss, Funaria hygrometrica
  247. Mosses, Bud-Headed Groove-Moss, Aulacomnium androgynum
  248. Mosses, Crisped Pincushion Moss, Ulota crispa
  249. Mosses, Long-Leaved Thread Moss, Ptychostomum pseudotriquetrum
  250. Mosses, Lyell’s Bristle-Moss, Pulvigera lyellii
  251. Mosses, Nuttall’s Homalothecium Moss, Homalothecium nuttallii
  252. Mosses, Small Hairy Screw-Moss, Syntrichia laevipila
  253. Mountain Dandelion, Agoseris sp.
  254. Mountain Jewelflower, Streptanthus tortuosus
  255. Mountain Misery, Chamaebatia foliolosa
  256. Mountain Whitethorn, Ceanothus cordulatus
  257. Mouse-Ear Chickweed, Cerastium fontanum
  258. Mouse-Ear, Sticky Mouse Ears Chickweed, Cerastium glomeratum
  259. Mullein, Great Mullein, Verbascum thapsus
  260. Mullein, Moth Mullein, Verbascum blattaria [thin stick, white or yellow]
  261. Mule Fat, Baccharis salicifolia
  262. Mule’s Ears, Gray Mule-Ears, Wyethia helenioides
  263. Mule’s Ears, Smooth Mule-Ears, Wyethia glabra
  264. Mustard, California Mustard, Caulanthus lasiophyllus [white]
  265. Mustard, Field Mustard, Brassica rapa
  266. Mustard, Shortpod Mustard, Hirschfeldia incana
  267. Naked Buckwheat, Eriogonum nudum
  268. Narrowleaf Cottonrose, Logfia gallica
  269. Narrowleaf Goldenbush, Ericameria linearifolia [yellow daisy-like flowers]
  270. Nightshade, Bluewitch Nightshade, Solanum umbelliferum
  271. North Californian Indian Pink, Silene laciniata californica [look like red catchfly]
  272. Oak, Black Oak, Quercus velutina
  273. Oak, Blue Oak, Quercus douglasii
  274. Oak, California Black Oak, Quercus kelloggii
  275. Oak, California Scrub Oak, Quercus berberidifolia
  276. Oak, Canyon Live Oak, Quercus chrysolepis
  277. Oak, Coast Live Oak, Quercus agrifolia
  278. Oak, Cork Oak, Quercus suber
  279. Oak, Interior Live Oak, Quercus wislizeni
  280. Oak, Valley Oak, Quercus lobata
  281. Olive, Olea europaea
  282. Onion, Jeweled Onion, Allium serra
  283. Oxalis, Bermuda Buttercup, Oxalis pes-caprae
  284. Pacific Hound’s Tongue, Adelinia grande
  285. Paintbrush, Castilleja sp.
  286. Paintbrush, Wavyleaf Paintbrush, Castilleja applegatei
  287. Paintbrush, Woolly Indian Paintbrush, Castilleja foliolosa
  288. Palmer Ceanothus, Ceanothus palmeri
  289. Pea, Pacific Pea, Lathyrus vestitus
  290. Pea, Common Pea, Pisum sativum
  291. Pea, Sulphur Pea, Lathyrus sulphureus
  292. Pears, Pyrus sp.
  293. Penstamon, Bunchleaf Penstemon, Penstemon heterophyllus
  294. Persimmon, Japanese Persimmon, Fuyu, Diospyros kaki
  295. Periwinkle, Greater Periwinkle, Vinca major
  296. Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Vinca minor
  297. Phacelia, Lacy Phacelia, Phacelia tanacetifolia [purple]
  298. Phacelia, Mountain Phacelia, Phacelia imbricata [white]
  299. Pine, Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa
  300. Pine, Sugar Pine, Pinus lambertiana
  301. Pineappleweed, Chamomilla suaveolens
  302. Pink Star-Tulip, Calochortus uniflorus
  303. Pipestem Clematis, Old Man’s Beard, Clematis lasiantha
  304. Plantain, Dot-Seed Plantain, Plantago erecta
  305. Plantain, Ribwort, Plantago lanceolata
  306. Podocarpus, Chinese Podocarpus, Podocarpus macrophyllus var. maki
  307. Podocarpus, Kusamaki, Podocarpus macrophyllus
  308. Poison Hemlock, Conium maculatum
  309. Poison Oak, Pacific Poison Oak, Western Poison Oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum
  310. Popcorn Flowers,  Plagiobothrys sp.
  311. Popcorn Flower, Rusty Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys nothofulvus
  312. Popcorn Flower, Scouler’s Popcornflower, Plagiobothrys scouleri
  313. Poppy, California Poppy, Eschscholzia californica
  314. Poppy, Frying Pan Poppy, Eschscholzia lobbii
  315. Poppy, Tufted Poppy, Eschscholzia caespitosa
  316. Pot Marigold, Calendula officinalis
  317. Prettyface, Triteleia ixioides
  318. Privet, Glossy Privet, Ligustrum lucidum
  319. Purple Salsify, Tragopogon porrifolius
  320. Purple Sanicle, Sanicula bipinnatifida 
  321. Pyracantha, Firethorn, Pyracantha sp.
  322. Quince, Cydonia oblonga
  323. Q-Tips, Micropus californicus
  324. Red Deadnettle, Lamium purpureum [like Giraffe’s Head with a red blush]
  325. Red Maids, Calandrinia menziesii
  326. Red Mulberry, Morus rubra
  327. Roses, Rosa sp.
  328. Rose, California Wild Rose, Rosa californica [pink]
  329. Rose, Multiflora Rose, Rosa multiflora [white flowers]
  330. Rosemary, Salvia rosmarinus
  331. Rough Cocklebur, Xanthium strumarium
  332. Rushes, Baltic Rush, Juncus balticus [small]
  333. Rushes, Pale Spikerush, Eleocharis macrostachya [small, thin, short]
  334. Rushes, Sea Clubrush, Bolboschoenus maritimus
  335. Rushes, Squarestem Spikerush, Eleocharis quadrangulata
  336. Sage, Hummingbird Sage, Salvia spathacea
  337. Sage, Sonoma Sage, Salvia sonomensis [purple, lacy]
  338. Salt Bush, Cryptocarpus pyriformis
  339. San Francisco Woodland-Star, Lithophragma affine
  340. Santa Barbara Sedge, Carex barbarae
  341. Scarlet Pimpernel, Lysimachia arvensis
  342. Shepherd’s-Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
  343. Sheep’s Sorrel, Rumex acetosella
  344. Shining Pepperweed, Lepidium nitidum
  345. Silverpuffs, Silverpuffs, Uropappus lindleyi [pointed tips]
  346. Silverpuffs, Grassland Silverpuffs, Stebbinsoseris heterocarpa [pointed tips]
  347. Shooting Star, Padre’s Shooting Star, Primula clevelandii patulum
  348. Shrubby Globularia, Globularia alypum [purple-blue puff center]
  349. Small-Leaved Blinks, Montia parvifolia
  350. Small Melilot, Melilotus indicus [yellow sweetclover]
  351. Smartweed, Pale Smartweed, Persicaria lapathifolia
  352. Smooth Cat’s Ear, Hypochaeris glabra
  353. Sneezeweed, Helenium sp.
  354. Sowthistle, Common Sow-Thistle, Sonchus oleraceus
  355. Sowthistle, Prickly Sowthistle, Sonchus asper
  356. Spearmint, Mentha spicata
  357. Spurge, Mediterranean Spurge, Euphorbia characias [large plants]
  358. Star-of-Bethlehem Tribe, Tribe: Ornithogaleae
  359. Stinking Hellebore, Helleborus foetidus
  360. Stonecrop, Aquatic Pygmyweed, Crassula aquatica
  361. Stonecrop, Broad-Leaved Stonecrop, Sedum spathulifolium
  362. Stonecrop, Moss Pygmy Weed, Crassula connata [tiny, red]
  363. Summer Snowflake, Leucojum aestivum [like lily of the valley w/green dots]
  364. Sunflower, California Sunflower, Helianthus californicus
  365. Sunflower, California Dwarf Sunflower, Helianthella californica
  366. Sunflower, Common Woolly Sunflower, Eriophyllum lanatum
  367. Sycamore, American Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis
  368. Sycamore, Western Sycamore, Platanus racemosa
  369. Tamarisk, Saltcedar, Tamarix ramosissima
  370. Teasel, Fuller’s Teasel, Dipsacus sativus [flowers in bands]
  371. Teasel, Wild Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum [flowers overall]
  372. Thistle, Blessed Milk Thistle, Silybum marianum
  373. Thistle, Bull Thistle, Cirsium vulgare
  374. Thistle, Cobwebby Thistle, Cirsium occidentale
  375. Thistle, Coyote Thistle, Eryngium vaseyi var. vallicola
  376. Thistle, Italian Thistle, Carduus pycnocephalus
  377. Thistle, Yellow Star-Thistle, Centaurea solstitialis
  378. Tidytips, Smooth Tidytips, Layia chrysanthemoides
  379. Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia
  380. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima
  381. True Babystars, Leptosiphon bicolor
  382. Tule, Common Tule, Schoenoplectus acutus
  383. Turkey Tangle Frogfruit, Phyla nodiflora
  384. Twining Snakelily, Dichelostemma volubile
  385. Valley Tassels, Castilleja attenuata
  386. Vetch, American Vetch, Vicia americana
  387. Vetch, Big Deervetch, Hosackia crassifolia
  388. Vetch, Common Vetch, Vicia sativa
  389. Vetch, Hairy Vetch, Vicia villosa
  390. Violet, California Golden Violet, Viola pedunculata
  391. Violet, European Dog Violet, Viola riviniana
  392. Violet, Shelton’s Violet, Viola sheltonii
  393. Warrior’s Plume, Pedicularis densiflora
  394. Wavy-Leafed Soap Plant, Chlorogalum pomeridianum
  395. Western False Rue Anemone, Enemion occidentale [white flowers]
  396. Western Marsh Cudweed, Gnaphalium palustre [soft, lamb]
  397. Western Morning Glory, Calystegia occidentalis
  398. Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
  399. Western Wallflower, Erysimum capitatum
  400. White Horehound, Marrubium vulgare
  401. White Mulberry, Morus alba
  402. White Nemophila, Nemophila heterophylla
  403. White Brodiaea, Triteleia hyacinthina [like white Ithuriel’s Spears, green stripe on back of each floret]
  404. White Sweetclover, Melilotus albus
  405. Wild Oat, Avena fatua
  406. Willow, Salix sp.
  407. Willow, Arroyo Willow, Salix lasiolepis
  408. Willow, Goodding’s Willow, Black Willow, Salix gooddingii
  409. Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow, Salix exigua
  410. Willow, Red Willow, Salix laevigata
  411. Willow, Scouler’s Willow, Salix scouleriana
  412. Willow, Sitka Willow, Salix sitchensis
  413. Winged Water-Starwort, Callitriche marginata [has a water form and a terrestrial form] [lifer]
  414. Wisteria, American Wisteria, Wisteria frutescens [purple]
  415. Wisteria, Japanese Wisteria, Wisteria floribunda
  416. Wisteria, Silky Wisteria, Wisteria brachybotrys [white]
  417. Woolly Fishhooks, Ancistrocarphus filagineus [lifer]
  418. Woolly Marbles, Psilocarphus sp.
  419. Woolly Marbles, Low Woolly Marbles, Psilocarphus brevissimus
  420. Woolly Marbles, Slender Woolly-Marbles, Psilocarphus tenellus
  421. Yarrow, Common Yarrow, Achillea millefolium
  422. Yerba Santa, California Yerba Santa, Eriodictyon californicum
  423. Yucca, Aloe Yucca, Yucca aloifolia

Reptiles and Amphibians: (Last year: 10 species)

  1. Axolotl, Ambystoma mexicanum
  2. Ball Python, Python regius
  3. Catalina Island Rattlesnake, Crotalus catalinensis
  4. Common Chuckwalla, Sauromalus obesus
  5. Frog, Amazon Milk Frog, Trachycephalus resinifictrix
  6. Frog, American Bullfrog, Lithobates catesbeianus
  7. Frog, Golden Mantella, Mantella aurantiaca
  8. Frog, Phantasmal Dart Frog, Epipedobates tricolor
  9. Frog, Smoky Jungle Frog, Leptodactylus pentadactylus
  10. Frog, Yellow-Banded Poison Dart Frog, Dendrobates leucomelas
  11. Gopher Snake, Pituophis catenifer
  12. Madagascar Giant Day Gecko, Phelsuma grandis
  13. Madagascar Tree Boa, Sanzinia madagascariensis
  14. Northern Pacific Rattlesnake, Crotalus oreganus oreganus
  15. Pacific Pond Turtle, Western Pond Turtle, Actinemys marorata
  16. Pond Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta
  17. Red-Eared Slider Turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans
  18. Rhinoceros Iguana, Cyclura cornuta
  19. Smallwood’s Anole, Anolis smallwoodi
  20. Spider Tortoise, Pyxis arachnoides
  21. Spiny-Tailed Gecko, Strophurus sp.
  22. Smooth-Fronted Caiman, Paleosuchus trigonatus
  23. Western Fence Lizard, Blue Belly, Sceloporus occidentalis

Other Vocabulary:

  • Apothecia: [a-poth-EH-cee-ah] concave cup formations on lichen that bear the spores; asocarp
  • Bilateral Gynandromorph: an organism that contains both male and female characteristics that can be distinguished through sexual dimorphism. Usually seen in moths, butterflies, other insects and birds.
  • Cecidologist: a person who studies plant galls
  • Cilia: outgrowths on the thallus of lichen that look like eyelashes or tentacles
  • Crown Shyness: gaps in the canopy between trees in the forest that allow for sunlight to get through, and help the trees “social distance” to help neighboring trees to avoid infections and infestations.
  • Fasciation: also known as cresting, a relatively rare condition of abnormal growth in vascular plants in which the growing tip which normally is concentrated around a single point and produces approximately cylindrical tissue, instead becomes elongated perpendicularly to the direction of growth, thus producing flattened, ribbon-like, crested (or “cristate”), or elaborately contorted, tissue.
  • Fundatrix: stem mother, a viviparous parthenogenetic winged or wingless female aphid produced on the primary host plant from an overwintering fertilized egg
  • Inquiline: an animal exploiting the living space of another, e.g. an insect that lays its eggs in a gall produced by another (not the same as parasite because they don’t necessarily adversely affect the host.)
  • Intergrade: There are two types of intergradation: Primary intergradation: Occurs in cases were two subspecies are connected via one or more intermediate populations, each of which are in turn intermediate to their adjacent populations and exhibit more or less the same amount of variability as any other population within the species. Adjacent populations and subspecies are subject to cline intergradation, and in these situations it is usually taken for granted that the clines are causally related to environmental gradients. 
    • Secondary intergradation: When contact between a geographically isolated subspecies is reestablished with the main body of the species or with another isolate subspecies, interbreeding takes place as long as the isolate has not yet evolved an effective set of isolating mechanisms. Consequently, a relatively distinct zone or belt of hybridization will develop depending on the degree of genetic and phenotypic difference that was achieved by the previously isolated subspecies.
  • Isidia: [EYE-sid-ee-ah] ; small outgrowths of the thallus, from about 50 micrometres to a millimetre or so in length. They contain both fungal hyphae and photobiont cells and vary in shape, depending on species, from bulbous to cylindrical or branched, sometimes even coralloid.
  • Osmeteria: the “horns” on the head of swallowtail caterpillars. “…The everted organ resembles a fleshy forked tongue (not unlike a snake tongue)… [and emits] a foul, disagreeable odor which serves to repel ants, small spiders, and mantids…”
  • Psithurism: the sound of the wind in the trees.
  • Soredia: [SORE-dee-ah] powdery grainy-looking balls composed of fungal hyphae wrapped around cyanobacteria or green algae on lichen; asexual reproduction
  • Teneral: of, relating to, or constituting a state of the imago of an insect immediately after molting during which it is soft and immature in coloring.
  • Thanatosis: “death drop” insects use to evade capture. Feigning death is a technique used by lots of different critters, including the opossum.
  • Thigmotropism: the turning or bending of a plant or other organism in response to a touch stimulus (what causes a vine to wrap around a tree, for example)

Travels of a Certified California Naturalist

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